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Which, as the world's mistress, by fate was de- Wished back the false gods she had worshipped signed,

before. In peace or in war to rule over mankind, - Wiser measures her policy since has revealed ; Which, dictating to nations her own cruel laws, Less crimes are committed, or better concealed. Chained kings to the thrones they had gained The church and the people have rights in the in her cause.

State; Then her horrible eagle made the universe Rome laid down the sword, but would yet arbicower;

trate. She governs to-day with a gentler power. While on her proud forehead the tiara gleamed, To her conquerors she acts a more politic part; To the world, she the emblem of modesty She rules o’er the mind by commanding the seemed ; heart;

And while with mere force she is willing to Her counsels are laws ; her decrees are her part, arms.

To manage mankind she retains still the art.

Near the capital rife with so many alarms,

Pope Sextus, at that time, ruled the church and On the ruins, the work of Bellona and Mars,

the State ;? The throne of the Cæsars a pontiff now bears ;

And if, to acquire the title of Great, The foot of the priesthood now quietly passes O'er the tombs of the Catos and Emilius's Falsehood and manners severe are the things,

Then Sextus may rank with the greatest of ashes ;

kings. The throne on the altar now absolute stands,

Fifteen years of deceit was the price of his And the scepter and censer adorn the same

throne, hands.

His virtue and vice fifteen years were unknown.

The rank that he burned for he seemed to disHis earliest church God was pleased to plant

dain, here,

And unworthiness pleaded the chair to obtain. Now triumphant, now followed by hatred and from his despotic arm receiving due aid, fear.

Her rule in the Vatican Policy swayed. Here the first of apostles the sacred word in ambition and profit is found her true source, taught,

And fraud and seduction follow on in her course. And only for truth in simplicity sought.

This monster, ingenious, with expedients teems; For a time, his successors the same course pur- With a burden of cares, calm and honest besue,

seems. And gain the respect to humility due.

To her sharp, hollow eyes, whence all quiet has In their persons, no pride and vainglory ap

flown, pear;

The sweets of a placid repose are unknown. They, in poverty, hold to a virtue severe;

To this day, by her arts is all Europe abused, And true to their master, should his service re

And by her disguises all minds are confused. quire,

With lies and with cunning, her language she Would go from their cells to the stake and the

cloaks, fire.

And if for her profit, even truth she invokes ; As time brought corruption, they left the safe with the seal of the Deity stamps her false arts;

Thus Heaven its sanction to her vengeance imAnd Heaven, in wrath, wealth and power be

parts. stowed ; And Rome, from that time both rich and profane,

Scarcely had Discord in Rome reached this To the counsels of wicked men yielded the rein. place, Treason and murder and poison and guilt Than, with mystery, Policy seeks her embrace, Were the pillars on which this. new power was With flattering tongue and with loving caress

She salutes her, then takes up a tone of distress. The successors of Christ, in defying disgrace, “No longer, she said, are those happy days Bring adultery and incest in the holiest place ; mine, And Rome, while the rule of these tyrants she When the people, seduced, made their vows at bore,

road,

my shrine,

built.

son.

my feet.

When to credulous Europe, what I chose could She the hero would make, by adoption, her

dictate, And the laws of the church were the laws of She saw he was worthy, and rebuked the delay the State.

That the advent deferred of this glorious day. I spoke ; and the kings, with humility meet, Then Discord and Policy sudden arise, Relinquis ied their thrones, and fell down at And in secret this foe to their vices surprise.

The assistance of heaven she in pity demands ; On earth, at my bidding, I wars could evoke ; For the trial of faith she is left in their hands. In thunders, my voice from the Vatican spoke ; These monsters, whose arts she had always to O'er life and o’er death I held absolute sway; dread, States I took, I restored, I again took away. Put her sacred veil on their own corrupt head. These good times are past. Now the Senate of Arrayed in her robes, which call forth respect, France 3

They hasten to Paris their plans to effect. Annuls, in an instant, the thunders I launch. With pleasing address, cunning Policy glides To nre a sworn foe, and the church its delight, Where the ancient Sorbonne o'er learning preThe bandage of error it takes from the sight.4 sides. It was that which the first my deceptions re- There the reverend assembly of sages is found, vealed,

Who the holy truths of the Scriptures exWhen with truth on the surface I falsehood con- pound, cealed.

Arbitrators of Christians, with virtue imbued, Why can I not, Discord, one object in view, To their worship devoted, to their prince ever The Senate seduce, and with vengeance pursue ? true, Come ; bring forth your torch, and light up Always marked by a masculine vigor their my thunder,

course, And beginning with France rend the nations while the inroads of error they boldly oppose. asunder ;

Ah! wbere is the virtue that ne'er is surprised ? Our chains let the princes and States again The flattering voice of this monster disguised wear!"

Dissension there sows with her cunning address. She said ; and then suddenly shot through the To the aims of ambition she pledges success, air.

And holds up a mitre to dazzle its eyes.

In secret, the voice of the greedy she buys. From the pleasures of Rome, and its worldly The learned is won by extravagant praise ; parade,

For the price of vain incense, the truth he beFrom temples for pride or for vanity made,

trays. Whose adornments and splendors on people to the timid she speaks with a threatening impose,

voice. A humble religion to solitude goes. In communion with God, a calm peace is main- The assembly's in tumult; they decide amidst tained ;

noise. But the name of religion, which the world has 'Midst confusion and clamor that reign in the profaned,

place, Is the sacred pretext for the tyrant's hate, Truth, lamenting, escapes, but with tears on The blind for the vulgar, the scorn of the great. her face. How to bless or to suffer the genuine knows, With these words an old man in the council And in secret can offer up prayers for her foes. Unadorned, without art, in simple attire,

« The church makes the king, can absolre or

arose:

seen.

mind;

Then she rises aloft, and from church to church Mayenne, who far off sees this pageant proceed, flies,

In secret contemns, but still sanctions the And proclaims to the factions this great enter- deed. prise.

He knows how submissive the people can feel, In Augustin's robes or St. Francis's gown, When fanatical folly is taken for zeal. To the hallowed cloisters she makes her way He knew the great art that all princes need, down,

The popular failings and errors to feed. The austere recluses with loud voice invokes At this pious scandal his applause is expressThese voluntary slaves of their rigorous yokes :

ed, " It is time to leave temples with gloom over- The contempt of the wise, to the soldiers a jest. spread,

In excitement, the people with shouts rend the And arvund you the light of a holy zeal shed. skies ; Teach Frenchmen, whose faith is a wavering Hope, triumph, and joy in their bosoms arise ; thing,

As their rashness before was succeeded by dread, That the service of God asks the death of a Now rage is the passion, since terror has fled. king.

Thus Neptune the ocean controls at his will,of the priesthood of Levi remember the fame; Now bids the waves rise, and now bids them be With the title of sacred God honored their still. name;

Among the seditious with crime most infected, : And when they this merited favor obtained, Sixteen to her purpose has Discord selected.? With the blood of the Hebrews their hands These insolent minions of their newly-made were yet stained.

queen, Oh, where are those days when brother slew In her car, stained with blood, are in company

brother, And in zeal for the church, Frenchmen murdered While treason and pride, death, murder, and each other?

wrath, It was you, holy priests, that inspired their with rivers of blood, follow on in her path,

In obscurity born, and the basest of things, By your voice, Coligni to death was consigned. Their title to rank is their hatred to kings. In blood I have bathed, and still may blood By the people, beneath the royal canopy placed,

Mayenne feels himself, in their presence, disTo a worshipping people, your own ardor graced. show."

When Discord prevails, such is often the game,

Accomplice the vilest will equality claim.s The priests, hy a sign from this monster direct- Thus the winds that impetuous rule o'er the ed,

main, Their souls with her deadliest poison infected,

When they stir up the waves of the Rhone ol

the Seine, To Paris proceed, in a solemn array, And the cross at the head of their column dis Send bubbling up all the slime from their caves play.

And the filth is mixed up with their purei They sing, and their voices, devout and sub

Thus the fires that over a city oft sweep, lime, Seern to call down the heavens to sanction their and make of its ruins a smouldering heap, crime;

As the brass, lead, and iron through the hot And in making their rows, these misled fanatics

furnace pass, To the prayers of the altar imprecations affix.

They mix with the gold, and form one common Audacious priests, feeble troops of Discord, Have cumbered their hands with the sabre and sword.

While, in these days, sedition and tumult thus They have taken the breastplate and throwa off reigned, the gown,

Uncorrupted the temple of Themis remained, And this infamous pageant parades through No fear, no ambition, no wish to be grand the town.

Affected the balance she held in her hand. A tumultuous people the numbers increase ; Equity, elsewhere despised or rejected, While the cross is borne forward, - that emblem Sought safety with her, and its claims were re

spected.

flow;

waves.

mass.

of peace.

10

In this temple was gathered a Senate revered ; Proudly and calm, on their benches await
By the innocent prized, by the criminal feared. The advance of the Gaul, and the seal of their
For the rights of the monarch, it takes a bold fate.
stand;

Bussi, in a rage, but from terror not free, Not less for the people, and the laws of the Exclaimed, “ Tyrants, obey, or else follow me. land ;

Then Harlay arises, majestic in pride, And France, seeking redress for the wrong she Of a parliament just and intrepid the guide. may feel,

The Sixteen he faces, and boldly demands To the prince, through this Senate, can make The fetters they merit to be placed on his hands. her appeal.

The judges around, without further delay
No ambition it knows but the good of the State ; In this hour to share, the same courage display.
For rebellion and tyranny equal its hate; While by faith to their sovereign, these victims
While full of respect for the right, it is brave; are graced,
It makes a good subject; it wants not a slave; On their limbs, by these tyrants, the fetters are
Attacks on our freedom is quick to redress; placed.
Knows Rome, can respect, but encroachment
repress.

These heroes for right let my muse consecrate,
And France, in all future, their names vener-

ate, An ignoble band, who submissive have bowed

The virtuous De Thou, Mole, Scarron, Bayeul, To the tyrannous League, the temple now

The just Potier, and yon young Longueil, crowd.

Whose virtues and talents, in advance of your Bussi is their leader, - a base gladiator,

age, Whose boldness has gained him this infamous of future renown gave the early presage. honor.

In short, the whole Senate, Bussi at their head, He enters, addresses, in words of command, That unjust assembly whose law rules the land. By the Sixteen, in chains through the city are

led, “Of the law's mazy windings, ye bireling cream

And then to that horrible prison consigned, tures,

Where the guilty and guiltless a common fate Ye plebeians, who fain would to monarchs be

find.11 teachers, –

And thus, by these factions, the State is reBase men, by cabal and by fraud raised to place,

versed. Whose greatness is venal, whose honor disgrace, The Sorbonne has fallen, and the Senate disYe cowards in war, and ye tyrants in peace,

persed. The people obey, and now hear its decrees.

But whence is this crowd, and what mean these The citizen lived ere the master was known ;

cries? What our ancestors lost, we now claim as our

What these weapons for criminals that startle

our eyes ? The peor too long have bent under your What magistrates these, that are meeting their yoke,

doom, of the sceptre they're weary, now the sceptre By the order of tyrants, hurried on to the tomb? is broke.

Now virtue in Paris is a crime to the State; Blot out those great names, so sweet to your Brisson, Larcher, Tardif meet the criminal's

ears, Plenary power, - which one hates and one

Your ignoble death will not tarnish your fame, fears.

Nor your generous Manes will blush at your In the people's name judge, and hold, in the

name ; Senate,

This scene is for memory a hallowed thing, Not the place of the king, but the place of the That man dies with glory who dies for his State.

king. Follow the Sorbonne, or my vengeance abide.

OWD.

fate. 12

Discord, in the mean time, her rebels around, By a dignified silence, the Senate replied. Rejoiced at the success ber measures had found. Thus in Rome, when the flames had their rav-Around her an air of contentment she flings, ages spread,

And scans the effects that a civil war brings. The Senators, silver locks gracing their head, Walls covered with blood, people sunken in woe,

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Division amongst them, to their monarch a foe, were, for a long time, independent of the Duke The sport of contention and intestine war,

of Mayenne. One of them said in the duke's

chamber, “ Those who made him can unmake Their country to ruin all rapidly bear,

him.' With perils without, and with tumult within, 9 On their limbs, etc. On the 16th January, And everywhere misery, carnage, and sin.

1589, Bussy-le-Clerc, one of the Sixteen, who

from a master-of-arms had become Governor of (End of Canto the Fourth.)

the Bastille and chief of the faction, entered the

great parliament chamber, followed by fifty NOTES TO THE FOURTH CANTO,

satellites. He presented a request, or rather au

order, to that body, no longer to recognize the "A brother of Joyeuse, etc. Henry, Count royal house. of Bouchage, brother of the Duke of Joyeuse, On their refusal, he led, himself, to the Bag. killed at Coutras. Passing, one day, at four tille, all opposed to his party. He gave them o'clock in the morning, near the Capuchin Con- only bread and water, to force them to ransom rent, he fancied the angels sung their matins in themselves from his hand, on which account he the convent. Struck with this, he became a was called " The great penitentiary of parfriar under the name of Br. Angel. After. liament. wards he laid aside the gown, and took up arms 10 Mole, - Edward Mole, the counsellor, who against Henry IV. At last, he accominodated died in 1634. matters with the king; but the prince being Scarron was the grandfather of the celebrat. one day with him on a balcony, beneath wbica ed Scarron, so well known for his poetry and was a crowd of people, -"My cousin,” said the gayety of his mind. Henry IV. to him, " these people seen quite Bayeul was uncle of the Superintendent of pleased to see an apostate and a renegade to- Finance. gether,” This speech caused Joyeuse again tu Nicholas Potier, of Blancmenils, the mortarea ter a convent, where he died.

president, so called on account of an estate of Pope Sextus, etc. Sextus V., while cardi- that name, was not indeed carried with the nal at Montalte, counterfeited the simpleton, other members to the Bastille, for he had not for nearly fifteen years, so successfully that he that day come into the parliament chamber; was commonly called the “ Ass of Ancona.” but he was afterwards in prison in the Louvre The artifice by wbich he obtained the papacy, at the time of Brisson's death. They wished and the hauteur with which he reigneul are well to trent him in the same way as that president. known.

They accused him of secret correspondence with 3 Tuose good times, etc. In 1570, the pula- Henry IV. The Sixteen went through the law ment gave its famous decree against the buil, in forms with him, that they might have a show cena domini. Its celebrated remonstrance un- of justice on their side, and not enrage the peoder Louis XI. ; those it inade to Henry III. ple by party executions, which they looked against the scandalous bull of Sextus V., who upon as assassinations. At length, as Blanccalled the reigning house a generation of bas- menils was about to be condemned to the galtards ; and its constant firmness in maintaining lows, the Duke of Mayenne returned to Paris. our liberties against the pretensions of the This prince always entertained for him a venercourt of Rome.

ation that could not be withheld for his virtues. The bandage of error, etc. This verse has He went, himself, to take him from prison. The often been applied to the author of the Hen- prisoner threw himself at his feet, and said to riad. M. Whitcher had it inscribed as the mot- him, “Sir, I have to thank you for my life; to on a medal he had struck ; but he was, in but I beg to ask & still greater favor. It is to Genera, obliged to suppress it.

allow me to return to Henry, my lawful soverDaths sacred once, etc. On the 17th Jan-eign. I shall always look upon you as my benpary, 1859, the Faculty of Theology, in Paris, efactor ; but I cannot serve you as my master.” issued that famous decree that absolved subjects The Duke of Mayenne, affected at this speech, from their allegiance, and that they could make raised him up, embraced him, and sent him to War against their king. Monsieur Le Fevre, Henry IV. the dean, and some of the wisest of the faculty Bussy-le Clerc had been master-of-arms, and refused their signature. Afterwards,

when the afterwards attorney: When chance, or the unSorbonne was free, it revoked this decree. happy state of the times, had given him noto

€ The cross at the head, etc. As soon as Hen- riety, he took the name of Busey, as if he were ry III and the King of Navarre appeared in as redoubtable as the famous Bussy d'Amboise. arus against Paris, a greater part of the monks 11 And then to that horrible place, etc. That put on armor, and mounted guard with the is the Bastille. citizens. This part of the poem, however, de- 12 Brisson, Larcher, Tardif, etc. Friday, 15th scribes the procession of the League, when November, 1591, Barnabas Brisson, a very twelve hundred monks, armed, reviewed in learned man, executing the functions of presParis, with William Rose, Bishop of Serlis, as ident in the absence of Achilles de Harlay, their captain.

Claude Larcher, of the Court of Request, and * Sixteen for her purpose, etc. It is not to be John Tardif, Counsellor of the Castle, were supposed, from this, that there were only six- hung from a beam in the little castle, by order teen seditious individuals ; but they were so of the Sixteen. It is to be observed that Hamilcalled on account of the sixteen quarters of ton, Curate of St. Come, & furious Leaguer, Paris which they governed by their skill and came himself to take Tardif in his house with emissaries.

priests who acted as archers. * Accomplice the vilest, etc. The Sixteen

(End of Notes to Canto IV.)

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