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o NOW there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel,

the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, la Benjamite, a 2 mighty man of power. And he had a son, whose name was Saul, a choice

young man, and a goodly: and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he : from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any

of the people. 8 And the asses of Kish Saul's father were lost. And Kish said to Saul his 4 son, Take now one of the servants with thee, and arise, go seek the asses. And

he passed through mount Ephraim, and passed through the land of Shalisha, but they found them not: then they passed through the land of Shalim, and there

they were not: and he passed through the land of the Benjamites, but they found 5 them not. And when they were come to the land of Zuph, Saul said to his

servant that was with him, Come, and let us return; lest my father leave caring 6 for the asses, and take thought for us. And he said unto him, Behold now,

there is in this city a man of God, and he is an honourable man; all that he saith

cometh surely to pass : now let us go thither; peradventure he can show us our 7 way that we should go. Then said Saul to his servant, But, behold, if we go,

what shall we bring the man? for the bread S is spent in our vessels, and there 8 is not a present to bring to the man of God: whathave we? And the servant

answered Saul again, and said, Behold, 5 I have here at hand the fourth part of

a shekel of silver: that will I give to the man of God, to tell us our way. 9 (Beforetime in Israel, when a man went to inquire of God, thus he spake,

Come, and let us go to the seer: for he that is now called a Prophet was before10 time called a Seer.) Then said Saul to his servant, 6 Well said; come, let us go.

So they went unto the city where the man of God was. 11 And as they went up 7 the hill to the city, they found young maidens going 12 out to draw water, and said unto them, Is the seer here? And they answered

them, and said, He is; behold, he is before you: make haste now, for he came

to-day to the city; for there is a 8 sacrifice of the people to-day 13 place : as soon as ye be come into the city, ye shall straightway find him, before

he go up to the high place to eat: for the people will not eat until he come,

because he doth bless the sacrifice; and afterwards they eat that be bidden. 14 Now therefore get you up; for about 9 this time ye shall find him. And they went up into the city: and when they were come into the ci

V: and when they were come into the city, behold, Samuel came out against them, for to go up to the high place. 15 Now the Lord had 10 told Samuel in his ear a day before Saul came, saying, 16 To-morrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin,

and thou shalt anoint him to be captain over my people Israel, that he may save

my people out of the hand of the Philistines : for I have looked upon my 17 people, because their cry is come unto me. And when Samuel saw Saul, the

LORD said unto him, Behold the man whom I spake to thee of! this same shall

11 reign over my people. 18 Then Saul drew near to Samuel in the gate, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, 19 where the seer's house is.And Samuel answered Saul, and said, I am the seer :

go up before me unto the high place; for ye shall eat with me to-day, and to20 morrow I will let thee go, and will tell thee all that is in thine heart. And as

for thine asses that were lost 12 three days ago, set not thy mind on them; for

they are found. And on whom is all the desire of Israel? Is it not on thee, 21 and on all thy father's house? And Saul answered and said, Am not I a

Benjamite, of the smallest of the tribes of Israel? and my family the least of all the families of the tribe of Benjamin? wherefore then speakest thou 13 so

to me? 22 And Samueltook Saul and his servant, and brought them into the parlour, and

made them sit in the chiefest place among them that were bidden, which were 23 about thirty persons. And Samuel said unto the cook, Bring the portion which 24 I gave thee, of which I said unto thee, Set it by thee. And the cook took up

the shoulder, and that which was upon it, and set it before Saul. And Samuel

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said, Behold that which is 1 left I set it before thee, and eat : for unto this time hath it been kept for thee since I said, I have invited the people. So Saul did

eat with Samuel that day. 25 And when they were come down from the high place into the city, Samuel 26 communed with Saul upon the top of the house. And they arose early: and it

came to pass about the spring of the day, that Samuel called Saul to the top of the house, saying, Up, that I may send thee away. And Saul arose, and they

went out both of them, he and Samuel, abroad. 97 And as they were going down to the end of the city, Samuel said to Saul, Bid

the servant pass on before us, (and he passed on,) but stand thou still % a while, 10 that I may show thee the word of God. Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and

poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because the LORD 2 hath anointed thee to be captain over his inheritance? When thou art departed

from me to-day, then thou sbalt find two men by Rachel's sepulchre in the border of Benjamin at Zelzah ; and they will say unto thee, The asses which

thou wentest to seek are found : and, lo, thy father hath left s the care of the 3 asses, and sorroweth for you, saying, What shall I do for my son? Then shalt

thou go on forward from thence, and thou shalt come to the plain of Tabor, and there shall meet thee three men going up to God to Beth-el, one carrying three

kids, and another carrying three loaves of bread, and another carrying a bottle 4 of wine: and they will 4 salute thee, and give thee two loaves of bread; which 5 thou shalt receive of their hands. After that thou shalt come to the hill of God,

where is the garrison of the Philistines : and it shall come to pass, when thou ari come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming

down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, 6 before them; and they shall prophesy: and the Spirit of the LORD will come

upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another 7 man. And 5 let it be, when these signs are come unto thee, that thou do as 8 occasion serve thee; for God is with thee. And thou shalt go down before me

to Gilgal; and, behold, I will come down unto thee, to offer burnt offerings, and to sacrifice sacrifices of peace offerings : seven days shalt thou tarry, till I

come to thee, and show thee what thou shalt do. 9 And it was so, that when he had turned his 7 back to go from Samuel, God 10 8 gave him another heart : and all those signs came to pass that day. And when

they came thither to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met him; and 11 the Spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them. And it

came to pass, when all that knew him beforetime saw that, behold, he pro

phesied among the prophets, then the people said 9 one to another, What is this 12 that is come unto the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets? And

one 10 of the same place answered and said, But who is their father? Therefore 13 it became a proverb, Is Saul also among the prophets? And when he had

made an end of prophesying, he came to the high place. 14 And Saul's uncle said unto him and to his servant, Whither went ye? And

he said, To seek the asses: and when we saw that they were no where, we came 15 to Samuel. And Saul's uncle said, Tell me, I pray thee, what Samuel said 16 unto you. And Saul said unto his uncle, He told us plainly that the asses were

the matter of the kingdom, whereof Samuel spake, he told him not. 17, 18 And Samuel called the people together unto the Lord to Mizpeh; and said

unto the children of Israel, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I brought up

Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and 19 out of the hand of all kingdoms, and of them that oppressed you : and ye have

this day rejected your God, who himself saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations; and ye have said unto him, Nay, but set a king over us. Now therefore present yourselves before the Lord by your tribes, and by your

thousands. 20 And when Samuel had caused all the tribes of Israel to come near, the tribe 21 of Benjamin was taken. When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their families, the family of Matri was taken, and Saul the son of Kish

1 Or, reserved.
2 Heb. to-day.
3 Heb. the business.
4 Heb. ask thee of peace.

5 Heb. it shall come to pass, that 7 Heb. shoulder.
when these signs, &c.

8 Meb, turned.
6 Heb. do for thee as thine hand 9 Heb. a man to his neighbour.
shal find.

10 Heb. from thence.

was taken: and when they sought him, he could not be found. 22. Therefore they inquired of the LORD further, if the man should yet come

thither. And the LORD answered, Behold, he hath hid himself among the 23 stuff. And they ran and fetched him thence : and when he stood among the

people, he was higher than any of the people from his shoulders and up


And Samuel said to all the people, See ye him whom the Lord hath chosen, that there is none like him among all the people? And all the people 25 shouted, and said, 'God save the king. Then Samuel told the people the

manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the

LORD. 26 And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house. And Saul

also went home to Gibeah ; and there went with him a band of men, whose 27 hearts God had touched. But the children of Belial said, How shall this man

save us? And they despised him, and brought him no presents. But ? he held his peace.

THEN Nahash the Ammonite came up, and encamped against Jabeshgilead : and all the men of Jabesh said unto Nahash, Make a covenant with us, 2 and we will serve thee. And Nahash the Ammonite answered them, On this

condition will I make a covenant with you, that I may thrust out all your right

eyes, and lay it for a reproach upon all Israel. 3 And the elders of Jabesh said unto him, s Give us seven days' respite, that we

may send messengers unto all the coasts of Israel : and then, if there be no man 4 to save us, we will come out to thee. Then came the messengers to Gibeah of

Saul, and told the tidings in the ears of the people: and all the people lifted up 5 their voices, and wept. And, behold, Saul came after the herd out of the field;

and Saul said, What aileth the people that they weep? And they told him the 6 tidings of the men of Jabesh. And the Spirit of God came upon Saul when he 7 heard those tidings, and his anger was kindled greatly. And he took a yoke of

oxen, and hewed them in pieces, and sent them throughout all the coasts of Israel by the hands of messengers, saying, Whosoever cometh not forth after Saul and

after Samuel, so shall it be done unto his oxen. And the fear of the Lord fell 8 on the people, and they came out 4 with one consent. And when he numbered

them in Bezek, the children of Israel were three hundred thousand, and the men of Judah thirty thousand. 9 And they said unto the messengers that came, Thus shall ye say unto the men of Jabesh-gilead, To-morrow, by that time the sun be hot, ye shall have

5 help. And the messengers came and showed it to the men of Jabesh; and 10 they were glad. Therefore the men of Jabesh said, To-morrow we will come

out unto you, and ye shall do with us all that seemeth good unto you, 11 And it was so on the morrow, that Saul put the people in three companies ;

and they came into the midst of the host in the morning watch, and slew the Ammonites until the heat of the day: and it came to pass, that they which

remained were scattered, so that two of them were not left together. 12 And the people said unto Samuel, Who is he that said, Shall Saul reign over 13 us? bring the men, that we may put them to death. And Saul said, There

shall not a man be put to death this day: for to-day the LORD hath wrought

salvation in Israel. 14 Then said Samuel to the people, Come, and let us go to Gilgal, and renew 15 the kingdom there. And all the people went to Gilgal; and there they made

Saul king before the LORD in Gilgal; and there they sacrificed sacrifices of peace offerings before the LORD; and there Saul and all the me

rejoiced greatly. 10 AND Samuel said unto all Israel, Behold, I have hearkened unto your

voice in all that ye said unto me, and have made a king over you. And now, 2 behold, the king walketh before you : and I am old and grayheaded ; and,

behold, my sons are with you : and I have walked before you from my child3 hood unto this day. Behold, here I am : witness against me before the LORD,

1 Heb. Let the king live.
2 Or, he was as though he had been


3 Heb. Forbear 18. 4 Heb. as one man, 5 Or, deliverance,



and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded ? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I

received any I bribe to blind mine eyes therewith ? and I will restore it you, 4 And they said, Thou hast not defrauded us, nor oppressed us, neither hast thou 5 taken aught of any man's hand. And he said unto them, The Lord is witness

against you, and his anointed is witness this day, that ye have not found aught

in my hand. And they answered, He is witness. 6 And Samuel said unto the people, It is the LORD that S advanced Moses and 7 Aaron, and that brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt. Now there. fore stand still, that I may reason with you before the Lord of all the 4 righteous

ORD, which he did 5 to you and to your fathers. When Jacob come into Egypt, and your fathers cried unto the Lord, then the Lord sent Moses and Aaron, which brought forth your fathers out of Egypt, and made 9 them dwell in this place. And when they forgat the LORD their God, he sold

them into the hand of Sisera, captain of the host of Hazor, and into the hand

of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they 10 against them. And they cried unto the LORD, and said, We have sinned,

because we have forsaken the LORD, and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth: 11 but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies, and we will serve thee. And

the Lord sent Jerubbaal, and Bedan, and Jephthah, and Sarnuel, and delivered 12 you out of the hand of your enemies on every side, and ye dwelled safe. And

when ye saw that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon came against you,

ye said unto me, Nay; but a king shall reign over us : when the LORD your 13 God was your king. Now therefore behold the king whom ye have chosen, and 14 whom ye have desired! and, behold, the Lord hath set a king over you. If ye

will fear the LORD, and serve him, and obey his voice, and not rebel against the

6 commandment of the LORD, then shall both ye and also the king that reigneth 15 over you 7 continue following the LORD your God: but if ye will not obey

the voice of the LORD, but rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then 16 shall the hand of the Lord be against you, as it was against your fathers. Now

therefore stand and see this great thing, which the Lord will do before your 17 eyes. Is it not wheat harvest to-day? I will call unto the Lord, and he

shall send thunder and rain; that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness is great, which ye have done in the sight of the LORD, in asking you a

king, 18 So Samuel called unto the Lord; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that 19 day: and all the people greatly feared the Lord and Samuel. And all the

people said unto Samuel, Pray for thy servants unto the LORD thy God, that

we die not: for we have added unto all our sins this evil, to ask us a king. 20 And Samuel said unto the people, Fear not : ye have done all this wickedness:

yet turn not aside from following the LORD, but serve the LORD with all your 21 heart; and turn ye not aside : for then should ye go after vain things, which 22 cannot profit nor deliver; for they are vain. For the LORD will not forsake

his people for his great name's sake: because it hath pleased the Lord to make 23 you his people. Moreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the

LORD & in ceasing to pray for you : but I will teach you the good and the right 24 way: only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all your heart : for con25 sider how great things he hath done for you. But if ye shall still do wickedly,

ye shall be consumed, both ye and your king. R. SAUL 10 reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, ® Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with 2 Saul in Michmash and in mount Beth-el, and a thousand were with Jonathan

in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent. 3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in 11 Geba, and

the Philistines heard of it. And Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear. And all Israel heard say that Saul had

4 Heb. righteousnesses, or

8 Heb. from ceasing. 9 Or, what a great thing, &c. 10 Heb. the son of one year in

1 Heb. ransom.
2 Or, that I should hide mine

eyes at him. 8 Or, made.

5 Heb. with
6 Heb. mouth.
7 Heb. be after.

kis reigning. Il Or, the hat.


smitten a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel also I was had in abomin

ation with the Philistines. And the people were called together after Saul to 5 Gilgal. And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel,

thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the sea shore in multitude : and they came up, and pitched in Michmash, eastward from Beth-aven. 6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were

distressed, then the people did hide themselves in caves, and in thickets, and 7 in rocks, and in high places, and in pits. And some of the Hebrews went over

Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal, and 8 all the people 2 followed him trembling. And he tarried seven days, according

to the set time that Samuel had appointed : but Samuel came not to 9 and the people were scattered from him. And Saul said, Bring hither á

burnt offering to me, and peace offerings. And he offered the burnt offering. 10 And it came to pass, that as soon as he had made an end of offering the

burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he 11 might S salute him. And Samuel said, What hast thou done? And Saul

said, Because I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that thou

camest not within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered them. 12 selves together at Michmash; therefore said I, The Philistines will come down

now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not 4 made supplication unto the Lord: I 13 forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering. And Samuel said to Saul,

Thou hast done foolishly : thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD

thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD have established 14 thy kingdom upon Israel for ever. But now thy kingdom shall not continue :

the Lord hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the Lord hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that

which the LORD commanded thee. 15 And Samuel arose, and gat him up from Gilgal unto Gibeah of Benjamin.

And Saul numbered the people that were 5 present with him, about six hundred 16 men. And Saul, and Jonathan his son, and the people that were present with

them, abode in 6 Gibeah of Benjamin: 17 But the Philistines encamped in Michmash. And the spoilers came out

of the camp of the Philistines in three companies : one company turned unto 18 the way that leadeth to Ophrah, unto the land of Shual: and another com

pany turned the way to Beth-horon : and another company turned to the way of the border that looketh to the valley of Zeboim toward the wilder

ness. 19 Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the 20 Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears : but all the

Israelites went down to the Philistines, to sharpen every man his share, and his 21 coulter, and his ax, and his mattock. Yet they had 7 a file for the mattocks, and

for the coulters, and for the forks, and for the axes, and 8 to sharpen the goads. 22 So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear

found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan : but

with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found. 23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash, LA Now 10 it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the

young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' 2 garrison, that is on the other side. But he told not his father. And Saul

tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in 3 Migron; and the people that were with him were about six hundred men; and

11 Åhiah, the son of Ahitub, l-chabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of

Eli, the Lord's priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not 4 that Jonathan was gone. And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought

runto the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side. and a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one was Bozez, 5 and the name of the other Seneh. The 12 forefront of the one was situate

1 Heb. did stink.

9 Heb. standing camp. 2 Heb. trembled after him. 6 Heb. Geba, ver. 3 10 Or, there was a day. 3 Heb. bless him.

5 Heb. found.

7 Heb. a file with mouths. 11 Ch. xxii. 9, 11, 20, called Ahimelech. 4 Heb. intreated the face. 8 Heb. to set.

12 Heb. tooth.

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