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THE TOWER OF HALTWHISTLE.

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their corn at Haltwhistle mill. His son Hugh had exchanged lands with Alexander III. king of Scotland from whom they had descended to John Balliol on whose forfeiture Anthony Bek, bishop of Durham, came into possession for a short time, but the king had recovered them at this parliament at Carlisle. The complaint is endorsed :' As the King's father died seized in the Manor and the service was not done for long before, the case must be more fully considered.”?

Robert de Ros or de Roos was a very important personage. His name is continually occurring in state documents of the period. He held the important barony of Wark-upon-Tweed as well as Haltwhistle and had extensive estates at Helmsley in Yorkshire. In 1209 he was one of the escort appointed to attend William of Scotland to York, and he is one of the witnesses to the agreements between the English and the Scottish kings. In 1212 he had taken the habit of religion' in connection with the Knights Templars, but we find him shortly afterwards again engaged in State business, and yet when he died in 1227 he was buried as a Knight Templar in the Temple church. He, with the Northumbrian barons Eustace de Vesci, John fitz Robert, and Gilbert Delaval, took a prominent part in promoting the signing of the great Charter (1215). Two of his grandsons, each named Robert de Ros, also took a prominent part in public affairs, but Haltwhistle passed into the possession of descendants whose names seldom occur in the public records.

In 1343 William de Roos died leaving two daughters of whom one (who married Sir John Ellerker) succeeded to Yolton in Yorkshire, the other to Haltwhistle, and thus the manor passed to Sir Thomas Musgrave the husband of Margaret de Roos. The Musgraves were an old Cumbrian family settled at Musgrave and afterwards branching out into the four families of Great Musgrave, Edenhall, Hayton, and Crookdale.

The tower of Hautwysel is first mentioned in the list of towers and castles that existed in Northumberland about the year 1416, and is probably the same as that described in 1542 as the inheritance of Sir William Musgrave and in measurable good reparation. It is—as

? See Hodgson's Northumberland, III. 385, and Bain's Documents relating to Scotland, III. 48, 236.

3 • At Hawtewysle is a toure of thinherytance of St Will'm Musgrave knighte in measurable good rep’acions.'

it now stands—a plain building with a loop-holed turret built on corbels. The old roof, which was removed some twenty years ago, was formed

of flags laid on heavy oaken beams and fastened thereto with sheep shank bones. The floor also consisted of flags laid on joists formed of the roughly squared trunks of oak trees. A winding stone stair-case leads to the upper part of the tower. As Haltwhistle

cannot have had a resident lord during the tenure of the Musgraves, the tower was probably the official residence of the bailiffs who seem to have exercised considerable authority in the town. In 1279 Roger le Tailleur was bailiff. In 1473 Robert Stevenson, vicar, is named as seneschal. In 1552 Nicholas Blenkinsopp was bailiff (Nicolson's Leges Marchiarum 164). John Ridley, bailiff of Haltwhistle, by his will dated 1616 bequeaths his best ox as a “herryate’ to Lord William Howard, and another John Ridley and Nicholas Ridley held the office in 1634. (Lord William Howard's Household Book.)

In 1516 Sir Edward Musgrave obtained from Henry VIII. a confirmation* of the grant of fairs and markets of Edward I., and his second son Simon (who succeeded to the estates on the death of his nephew Sir Richard without surviving issue) sold the manor to Sir Richard Lowther, knight, whose virtues and honours are thus recorded in Lowther church :

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* Sir Richard Lowther knight, succeeded Henry lord Scroop in the office of lord warden of the West Marches, and was thrice a Commissioner in the great affairs between England and Scotland all the time of queen Elizabeth. And after he had seen his children to the fourth degree, given them virtuous education and means to live, advanced his brothers and sisters out of his own patrimony, governed his family and kept plentiful hospitality for 57 years together, he ended his life the 27th of January, 1607, Ætatis suæ 77.95

See Appendix, page 176. » Nicolson and Burns, Westmoreland and Cumberland, I. 431.

THE MANOR OF HALTWHISTLE.

165

Christopher his son married Eleanor daughter of Sir William Musgrave of Hayton, co. Cumberland, and his daughter Annie married Alexander Featherstonhaugh of Featherstone near Haltwhistle.

With her the manor passed to the Featherstonhaughs, and her son Albany Featherstonhaugh sold it to Lord William Howard (Belted Will) in 1611. The date of the sale is approximately fixed by the following entries in Lord William Howard's Household Book for 1612 under · Rents Pentecost and Martinmas.'

• HautwYSELL.-Augusti 5o. Received of John Ridley for the half yeare's rent of the tenements thear, due to my Lord at Midsomer last, the sum of iiijli iiijs viijd.-Per quitt' Nov. 19. Rec. of John Ridley for the half yeare's rent of the tenements thear, due to my Lord at Martinmas last and for the towle xxjs vd. Rec of Mr. Harrison for wholl yeare's rent of the mill thear, due at Martinmas last vli vjs viijd.'

But that it was then a recent acquisition is shown by an entry under another head

* Rec of Cuthbert Harryson as remayning upon his accompt of xli part of the payment for the purchase of Hautwysell 28 Feb. iiijs xjd.

Again underlands purchased':

• March 1° by bills—To Mr. Cuth. Harryson as parcell of the money due by my Lord for the purchase of Hautwysell and for drawing of writings belonging thereunto xli * * * To Cuthbert Harryson for John Corry for the purchase of his assignment for the lease of Hautwysell mill xxli.'

Moreover this property does not' occur in Lord William Howard's rental for 1611.

Other entries in the same, book are :

*1612, Aug. 26, the stewards' dinner at Hautwysell Court ixs. iiijd., in 1641, xiijs.

1618 (various receipts) clxvijli iiijs. xd, ob.- June 18. Rec. of Mr. Cuth. Harryson for the towles of St. Ellens and Martinmas 1618 for ij faires xvs. For Composition of all tradesmen comming to those ij fairs xiiijs. For towle corn xiiijs. For towle of bread vijs. Rec of John Bell for one of his sons for his amerciament for playing at ix holes vis viijd.'

Aug. 13. Various receipts of John Turner for corn and coals sold at Haltwhistle are enumerated :

"5 stone of Coale roap for Hautwisell and the other xvis. viiid.

1620, June 2. Rec. of John Ridley Miller for one half yeares rent of the Walk Mill at Hautwysley due at Whitsunday 1621, xls.'

The miller received vli. yearly as wages, probably this was the corn miller.

Mr. Laurence Middleton for keeping the court at Hautwysley iij times due at the last St Ellenmas court 1621 xxxs.'

In connection with this period the following from a document (in the handwriting and peculiar spelling of Mrs. Cuthbertson) preserved among the manor records is interesting :

* Lord Wm Howard bought ye Lordship of Albany

Featherstonhaugh
Observations on Haltwhistles Court Rolls

due to ye Lord of ye Man"
Herriots on Desent & arbitary fines on allinations

£ $ d
Estamated Worth Yearly 6 3:6
Certain Day works of ye several Tenant

d Estimated Worth : 7 6

£ d Profits of ye fairs & markets 1 8:4 Court & Court Leets &c fines on Alenation Heriots releases wayfes & deodands Felon good &c Hawking Fowling Hunting fishing & all other Profits and Perquasites worth

£ $ d
3.6.8

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20 The above was lett to Tho Waugh by Lord Howard with all Perquisite mention". (excepting Mills & Quarrys).

Tenants paying ye best Beast they dyed Seized of for a Herot.
Haltwhistle. Lord Howard let yo following to Hugh Ridley, 1632.

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The whole Containing

9 1 30 At his Death to pay a Herriot & all other Custom & Dutys as ye Tenants are Bound to perform.

The water Corn Mill wth all Mulsturs Tolls Sute Soken Custome &c to yo same belonging.

The Walk Mill with Pool Water &c thereto belonging,
The Dye House with all Advantages theretoo belonging,

Coal Mines & Seams of Coal discoverd or to be Discoverd & all profits what so Ever. Lord Howard let yo following to John Ridley alias Easby.

R.
Parcel of Land Calld. Bayfield Hough contains ... 20
Land Calld Halt whistle Lowe Hough cons
Land Lyeing in Haltwhistle Eastfeilds Bounded
by ye river Tyne on yo South cons

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Land lyeing in Haltwhistle West feilds cons 15 1 20
Land lyeing in a feild calld Wylegae cons

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Lord Howard let yo following to Christp. Ridley.
A Messag House a smith shop garth & Close Calld A.
Edenslaw containing

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Lord William Howard died in 1640 just as the troubles of the civil war were beginning; indeed it is supposed that his hasty removal from Naworth to Greystock on the approach of the Scots was the immediate cause of the death of the old man whose once sturdy frame was now well nigh worn out.

Sir Charles Howard, third son of Lord William Howard (who married Dorothy Widdrington), now succeeded to the manor.

He was a person whose political and religious principles did not permit him to bask in the favour of “ Oliver” the “Captain General of all the forces,” or of the honourable parliament of the time ; for, on the 14th July, 1652, “the humble petition of the lady Dorothy Howard late the wife of Sir Richard Howard, knight, one of those presented to their honours in the new list from the Commissioners for compounding as a papist delinquent, and of William Howard Esq. their son, being that day

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