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the residents of the then quiet villages of Whitley and Cullercoats must have entered the ranks of that Society, for only eight years after the date named we have a record of a burial in the ground belonging to them, “On the 20 day of the 11 month 1661 Johanna, daughter of George Linton of North Shields was buried at Cole coates.' She was presumably a daughter of the George Linton who died excommunicated, and was buried at the down end of Tinemouth kirk.' From this time until 1739 the ground was regularly used.

It would appear to have originated in the following manner, in 1606 Ralph Delaval made confirmation or surrender of lands at Cullercoats to his brother Peter Delaval, in which was included Arnold's close (or Marden close). In 1618 John Delaval of Tynemouth, gentleman, made a grant in fee to Thomas Wrangham of Arnold's close, and in 1621 Thomas Wrangham and Catherine his wife sold the estate at Cullercoats called Arnold's close to Thomas Dove of Whitley and Cullercoats. The MS. from which I get this information states that “The Doves were Quakers, and soon after the purchase at Cullercoats the above-named Thomas Dove enclosed a small portion of Arnold's close by a high wall which he intended for a burial-place for himself and family.' I incline to think that it would be some years after the purchase in 1621 before the ground was enclosed as Quakerism was hardly known at that date. The ground was most probably set apart for the purpose named by John Dove (son of the Thomas Dove previously named) who was himself buried there in 1679. When I first made enquiries of the villagers as to whether any of them could remember interments taking place, Thomas Armstrong informed me that about 1820, when he was a lad, he remembered a cab driving out from Shields, the coffin of a child taken from the same, and interred in that ground. All the other oldest inhabitants' contended that Armstrong was mistaken, and that no interment had taken place during the present century. When I inspected the register I found the following entry Buried John Hewitt son of Robert Hewitt of North Shields, linen draper, 3 day 11 month 1818 aged 6 mo.,' showing that Armstrong's statement was correct. This appears to be the only burial after 1739. The ground is marked in the Ordnance plan. It was in existence some years after I first knew Cullercoats, and doubtless will be remembered by many of our mem

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bers. It was situated at the north-west corner of the field called Arnold's close, near to the Marden burn. The ground was maintained by the Friends at North Shields, as the following entry in their cash book testifies :

1819 Sep. 18. Received of the Society of Friends by the payment of Robert Spence the sum of thirteen pounds being the amt agreed upon for rebuilding the Grave Yard Wall at Cullercoats.

HENRY AINSLEY. There were many head-stones, and more than one table-stone, but in after years the enclosure became overgrown and dilapidated. It was a very favourite hiding-place for the youth of several generations wherein to secure themselves from the vigilance of the village pedagogue, 'Billy Moffat.'

In 1872 the corporation of Tynemouth desired to extend John street, Cullercoats, to Marden burn, where it would join Whitley lane. To accomplish this it was necessary to remove the ancient burying ground, and the sanction of the Society of Friends was obtained. For many years the key of the ground was kept by Mr. James Bailey of Cullercoats, whose wife's ancestors were buried therein. Mr. Bailey strongly opposed its demolition, so that forcible entry had to be made. It was arranged that all existing head-stones and what human remains could be found should be removed to Preston cemetery. I well remember the operations being carried out, and for several mornings the hedge bank was bedecked with the skulls and dried bones of members of the Society who had been interred some two centuries previously. The stones were placed against the south wall of the cemetery, where several of them may yet be seen, and considering their age and the vicissitudes they have been subjected to some of them are yet in excellent condition. Whether the stone has been particularly good or the purity of the air has aided their preservation I cannot tell, but it is exceptional to find stones in such a good state that have been exposed to the weather for over two hundred years. When they were removed to Preston the corporation undertook to be at the expense of affixing a suitable brass tablet to the wall of the cemetery explaining the cause of their removal. This I regret to say has never been attended to.

The site occupied by the burial ground may to-day be best described as on the road a little to the north of the Primitive Methodist chapel.

By the kindness of Mr. Smillie, borough surveyor, North Shields, I have been favoured with a tracing from the plan that was adopted when the alterations were made.

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Would not the present be a suitable time to have the brass tablet fixed at Preston, and also (if permission could be gained) to have a stone inserted into the palisading of the chapel, denoting as nearly as possible the site of this interesting old ground ?

I give a copy of the stones now at Preston as far as I can decipher them, adding any information I have gathered of the families named :1.- He]re lieth the body of

2.-Here lyeth the Body John Buston of North

of John Willoby An Shields Skinner and

cor smith in North Glover who departed

Sheels who dep November ye 30th 1710(?)

ed this life the 5 day Aged 58 years.

of An · Dom Elizabeth his daug. buried

[1]689. 1695-Aged 6 years.

In 1684 John Willoughby of North Shields was committed to Morpeth gaol by a writ de excommunicato capiendo.'

e

CULLERCOATS-INSCRIPTIONS.

279

3.—Here Lyeth

4.—Here lye The Body of

the body
Martha the

Doratha th..
Wife of Lawr

Wife of John
ance Haslam

Frost who
Who Deceased

Deceased the
The 13(?) Day of

26 Day of
December 1703.

February
In the 42 year

169. In the
of her age.

39 year of he..

age. Three and four are a double stone, the dexter side recording the death of the wife of Lawrence Haslam, the sinister the wife of John Frost. Lawrence Haslam was a ship captain. He was one of those taken prisoners at the house of Robert Linton at South Shields, and imprisoned in Tynemouth castle. A most interesting entry from the records of the Society of Friends shows what staunch advocates for

peace they were even at this early date : Monthly Meeting. 10 day 11 month 1693.

Lawrence Haslam came to this meeting and friends had some discourse wth him about his having Guns in his ship, and tenderly admonished him of the evil consequences of it, and its inconsistency wth the principle of truth wth desire that he may dwell under the weighty consideration of the matter soe as to come into the unity of ffriends in his judgement and practice therein, and that ffriends who have the exercise of truth in this p'ticular upon them, may further deal wth Lawrence as in ye wisdom of God they may see necessary and give account to this meeting

Haslam was evidently interviewed, and soon after the following was recorded :

12 day 1 month 1693. Jeremiah Hunter and Lawrence Weardale having spoke Laurence Haslam about carrying Guns does certifie this meeting that he gives them an accot that for the satisfaction of ffriends he hath sold his Guns & is to deliver them very shortly.

Such an entry may cause a smile at the present day, but we must admire the consistency of the man who for conscience sake could dispose of his guns when the northern seas must have been infested with pirates of all descriptions, and good guns must have often meant the saving of a good ship.

An entry in the register of the Society gives the marriage of Haslam's daughter :

1698. John Tyzack son of Zachariah Tyzack of Lowflatworth broad glass maker & Dorothy Haslam daughter of Laurance Haslam of No. Shields.

The other side of the same stone records the death of Doratha Frost. In the register her husband is described as of North Shields, formerly of Burlington,

5.-Here lieth th

of Robert C.
North Shiel
Glouer who
this life 20.
And his Daughter .
who departed this life
the 16

It is curious to find this inscription confirmed by the register of Tynemouth parish church. Under date 1680, Oct. 8, we have :* Robert Currey of Shields Skinner & Glover buried in Doves buriall place near Culoucoats, he was drowned in M'. Lawsons sumpe.'

The daughter is probably the child referred to in another extract from the same parish register :— Aug. 19. 1680. Robert Currey of Shields Skinner & Glover had a child buried I think at Doves buring place. 6.-Here lyeth the bod ..

7.—Here lyeth the body of Thomas son Henry Aiery

Airey of North Shealds
red November the 4

Intered ... eober the 27
Dominie 167

Anno Dominie (?) 167(?)! Stones 6 and 7 record the death of members of the Airey family. The inscription upon No. 7 is confirmed by Tynemouth parish register :- 1675. Nov. 4. Thomas Airey buried (in Jo Doves burying place).'

A stone (8), much broken and defaced, belonged to the family of Selby. The Society register contains the following :-* In 1684 buried Hannah Selby Wife of Robert Selby (of Durham) formerly the wife of John Dove of Whitley.'

Stones 9, 10, 11, and 12 all refer to the Dove family. As lords of the manor they were undoubtedly the most influential people in the place. They are so interwoven with the history of the buryingplace and of Cullercoats that I propose to add a short pedigree and account of them, and what particulars I have of 'Sparrow Hall'— the mansion house that was erected by them. 9.-Hear · lyeth · the

10.-Here lyeth Body · of · Eliner .

the body of Dove · Wife · William

Francis Dove of · Whitley · who

Daughter of
this · life .

Thomas Dove
Buried the
Day of July 168(?)8

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