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THE ARGU JIEXT.
The First Book proposes, first, in brief, the whole subject, Man's disobedience, and the loss thereupon of Paradise wherein he was placed : then touches the prime cause of his fall, the serpent, or rather Satan in the serpent; who, revolt. ing from God, and drawing to his side many legions of angel was, by the command of God, driven out of heaven, with all his crew, into the great deep. Which action passed over, the poem hastens into the midst of things, presenting Satan, with his angels, now fallen into hell, described here, not in the centre (for heaven and earth may be supposed as yet not made, certainly not yet accursed,) but in a place of urier darkness, fitliest called Chaos : here Satan, with his angels, lying on the burning lake, thunder-struck and astonishes after a certain space recovers, as from confusion, calls up hiin who next in order and dignity lay by him : they confer of their miserable fall. Satan awakens all his legions, who lay till then in the same manner confounded. They rise; their numbers; array of battle; their chief leaders named, according to the idols known afterward in Canaan and the countries adjoining. To these Satan directs his speech, comforts them with hope yet of regaining heaven, but tells them lastly of a new world, and a new kind of creature to be created, according to an ancient prophecy, or report, in heaven; for, that angels were long before this visible creation, was the opinion of many ancieut fathers. To find out the truth of this prophecy, and what to determine thereon, he refers to a full council. What his associates thence attempt. Pandemonium, the palace of Satan, rises, suddenly built out of the deep: the infernal peer's there sit in council.
Or Man's first disobedience, and the fruit
Delight thee more, and Siloa's brook that flow'd'
And chiefly thou, O Spirit, that dost prefer
Say first, for Heaven hides nothing from thy view,. Norilie deep tract of hell; say first, what cause Moved our grand parents, in that happy state, Favour'd of Heaven so highly, to fall off From their Creator, and transgress his will, For one restraint, lords of the world besides? Who first seduced them to that foul revolt? The infernal Serpent; he it was, whose guile, Stirr’d up with envy and revenge, deceived The mother of mankind, what time his pride Wad cast him out from l:caven, with all his host: Of rebel angels; hy. wlose aid, aspiring. To sot, bimself in glory, 'bove his peers, He trusted to have equall'd the Most Higlie If be oppos'd; and, with ambitious aim Against tire throne and monarchy of God, Rais'd impious war in heaven, and battle proud;. With vain attempt. Him the Almighty Power Horld headlong flaming from the ethereal sky, With bideous ruin avd combustion, down To bottomless perdition; there to dwell. In adamantine chains and penal fire, Who durst defy the Omnipotent to arms. Ninc times the space that measures day and nigha Tu..crlal men, he. n.ith his horrid crew,
Lay vanquisb’d, rolling in the fiery gulf,
“If thou beest he; but O, how fall’n! how changed