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valley of the Sweet Waters. When she wore it As usual, we close with a little poem for the round her waist, allowing the borders to depend children. down her left side, each fold was so disposed as

READY FOR DUTY. to exhibit in succession a rose, a tulip, a narcissus, enveloped in a galaxy of buds, especial. ly of the moss-rose, which seenied to project

• Daffy-down-dilly came up in the cold, from the surface of the fabric fresh and steeped

Through the brown mold, in the dews of morning. The wild and froward Although the March breezes blew keen on her beauty who owned it sometimes took it from

face, her waist and twined it round the head of a fa- Although the white enow lay on many a place. vorite, in order to behold the splendor of the flowers set off by contrast with his black beard.

" Daffy-down-dilly had heard, under ground, Along the sides of the scarf ran a border of

The sweet rushing sound about four or five inches in depth, resembling of the streams, as they burst off their white in richness of colors the most gorgeous painted winter chains; windows in an old cathedral; and through what of the whistling spring winds, and the pattermay be called the field there ran long stems or ing rains. wreaths of fanciful blossoms, fading away toward the centre into an opal tinge, which sur- “Now then,' thought Daffy, deep down in rounded, like a halo, the circle of a damask her heart, rose. It may well be doubted whether the

It's time I should start!' shawls manufactured for the Russian and Per- So she pushed her soft leaves through the hard, sian ambassadors, which cost twelve thousand frozen ground, rupees, exceeded in magnificence and loveliness Quite up to the surface, and then she looked that of the Turkish lady we have described. round. To suggest more completely the idea of a garden, parts of the scarf had been steeped in one “There was snow all about her, gray clouds perfume, and parts in another, so that, as she

overhead; moved along, the scent of jasmines, roses, or

The trees all looked dead. violets, fell upon the senses alternately.

Then how do you think Daffy-down-dilly felt,

When the sun would not shine, and the ice SOME are prone to see misfortune in every

would not melt? thing around and before them, and the most out-of-the-way things are tortured to become

“Cold weather !' thought Daffy, still working direct attacks on their happiness.

away; A new reading has been found for the oft

• The earth's hard to-day ! quoted and truthful saying, “ There's a divin- There's but a half-inch of my leaves to be seen, ity that shapes our ends, rough-hew them how And two-thirds of that is more yellow than we will.” A miserable friend of ours, who

green! finds that everything goes wrong, and nothing turns up to suit him, says that in his copy of

««« I can't do much yet; but I'll do what I can. the Bard of Avon it reads, " There's a divinity

It's well I began ! that shapes our ends rough — hew them how we For, unless I can manage to lift up my head, will.”

The people will think that the Spring herself's

dead.' Johnny was of a different disposition, and we will warrant the world looked bright to him. 'So, little by little, she brought her leaves out, Well, Johnny, what kind of cake do you

All clustered about; like?”

And then her bright flowers begun to unfold, “Why, I like sponge-cake, and pound-cake, Till Daffy stood robed in her spring green and and plum-cake, and any kind of cake but stom

gold. ach-ache, - that I don't like at all, I don't.”

“O Daffy-down-dilly! so brave and so true! The article in the last number entitled “A

I wish all were like you !

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But the Queen of Palmyra was an edBy. Rev. E. W. Reynolds,

ucated woman, and in her the


of nature were sharpened and directed by GRATUITOUS ;

the culture of art. We can do justice to

no woman's mental ability, until we admit 10 those who are interested in the her to the best educational privileges, and equality of the sexes, and the claims of and the use of her faculties. We justly women to political power, the character stigmatize barbarism as having degraded of Zenobia will appeal with peculiar in the female sex; but no civilization has terest. Although few women care to yet been honorable in its estimate and transcend the joys and cares of that heart- just in its treatment of women. The life in which nature has placed the bless- laws of all states regard her as inferior, ing or bane of her fairer creatures, yet, and the prejudices of society are designed when we raise the question of the mental to keep her in that condition. ability of women to transact public affairs, In our country, woman is honored with or embrace a wide class of interests, I higher esteem, treated with more generthink we must accredit her with a capaci- ous courtesy, and allowed more freedom ty that mere housekeeping does not ex- for the spontaneous development of her haust nor exercise. Zenobia was, un- nature, than in any other land. But questionably, the most enlightened, lib- even here she is depressed by that tyrannic eral and beneficent sovereign of her age. trinity, - Fashion, Prejudice, and IgnoAmid her ignorant, sanguinary, and ty- rance. rannical contemporaries, she shone as a sol- Her education, in the vast majority of itary star from the turbulent sky. If her instances, is of the most superficial and reign was brief, it was much longer than illusive description. It does not touch that of the emperors who ruled the west- the deeper springs of her unsounded being, ern department of the empire; and if strengthen her mind, or develop her judg.



know of her NATURE, that we majesterially erty, whose fortitude has defied disappronounce upon that? Her feet have pointment and sorrow, whose learning, been taught to step to music, her fingers taste, and genius have ornamented society to explore the mazes of embroidery, her and augmented its glories. voice to skim the scale; but, in Heaven's When women shall be allowed the same name, what has the woman been taught ? freedom that men enjoy for the developBy and by we find her the embarrassed ment of their powers, they will give us and jaded mistress of a home, rapidly little occasion to charge them with infesliding from a superficial elegance to a riority. And the only mischief liable to crumpled decency. She is annoyed and to result from so simple an act of justice, irritated by the fast-coming cares of wife- would be the possible accumulation of a hood and maternity; and the very crea- large stock of unmarketable men, with no ture who had been worshipped as an idol stupid women left to contract for them on is in danger of sinking into a drudge. Cupid's Exchange. If she has won the potent love that feeds a hungry heart, and rallies with a brave resolution to cope with her cares, she can Zenobia had now reigned, as an indehope only to be an appendage to her hus- pendent sovereign, for the term of five band, and have her tastes and feelings years. She had retained the loyal admitranslated into his sonorous personality. ration of her own people, and her honor

And yet, with all the disadvantages able fame had become diffused among the under which our women exist, - petted neighboring nations. She was everywhere and perverted in girlhood, and led over known as the patron of letters, and the the rosy threshold of love into homes friend and companion of genius. Her they have so little fitness to govern, it reputation was unblemished, her august is surprising how many rise from the or- womanhood in the meridian of its splendeal of marriage, ripened into vigorous dor. The frontiers of her kingdom were capability, and glorified with unsuspected untroubled by invasion, and its internal wisdom. Send an inexperienced man into elements prosperous and peaceful. Her trade, and he drops into bankruptcy as a power was understood to rival that of stone falls toward the centre; but send Rome itself, of which she now appeared, an inexperienced girl into matrimony, and in point of fact, independent. after some failures and perturbations, she According to Gibbon, “She blended, is

very liable to achieve signal success, and with the popular manners of Roman come in time to wear her matronly honors princes, the stately pomp of the courts of with the dignity of an empress. And Asia, and exacted from her subjects the yet we protest that woman is inferior. I same adoration that was paid to the sucdoubt it.

cessors of Cyrus. She bestowed upon her Let any person of discriminating pow- three sons á Latin education, and often ers of observation compare the relative showed them to the troops adorned with success of the young men and women who the imperial purple.” have been left to their own resources, and If I were portraying the life of some he will find that the advantage is decidedly imaginary personage, whom I desired to with the latter. A young man, subjected commend to your favor, I should probably to depressing circumstances, is infinitely omit such statements as are liable to ofmore liable to sink into a vagabond, than fend republican simplicity ; but Zenobia a young woman is to compromise her in- is an historic character, and we must dependence by any weakness of will, or behold her as she is, with the peculiari. culpability of conduct. Wherever indus- ties of her country, and the desires of try is honored, and intelligence appre- her rank. Divested of the purple pomp

must part with the leading attributes of genius that raised him from the ranks her womanhood.

a common soldier — to the throne of the While yet Zenobia remains in the com- empire. The qualities that won most the pleteness of her regal fortune, let us admiration of his legions, and which had remember that she stands associated with contributed most to the power he now the latest exhibition of ancient learning, possessed, were qualities strictly and preand makes her throne the focus of a dy- eminently brutal. He enjoyed the reping civilization. The ancient order of utation of having killed, in a single day, things was dissolving; the circle of soci- “ with his own hands, forty-eight Sarmaety was contracting; the barbarians were tians, and in several subsequent engagepressing in on every side ; the oracles and ments, nine hundred and fifty." This altars of the old religions were dese mighty capability of killing men had crated; and over all the face of the world raised Aurelian to the sovereignty of the hung the shadow of the coming eclipse. Roman Empire, just as the fame of hav

In that isolated city of the desert, ing burned enormous quantities of gunthe princely pomp, the social prosperity, powder, and the glitter of an epaulet, and the scholastic glories of antiquity, has secured to more than one modern man survived, unsullied and unspent. There the presidency of a republic. the surviving splendors of Greece were The fame of Aurelian preceded him as gathered, and poured on the world from he passed into Asia; and a large part of Zenobia's palace. Lonely pilgrims of Syria, dreading to tempt his vengeance, science, fleeing from the wrath of destiny submitted to his arms without a blow. and the wreck of a departing era, came Thus, unresisted, he advanced within an to the genial shelter of that brilliant hundred miles of Palmyra. But Zenobia court, rehearsed their glowing thoughts, had not imitated the timidity of her reand fell asleep. And when the trump of moter subjects. On the fir

rumor of war dissolved that illustrious assembly, invasion, she had prepared to meet it as and the silent palms became the sole became the renown of her name.

She watchers of the desolated capital, the clas- had assembled a formidable army, comsic luminaries had set in flood and gloom, posed, “for the most part, of light arand the civilization of antiquity was nev- chers and of heavy cavalry clothed in er kindled more.

complete steel.” A veteran and distin

guished general, Zobdas, was appointed VII. - AURELIAN APPEARS.

to lead the host, which the queen accomThe Romans had never forgiven Zeno- panied in person, that the troops might bia her defeat of the imperial army; and be animated by her presence. the growth of her political importance The Roman and Palmyrean armies enwas the source of incessant jealousy. countered on the plains of Antioch. In For five years, however, they were obliged the beginning of the engagement, the to endure the spectacle of her prosperity, heavy steel-clad horsemen of Zenobia and hear the praises of her fame; for the rode down all opposition. Their ponderinvading Goths darkened Italy with their ous charges were irresistible. But in the hostile banners, and gave ample employ- sequel, fortune favored their antagonists. ment to the valor of the legions, until the Aurelian possessed himself of the field, reign of Aurelian. This warlike and and the queen retreated wit'i fier broken

his army.



With an intrepid and defiant soul, the ed by the vigilance of the foe. While queen retreated on Palmyra. Her capi. the beleaguered city itself was thus being tol was her last resource, and this she reduced to extremity, and the hopes of strongly fortified and determined to roain- its sovereign dissipated, one by one, “a tain to the extremity of her life. Aure- regular succession of convoys” arrived, lian followed, in steady though not rapid from various parts of Syria, to replenish pursuit, for clouds of Arabs hung upon and encourage the camp of the besiegers, his ranks as he crossed the desert; and Slowly and bitterly the queen yielded the city was at length closely invested by to the conviction that the fate of her city

and kingdom was sealed. It was invincible Rome that thundered at the gates;

and a deliberate glance at the posture of The siege of Palmyra cost Aurelian her affairs showed that hope could nurture vastly more time and anxiety than he had valor no more. The proud and regal woanticipated. He pressed the attacks in man surveyed, for the last time, the wastperson, was wounded by an arrow from ing remnant of her power. For the last the walls, but made no perceptible im- time, her mournful eye and breaking pression upon the desperate valor of the heart admired those faithful counsellors city. He complains, in one of his letters, and steel-clad heroes who still offered unthat the Roman people ridicule the war availing support to her falling throne. he is waging against a woman; ard he What reflections occupied those bitter tells them that they are ignorant both of moments cannot be told; nor can we the character and of the power of Zeno- know what grand resolutions were formed, bia. " It is impossible," he says, “to in a momentary ecstasy of heroisin, to be enumerate her warlike preparations ;” resigned, as the tide of enthusiasm ebbed and “the fear of punishment,” he pre- away. Perhaps she yielded to the persumes, “has armed her with a desperate suasions of her counsellors; or it may courage.” Yet,” concludes this pious be that she hoped to gain resources for soldier, “I still trust in the protecting the recovery of her power at some of the deities of Rome, who have hitherto been eastern courts. We know not her mofavorable to all my undertakings." tives or expectations; it is only mine to

Notwithstanding his confidence in “ the relate that, a few hours hence, she had protecting deities of Rome,” Aurelian, as abandoned Palmyra, and was flying, a fuif doubtful of the result of the siege, gitive, from the wreck of her monarchy. offered the queen advantageous terms of

BEFORE AURELIAN. capitulation. He would guarantee to her “a splendid retreat, and to the citizens As we reach this epoch in the history their ancient privileges.” These terms of Zenobia, we can scarcely suppress the being rejected, the siege was pressed with romantic regret that she had not remained redoubled vigor.

to die in defence of her favorite city. Zenobia had entertained herself with She was one of those rare women whose the reasonable but delusive hope that in gorgeous richness of person adapts them a very short time famine would compel to the splendor of a palace and the dig. the Roman army to repass the desert," nity of a throne. The versatility of her and by the reasonable expectation that genius, and the winning geniality of her the kings of the east, and particularly the temper, no less than her wondrous beauty Persian monarch, would arm in defence | and august surroundings, corresponded of their most natural ally. But fortune, to the highest qualities of the oriental and the perseverance of Aurelian, “ disap- lands, and rendered her their most exact pointed their hopes." The death of Sa- and lofty type. What a magnificent sacpor, which happened about this time, rifice she would have made, to sanctify distracted the counsels of Persia ; and the calamity of her kingdom and immorthe inconsiderable succors that attempted talize the vigor of her greatness. to relieve Palmyra were easily intercept- The flight of the queen availed her


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