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immediate neighbourhood was Gateshead, and there we find the earliest burying ground.

One of the volumes at Somerset House bears upon its opening page the following :—The register book of the Burials of the People of God In scorn called Quakers and others their relations and kindred who have been buried in their Buring Ground In Gateshead in the county of Durham. The book also contains the record of several persons who were buried in their own grounds. These I will first enumerate and give what account I can of the owners.

1679. Susannah daughter of John Carneath of Newcastle, Tanner, & of Mary his Wife, was buried in his garden the ninth day of ye 6 monthe.' The burials of several members of the family are recorded.

In 1681 John Carneath had his goods distrained upon to the value of £1 Os. 9d. for tithes. The charity and generosity of the society is shown by the following entry in the records : Agreed that Ann Carneath take care of Jos. Bell till next monthly meeting and that ffriends doe pay for his diett, and shee to make proofe, in that time, how much he can doe towarde earning his bread, in the Tobacco Trade & to report to the Meeting. Probably the child remained with Ann Carneath, as another entry says :—Paid Ann Corneath to buy Jno. Bell's child a hatt 00:01:6.'

In 1689 Ann Carneath was scandalized by Lionel Johnson “for using an unjust measure, in that she measures barke by Cockle parke Bushell.' The matter having been debated, and a certificate from 'ffive of the trading tanners in Newcastle intimating it to be an usual measure, and that they have bought by it, being read, in this meeting, Lionell Johnson has cordescended, that if any two of the ffive Tanners that have certified conserning that measure, doe declare that it is an usual measure, then he will acknowledge that he has done her wrong. The two Tanners yt Lionel has pitched on, to prove this matter, is Christophere Barker and John Harle. And Christopher Vickers, John Harrison, Hue Middleton, and Jeremiah Hunter are appointed to take the said two Tanners Account, and to report to the next monthly meeting.' At a subsequent meeting the matter was most carefully gone into. The tanners affirmed that it is usual to buy Barke by Cockle parke measure,' and 'Lionele Johnson reprimanded

for having wronged Anne Corneath in her repute, through his false reports.' I quote this account to show how very carefully disputes between members were investigated.

The next entry in the register that I note is ‘1688, 8 m. 26 d. Benjamin Tittory son of Daniel Tittory of Glasshouses broad glass maker & of Mary his wife was buried in his garden.' The Tittorys were one of the celebrated glass-making families who came from Lorraine during a religious persecution in their own country.

Another entry is ‘1678. Peregrin Tizacke son of Peregrin Tizacke of Glasshouses, broad glassmaker and of Debora his wife was buried the thirteenth day of the 11 month.'

“1679. Abagail daughter of John Tizack of Glasshouses broad glassmaker & Sarah his wife, was buried the 7 day of the 12 month.'

The headstone that marked the resting place of Abagail may now be seen at the side of the footway, just below King John's Palace,' in Heaton park. It bears the following inscription :—‘Abigall Tizacke Daughter of John & Sarah Tizacke, departed this life ye 7th day of ye 12th month and in ye 7th weack of her age Anno 1679. Brand, the historian, says that he found this stone in a garden belonging to Captain Lambton, near the Glasshouses. Although the register does not mention ‘in his garden' as in the case of Carneath and Tittory, it does not say in Gateshead. It is therefore highly probable that the Tizacks had a burying place in their garden at the glasshouses like the Tittorys. The Tizacks were evidently very active members of the society as the constant mention of missions entrusted to their care fully testifies. In 1683 John Tizack was taken from a meeting at Gateshead on pretence of being a dangerous person, and for some time confined in Durham gaol.

Mr. Boyle tells us that the first meetings of the Gateshead Friends were held in Pipewellgate, at an old house, now the Fountain inn. That many-gabled old building may yet be seen in crossing the Swing bridge. Here Fox found them upon his second visit in 1657. In 1660 their meeting house was in the High street on property belonging to Richard Eubank. It would appear that their burying

1 See Vestiges of Old Newcastle and Gateshead, p. 148. We cannot now identify the locality of their place of interment, but as they are described of ‘Glasshouses,' probably the ground was somewhere in that locality, although the burial was recorded in the Gateshead register.



place was from the first in ground adjoining, as I have notice of burials here as early as 1655, two years prior to the time that we know they were holding their meetings in Pipewellgate.

In 1674 Richard Eubank was cited in the Archdeacon's court at Durham for being a quaker, and in 1677 ‘for enclosing a burial place for sectaries." He died in 1678, and was interred in the ground in question.

At the Gateshead monthly meeting held 10 d. 9 m. 1679 ‘friends ordered yt Robert Younge, perig Tizeck, & Edward Kinge, assist one another in collecting a sum of money, for purchasing a Burieing grounde, of Margret Eubank, & to bring an acct thereof to ye next monthly meeting. Subsequently a lease of the ground was taken in the name of Pergryne Tyzack and ors, from Margaret Eubank for 19 years, the consideration for which was fifteen pounds.'

In 1680 it was ordered that a Bricke Wall is to be built about the ground, about the Meeting house door in order for having it for burying in.

Peregrin Tizacke, Jeremiah Hunter, Robt. Wallis, John Ayrey, Geo. Raw, and Samuel ffreeman to get it done.' At a subsequent meeting it was ‘Desired that the friends formerly appointed to get a wall made about the ground, before the meeting house, doe continue their care to get it effected.'

Again in 1689, ‘Ordered that ffriends of Gateshead Meeting be reminded of building the wall about the Ground before the Meeting House for a New burying place, and that if it may with convenience, it be effected, betwixt this meeting and next monthly meeting,' The ground was in use until 1698. Mr. Boyle states that in all 101 interments were made. Subscquently (in 1731) the alms-houses built by the bequest of Thomas Powell were erected upon the site of the burying ground. In a conveyance of this property from the heirs of the survivors of Powell's trustees to the church wardens and overseers of Gateshead, it is described as :-'All that messuage, burgage, and tenement, garden, yard, and back side, with appurtenances in Gateshead aforesaid, formerly belonging to Richard Ewbank late of the same place, tailor, deceased, and heretofore in the possession of John Doubleday his undertenants and assigns.' The earliest mention of an interment that I noticed in the Register

? Surtees, vol. 47, p. 226-7.


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at Somerset House was in 1660, when ‘Deborah Turner daughter of Barth and Jane Turner of Gateshead dyed, the 21 day of the ninth month 1660 and was Interred in the Burying ground in Gateshead.' But from the registrar at Devonshire House I have been favoured with the following : 1655. 11 m. 4 d. Isabella Hunter d. of Cuthbert Hunter and Elen was interred in Richard Eubanks bury? place in Gateside.

The Aireys were another important family, some of whom were here interred. In 1677, George Airey was cited to Durham • For not resorting to the Divine service at the Parish Church and for being a Quaker.

'John Ayrey of Gateside, Mathew Allinson of the Anno do: 1683

the 13th of the same, John Allett of Newcastle, John Tyzack of the 11" Moneth called Glass houses being at a meeting at Gateside amongst January.

other friends, vpon pretence of being dangerous persons to the gouernment & for refuseing to take the oath of Alleagiance, were comitt to the goale at Durham by Isaac Basier, John Jenkins."

The following list will be a guide to the leading Quaker families in Gateshead in 1686 :

"A schedule or list of Severall Quakers or p’sons reputed Quakers within the County Palatine of Durham convicted as Recusants, and prosecuted by Exchequer Proces, for the Penalties thereby incurred.'

Christopher Bickers and his Wife.
John Donbleday.
Lionel Hetherington, Sadler.
Moses ffisher, and his Wife.
Jno Ayrey, the Elder.
Jno Ayrey, the younger.
Wm ffenwicke and his wife.
John Allenson and his Wife.
Mathew Allenson and his Wife.
Robert Mooney and his wife.

Barbara Hunter. The notes before me abound in accounts of fines, penalties, and imprisonments suffered by various members of the families named, but much as I am tempted to record the same, they are hardly within the scope of my paper.

3 Mr. Blair's papers.

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Soon after the opening of the burying ground in Newcastle, the Gateshead one was abandoned, and, as already stated, the place was subsequently occupied by Powell's alms-houses. They are situated, as most of my hearers will be aware, on the cast side of the High street, a little above the railway arch.


In the churchyard of Whickham, under the west window of the chancel, are two flat stones, which originally had round their margins the following inscriptions :- Here lyeth the body of George Hodgson, he departed this life the 1st of December 1667.' 'Here lyeth the body of Aibiah Hodgson, Daughter to George Hodgson, she departed the 6th of February 1669. The stones are considerably weathered, and the inscriptions much defaced. On the face of the right-hand stone was the following :-“These gravestones were removed out of a field at the west end of Whickham, on the 30 day of Nov. 1784 into this church yard, 'by order of M" Robert Hodgson of London, druggist, a descendant of the said George Hodgson, and as a memorial that his ancestors were inhabitants of this Parish, and had lands of inheritance therein, as may be seen by the division of lands made in the year 1691 under the name of Luke Hodgson M.D. grandfather of the said Robert Hodgson.'

Such is the account given by Surtees, the historian of Durham. He adds, These sepulchral memorials of the Quakers were, on a cursory view, reported as the monuments of two Knight Templars.' The will of George Hodgson is not to be found at Durham, but there is an inventory (see Appendix I. p. 207) there of the goods that he died possessed of, which were appraised by George Shafto and Richard Harding, of Whickham, gent., William Lonsdale, of Swalwell, yeoman, and William Cutter, of Newcastle, cooper.

I submitted what scant information I had of the George Hodgson in question to my friend Mr. Richard Welford, and he soon favoured me with most interesting memoranda, which show that George Hodgson, buried at Whickham in 1667, was the great-great-greatgreat-great grandfather of our late member, Mr. John Hodgson Hinde.

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