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as the political horizon was clear. We have Congreve, who affected to be the Beau as well as the Wit; Lord Hervey, more of the courtier than the Beau—a Wit by inheritance—a peer, assisted into a pre-eminent position by royal preference, and consequent prestige ; and all these men were the offspring of the particular state of the times in which they figured: at earlier periods, they would have been deemed effeminate; in later ones, absurd.

Then the scene shifts : intellect had marched forward gigantically: the world is grown exacting, disputatious, critical, and such men as Horace Walpole and Brinsley Sheridan appear; the characteristics of wit which adorned that age being well diluted by the feebler talents of Selwyn and Hook.

Of these, and others, "table traits," and other traits, are here given: brief chronicles of their life's stage, over which a curtain has so long been dropped, are supplied carefully from well-established sources : it is with characters, not with literary history, that we deal; and do our best to make the portraitures life-like, and to bring forward old memories, which, without the stamp of antiquity, might be suffered to pass into obscurity.

Your Wit and your Beau, be he French or English, is no medieval personage: the aristocracy of the present day rank among his immediate descendants: he is a creature of a modern and an artificial age; and with his career are mingled many features of civilized life, manners, habits, and traces of family history which are still, it is believed, interesting to the majority of English readers, as they have long been to

GRACE and PHILIP WHARTON.

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CONTENTS.

GEORGE VILLIERS, SECOND DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM.

Signs of the Restoration. - Samuel Pepys in his Glory. - A royal Company. - Pepys

* ready to weep."— The Playmate of Charles II.-George Villiers' Inheritance.--Two

gallant young Noblemen.—The brave Francis Villiers.--After the Battle of Worcester.

-Disguising the King:-Villiers in Hiding. He appears as a Mountebank.-Bucking-

ham's Habits.--A daring Adventure.-Cromwell's saintly Daughter. – Villiers and the

Rabbi.—The Buckingham Pictures and Estates.—York House.- Villiers returns to En.

gland.-Poor Mary Fairfax.–Villiers in the Tower.-Abraham Cowley, the Poet.--The

greatest Ornament of Whitehall. -Buckingham's Wit and Beauty.-Flecknoe's Opinion

of him.-His Duel with the Earl of Shrewsbury.-Villiers as a Poet.-As a Dramatist.

-A fearful Censure !-Villiers' Influence in Parliament.-A Scene in the Lords. - The

Duke of Ormond in Danger.-Colonel Blood's Outrages.-Wallingford House, and Ham

House.—“Madame Ellen."— The Cabal.—Villiers again in the Tower.—A Change.-

The Duke of York's Theatre.—Buckingham and the Princess of Orange.-His last Hours.

-His Religion.-Death of Villiers.--The Duchess of Buckingham...

.Page 13

COUNT DE GRAMMONT, ST. EVREMOND, AND LORD ROCHESTER.

De Grammont's Choice.-His Influence with Turenne.—The Church or the Army ?-An

Adventure at Lyons.-A brilliant Idea.-De Grammont's Generosity.-A Horse" for

the Cards."-Knight-Cicisbeism. — De Grammont's first Love.--His witty Attacks on

Mazarin.--Anne Lucie de la Mothe Houdancourt.-Beset with Snares.De Grammont's

Visits to England.-Charles II.-The Court of Charles II.-Introduction of Country-

dances.-Norman Peculiarities.—St. Evremond, the handsome Norman.—The most beau.

tiful Woman in Europe. --Hortense Mancini's Adventures.-Madame Mazarin's House

at Chelsea.-Anecdote of Lord Dorset. -Lord Rochester in his Zenith.-His Courage and

Wit.— Rochester's Pranks in the City:--Credulity, past and present.—“Dr. Bendo,"

and La Belle Jennings.-La Triste Heritiere.—Elizabeth, Countes ochester.-Retri-

bution and Reformation.-Rochester's Exhortation to Mr. Fanshawe.—Little Jermyn.-

An incomparable Beauty.-Anthony Hamilton, De Grammont's Biographer.—The Three

Courts.- La Belle Hamilton.-De Grammont's Description of her. - Her practical Jokes.

-The household Deity of Whitehall.-A Chaplain in Livery.—Le Mariage forcé.—De

Grammont's last Hours. - What might he not have been ?.

49

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FRANCOIS, DUC DE LA ROCHEFOUCAULT AND THE DUC DE SAINT-SIMON.

Rank and Good-breeding. — The Hotel de Rochefoucault. — Racine and his Plays. - La

Rochefoucault's Wit and Sensibility.-Saint-Simon's Youth.—Looking out for a Wife.

Saint-Simon's Court Life.-- The History of Louise de la Vallière.- A mean Act of Louis

Quatorze. All has passed away !-Saint-Simon's Memoirs of his own Time ........ 245

HORACE WALPOLE.

The Commoners of England. --Horace's Regret for the Death of his Mother._"Little Hor-

ace" in Arlington Street. - Introduced to George I.--Characteristic Anecdote of George I.

-Walpole's Education.--Schoolboy Days. --Boyish Friendships.--Companionship of

Gray. -- A dreary Doom. -- Walpole's Description of youthful Delights. - Anecdote of

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Pope and Frederick of Wales.--The Pomfrets.--Sir Thomas Robinson's Ball...Political
Squibs.-That “Rogue Walpole."—Sir Robert's Retirement from Office.--The splendid
Mansion of Houghton.--Sir Robert's Love of Gardening.--What we owe to the “Grandes
Tours."'-George Vertue.-Men of one Idea.—The noble Picture-gallery at Houghton.
-Sir Robert's Death. The Granville Faction.--A very good Quarrel.-Twickenham.-
Strawberry Hill.—The Recluse of Strawberry.-Portraits of the Digby Family.--Sacri.
lege. — Mrs. Damer's Models. — The Long Gallery at Strawberry.--The Chapel. — "A
dirty little Thing."-The Society around Strawberry Hill.-Anne Seymour Conway.-
A Man who never doubted.—Lady Sophia Fermor's Marriage.--Horace in Favor.--Anec-
dote of Sir William Stanhope. - À paper House. — Walpole's Habits. – Why did he not
Marry ?--"Dowagers as plenty as Flounders.”—Catherine Hyde, Duchess of Queensber-
ry. ---Anecdote of Lady Granville.-Kitty Clive.-Death of Horatio Walpole.-George,
third Earl of Orford. -A Visit to Houghton.-Family Misfortunes.--Poor Chatterton.-
Walpole's Concern with Chatterton.-Walpole in Paris.—Anecdote of Madame Geoffrin.

“ Who's that Mr. Walpole ?"--The Miss Berrys.--Horace's two “Straw Berries."

Tapping a new Reign.-The Sign of the Gothic Castle.-Growing old with Dignity.-

Succession to an Earldom.--Walpole's last Hours.--Let us not be ungrateful... Page 255

RICHARD BRINSLEY SHERIDAN.

Sheridan a Dunce.—Boyish Dreams of literary Fame.-Sheridan in Love.-A Nest of Night-
ingales.-The Maid of Bath.-Captivated by Genius.--Sheridan's Elopement with "Ce-
cilia." _His Duel with Captain Matthews. —Standards of Ridicule.--Painful family Es-
trangements.-Enters Drury Lane.-Success of the Famous “ School for Scandal."'.
Opinions of Sheridan and his Influence.-The Literary Club.—Anecdote of Garrick's
Admittance.—Origin of "the Rejected Addresses."—New Flights.—Political Ambition.
- The gaming Mania. -Almack's.—Brookes'.-Black-balled.-Two Versions of the Elec-
tion Trick.–St. Stephen's won.--Vocal Difficulties.-Leads a double Life.--Pitt's vul-
gar Attack.-Sheridan's happy Retort.-Grattan's Quip.--Sheridan's Sallies.—The Trial
of Warren Hastings.-Wonderful Effect of Sheridan's Eloquence.--The supreme Effort.
-The Star culminates.-Native Taste for Swindling. -A shrewd but graceless Oxon-
ian.-Duns outwitted. — The Lawyer jockeyed.—Adventures with Bailiffs. ---Sheridan's
Powers of Persuasion.-House of Commons Greek.-Curious Mimicry.--The royal boon
Companion.--Lights and Shadows of Depravity.--Street Frolics at Night.-An old Tale.

- The Fray in St. Giles'.-Sheridan's gradual Downfall.-Unopened Letters.-An odd
Incident.-Reckless Extravagance. - Sporting Ambition. Like Father like Son.-A se-
vere and witty Rebuke.-Convivial Excesses of a past Day.--Worth wins at last.–Bit-
ter Pangs.-The Scythe of Death. The fair, loving, neglected Wife.-Debts of Honor.-
Drury Lane burned.—The Owner's Serenity.-Misfortunes never come singly.—The
Whitbread Quarrel. - Ruined, undone, and almost forsaken.--The dead Man arrested.--
The Stories fixed on Sheridan.-Extempore Wit and inveterate Talkers

329

BEAU BRUMMELL.

Two popular Sciences.--"Buck Brummell' at Eton.-Investing his Capital.-Young Cor-

net Brummell. — The Beau's Studio. - The Toilet. — “Creasing down." — Sneers and

Snuff-boxes. — A great Gentleman. — Anecdotes of Brummell. — “Don't forget Brum :

Goose at Four!"–Offers of Intimacy resented. - Never in Love.-Brummell out Hunt-

ing.-Anecdote of Sheridan and Brummell.—The Beau's poetical Efforts.—The Value

of a crooked Sixpence. - The Breach with the Prince of Wales. — “Who's your fat

Friend?"'_ The Climax is reached.—The Black-mail of Calais.-George the Greater and

George the Less. — An extraordinary Step. — Down the Hill of Life. — A miserable Old

Age.--In the Hospice du bon Sauveur.-0 young Men of this Age, be warned !..... 381

THEODORE EDWARD HOOK,

The greatest of modern Wits. What Coleridge said of Hook.—Hook's Family.--Redeem-

ing Points.--Versatility.–Varieties of Hoaxing.– The Black-wafered Horse. -The Ber-

ners Street Hoax.-Success of the Scheme.--The Strop of Hunger. --Kitchen Examina-

tions.—The wrong House.-Angling for an Invitation.--The Hackney-coach Device.-

The Plots of Hook and Mathews.---Hook's Talents as an Improvisatore.-The Gift be-

comes his Bane. - Hook's Novels. ---- College Fun. — Baiting a Proctor. - The punning

Faculty --Official Life opens.-

Troublesome Pleasantry. Charge of Embezzlement.--

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