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hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so? Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me ? Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest. And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not. One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him? Peter then denied again : and immediately the cock crew. 28 Then led they

28 Strange inconsistency! They Jesus from Caiaphas unto the considered themselves defiled by hall of judgment: and it was holding converse with Gentiles; but early ; and they themselves they heeded not the defiling guilt of went not into the judgment envy, injustice, and cruelty. hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover. Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man? They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee. 31 Then said Pilate unto them, people, had no longer the power of

31 The Jews, being a conquered Take ye him, and judge him life and death. The sceptre had according to your law. The departed from Judah, according to Jews therefore said unto him,

God's word. (Gen. xlix. 10.) It is not lawful for us to put

32 Death by crucifixion. (Matt. II. any man to death : 32 that the 19.) saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die. Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews ? Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me? Pilate answered, Am Ia Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me : what hast thou done? Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence. Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth

38 Pilate was amazed at the whole heareth my voice. 38 Pilate proceeding. Finding an innocent saith unto him, What is man charged with treason, he protruth? And when he had poses the straightforward course of said this, he went out again popularity prevailed over justice,

setting him free. But a mean lore of unto the Jews, and saith unto and honour, and conscience. The

them, I find in him no fault people cried out—“ Crucify him ;" at all. But ye have a cus

and he yielded to the clamour-a

slave to the people he was set to tom, that I should release

govern. unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews ? Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

CHAPTER XIX.

APRIL 1, JULY 31, Nov. 27.

THEN Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him. And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a pur

3 Mockery and scorn ! are they not, ple robe, and said, Hail,

even now, modes by which the wicked King of the Jews ! and they persecute the faithful ? smote him with their hands. * Even the judge who condemns

Pilate therefore went forth him, finds no fault in him. gain, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find

3 This was an appeal to the reason no fault in him. Then came of the case—“ Behold the man ! can Jesus forth, wearing the crown

he, thus humbled and afflicted, can of thorns, and the purple in you or in us? Why then desire

he be an object to excite fear either robe. And Pilate saith unto

his death !" them, Behold the man ! 6 Pilate knew that the Jews had no

When the chief priests there- power to crucify Jesus. He probafore and officers saw him, bly sought thus to save him. they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him : for I find no fault in him. ?The Jews answered

7 By charging him with blasphemy, him, We have a law, and by “ because he made himself the Son our law he ought to die, be- of God,” the Jews evidently concause he made himself the sidered the Son of God to be equal

with God. Son of God. When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid ; and went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer. Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me ? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee? "Jesus answered, Thou could

11 Pilate was fulfilling his official est have no power at all duty as judge. Judas was at once against me, except it were

the servant and the traitor - the

given thee from above: there- friend and the murderer! Wide fore he that delivered me un

was the interval between their sin.

12 The Roman governor yields to to thee hath the greater sin. fear of losing his high office. What 12 And from thenceforth Pilate a lesson to us all that we cherish a sought to release him : but moral courage, be above false impethe Jews cried out, saying, tations, and scorn to be the slaves If thou let this man go, thou expediency. No slavery so base ! art not Cæsar's friend : whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Cæsar. When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebres. Gabbatha. And it was the preparation of the passover, ana about the sixth hour : and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King! But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king ba: Cæsar. Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away. And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of : skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha : where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst. And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. This title then read many of the Jews for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. The said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, T. King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews Pilate answered, What I have written, I have written. Ther the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also hi coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. 24 They said

24 The minute fulfilment of th. therefore among themselves, prophecy (Ps. xxii. 18), a thousa Let us not rend it, but cast years after its delivery, is alone sch lots for it, whose it shall be: ficient proof that the dispensation d that the scripture might be

which it forms a part is from God. fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things there fore the soldiers did. Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When

26 Thus it is clear that the dring Jesus therefore saw his mo- Christian is justified in taking due

ther, and the disciple stand- care for the support and comfort of

survivors * ing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! Then saith be to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home. After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar : and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and 30 The trial of his faith was over, put it to his mouth. 30 When the wrath of God satisfied, the Jewish Jesus therefore had received

law and sacrifices done. He gare

up

his life : none took it away. The the vinegar, he said, It is

sacrifice was voluntary ; such was finished : and he bowed his his infinite love to man. head, and gave up the ghost. 31 The Sabbath day in the Passover 31 The Jews therefore, be

week. cause it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away t. Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already,

34 Thus was shown the reality of they brake not his legs : 34 but

his death I. one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water. 35 And he that saw

35 St. John himself bare record. it bare record, and his record is true : and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. For these things were done that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced. And after this Joseph of Arimathæa, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus : and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of

Here, as at John ii. 4, our Lord addresses his mother by the title, woman."

It was evidently, therefore, not a title of disrespect. The whole scene is most affecting:

+ The punishment of crucifixion was abolished by the first Christian emperor, Constantine.

# As from the first Adam (Gen. ii. 21) was taken woman, his spouse ; $0 from the second Adam was taken, by a figure, his spouse, the Church. Hence he sympathizes with her : “in all her afflictions he is afflicted;" her wounds he feels. In all the trials of the Church, it is “ Jesus who is persecuted.

an

Jesus. And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about hundred

40 Surely our pious and grateful pound weight. 49 Then took offices to the dead are for ever sanethey the body of Jesus, and tified, since Jesus permitted and acwound it in linen clothes with cepted them in his own person.

ti This was providentially so orthe spices, as the manner of dered, that no caviller should prethe Jews is to bury. "Now tend another body than that of Jesus in the place where he was

to have risen from that tomb. crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.

CHAPTER XX.

APRIL 2, August 1, Nov. 28. What an affecting scene have we in this chapter! How closely does it touch your heart! You too perhaps know how soothing it is to the mourner to visit the place where some loved one reposes in the rest of the grave. You too find comfort in weeping over the tomb. The place itself is dear, for it holds your treasure. You weep there. Blessed be the hour, if you also find there a risen Saviour-if his Spirit there bring

peace to you.” The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepul

? That disciple was St. John himchre. Then she runneth, self. and cometh to Simon Peter, Mary had no thought of the resurand to the other disciple,

rection. whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him. Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre. So they ran both together : and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre. And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying ; yet went he not in. Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, and the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. 8 John now believed the account

Then went in also that other given by Mary (ver. 2). Of the disciple, which came first to miracle he had as yet no idea. the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed. For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.

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