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North Front

[The illustration of the North Front of 'Sparrow Hall' has been kindly lent by Mr. W. W. Tomlinson,

author of Historical Notes of Cullercoats, etc.)



Thomas, his son by his first wife Mary, inherits Arnold's close. Much of his Whitley property goes to Sarah, the child of his second wife. Thomas Dove, like his father, entered into extensive business engagements. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Shipton of Lythe, Yorkshire.

In 1686 he built a mansion house in Cullercoats, where he is said ever after to have resided. It was a house of goodly proportions. It faced the north overlooking the Marden burn, and would have a fine view seawards. At the rear were malt house, barn, stabling, gardens, etc. By the kindness of Mr. Knowles, I am able to produce a sketch of the north front as it appeared in 1853. On the apex of the east gable may still be seen a carving or casting bearing the initials T.D.E.D. and the form of a bird. There was also until recently a date upon the back-door lintel, and a representation of a bird. A dove, descriptive of the name of the builder, was evidently intended, but the local people took the bird for a sparrow, and for many years the house has been known as “Sparrow hall.' It is sadly altered now. I shall have to refer to it again further on in my paper. A very interesting account of the old place may be found in the Weekly Chronicle for October 13th, 1883, by Mr. H. A. Adamson.

As lord of the manor, Thomas Dove grants a lease in 1682 to Richard Simpson of Lythe, Yorkshire, to get coal at Cullercoats, but I cannot find any information as to whether this project was ever carried out. Mr. Hudlestone in 1770 states that there is a good band of coal extending through the whole freehold for the working whereof the late Mr. Dove entered into partnership, but was prevented carrying it into execution by his death.' In 1690 he sold land at Cullercoats to John Atkinson of Cullercoats. In 1698 he grants a lease to Richard Brough and others to get freestone on the condition that they do not cart any waste or rubbish over the bank during the term of the said lease, but secure it on the shore, showing that the quarry must have been close to the sea. From inquiries made I am led to think that this quarry would be at the face of the cliff near the clockhouse as from here the stones were wrought for the building of the present piers.12 This Thomas Dove died in 1704, his will being

12 Mason's Lease for the Quarry, commencing September 29th, 1698. The said Thomas Dove for himself his heirs covenants grants & agrees with

dated April 15 of that year. He leaves three daughters and one son, John, (all under age). The manor of Arnold's close is left to his sonhis wife is not named—and his loving brother Henry Hudson, formerly of Newbiggin, now of Whitley (who married his balf-sister Sarah), is appointed executor. He evidently retained his connection with the Society of Friends. In 1682 he was one of those deputed to take care to bring in an account of what sufferings happened to each particular district meeting.' He was buried in the Cullercoats ground, a much-defaced stone at Preston most probably marked the resting place of himself and his wife. John Dove, son and heir of Thomas, is described as of Wapping, grocer. Two years after his father's death he, in conjunction with Henry Hudson, promotes a new industry in Cullercoats by letting a piece of ground ‘14 yds. in width, 30 yds, in length

extending from the rock where the gutter runs down under the banks nigh unto the Key, Pier, or Wharf to Thomas Fearon of South Shields for the erection of two Salt Pans, with liberty to load ships, etc., and also to erect above the bank Garners and Salters Houses.' The position named is close to the present baths in Cullercoats haven. The foundations of the salt pans were removed when the present foreshore was made for the boats.13

In the same year (1706) John Dove sold the mansion house at Cullercoats (built by his father and mother in 1686) to Zephaniah Haddock who had married his cousin Eleanor Dove. Presumably if he were residing at

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the said Richard Brough William Metcalfe, John King & William Brough their Exors &c. that it shall & may be lawful for the said R B &c. to break and uncover what ground they may or shall have occasion to work in the said close now in the occupation of John Rogers & Partners concerned therin the Free Stone Quarry now is paying therefore Yearly and every year one Penny for every square yard of Land so broken ... to continue for the term of nine years

the said R B &c. doth hereby oblige themselves their Exors &c. not to cart any waste or rubbish over the Bank during the said term but secure it on the shore.

18 Salt Pans at Cullercoats. Thomas ffearon's Settlement, 1706.

This indenture between Thomas ffearon of Cullercoats W. Dove of Whitley & Hy Hudson of Whitley &c. did iet unto Thomas fearon of South Shields in the County of Durham Salt Merchant, all that parcel of ground containing 14 yards in width and 30 yards in length lying and being in pt of Arnold's Close Extending from the Rock where the gutter runs down under the banks nigh unto the Key, Pier or Wharf, for the erecting of two salt pans thereon together with free liberty at all times to load Ship send away & export from the sa pier, all such quantities of Salt as the sd Thomas ffearon should make in his sa Salt Pans & also to erect & build above the Bank Garners & Salters House Also to lay Coals thereon to be used & spend in the sl Salt pans not exceeding 6 yards in breadth & in length to the West hedge or Dyke on the top of the Bank or Dam,



Wapping he would not require the house in Cullercoats. In 1710 he married Mary, daughter of Enoch Hudson of Brunton, who was buried in the Quig's burying ground, Newcastle, 1715.

I have no record of John's death, but it was certainly prior to 1734. His wife survived him, and subsequently married B. Gilpin. In some “Historic Memoranda concerning Cullercoats,' among the questions asked in 1770 by Mr. Hudlestone regarding the land is the following : If the stone of the Quay &c. since the same was washed down were not sold or otherwise disposed of by Mrs. Gilpin for repairs and buildings of Houses in Cullercoats and what right of ownership she has revived since the death of her late husband John Dove.' The issue of the marriage of John Dove and Mary Hudson was one daughter, Eleanor, who married the rev. Curwin Hudleston of Whitehaven, second son of William Hudleston of Hutton John. By this marriage the manor of Arnold's close, bought by Thomas Dove in 1621, passed to the Hudlestons. The various lines of ownership down to the present day are shown upon the pedigree. In 1770 the rev. Curwin Hudleston opened up negotiations with the duke of Northumberland for the sale of the estate, when some interesting correspondence followed regarding the ownership of the pier.

I have traced the family and the property that descended from John Dove (who died in 1679) by his first wife Mary. I must now revert to Sarah, the child of his marriage with Hannah Lascelles. In her father's will she was left lands at Whitley. She married Henry Hudson, second son of Henry Hudson of Newbiggin. The issue of the marriage was one son, Henry. He married his cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Ellison of Otterburn. Henry Hudson owned and resided at Whitley hall. He died at Bath, May 15, 1789, aged 69, a tablet to his memory being erected in the abbey church at that place. Mrs. Hudson survived her husband many years. She died in 1815, aged 86, and was buried at Tynemouth.

Now we return to William Dove, the third son of Thomas, who purchased Arnold's close in 1621. He was born about 1629, and was one of those imprisoned in Tynemouth castle, 1661. In 1690 he is mentioned in the Quaker records. He was buried at Cullercoats in 1690, and left several daughters. Barbara married Thomas Fearon, who in 1706 built salt pans in Cullercoats. Fearon was buried at Cullercoats in 1717, aged 39 years and 6 months. Eleanor, another daughter of William Dove, married Zephaniah Haddock, 24 day 7 month, 1696. The marriage is entered in the register of the Society. Eleanor Dove daughter of William Dove Yeoman of Whitley married Zephaniah Haddock of North Shields, County of Northumberland Shoemaker.' In another place he is styled cordwainer. Ten years afterwards Haddock remored to Cullercoats, for in 1706 he purchased the mansion of John Dove. Mrs. Haddock died in 1717, and her husband in 1739 ; they were both buried at Cullercoats. Zephaniah left three daughters : Barbara, who married John Simpson; Patience, who married John Heddon ; and Margaret, who married John Shipley. They appear each to have inherited some portion of the mansion house, Sparrow hall, and to have held in common the outbuildings and adjoining ground.

In 1763 an indenture is made dividing the outbuildings, etc.: Margaret Simpson takes the brew-house and that part of the curtain or waste ground on the north side of the said mansion house extending from the east side of the back door cheek to the east side of the north curtain gate, with all the rights,' etc.

Patience Heddon takes the east part of the malting, and waste ground on the south side thereof, the barn, and one full moiety of the west end of the curtain behind the mansion from the west side of the back door cheek to the west side of the curtain gate.

Margaret Shipley takes the west part of the malting, the waste ground on the south side thereof, the stable, and a moiety of the west end of the said curtain behind the said mansion house from the west side of the said back door cheek to the west side of the curtain gate. The garden with the passage through the said mansion and curtain behind, and a passage, 8 feet wide, from west to east on the front or south side of the malting was to be kept open for the common use. And it was agreed that in case the said Margaret Shipley should chuse to build in the curtain behind the said mansion house, where the old house then stood, it should be lawful for her to build to the height of one storey, with such a good and sufficient wall that the said John Heddon might build such conveniences thereon as he should think proper, and that they should

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