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HE Priory of All-Hallows or All Saints, which

stood upon the ground now occupied by Trinity T College, Dublin, was founded by Dermod Mac

Morough, King of Leinster. This unhappy prince, who, among his many other crimes, is charged with

having burned many churches“, was the founder of religious houses in different parts of his territories. At Ferns in Wexford, in atonement for having burned the town, he founded for

monks

[graphic]

Glorieuse dame e virgine.

A l'abé feseit li reis mander
Une chape lui feseit prester
Une chape a une chanoine
U à pruvere u

à

moyne.

a Churches.—The Four Masters, at 1172, mention the churches he burned, but take no notice of those he founded.

Ferns.Mon. Hib. p. 743. To this
Abbey Dermod brought the guilty De-
vorguilla ; and from its Abbot he bor-
rowed a cloak, in which he disguised
himself when he sought O'Brien.
“A Fernes le reis sojournout

En un abeie que iloc out
De Seinte Marie la reine,
IRISH ARCH. SOC. 1O.

b

Le reis la chape afubla
Que as piez lui treina
Que nul ne pout aviser
Si pur moine réuler.”

- Conquest of Ireland, 162.

monks of the Order of St. Augustine the Abbey of St. Mary; at Baltinglass in Wicklow, he built the Cistercian Abbey de Valle Salutis“; and the Nunnery of St. Mary de Hogges of Dublin, with its dependant cells at Kilcleeheen", in Kilkenny, and Athady, in Carlow, owed its origin either to his policy or to his transient penitence.

By a charter granted about the year 1166, when he had succeeded in taking hostages from O'Carroll, King of Uriele (or Louth, Armagh, and Monaghan), this prince conferred on his spiritual father and confessor, Edan, Bishop of Louth, for the use of the canons of the church of the daughter of Zola, the land called Ballidubgaill', with its men, that is, with Melisu (Malise) Macfeilecan, his sons and grandsons, free and released from any procuration or expedition (to be rendered) to

himself c De Valle Salutis.Mon. Hib. p. 761. lands would appear to have been preCambr. Evers. 191. Albin O'Molloy, the viously granted by Sitric to the Priory of unrelenting excommunicator of the Earl H. Trinity. Mon. Hib. p. 148. Marshal, was Abbot of Baltinglass. Gir 8 Procuration.—Procuracio et expedicio, ald. Cambr. de rebus a se gestis. Part ii. -Registry, p. 50, may perhaps be translated cap. 13, in Anglia Sacra, vol. ii. p. 486. Cess and Hosting; that is, money-payment

d Kilcleeheen, or De Bello Portu. Mon. and military service. The fourth decree of Hib. pp. 366, 804. It stood on the west the Synod of Cashel, shewing the lay exacside of the River Suir, opposite the King tions to which church property was subject Tower, in Waterford. No part of the ruins in Ireland, is thus translated by Stanyhurst now remain, but its site is occupied by a in the language of his time: “Fourthlie, modern church.-J. O'D. For the notes that all the church lands and possessions with these initials the Editor is indebted throughout all Ireland, shall be free from to the kindness of Mr. J. O'Donovan. all secular exactions & impositions: and ese Uriel.“ O sei amenad O’Karuel peciallie that no lords, earles, nor nobleLe fiz le rei de Yriel.” men, nor their children, nor familie, shall

-Conq. Irel. 21. extort or take anie coine f liverie, coThis expedition explains the connexion sheries, nor cuddies, nor anie other like between Dermod and Edan, Bishop of custome from thenseforth, in or upon anie Louth or Uriel, which would otherwise of the church lands and territories. And be unaccountable. See note, p. 125.

likewise that they nor no other person f Ballidubgaill.-Now Baldoyle. These doo henseforth exact out of the said church

himself or his successors in the government of Leinster and Dublin for ever; and he charged the men of Dublin and Leinster to maintain the bishop and his canons in the possession of the said land, in all liberty, without any exaction of tithes, as fully and honourably as any college of canons or monks in Ireland was possessed of any royal endowment.

In the absence of authentic and of historical evidence, if we are unwilling to indulge in vague conjectures or fanciful etymologies, we must confess our ignorance of the church of the daughter of Zola, from which Dermod brought the canons of All-Hallows. From whatever church they were derived, this priory, if not from the first, adopted very soon after its foundation the rule of St. Augustine, as reformed and rendered stricter in the Convent of Aroasia".

As lands old wicked & detestable customes troduced this Order into his diocese. “Vir of coin f; liverie which they were wont to sanctus et timoratus sive religiosus, honextort upon such towns and villages of estatis amator et zelator religionis operam the churches, as were neere and next dedit industriamque adhibuit et (ut?) bordering upon them.”

clericos sæculares, qui in Ecclesia DubThese decrees furnish an instance of the linensi erant instituti canonici, secundum weakness of law against custom. In the exteriorem et interiorem hominem mutafourth decree it is enjoined with a particu tos in melius, in regulares canonicos translarity omitted in Stanyhurst's translation, formaret. Et ut hoc summi Pontificis

Quod de villis Ecclesiarum cibus ille autoritate confirmaretur, duos e Canonicis detestabilis qui quater in anno a vicinis suis misit Romam, propter usum et concomitibus exigitur, de cetero nullatenus

suetudinem Aroasiensis ordinis, per quos exigatur.” Yet in an Irish Deed, made in sancti viri desiderium adimpletum est. 1503, between the Friars of Kilcormick, Fecitque regulares stare cantores circa in the Queen's County, and Theobald, the altare ut laudarent nomen Domini, et son of Donagh, it is expressed that the dedit in celebrationibus decus et in sono friars owe the food of four persons, each eorum dulces fecit modos.”— Vita S. Lauquarter of a year, according to the custom renti, Messingham, p. 384. See also of the country.—Miscell. Irish Arch. Soc. Miræus, Canonicorum Regularium Ord.

S. Aug. origines. Cap. x. Coloniæ. 1614. Aroasia.-Archbishop Lawrence in

vol. i. p. 104.

As long as this monastic rule was fully observed the canons of All-Hallows must have mingled little in the affairs of life, and have been little noticed in public history, and accordingly we have been able to discover only few and indistinct traces of this house in the records and chronicles of the time. Still, the situation of the priory, at the very gate of Dublin, at the head of the level ground then called the Steyn, stretching along the south bank of the Liffey to the sea, must have made the canons spectators at least of many great events. From this plaini Hasculf and John le Deué, with their iron-clad Danes, some in long breastplates and some in iron plates sewn together, and with round red shields edged with iron, prepared to assault Dublin,

“ Une citè mult loé
Que Hathcleyth iert einz nomé,"

which Strongbow had given to the safe-keeping of Miles Cogan; and it was here

“ Desur le Hogges de Sustein;"

that Gilmeholmoc', having agreed with Cogan to be “strong upon the stronger side,” awaited the issue of the contest, ready to join the conqueror; and it was near this priory, at the old Thengmote of the Danish colonists, at St. Andrew's Church, the site of the present Castle Market, on the south side of Dame-street,—alas for the transitoriness of human grandeur—that Henry II.k spent from Martinmas to Shrovetide, A.D. 1171-2, in a royal palace, “de virgis levigatis ad modum patriæ illius constructum,” where, at Christmas, to please

the i Hibernia Expugnata, lib. i. cap. 21. River Dodder flows. He was of the same

j Gilmeholmoc.-D. Macgilla Colmoc is stock with the O'Byrnes of Offelan.one of the witnesses to Dermod's charter. J. O'D. See No. xlix. He was chief of Hy-Dun k Henry II.--Hib. Expug. I. 30. Hovechadha, the district through which the den, p. 302.

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