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long journeys, in which there is the farther advan- 11 morning, on an empty stomacn, or, rather, in bed tage of a perpctual change of air. Numbers of before getting up, and continued, at luasc, for some Deople, reduced to a state of great weakness, have, minutes at a time. oy this means, acquired a degree of vigour and

Getting wet. health, which all the medical prescriptions in the This accident is at all tinies less frequent in world could not otherwise have procured. But, it towns than in the country, especially since the use ht of importance, in travelling for health, that one of the ambrella has been introduced. anould not employ his mind in deep reflections, When a person is wet he ought never to stand hut enjoy the company of an agreeable companion, but to continue in motion till he arrives at a place and gratify his siglit with the prospect of the va- where he may be suitably accommodated. Here rieus objects around him. In this exercise, as he should strip off his wet clothes, to be changed well as in every other, we ought always to begin for such as are dry, and have those parts of his gently, and to finish gradually, never abruptly. body which have been wetted, well rubbed with a Exercise after meals.

dry cloth. The legs, shoulders, and arms, are Exercise is hurtfui immediately after meals, generally the parts most exposed to wet: they particularly to those of nervous and irritable con- should, therefore, be particularly attended to. it stitutions, who are thence liable to heart-burn, is almost incredible how many diseases may be eructations, and vomiting. Indeed, the instinct of il prevented by adopting this course. Catarrhs, in the inferior animals confirms the propriety of this Hammations, rlaumatisms, diarrheas, fevers, and rile; for they are all inclined to indulge them- consumptions, are the foremost among the traio selves in rest after food. At all events, fatiguing which frequently follow an accident of this kind. exercise should be delayed till digestion is per- Precautions in removing from a hot to a cold situaformerl, which generally requires three or four hours after eating a full meal.

It should be a determined rule to avoid all rapid Reading aloud.

transitions from one extreme to another, and never This is a species of exercise much recommended to remove from a room highly heated, to a fresli or by the ancient physicians; and to this may be cold air, while the body remains warm, or till the joined that of speaking. They are both of great necessary change to a warmer dress has been preadvantage to those who have not sufficient leisure viously made. 'lf, at any time, the body should be or opportunities for other kinds of exercise. To violently heated, during the warm weather, it is speak very loud, however, or exercise the voice sure to suffer by going into vaults, cellars, iceimmediately after a meal, is hurtful to the lungs, houses, by cold bathing, or by sitting on cold as well as to the organs of digestion. Singing, as stones, or damp earth: many lingering and incuraby the vibratory motion of the air it shakes the ble maladies have been brought on by such impruJungs and the bowels of the abdomen or belly, pro- dence, nay, present death has, in some instances, motes, in a remarkable degree, the circulation of been the consequence of such transgression. Pula the blood. Hence, those sedentary artificers or monary consumption, which makes annually such mechanics, who, from habit, almost constantly dreadful ravages among the young and middle sing at their work, unintentionally contribute much aged, has been frequently induced by such appa to the preservation of their health.

rently trifling causes. Wind instruments.

To keep the feet dry. All these are more or less hurtful to the lungs, The only method that has been found to succeed which they weaken, by introducing much air, and in keeping the feet dry is to wear, over the foot of keeping that organ too long in a state of disten the stocking, a sock made of oil silk. To keep it tion. On this account, persons of weak lungs, who | in its proper place, it will be necessary to wear play much on the flute, hautboy, or French born, over it a cotton or worsted sock. The general are frequently afflicted with spitting of blood, health being often disturbed by wet feet, the above cough, shortness of breath, anil pulmonary con- directions ought to be generally attended 10. sumption. Blowing those instruments likewise

To preserve the eye-sight. checks the circulation of the blood through the Never sit for any length of time in absolute Fungs, accumulates it towards the head, and dis- gloom, or exposed to a blaze of light. The reason poses such persons to apoplexy.

on which this rule is founded, proves the improFriction.

priety of going hastily from one extreme to the One of the most gentle and useful kinds of exer- other, whether of darkness or of light, and shows cise, is friction of the body, either by the naked us that a southern aspect is inproper for those hand, a piece of flannel, or what is still better, a whose sight is weak and tender. tiesh brush. This was in great esteem among the 2. Avoid reading small print, and straining the ancients, and is so at present in the East Indies. eyes by looking at imnute objects. The whole body may be subjected to this mild ope- s Do not read in the dusk, nor, if the eyes be ration, but chiefly the belly, the spine, or back- || disordered, by candle light. bone, and the arms and legs. Friction clears the 4. Do not permit the eyes to dwell on glaring skin, resolves stagnating humours, promotes per- | objects, more particularly on first waking in the siviration, strengthens the fibres, and increases the morning; the sun should not of course be suffered warmth and energy of the whole body. In rheu- to shine in the room at that time, and a moderate matisin, gout, palsy, and green sickness, it is an quantity of light, only, should be admitted. For excellent remedy. To the sedentary, the hypo- || the same reasons, the furniture, walls, and other chondriac, and persons troubled with indigestion, objects of a bed-room, should not be altogetber who have not leisure to take sufficient exercise, of a white or glaring colour: indeed, those whose the daily friction of the belly, in particular, cannot eyes are weak, would find considerable advantage be too much recommended as a substitute for other in having green for the furnilure, and prevailing mwans, in order to dissolve the thick humours colour, of their bed-chambers. Nature contirms which may be forming in the bowels, by stagna- the propriety of this fact, for the light of the day tion, and to strengthen the vessels. But, in i'ub- comes on by slow degrees, and green is the uni. bing the belly, the aperation ought to be per-versal colour she presents to our eyes. Pirineu in a circular direction, as being most fa- 5. Those individuals who are rather long-sightvourable to the course of the intestines, and their ed, should accustom themselves to read with less untiiral action. It should be performed in the l. light and with the book somewhel nearer to the

e than what they naturally like; while others, || teeth without nurting them, but to preserve the that are rather short-sighted, should use themselves | firmness of the gums. to read with the book as far off as possible. By Besides the advantage of sound teeth, for their These means, both will improve and strengthen use in mastication, a proper attention to their their sight, while a contrary course increases its treatment conduces not a little to the sweetness of natural imperfections.

the breath. This is, indeed, often affected by Use of spectacles.

other causes, existing in the lungs, the stomach, From whatever cause the decay of sight arises, and sometimes even in the bowels; but a rollen an attentive consideration of the following rules state of the teeth, both from the putrid smell emitwill enable any one to judge for bimsell, when his ted by carious bones, and the impurities lodged in eye-sight may be assisted or preserved by the use their cavities, never fails of aggravating an unpleasof proper glasses."

ant breath wherever there is a tendeney of that 1. Vi hen we are obliged to remove small oh- | kind. jects to a considerable distance from the eye in

Loose teeth. order to see them distinctly.

When the teeth are loosened by extern) vio2. !f we find it necessary to get more light than lence, by falls and blows, or by the improper use formerly, as, for instance, to place the candle be- of instruments in pulling diseased teeth in the [ween the eye and the object.

neighbourhood of sound ones, they may again be 3. If, on looking at, and attentively considering made tolerably fast by pressing them as firmly as a near object, it fatigues the eye and becomes con- possible into their sockets, and preserving them sused, or if it appears to have a kind of dimness so with ligatures of cat-gut, Indian weed, or waxed or mist before it.

silk, and keeping the patient upon spoon meat till 4. When small printed letters are seen to run they are firm. When loose teeth are owing to into each other, and hence, by looking steadfastly tartar, nothing will fasten them till the cause be ou them, appear double or treble.

removed; and this ought to be done early, other. 5. If the eyes are so fatigued by a little exercise, wise it will have no effect. Frequently the teeth that we are obliged to shut them from time to become loose from a sponginess of the gums, lime, so as to relieve them by looking at different otien, but improperly, attributed to scurvy. The objects.

best remedy is scarifying the gums deeply, and When all these circumstances concur, or any of allowing them to bleed freely; this should be re. them separately takes place, it will be necessary peated vill they are fully fastened. Mild astrinto seek assistance from glasses, which will ease gents, as tincture of Lark, are here attended with the eyes, and in some degree check their tendency good effects, though those of a strong nature will to become worse: whereas, if they be not assisted certainly do harm. The mouth should be frein time, the weakness will be considerably increas- quently washed with cold water strougly impreged, and the eyes be impaired by the efforts they | nated with these, and the patient should not use are compelled to exert.

the teeth which bave been loose till they become Cosmetics.

firm again. The loosening of the teeth in old age To set off the complexion with all the advantage cannot be remedied, as it is owing to a wasting of it can atlain, nothing more is requisite than to their sockets, from which the teeth lose their supwash the face with pure water; or, if any thing port. farther be occasionally neceswry, it is on's the

Foul teeth. addition of a little soap.

The teeth sometimes become yellow or black The teeth.

without any adventitious matter being observed on An object very subservient to health, and which them; at other times they become foul, and give a merits due attention, is the preservation of the taint to the breath, in consequence of the natural leeth; the care of which, considering their import- | mucus of the mouth, or part of the food remaine ance in preparing the food for digestion, is, in ing too long about them. The most frequent general, far from being sufficiently cultivated. cause of fnul teeth is the substance called tartar, Very few persons, comparatively, wash their mouth || which seems to be a deposition from the saliva, in the morning, which ought always to be done. and with which the teeth are often almost entirely Todeed, this ought to be practised at the conclusion encrusted. When this substance is allowed to reof every mozal, where either animal food or vegeta- main, it insinuates itself between the gums and bies are eaten; for the former is apt to leave behind the teeth, and then gets down upon the jaw in such it a rancid acrim..ny, and the latter an acidity, both a manner as to loosen the teeth. This, indeed, is of them hurtful to the teeth. Washing the mouth by far the most common cause of loose teeth; and frequently with cold water is not only serviceable when they have been long covered with this or in keeping the teeb clean, but in strengthening with any other matter, it is seldom they can be the gums, the firin adhesion of which to the teeth cleaned without the assistance of instruments. But is of great importance in preserving them sound | when once they are cleaned, they may generally and secure.

be kept so, by rubbing them with a thin piece of Tooth powders.

soft wood made into a kind of brush, and dipped Many persons, while laudably attentive to pre- into distilled vinegar; after which the mouth is 10 serve their teeth, do them hurt by too much offi- be washed with common water. ciousness. They daily apply to them some denti

Cleaning the tecih. frice powder, which they rub so hard as not only When the teeth are to be cleaned by instruments, to injure the enamel by excessive friction, but to the operator ought, with a linen cloth or with a Juurt the gums even more than by the abuse of the glove, to press against the points of the tieth, so pick tooth. The quality of some of the dentifrice as to keep them firm in their sockets, with the powders, advertised in newspapers, is extremely fingers of the one hand, while he cleans them with suspicious; and there is reason to think that they | the necessary instruments held in the other; taking are not altogether free from a corrosive ingredient. || care not to scrape them s.) hard as to loosen them, One of the safest and best compositions for the or to rub off the enamel. This being done, the purpose is a mixture of two parts of scuttlefish teeth should be rubbed over with a small brush, or Lone, and one of the Peruvian bark, both finely | a piece of sponge dipped in a mixture of cream por wdered, which is calculated not only to clean the Il of tartar and Peruvian bark. The same applica

tion may be made to the teeth for a few days, when | For the purpose of applying powders or washes afterwards they may be kept clean as already di- to the teeth, a brush or a sponge is commonly ern rected.

ployed; the latter is supposed preferable, as being The teeth are sometimes covered over with a in less danger of wearing down the enamel, or of thin dark coloured scurt, which has by some been separating the teeth. mistaken for a wasting of the enamel, but which is only an extraneous matter covering it. By per

Measuring glasses. severance this may be cleaned off as completely In order to measure quantities of fluids, glasses, as where the teeth are covered with tartar; but ít graduated on their sides according to the following is apt, after some ume, to appear again. When this figures), will be found useful in all families and is observed, the same operation must be repeated. private laboratories:

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No. 1. represents a glass, calculated to measure || from dry substances, by prefixing the letter f. (Auid) any quantity from two drachms to eight ounces. when an ounce or drachm is mentioned in medical

No. 2. From one drachm 10 two ounces. works, but in the foregoing prescriptions or formule, No. 3. From half a dracher, to one ounce. And this was considered to be unnecessary, as the slight

No. 4. Any quantity from five minims (or drops) est acquaintance with the substances to be used, will to one drachm.

point out what is implied.
Weights and measures.
By the following tables it will be seen that in the

Scale of medicinal doses.
Measure of Auids,

The following table of the gradations of doses 1 gallon measure

contains 8 pints, of medicines for different ages, will in general be 1 pint

16 ounces, found pretty correct, and ought never to be deviated 1 ounce

8 drachms, frem, except by professional advice. 1 drachm

60 minims. It at the age of manhood the dose be one drachm, Weight of dry substances.

the proportions will be at 1 pound

contains 12 ounces, From 14 to 21 years, 2 scruples; 7 to 14 years, 1 ounce

8 drachms, half a drachm; 4 to 7 years, 1 scruple; 4 years 1 drachm

60 grains, 15 grains; 3 years, half a scruple; 2 years, 8 grains; 1 scruple

20 grs. or 1 year, 5 grains; 6 months, 3 grains; 3 months, 2 1-3 of a drachm.

grains; 1 month, 1 grain, It is customary to distinguish quantities of Auids

FARRIERY.

To cure wounáš in cattle.

circumstances, yet, in most cases, it may be suffi. When horses, cattle, or any of our domestic | cient to take notice of the following particulars:animals are wounded, the treatment may be very It will be proper to wash away any foulness pr dirt simple, and much the same as in the human race. about the part, and to examine particularly ils conIt is extremely improper to follow a practice that dition. 18 common in many parts of the country among

To stop the bleeding. Farriers, cow doctors, and even shepherds--that of Should any large blood-vessel be cut, and disapplying to the wound, or putting into the sore | charging copiously, it will be right to stop it, by part, common salt, powder of blue vitriol, or tar, some lint or sponge, with modern te compression, or cloths dipped in spirits, as brandy, rum, &c. or bandaging, at the same time, and not taking it or turpentine, or any ot'er stimulant articles; for off for two or three days. Should the pressure all such very much increase the pain, and by irri- | fail of effect, caustic applications, such as the lutusing the sore, may increase the inflammation | nar caustic, or even the actual cautery, the noint even to the length of inducing mortification.- l of a thick wire, sufficiently heated, may be uried; Though the treatment may be varied according to Il or, if a surgeon be at band, the vessel may be

taken up by the crooked needle, with waxed thread, || improperly,) but only fixed by a bandage of a pro and then tied.

per length and breadih, (for å mere cord is often Adhesive plaster and sewing.

improper,) so close and securely as to keep it Where there is no danger of excessive bleeding, | froin slipping off. This application may be change and a mere division of the parts, or a deep gashed once a day; or when nearly well, and dischargor cut, it will be right to adjust the parts, and keep ing but little, once in two days. them together by a strip of any common adhesive

Green ointment for wounds. plaster; or, when this will not do hy itself, the lips Put into a well glazed earthen vessel, 2 ounces of the wound, especially if it be a clean cut, may of bees' vax; melt it over a clear fire, and add ? he closed by one or more stitches, with a mode- ounces of rosin; when that is melted, put in half rately coarse needle and threall, which in each a pound of hogs' lard; to this put 4 ounces of tur stitch may be tied, and the ends left of a proper pentine; keep stirring all the time with a clean length, so that they can be afterwarus removed stick or wooden spatula. When all is well mixed, when the parts adhere. It is advised to tie the stir in 1 ounce of finel v powdered verdigris. Be threads, because sometimes the wonnded part careful it does not boil over; strain it throngh a swells so much that it is difficult to get them cut coarse cloth, and preserve it in a gallipot. This and drawn out, without giving pain and doing some ointment is very good for old and recent wounds, mischief.

whether in flesh or hoof; also galled backs, crack Bandages.

ed heels, mallenders, sallenders, bites, broker If the part will allow a culler or bandage to be knees, &c. used, to keep the lips of it together, this may like- Treatment, according to appearance of the part. wise be employed; for by supporting the sides of When the wounded part begins to discharge the wound, it would lessen any pain which the || whitish, thick matter, and is observed to fill up stitches occasion. With this treatment the wound the general treatment and dressings to the sore heals often in a short time, or in a few days, rare- now mentioned, should be continued: and in the ly exceeding five or six, and sooner in the young course of the cure, the animal, when free ot' fever, and healthy, than in the old and relaxed, and soon- may be allowed better provision, and may take er in the quiet and motionless, than in the restless gentle exercise. If the animal be feeble, from the and active:

loss of blood originally, or from the long continuShould the wound be large, and inflammation, ace of a feverish state, produced by the inflamwith the discharge of matter, likely to take place, || mation attending the wound, or from weakness it may still be proper, by gentle means, to bring | arising from confinement, or connected with its the divided parts near to each other, and to retain constitution naturally; and if the wound appear to them in their natural situation by means of a ban- be in a stationary state, very pale and Aabby on its dage. This should not be made too tight, but I edges, with a thin discharge, then better food may merely to support the part. In this way, and by be given to it; and if süll no change should be ob avoiding stimulant applications, the wound will served, along with the better food, the wound may heal more readily than otherwise, and the chance | be treated somewhat differently from what has of any blemish following will be diminished. been already ajvised. The ointment may be made Washes of spirits, brandy, and the like, Friar's more stimulant, by adding to it some resin and less balsam, spirit of wine and camphor, turpentine, ! bees' wax, or what would be more stimulant still or any other such irritating applications, are high- | some common turpentine; for it is only in very rare ly improper, and sometimes make a fresh clean cases that oil of turpentine can be requisite. The wound, (that would readily heal almost of itself,) || effects of an alteration in the mode of treatment inflame and perhaps mortify, or become a bad sore. should be particularly remarked, and stimulants Sores and bruises.

should be laid aside, continued or increased, acOver the whole sore, or where the part is bruis- | cording as may be judged proper. Before changed, or where there is a tendency to suppuration, a || ing the dressings applied to the wound, or before poultice should be applied and kept on by suitable | rendering them more stimulant and active by using bandages. The poultice may be made of any kind heating applications, the effect of closer bandaging of meal, fine bran, bruised linseed, or of mashed may be tried; for sometimes, by keeping the parts turnips, carrots, &c. The following has been a liitle more firmly together, the cure is promoted. found useful as a common poultice. “Fine bran,

Food and regimen. 1 quart; pour on it a sufficient quantity of boiling In case of severe wounds, attention should be water to make a thin paste; to this add of linseed paid to the condition of the animal in other res powder enough to give it a proper consistence.” il pects. There being always when such happen a The poultice may be kept on for a week or ten | lendency to violent inflammation and fever, that days, or even longer, if necessary, changing it may end fatally, Keans should be employed to once or twice a day; and cleaning the wound, when moderate both. The apartinent should be cool and the poultice is removed, by washing it by means | airy, and so quiet that the animal should not be of a soft rag or linen cloth, with water not more disturbed; the drink should not be warm but rather than blood warm, (some sponges are too rough for cold, and given freely, though not in too large this purpose); or, where the wound is deep, the quantities at a time; the food should be sparingly water may be injected into it by a syringe, in or- given, and of a poorer quality than ustial, and der to clean it from the bottom.

should be rather succulent and laxative, than dry Ointment.

or apt to produce costiveness; bleeding may be In the course of a few days, when the wound, by | employed either generally from a vein, or in some care and proper management with the poultices, cases, when it can be done, by cupping from the begins to put on a healthy appearance, and seems hurt part, as in the case of a bruise (though this to be clean and of a reddish colour, not black or last will seldom be requisite or found convenient), bloody, then there may be applied an ointment and it may be done more than once or twice, as made of tallow, linseed oil, bers' wax, and hogs' may seem proper; laxative medicines also ought iard, in such proportion as to mako it of a consis- tu be given and repeated, as there may be occasion tence somewhat firmer than butter. The ointment

Abscess. should be spread on some soft clean tow, and when These are swellings containing matter, that make applied to the sore, it ought never to be tied hard their appearance in different parts of the body upon it; (which is done too frequently and very | The r-medies are, first, to bleed, then to wasb

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te swollen part with a quart of vinegar, in which as will form the mass. Next evening g've him a le dissolved two ounces of sal ammoniac, and pint of castor, and half a pint of linseed oil. The ualf an ounce of sugar of lead. If the swelling animal is then to be fed as usual for two or three does not abate in two or three days, apply the sup- days, and the same plan again to be employed. purating poultice When the tumour becomes

Inflammation of the bowels. wofi and points, open it with a lancet, and let out This not very common, but when it does occur the matter. Then dress it with basilicon ointment. | dangerous, disorder is of two kinds. The first of Anbisry or wart.

peritoneal inflammation begins with an appearance Tie a strong silk, or two or three horse-hairs, of dulness and uneasiness in the animal; appetite round the neck of the wart, tightening it gradual- diminished or totally gone; constant pawi.g with !v till it falls away. Then dip a piece of tow in the fore feet, frequently trying to kick the belly; nium-water and bind it on the spot for a whole day. he lies dewn, rises suddenly, looks round to his Heal the sore with the green ointment.

fank 3-countenance strongly expressive of pain; The star gers.

urine small, high coloured, and voided with great Bleed the animal copiously, (the disease is a true pain; pulse quick and small; legs and ears cold; apoplexy), 2 quarts at once; then give him half a profuse sweats; mortification and death. pint of linseed oil, the same of castor oil, 40 grains The second species of the disorder is when the of calomel, 60 do. of jalap, and two ounces of inflammation atiacks the internal coat of the intestincture of aloes. Give him twice a day warm tines, and is generally accompanied by a violent bran mashes.

purging and some fever-the symptoms of the latFor loss of appetite.

ter, however, are much less violent, nor does the Take a quart of blood" from the neck, and give aniinal appear to be in so much pain. him a purging ball made as follows: Aloes, 1 oz.

Treatment ialap, i drachm, rhubarb, 1 do. made into a ball In the first or peritoneal inflammation, the only with castor oil and half a drachm of ginger. dependence is on early and large bleedings. In Inflamed bladder.

addition to this rub the whole belly well with the Make the animal drink largely of flaxseed tea, mustard embrocation, clothe the animal warmly barley or rice water, or any mucilaginous liquid, (with fresh sheep skins if possible), insert several and inject a portion of the same frequently. Bleed- rowels about the chest and belly, putting into them ing, and a dose of castor oil are never to be the blistering ointment. As the horse is generally omitted. After the oil has operated, give the fol- costive give him

a pint of castor oil, and inject lowing ball every sixth hour: Powdered nitre, half clysters of warm flaxseed tea, give him warm water an ounce, camphor, 1 drachm, liquorice powder, or thin gruel or faxseed ter to drink, rub bis legs 3 drs. honey sufficient to form the ball. Should with the hands well, and see that he has plenty of these means not relieve the animal, omit the ball, clean fresh litter. If in six hours the disease is and give 1 drachm of opium twice a day.

not relieved, bleed him again, and should the cos Blood spavin.

tiveness continue repeat the oil and clysters. 11, Clip off the hair from the swelling, and rub all after giving all these remedies a faithful and con

a round outside of the swelling with a piece of hard | Linued trial, the pain should continue, recourse brown soap, then apply to the swelling a blister may be had to the ano lyne clyster. made of the following

In the second species of this disorder, bleeding Blestering ointment.

need not be resorted to unless the febrile symptoms Hogs'lard, half an ounce, bees' wax, 3 drachms, run high. Clothe the horse warmly, use the mus rublimate, in fine powder, half a drachm, Spanish tard embrocation freely, and omit the oil. Gire fies, 2 drachms. Mix them all well, and spread him frequently by means of a bottle (if he will not it on white leather, and apply it to the spavin. drink it) quantities of very thin gruel or flaxseed Bone spavin.

lea. If' in spite of this the disease continues, use This may be treated like the former; it is, how the anodyne clyster; if that fail the astringent ever, generally incurable. The operation of firing | draught. The pain occasioned by physicking, is (which should be done by a professed farrier), and to be relieved by large clysters of thin gruel or inrning to grass, afford the only reasonable chances flaxseed, which produce copious evacuations and of relief.

relief. Bots.

Broken wind. Three kinds of worms infest the bowels of hor- This is an incurable disease; all that can be dore ses, called by the English farriers bots, truncheons, is to relieve the animal for a time so as to enable and maw-worms. The bot infests the great gut him to perform a day's work. To do this make near the anus; it is a small worm with a large the following head, and may be frequently observed in the dung. Paste ball for broken-zinded horses.

The truncheon is short and thick, with a black. Assafætida two ounces, elecampane two ounces, ish head, and is found in the maw, where, if suf- || flowers of colt’s-foot two ounces, powdered squills fered to remain, it sometimes pierces through, and two drachma, linseed powder one ounce, honey as thus is many a fine horse destroyed.

much as will make the mass. Divide it in tour The maw-worm is of a pale red colour, resem- balls and give one morning and evening. Much Lling an earth worm, from iwo to three inches long, || benefit may result from bleeding in this disorder occupying, also, the maw.

at an early period of the coinplaint. His food Symptoms of worms in horses.

should be carrots or turnips. The hay, oats, or Stamping forcibly on the ground with either of whatever is given, should be in small quantities at liis fore-feet, and frequently striking at his belly a time, and always sprinkled with clean, soft with his hind ones. Belly projecting and hardlooking frequently behind him, and groaning as if

Broken knees. in great pain.

Apply a poultice of bread and milk or bread apd Remedies for worms.

warm water to reduce the inflammation, then dress Keep the horse from all kinds of food for one the wound with basilicon. day; al night, give him a small quantity of warm

Burns or scalds. bran mash, made as usual, and directly after, a ball If slight, apply cold lead water; if extensive, s inade of 1 scrnple of calomel, 1 do. of turpeth | liniment made of equal parts of linseed oil and mineral, ad as much crumb of bread and honey | lime water. If there is much fever bleed

water.

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