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THE FAMILY OF DOVE, OF CULLERCOATS, ETC.

281

Anno ...

11.-Here lyeth

12.-Thomas Dove
the body
of Ellenor (?)
Dove Wife

departed
of Thomas

this life ye
Dove who

of Aprill
Departed
this life
ye 2 Mch (?)

16 ... Another stone (13), not now to be found, marked the tomb of Margaret Haddock, and was copied by Mr. David Richardson in 1856.

13.—April 5 · 1699

Here lyeth
the body of
Margaret
Haddock Daugh"
. . f Zeph Haddock

. eased The Haddocks married into the Dove family, and will come under review subsequently.

THE FAMILY OF Dove, OF TYNEMOUTH, CULLERCOATS,

AND WHITLEY. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries various members of the Dove family appear to have been considerable landowners, and to have generally held prominent positions in Tynemouth, Cullercoats, Whitley, and Monkseaton. Mr. Tomlinson in his account of Cullercoats says :- This little fishing village is said to derive its name from the Anglo-Saxon Culfre Cotes, i.e., dove-cotes.' (Is it possible that the surname Dov3 could hare originated from some connection with these dove cotes ?) The earliest record that I have obtained of the family is from a court holden at Tynemouth, 24th April, 1584, for our Lady the Queen, before Mr. Allen, deputy for the earl of Northumberland ; Mr. Thomas Bailes, surveyor for the Queen's Majesty's lands in Northumberland; John Clark of Alnwick, clerk of the court; among the jurors were Robert Dove of the age of 48, Thomas Dore aged 63, and others.

My next information is from the will of Christopher Dove of Tynemouth, made in 1589.2 He names his brothers Oswold and Robert of Monkseaton, also Robert, juo., son of Robert. He desires

? See Appendix 1.

to be buried in my parish church of Saint Oswin in Tinemouth.' His goods are praysed by four honest men,' and are valued at £16 16s. 4d. A Robert Dove, whom I take to be the nephew mentioned in the above will, duly makes his will in 1619.3 He describes himself. of Whitley, and desires to be buried in the parish church of Tynemouth. He leaves his new house in Tynemouth with the bark garth thereto belonging' to his son-in-law Gyibert Middleton and his wife.' To his wife Jane, lands in Tynemouth. To his son Thomas 'one great iron chimney in the Hall, a Buttery, a cupboard, and a lead,' etc. He makes his wife Jane and his son Thomas joint executors. The value of the goods amounts to £164. Thomas Dove, named in the will, appears to have been an only son. In 1621, two years after the death of his father, he purchased the manor of Arnold's close from Thomas Wrangham and Catherine his wife, who, a few years before, had acquired the same from John Delaval of Tynemouth, gentleman. The boundaries of the estate are given as . On the lower Moss on the West [this is the level ground a little west of Marden House], and upon a beck called Marden on the North, and the Sea-hanks towards the East, and upon a gutter or runny sworle towards the South-East.' This I take to be the little stream that now flows over the banks just south of the baths at Cullercoats. “Most of the present town of Cullercoats therefore stands upon the land called Arnold's close, granted by different members of the family of Dove upon lease varying from 50 to 100 years, but now the land is all bought, and the whole of the township freehold.'

The MS., from which I get much of my information, says :

The estate purchased at Cullercoats was simply called Arnold's Close, yet must not be supposed that what is called Arnold's Close-a field comprising 8 acres of land-constituted the whole of the estate. It is very evident from an examination of the old deeds of the cstate that the land in the field in Tynemouth called Arnold's Close or Marden Close comprised the greater part, if not the whole, of the present Manor and Township of Cullercoats, for in the deeds the boundaries given of Arnold's Close are precisely the present bounds of the Township of Cullercoats, one of the smallest Manors probably in Northumberland, but still a Manor, the Lords of which were the Dores.

Thomas Dove died about 1666, and left three sons, John, Robert, and William. Robert the second son was of Tynemouth. In A

3 See Appendix II.

THE FAMILY OF DOVE OF CULLERCOATS, ETC.

283

Terrier of lands in the Manor of Tinemouth and Preston in 1649,' a most interesting account of which is given in vol. xiii. of the Archaeologia Aeliana by Horatio A. Adamson, Robert Dove appears as a considerable landowner. In 1674 he was one of the twenty-four of Tynemouth church. In 1677 he came to Cullercoats, and erected a house on land leased for 99 years from John and Thomas Dove for 10s. per annum. He died 13th March, 1693. The baptisms of six of his children are entered in Tynemonth parish register and shown upon

the pedigree, but I have no further record regarding them. John, the eldest son of Thomas (born 1620) had extensive business transactions. In 1663 he was residing at Monkseaton, and paid £10 per annum for his house. In the same year he removed to Whitley, and paid a rental of £30.4 In 1673 Arthur, earl of Essex, and William Pierpoint, demise to John Dove for 21 years the collieries at Whitley. In 1677 John Dove with others grants a lease to John Carr of Newcastle, merchant, of a piece of land forming the pier at Cullercoats. Also

That parcel of ground containing 2 acres of land as the same is now dowled, Mark'd & set forth That is to say six butts or ridges of Land at the head of the Bank next the Pier or Key there lately erected & also all that parcel of ground containing 15 yards in breadth as the same is dowled, Marked, & set forth for a waggon way or ways in, thro, along the said Close from the upper Dam belonging to Tynemouth Mill, alias Marden Mill to the Pier head & Top of the bank.

The waggon-way here mentioned is interesting, as it must have been one of the earliest in Northumberland. In 1600 waggons and waggon-ways had not been invented, but coals were brought down from the pits in wains.

The earliest record of coals being delivered by waggon was in 1671 at Teams staiths only six years prior to the formation of the waggonway at Cullercoats.?

The purpose of the waggon-way was to bring the coals from Whitley colliery to Cullercoats haven where they were shipped. Two wooden piers, the foundations of which may still be traced, formed a protection for small ships which were brought at high tide close up to the bank. The waggon-way came from Whitley colliery down by the

6

* Hodgson, Northd, vol. i. part iii. p. 243. Rentals and rates for Northumberland with the proprietors.

See Appendix III. * Richardson, Table Book, vol. i. p. 237. ? Richardson, Table Book, vol. i. p. 301.

KK

VOL. XVI.

south side of Marden burn, past the north wall of the old burial ground, and then at a point now occupied by Albert place (the north end of Brown's buildings) turned into the present main street of Cullercoats, continuing along the west side of the same until it reached the bank top, where the look-out house now stands. Here the coals would be shot over the bank in spouts to the vessels below.s

A few years ago when cellars were being excavated for the Newcastle Arms,' the rails and sleepers of the waggon-way were unearthed. In many old documents the bonndaries of properties are given as on the east by the front street or waggon-way.'

I have previously stated that I think this John Dove was the founder of the burial ground. He was evidently an ardent member of the Society of Friends. He was one of those arrested at South Shields, and spent one month of the year 1661 a prisoner in Tynemouth castle. In 1675 his children appear to have caused some uneasiness to the members of the Society, as at the monthly meeting held 8 day 9 month several friends were desired to speak with John Dove touching his children, and give an account thereof at the next monthly meeting.' His first wife's name

was Mary, she died 20:12:1672, and was buried at Cullercoats. He subsequently married Hannah, daughter of Francis Lascelles of Stank. She survived her husband, and afterwards married Robert Selby, physician, of the city of Durham.10 She was buried in the Cullercoats ground 14:11:1684 as Hannah Selby, wife of Robert Selby, formerly wife of John Dove of Whitley. The fragments of a stone are at Preston that recorded her interment. John Dove died of the flux 20.1.1679, and was interred at Cullercoats. His will is dated Feb. 22, 1678.11

* About thirty colliers of 230 tons each were freighted with coals, two and sometimes three being loaded at one tide. Mackenzie, in his History of Northd., states that there was a colliery in Union street, North Shields, the owners of which not being permitted to load their coals at Shields, though the pit was within a few yards of the river, sent them in carts to Cullercoats, where they were shipped.

' Extracts from the Will of Robert Southern, January 14, 1734.

All that my messuage & dwelling houses or tenements with their appurtenances scituate in Coulercoats aforesaid and now in my own possession & adjoining unto a parcell of Ground belonging to Mrs. Gilpin on the west and on the street or waggon way upon the east.

10 Deed, February, 1684.

Appointment by Hannah Selby late Dove of her husband Robert Selby physician to be Tutor and Guardian of her daughter Sarah Dove in case of his death she appointed her brother M' Daniel Lascelles of Stank.

" See Appendix IV.

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