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HARVARD COLLEGE

Julykhs, 1958
Boston Medical Library
8 The Fenway,

LIBIMARY

Boston

1

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1865, by

WILLARD W. GLAZIER,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Northern

District of New York.

THE TROW & SMITH BOOK MANUFACTURING COMPANY,

46, 48, 50 GREENE STREET.

TO

THE WIDOWS, CHILDREN, FATHERS,
MOTHERS, BROTHERS, SISTERS, FRIENDS, AND

SURVIVING COMRADES

of the Jhousands of Brave Men

WHO LEFT THE PLEASURES AND COMFORTS OF HOME,

ABANDONED CHERISHED ENTERPRISES

AND BUSINESS SCHEMES,

FOR THE PURPOSE OF SERVING THEIR COUNTRY,

AND WHO HAVE BEEN CAPTURED BY THE ENEMY WHILE

IN THE FAITHFUL PERFORMANCE OF THEIR DUTY,

AND GONE DOWN

TO UNTIMELY GRAVES THROUGH UNPARALLELED SUFFERINGS,

IS THIS VOLUME MOST RESPECTFULLY

DEDICATED

BY

THE AUTHOR.

“ Hallow ye each lonely grave,

Make their memory sure and blest; For their lives they nobly gave,

And their spirits are at rest.”

PREFACE.

It has been my aim in the preparation of these pages, to give a plain, unvarnished narrative of facts and incidents of Prison Life, as they occurred under my own observation during an experience of fourteen months, in various Southern Prisons.

They do not pretend to give a complete history of that eventful period—only a part. Others are contributing sketches for the dark picture, which, at the best, can but poorly illustrate the fearful atrocities of our brutal keepers.

The multiplied woes of the battle-field, and the sufferings of the sick and wounded in hospitals which the Federal Government has established, might almost be considered the enjoyments of Paradise, when compared with the heart-rending and prolonged agonies of Captives in Rebel Stockades.

Sad and painful as it seems in the former case, there are a great variety of mitigating circumstances which tend to soothe the feelings as we contemplate them. Their sufferings are of comparatively short duration, surrounded as they are by those who

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never tire in their efforts to provide comfort and relief. Members of the numerous humane societies can visit them and attend to their wants; but in the latter case they have passed the boundary which bars them from all these things.

We are even led to conclude, by the usage which we have received at the hands of our captors and brutal prison keepers, that it was their deliberate intention to maim, and thereby render us completely unfit for future service. They have seen us, with apparent satisfaction, become so much reduced in clothing as to have scarcely rags for a covering; they. have condemned us to hunger and thirst, pain and weariness, affliction and misery in every conceivable form, so that thousands of our unfortunate fellows have anxiously awaited the approach of the King of Terrors as the arrival of a welcome messenger that had come to bring them a happy release.

In the absence of much information on this subject, it is impossible for me to give an exact account of the number of deaths in Rebel Prisons. Still, if we consider the statements of several who have reduced their calculations to figures, we may arrive at a more correct conclusion than we otherwise should. Robert H. Kellogg, Sergeant-Major, 16th Connecticut Volunteers, who was at Andersonville and Florence, says the deaths at the latter place were twelve per cent. per month. Mr. Richardson, correspondent

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