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THE

MYTHOLOGY

OF

ANCIENT GREECE AND ITALY.

BY

THOMAS KEIGHTLEY,

AUTHOR OF THE HISTORY OF GREECE, THE HISTORY OF ROME,

FAIRY MYTHOLOGY, TALES AND POPULAR FICTIONS, ETC.

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PRINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS,

RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET.

PREFACE.

UNNOTICED by reviewers and unaided by favour or influence, this work has reached its third edition, the last that its author can reasonably hope to see. It has therefore been carefully revised and has received numerous additions, of which may here be noticed the explanation of the mythe of the Titans, of the lameness of Héphæstos, the double-birth of Dionýsos, the origin of Rhadamanthys, and the new principles of etymology and of secondary derivation. I have carefully marked the long sounds of the vowels e and o (and of the other vowels in the penultimate) in the Greek names, and observing how unsightly the use of the circumflex has made Mr. Grote's pages, I have preferred following the usage of Orientalists in employing the acute accent for that

purpose. I continue to employ the form mythe, common to myself and Mr. Grote, and a justification of that orthography will be found in the preface to my Virgil, and in an article headed “Mythe versus Myth” in the seventh volume of “Notes and Queries.” Finally, as the science is wholly conjectural, every, even the slightest trace of dogmatism has been removed.

In the Preface to the last edition of the Fairy Mythology, having some reason to think that I was bidding a final farewell to literature, I took an impartial survey of my literary productions, and stated the degree of estimation in which they appeared to be held. An account is there given of the origin of the present work, which was at first of a very unpretending character, having no higher aim than that of forming a superior kind of Pantheon for the use of schools. Circumstances having caused a change of plan, I devoted more labour to it; but it still was little more than a sketch, till in the second edition it made a nearer approach to the form of a complete treatise, as in the

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