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النشر الإلكتروني

PARADISE LOST.

BOOK X.

THE ARGUMENT.

Man's transgression known, the guardian angels forsake Para. dise, and return up to heaven to approve their vigilance ; and are approved; God declaring that the entrance of Satan could not be by them prevented. He sends his Son to judge the transgressors, who descends and gives sentence accordingly; then in pity clothes them both, and re-ascends. Sin and Death, sitting till then at the gates of hell, by wondrous sympathy, feeling the success of Satan in this new world, and the sin by man there committed, resolve to sit no longer confined in hell, but to follow Satan their sire up to the place of man. To make the way easier from hell to this world to and fro, they pave a broad highway or bridge over Chaos, according to the track that Satan first made; then preparing for earth, they meet him, proud of his success, returning to hell; their mutual gratulation. Satan arrives at Pandemonium, in full assembly relates, with boasting, his sue. bess against man; instead of applause is entertained with a general hiss by all his audience, transformed with himself also suddenly into serpents, according to his doom given in Paradise: then, deluded with a show of the forbidden tree springing up before them, they, greedily reaching to take of the fruit, chew dust and bitter ashes. The proceedings of Sin and Death. God foretells the final victory of his Son over them, and the renew. ing of all things; but, for the present, commands his angels to make several alterations in the heavens and elements. Adam, more and more perceiving his fallen condition, heavily bewails; rejects the condolement of Eve; she persists, and at length appeases him : then, to evade the curse likely to fall on their off. spring, proposes to Adam violent ways, which he approves not, but conceiving better hope, puts her in mind of the late promise made them, that her seed should be revenged on the Serpent, and exhorts her, with hini, to seek peace with the offended Deity by repentance and supplication,

MEANWHILE the heinous and despiteful act
Of Satan done in Paradise, and how
He in the serpent bad perverted Eve,
Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit,
Was known in heaven; for what can 'scape the eye
Of God all-seeing, or deceive his heart
Omniscient? who, in all things wise and just,
Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind

Of man, with strength entire, and free-will arm'd,
Complete to have discover'd and repuls’d
Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend. (ber'd,
For still they knew and ought to have still remem-
The high injunction not to taste that fruit,
Whoever tempted; which they not obeying,
Incurr'd (what could they less ?) the penalty,
And, manifold in sin, deservd to fall.

Up into heaven from Paradise in haste
Th' angelic guards ascended mute and sat
For man; for of his state by this they knew,
Much wond'ring how the subtle fiend had stolio
Entrance unseen, Soon as th' unwelcome news
From earth arriv'd at heaven-gate, displeas'di
All were who beard ; dimr sadness did not spare
That time celestial visages, yet mix'd
With pity, violated not their bliss.
About the new-arriv'd in multitudes
The ethereal people ran, to hear and know
How all befell They towards the throne supreme
Accountable made haste to make appear
With righteous plea their utmost vigilance,
And easily approv'd; when the Most High
Eternal Father, from his secret cloud,
Amic in under ulterd thus his voice :

“ Assembled angels, and ye powers returp'd From unsuccessful cbarge, be not dismay'd, Nor troubled at these tidings from the earth, Which your sincerest care could not prevent; Foretold so lately what would come to pass When first this tempter cross'd the gulf from bello I told you then he should prevail and speed On his bad errand, man should be seduc'd And Aatter'd out of all, believing lies Against his Maker; no deeree of mine Concurring to necessitate his fall, Or touch witla lightest moment of impulse His free-will, to her own inclining left In even seale. But fallen be is; and now What rests, but that the mortal sentence pass Of his transgression, dea:la denounc'd that day?

Which he presumes already vain and void
Because not yet inflicted, as he fear'd,
By some immediate stroke; but soon shall find
Forbearance no acquittance ere day end.
Justice shall not return as bounty scorn'd.
But whom send I to judge them ? whom but thee,
Vicegerent Son ? to thee I have transferr'd
All judgment, whether in heaven, or earth, or hell.
Ensy it may be seen that I intend
Mercy colleague with justice, sending thee
MIan's friend, his mediator, his desigu'd
Both ransom and redeemer voluntary,
And destin'd man himself to judge man fallen."

So spake the Father, and unfolding bright
Toward the right hand his glory, on the Son
Blaz’d forth unelouded Deity: he full
Resplendent all his Father manifest
Express'd, and thus divinely answer'd mild :

* Father Eternal, thine is to decree, Dline, both in heaven and earth, to do thy will Supreme, that thou in me thy Son belov'd May'st ever rest well pleas'd. I go to judge On earth these thy transgressors; but thou know'st Whoever judg'd, the worst on me must light, When time shall be, for so I undertook Before thee'; and not repenting, this obtain Of right, that I may mitigate their doom On me deriv'd; yet I shalt temper so Justice with merey', as may illustrate most Them fully satisfied, and thee appease. Attendance none shall need, nor train, where nbne Are to behold the judgment, but the judg'd, Those two; the third best absent is condemn'd, Convict by flight, and rebel to al law : Conviction to the serpent none belongs."

Thus saying, from his radiant seat he rose Or high collateral glory': bim, tlirones and powers, Princedoms and dominations, ministrant, Accompanied to beaven-gate, from whence Eden and all the coast in prospect lay. Down he descended straight; the speed of gods

Time counts not, tho' with swiftest minutes wing d."
Now was the sun in western cadence low
From noon, and gentle airs, due at their hour
To fan the earth, now wak’d, and usber in
The evening cool, when he, from wrath more cool,
Came the mild Judge and Intercessor both
To sentence man: the voice of God they heard
Now walking in the garden, by soft winds
Brought to their ears, while day declin'd: they heard,
And from his presence hid themselves among
The thickest trees, both man and wife, till God
Approaching, thus to Adam call'd aloud :

" Where art thou, Adam, wont with joy to meet
My coming seen far off? I miss thee here,
Not pleas'd, thus entertain'd with solitude,
Where obvious duty' ere-while appear'd unsought :
Or come I less conspicuous, or what change
Absents thee, or what chance detains ? Come forth."

He came, and with him Eve, more loath, tho' first To offend, discount'nanc'd both, and discompos'd; Love was not in their looks, either to God Or to each other, but apparent guilt, And shame, and perturbation, and despair, Anger, and obstinacy', and bate, and guile. Whence Adana falt'ring long, thus answer'd brief;

“ I heard thee in the garden, and of thy voice Afraid, being naked, bid myself.” To whom The gracious Judge without revile replied:

“My voice thou oft hast heard, and bast not fear'd,
But still rejoic'd: how is it now become
So dreadful to thee? that thou' art naked, who
Hath told thee? hast thou eaten of the tree,
Whereof I gave thee charge thou shouldst not eat."

To whom thus Adam, sore beset, replied:
O heaven! in evil strait this day I stand
Before my Judge, either to undergo
Myself the total crime, or to accuse
My other self, the partner of my life ;
Whose failing, while ber faith to me remains,
I should conceal, and not expose to blame
By my complaint ; but strict necessity

Subitues me, and calamitous constraint,
Lest on my head both sin and punishment,
However insupportable, be all
Devolv'd; though, should I hold my peace, yet thou
Wouldst easily detect what I conceal.
This woman, whom thou mad'st to be my help,
And gav'st me as thy perfect gift, so good,
Su fit, so acceptable, so divine,
That from her hand I could suspect no ill,
And what she did, whatever in itself,
Her doing seem'd to justify the deed;
She gave ine of the tree, and I did eat."

To whom the sov’reign Presence thus replied:
“ Was she thy God, that her thou didst obey
Before his voice, or was she made thy guide,
Superior, or but eqnal, that to her
Thou didst resign thy manhood, and the place
Wherein God set thee' above her, made of thee,
And for thee, whose perfection far excell’d
Hers in all real dignity ? Adorn'd
She was indeed, and lovely to attract
Thy love, not thy subjection ; and her gifts
Were such as under government well seem'd,
Unseemly to bear rule; which was thy part
And person, badst thou known thyself aright."

So having said, be thus to Eve in few : " Say, Woman, what is this which thou bast done?"

To whom sad Eve, with shame nigh overwhelm’d, Confessing soon, yet not before her Judge Bold or loquacious thus abash'd, replied : - The serpent me beguil'd, and I did eat."

Which when the Lord God heard, without delay Tu judgment he proceeded on th’aceurs d Serpent, though brute, unable to transfer The guilt on him who made him instrument Of mischief, and polluted from the end Of his creation ; justly then accurs’d, As vitiated in nature: more to know Concerp'd not man (since he no farther knew) Nor alter'd bis offence; yet God at last To Satan, first in siv, bis doon applied,

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