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sistant quas ejusdem loci homines utriusque sexus diebus dominicis et festivis decimarum nomine et alias benedicionibus nubentium et puerperarum purificacionibus cum decenti et numerosa comitiva juxta singulorum beneplacitum in ecclesiis offerre consueverant de antiqua et approbata et hactenus pacifice observata consuetudine pia devocione fidelium introducta, Major tamen et cives Dublin sue salutis immemores non sine fermento heretice pravitatis sub certa pena statuere presumpserunt ut nullus civis nisi quater in anno presumat offerre nubentium et puerperarum predictarum comitive numerum usque ad binarium restringentes cereos etiam et candelas quos hii qui cum funeribus decedentium sepelliendis ad ecclesias deferre quosque in exequiis et anniversariis eorundem ab amicis pro salute animarur decedentium offerre consueverant reportandos fore ad eorum hospitia decreverunt duobus duntaxat cereis ecclesie in cujus cimiterio decedentis funus tumulatur relictis. Publicas insuper penitentias non judicio ecclesie sed arbitrio eorum artandas vel mitigandas esse dicentes presumpcione dampnabili statuerunt quod nullus prelatus vel judex ecclesiasticus de ussuraria pravitate vel alio quovis crimine vel alia causa quacunque cognoscere valeat causis matrimonialibus et testamentariis tamen exceptis quodque de bonis eorum qui intestati decedunt ne aliquantinus intromittat sed fisco bona hujusmodi applicantur nullus etiam civis super aliquam accionem (spectantem ad forum ecclesiasticum) extra civitatem ipsam ad judicium trahi possit. Multa quidem et alia enormia statuta hujusmodi adjecerunt in animarum suarum periculum multorum scandalum et in subvercionem ecclesiastice libertatis propter quod dictus archiepiscopus in dictum Majorem et quosdam cives alios nominatim quia diligenter ab eo moniti a presumpcione hujusmodi desistere non curaverunt excommunicationis et in civitatem ipsam interdicti sententias exigente justitia auctoritate ordinaria promulgavit quas idem archiepiscopus nostro petiit munimine roborari. Nos igitur perversorum refragari conatibus quo possumus remedio cupientes ac statuta hujusmodi utpote contra libertatem ecclesiasticam edita irritantes omnino seu cassa et irrita nunciantes Paternitati vestre qua fungimur auctoritate mandamus quatenus Majorem et cives in locis publicis civitatis et provincie Dublin ac in aliis in quibus expedire videatis singulis diebus dominicis et festivis pulsatis campanis accensis candelis solempniter excommunicatos denuncietis usque ad satisfacionem condignam et faciatis ab omnibus ...... evitari. Quod si non ambo hiis exequendis potueritis interesse alter vestrum ea nihilhominus exequatur. Datum London. ii. Kalendas Martii. Pontificatus Domini Clementis Pape iiii. Anno iii.”

Page 2, line 32 Fines parochie vestre.—In John Alleyn's decree, this house is styled conventum domus ecclesieque parochialis atque conventualis Omnium Sanctorum.”- p. 82.

Page

Page 4,

12.

Page 3, line 30. Anno millesimo ccxxiiij.As Gregory the Ninth sat from 1227 to 1241, it is plain that the transcriber must have omitted an x; the Indiction and the year of his reign are correct, and, with other circumstances, prove that this Bull must be assigned to him.

Page 4, line 3. Urbanus.--Urban the Third, Pope from November 1185 to October 1187. This is the earliest of the Bulls granted to our priory; but in printing it has been thought right to observe the order of the Registry, in which the Bull of Gregory the Ninth is placed first.

line Arrocensium.—“Sunt alii regulares canonici qui de Arroasia nuncupantur eo quod prima hujus institutionis abbatia quæ caput est omnium aliorum sic vocatur, in diocesi Atrebatensi sita. Hi siquidem fundamentum regulæ beati Augustini retinentes, ut carnem suam cum vitiis et concupiscentiis arctius crucifigerent, carnes a refectorio suo subtraxerunt. Camisiis insuper non utuntur, sed cum tunicis laneis nocte in dormitorio suo quiescunt. Quasdam etiam alias institutiones necessarias et honestas supra prædictum fundamentum prudentes ædificantes, contra imminentia pericula sibi præcaventes, addiderunt. Et quoniam nihil magis virtutem religionis conservat, ubi plures sunt congregationes et conventus, quam respectus ad unum superiorem, qui diversa sub se membra regit et continet, quasi summum et supremum caput, semel in anno sub primo et principali abbate generale concilium celebraturi conveniunt.” — Jacob. a. Vitriaco Historia Occidentalis. Duaci, 1597, p. 325.

Aroensium is printed “ Froensium” in Pope Celestine’s Bull to the nunnery of Clonard, given in Dugdale's Monast. ii. p. 1043.

Page 4, line 20. Canturg. From the Confirmation of Henry II. (p. 20) it appears that the lands here mentioned, although not included by name in Dermot M‘Morogh's foundation charter, were granted previous to the coming of King Henry, and that the English had made no additional grants to this house previous to the date of this Bull, in 1186.

Page 4, line 22. Decimis.-From the earliest times the Irish Church laid claim to tithes. In the canons of a very ancient Irish Synod, published by Martene, in the fourth volume of his Thesaurus Anecdotorum, col. ii, which he ascribes to the times of St. Patrick, but in which reference is made to the authority of Colummanus Doctor (Columbanus?],

it is enjoined, “ut omni anno decimas de vitalibus et mortalibus Deo demus, cum omni anno ipsius munera habeamus;" but that of the fruits of the earth, the tithe is to be given only in that year in which they grow; when a person had less than ten of any article, there seemed, in the time of this Synod, to have been some doubt as to the proper mode of tithing ; some asserting that in such case no tithes need be paid ; others enjoining, that if a man had only one cow, he should divide the price into ten parts, and give the tenth to God. In the treatise De Statu Ecclesiæ, written by Gilbert, Bishop of Limerick and Legate, about the year 1100, are these words, shewing the payment of tithes, and the persons to whom they were paid in Ireland at that time: “ Octo sunt ergo quibus sustentatur sacerdos, parochia, mansus, atrium, cæmiterium, templum, altare, calix cum patena, corpus cum sanguine,

... Parochiam appello populum primitias oblationes et decimas persolventem, Mansum dico terram aratri quam ad minus debet habere sacerdos ; Atrium, cum domibus suis clausuram.”Usserii Vet. Epp. Hib. Sylloge, p. 85. It is probable, however, from the frequent repetition of orders for their payment by Cardinal Paparo in 1157 (see the Annals of Cluain Aidnach, in Keating, vol. ii. p. 276), at the Council of Cashel in 1172, in which, however, the canon applies not to the payment of tithes, but to their appropriation to the parish church (see Hibernia Expug. lib.i. c. 30), and by Archbishop Comyn in 1186 (see Harris's Ware's Bishops, p. 317), as well as from the assertion of Giraldus Cambrensis—who, however, mixes this charge with others which, as Irishmen, we should not willingly allow (Top. Hib. Distinc. iii. c. 19)—that there was some difficulty in enforcing these canons of the Church, and in establishing this custom. In the fifteenth century it was a usual practice for dying men in their last wills to leave a sum of money to the

parson of the parish, pro decimis oblitis; of this several instances are to be found in Archbishop Tregury's Registry of Wills, which is preserved in the Library of Trinity Coll. Dub.; and in the same volume are given several sentences of excommunication pronounced against contumacious withholders of tithe in the diocese of Dublin ; and if contumacious for forty days, the excommunicated person was committed to prison. Except in the payment of the quarter episcopals to the bishops in Connaught (see Harris's Ware's Bishops, p. 619), I have not found the slightest mention of any threefold or fourfold apportionment of the tithes in Ireland, either by law or custom. The term of forty days previous to the arrest of the excommunicated person (Rot. Cl. ii. H. 3, in Turr. Lond., and Proceedings against Alice Kyteler, p. 20) was reduced to a month by the first chapter of the Statute of Kilkenny.

The following Bull relative to tithes has not been printed. It was addressed by Innocent the Third, in 1214, to Archbishop Henry de Loundres:

“ Innocentius Episcopus servus servorum Dei venerabili fratri Archiepiscopo Dublin salutem et Apostolicam benedicionem. Significasti nobis quod plerique per

Hiberniam

Hiberniam constituti fulti potentia laicali, de frugibus, nutrimentis animalium, molendinis, et laboribus suis, decimas solvere aspernantur, et alii non matricibus ecclesiis sed illis quibus volunt, et quantum volunt, solvunt nomine decimarum, unde nobis humiliter supplicasti ut eos ad solvendas decimas integre de premissis et ecclesiis quibus debent tibi dignamur indulgentiam concedere compellendi. Tuis itaque precibus inclinati (postulata) per tuam metropolim auctoritate tibi presentiarum indulgemus. Nulli (ergo omnino hominum liceat hanc paginam nostre concessionis infringere vel ei ausu temerario contraire si quis autem hoc attemptare presumserit indignacionem omnipotentis Dei et Beatorum Petri et Pauli Apostolorum ejus se noverit incursurum. Datum Viterbii iii Kalendas Augusti Pontificatus nostri anno septimo decimo.”Alan's Reg. p. 77, Trinity College copy.

Page 5, line 18. Sepulturam.- The eleventh canon of Archbishop Comyn's Synod, prohibits, under the pain of an anathema, any person to bury in a churchyard, unless he can shew by an authentic writing, or by undeniable evidence, that it was consecrated by a bishop, not only as a sanctuary and place of refuge, but also for a place of sepulture; and that no laymen shall presume to bury their dead in such consecrated place without the presence of a priest.Harris's Ware's Bishops, p. 316.

In 1427, John, the sixth Earl of Kildare, was buried in this monastery; and in 1478, his son and successor Thomas, the seventh Earl, was buried with him (Archdall's Lodge, vol. i. p. 82). It is possible that the Fitz-Gerald monument, now in the outside wall of St. Werburge's church, Dublin, may have been the monument of one of these earls; and that at the desecration of the priory chapel, it may have been removed to that church, by the piety of his representatives.

The following decree regarding the burials in the chapel of Palmerstown, which were claimed by the prior and canons of Lanthony Prima, as belonging to the church of Garristown, and by the canons of St. Patrick, as belonging to the Prebend of Clonmethan, is taken from Alan's Reg., p. 621, Trinity College copy:

“ Universis Christi Fidelibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit H. Dei Gratia Dublin Archiepiscopus eterram in Domino salutem: ad universitatis vestre notitiam volumus pervenire quod cum controversia mota esset coram nobis super sepultura parochianorum capelle de Villa Palmeri inter Priorem et Canonicos Lanthonie prime ex una parte contendentes ipsam sepulturam ad ecclesiam suam de Villa Oggariibluet spectare: et Canonicos Sancti Patricii Dublin ex altera parte contendentes ipsam sepulturam spectare ad prebendam de Glinmethan tandem pro bono pacis perpetue de consensu capitulorum nostrorum Sancte Trinitatis et Sancti Patricii Dublin dictam sepulturam cum capella de Villa Palmeri concessimus dicte ecclesie de Villa

Oggarii

Oggarii et assignavimus ad eandem ecclesiam perpetuo spectandam cum totali jure parochiali. Salvo nobis et successoribus nostris jure parochiali et pontificali salva etiam vicaria quatuor marcarum vicario in predicta capella de Villa Palmeri a predicto Priore et Canonicis Lanthonie prime nobis et successoribus nostris presentando et per nos et successores nostros in eadem capella canonice instituendo perpetuo assignanda. Qui quidem vicarius et successores sui de quinque solidis annuis ad festum Sancti Michaelis solvendis prefate Prebende de Glinmethone pro bono pacis supra memorata sepultura perpetuo satisficiet et onera episcopalia ad dictam capellam spectantia sustinebit. Ut hec nostra concessio futuris temporibus robur optineat indissolubile presenti scripto in modum cirographi confecto sigillum nostrum una cum sigillis capitulorum nostrorum Sancte Trinitatis et Sancti Patricii Dublin apponi fecimus appositum est sigillum domini Roberti Sub-Prioris tunc temporis procuratoris generalis in Hibernia Canonicorum de Lanthonia Prima."

In the Synod of Cashel it was ordained that the dead man should have the third of his moveables; and this rule was observed in the time of Archbishop Tregury. The following extract from Laing's Chronicle of the Kings of Norway, shews the antiquity of this custom, and the mode in which this part was disposed of amongst some of the northern pagans : “ Thorer explained, that it was so established in this land (near the mouth of the Dwina river), that when a rich man died, all his moveable goods were divided between the dead man and his heirs. He got the half part, or the third part, or sometimes less, and that part was carried out into the forest and buried—sometimes under a mound, sometimes in the earth, and sometimes even a house was built over it.”_Vol. ii.

P.

200.

Page 6, line 15

rare occurrence.

Abbatem proprium non habentem.—Abbeys governed by priors were at this time of

There seem to be some faint indications that priories of a foundation anterior to the middle of the thirteenth century, were originally immediately under resident episcopal authority. Malachy, Bishop of Down from 1176 to 1201, granted the church of St. Patrick of Down in these words : “Sciant futuri tanquam presentes quod ego Malachias Dunensis Episcopus concessi ad honorem Dei et sancte religionis ecclesiam S. Patricii de Dune cum omnibus pertinentiis suis ad opus prioris et nigrorum monachorum, quorum ipse episcopus ero custos et abbas, sicut fit in ecclesia Wyntoniensi vel Conventrensi.”--Mon. Angl. vol. ii. p. 1020. For the abbatial authority of the Bishop of Winchester over the monks of St. Swithun Wynton, see Girald. Camb. De Rebus a se gestis, printed in Anglia Sacra, vol. ii. p. 480. The Archbishop of Dublin, amongst his other titles, styled himself “Ecclesiarum cathedralium

Sanctissime

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