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His daughter she (in Saturn's reign,
Such mixture was not held a stain).
Oft in glimmering bow'rs and glades
He met her, and in secret shades
Of woody Ida's inmost grove,

yet there was no fear of Jove,
Come pensive Nun, devout and pure,
Sober, stedfast, and demure,
All in a robe of darkest grain,
Flowing with majestic train,
And sable stole of cyprus lawn,
Over thy decent shoulders drawn.


gory is, that Melancholy is the likewise, who says it is a comdaughter of Genius, which is mon term in Ben Jonson. typified by the bright-haired god- 35. Undoubtedly cyprus is the dess of the eternal fire. Saturn, true spelling. “Quinque aurithe father, is the god of satur- frigia, quorum tria sunt opere nine dispositions, of pensive and cyprensi noblissimo, et unum gloomy minds. T. Warton.

“est de opere Anglicano." Lib. 35. And sable stole, &c.] Here Anniv. Basilic. Vatican. apud Ruis a character and propriety in beum in Vit. Bonifacii viii. P.P. the use of the stole, which, in the p. 345. See also Charpentier, poetical phraseology of the pre- Suppl. Gloss. Cang. tom. i. col. sent day, is not only perpetually 391. “Unum pluviale de canceo misapplied, but misrepresented. “ rubeo, cum aurifrigio de opere It was a veil which covered the cyprensi." See Life of Sir T. head and shoulders; and, as Mr. Pope, p. 343. edit. 2. It is a thin Bowle observes, was worn only transparent texture. So Shakeby such of the Roman matrons, speare, Twelfth Night, act iii. were distinguished for the

S. 1. strictness of their modesty. He refers us to the Le Imagini delle

-A cyprus, not a bosom,

Hides my poor heart. Donne, di Enea Vico. In Vinegia, 1557. p. 77. 4to. See also Al. And, what is more immediately bert Durer's Melancholia, where to our purpose, in Autolycus's this description is exactly an- song in the Wint. Tale, we have swered. T. Warton.

black cyprus. Act iv. s. 3. 35. -cyprus lawn,] In Mil. Lawn as white as driven snow, ton's editions it is cipres lawn ;

Cyprus black as e'er was crow. but I presume the word is cy- And Donne, Poems, edit. 4to. prus, as Mr. Sympson observed 1634. p. 130. And in Jonson's


Come, but keep thy wonted state,
With even step, and musing gait,
And looks commercing with the skies,
Thy rapt soul sitting in thine eyes :

There held in holy passion still,
Forget thyself to marble, till
With a sad leaden downward cast
Thou fix them on the earth as fast:
And join with thee calm Peace and Quiet,

45 Spare Fast, that oft with Gods doth diet, And hears the Muses in a ring Aye round about Jove's altar sing: Epigrams, lxxii. Dryden, by a “ rapt spirits." And in many most ridiculous misapprehension, other passages of our author. See in his translation of the first the note on P. L. iii. 522. T. Georgic, has “ shroud-like cy- Warton.

press," v. 25. Here says Mil- 41. There held in holy passion bourne, “ Did not Mr. D. think

still, “ of that kind of cypress used Forget thyself to marble,) “ often for the scarfs and hat- So in the Epitaph on Shakes bands at funerals formerly, or speare, “ for widow's vails ?" The last There thou our fancy of itself bereav. sense seems to explain Milton. ing, See the Puritan, Stage-direction,

Dost make us marble by too much act i. s. 1. What has been said

conceiving illustrates a passage in Twelfth

In both instances

excess of Night, perhaps misunderstood, thought is the cause. T. Warwhich also reflects light on our

ton. text. Act ii. s. 4.

43. With a sad leaden down

ward cast] The same epithet Come away, come away, Death,

Shakespeare applies to Contem. And in sad cypress let me be laid.

plation, in his Love's Labour's That is, in a shroud, not in a Lost. coffin of cypress-wood. See also

For when would you, my liege, or Drummond's Sonnets, Edinb.

you, or you 1616. P. i. sign. B. T. Warton. In leaden contemplation have found 36. decent shoulders,] Not

out &c. exposed, therefore decent. T.

Thyer. Warton.

47. And hears the Muses in a 40. Thy rapt soul sitting in ring thine eyes :) Thy ravished soul. Aye round about Jove's altar So in Comus, 764. “Kindle my sing :)


And add to these retired Leisure,
That in trim gardens takes his pleasure;
But first, and chiefest, with thee bring,
Him that yon soars on golden wing,

Hesiod, Theog. iii.

trim garden in Arcades, 46. and

in Comus, 984, 985, 990. But Και τι περι κρηνην ιοειδεα σοσσ' απαλοι

he had changed his ideas of a Ορχουνται, και βωμον ερισθενιος garden when he wrote the PaΚρονωνος. .

radise Lost. T. Warton. 47. "Hinc quoque Musarum,

See Mr. Dunster's remarks on “ circa Jovis altaria dies noctes

Milton's taste in this particular, “que saltantium, ab ultima rerum P. R. ii. 289. E. origine increbuit fabula." Mil

52. Him that yon soars On ton's Prose Works, ii. 588. So golden wing, &c.] Spenser has also the learned and elegant L. likewise given a description of Gyraldus, to the Muses, Opp. Contemplation, but he describes vol. ii. p. 925. ed. Lugd. Bat. him under the figure of a vene1696. fol.

rable old man; and I cannot but

agree with Mr. Thyer, that there Et Jovis ad solium dulce movetis

is more propriety in this than in ebur.

T. Warlon.


gayer personage of Milton.

52. By contemplation, is here 50. That in trim gardens lakes meant that stretch of thought, by his pleasure.) Affectation and false which the mind ascends to the elegance were now carried to the “ first good, first perfect, and first most elaborate and absurd ex- “ fair;" and is therefore very cess in gardening. Laurem- properly said to soar on golden burgius, a physician of Rostock wing, guiding the fiery-wheeled in Germany, has described some throne; that is, to take a high singular monuments of this ex- and glorious flight, carrying travagance at Chartres in France, bright ideas of deity along with and Hampton Court in England, it. But the whole imagery al“ where in privet are figured va- ludes to the cherubic forms that “ rious animals, the royal arms conveyed the fiery-wheeled car in “ of England, and many other Ezekiel, x. 2. seq. See also Mil“things." Many gardens of ton himself, Par. L. vi. 750. So England, he adds, as well as of that nothing can be greater or Italy, were to be praised for a juster than this idea of Divine wonderful variety of these ver- Contemplation.

Contemplation. Contemplation, dant sculptures. Horticultura, of a more sedate turn, and intent lib. i. cap. 29. s. iii. The pe- only on human things, is more dantry of vegetation has not yet fitly described, as by Spenser, expired in some of our more re- under the figure of an old man; mote counties.

time and experience qualifying Milton, I fear, alludes to the men best for this office. Hurd.


Guiding the fiery-wheeled throne,
The cherub Contemplation;
And the mute Silence hist along,
'Less Philomel will deign a song,
In her sweetest, saddest plight,
Smoothing the rugged brow of night,
While Cynthia checks her dragon yoke,
Gently o'er th' accustom’d oak;



I cannot agree with Doctor 120, 128. Olher examples are Newton about this representa- obvious. T. Warton. tion of Contemplation. To say 56. 'Less Philomel will deign a nothing, that gaiety cannot very

song, properly belong to the notion of In her sweetest, saddest plight, a being, who is "guiding the Smoothing the rugged brow of “ fiery-wheeled throne." Shake- night,] speare has indeed given us the Compare Shakespeare, Sonnet li. vulgar cherub, in K. Hen. VIII. and see note, P. R. iv. 246. act i. 8. 1.

As Philomel in summer's front doth -Their dwarfish pages were

sing, As cherubims, all gilt.

And stops bis pipe in growth of riper

days, But that Milton's uniform con- Not that the summer is less pleasant ception of this species of angel

Than when her mournful hymns did was very different, appears from

hush the right various passages of the Paradise

Dunster. Lost. Satan calls Beelzebub “ fallen Cherub," b. i. 57. Che- 59. - dragon yoke,] This ofrub and Seraph, part of the rebel fice is attributed to dragons on warrior-angels, are “ rolling in

rolling in account of their watchfulness. “ the flood with scattered arms So Shakespeare in Cymbeline, “and ensigns.” Ibid. 324. Again, act ii. sc. 2. “ Millions of flaming swords are Swift, swift, you dragons of the night. “ drawn from the thighs of mighty And in Troilus and Cressida, act “ Cherubim," b. i. 665. The

V. SC. 14. cherub Zephon is a leader of the radiant files of heaven; and, in The dragon wing of night o'erspreads the figure of a graceful young

the earth. man,

in youthful Milton has somewhat of the same “beauty," rebukes Satan, b. v. thought again in his Latin poems. 797, 845. “A cherubic watch,' In obitum Præsulis Eliensis. a cohort bright of watchful

Longeque sub pedibus deam “ cherubim," is stationed on the Vidi triformem, dum coercebat suos eastern verge of Paradise, b. xi. Frænis draconcs aureis.



Sweet bird that shunn'st the noise of folly,
Most musical, most melancholy!
Thee chauntress oft the woods among
I woo to hear thy even-song;
And missing thee, I walk unseen
On the dry smooth-shaven green,
To behold the wand'ring moon,
Riding near her highest noon,
Like one that had been led astray
Through the heav’n’s wide pathless way,
And oft, as if her head she bow'd,
Stooping through a fleecy cloud.
Oft on a plat of rising ground,
I hear the far-off curfeu sound,


59. Add from Shakespeare, -Both when thou climb'st, Mids. N. Dr. act iii. s. 9.

And when high noon hast gain'd, and

when thou full'st. For night's swift dragons cut the clouds full fast.

See the note, Sams. Agon. 689. 7. Warton. Jonson has “the noon of night.”

Sejan. vol. ii. 238. and he refers 61. Sweet bird, &c.] It is re- us to the meridies noctis of the markable that here he begins his Latins. And in his Masques, vol. time from evening, as in L'Alle- vi. 79. gro from the early morning, and here with the nightingale as there A moon of light

lark. with And as Mr. Thyer

In the noon of night.

T. Warton, observes, this rapturous start of the poet's fancy in praise of his 74. I hear the far-off curfeu favourite bird is extremely na- sound, &c.] William the Contural and beautiful: and it is queror, in the first year of his worth the reader's while too to reign, commanded that in every observe, how finely he makes it town and village a bell should serve to connect his subject, and be rung every night at eight of insensibly as it were to intro- the clock, and that all persons duce the following charming should then put out their fire night-scene.

and candle, and go to bed; the 68. Riding near her highest ringing of which bell was called noon.] So in P. L. v. 174. of the curfeu, Fr. couvre-feu, that is,

cover-fire. See the Glossary to


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