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7. No Lands or Money in stock for repair of the Church or Utensils. 8. The Parish is charged with the repair of the edificies & Churchyard Fence.

9. The Trustees of Ld Crewe give the Annual sum of £2 2s to the Clerk the remaining part of his & the Sexton's wages by Custom paid by the Parish & are appointed by the Minister.

This is a just & accurate account of everything required in the Terrier relative to the Curacy of Blanchland. Witness our Hands this 14th day August 1792.

Hudson Barnett, Minister.
Christopher Forster 1 Churchwardens.

Robt Oliver
William + Makepeace. William Lowes.
John Lambert.

Ambrose Green.
Joshua Archer.

Edward Blenk.
Jos Makepeace.

Jonathan Lee.
Cuthbert Johnson.

Thomas Bell.
William Routledge.
Duly compared and examined with the original.

John Burrell,

Dep. Reg. The above is a Faithful transcript of a Copy of the original taken this 20th day of March 1846.

William Oliver, Parish Clerk.

THE ROMAN ALTAR TO THE GODDESS GARMANGABIS.'

313

XIX.-ON THE ROMAN ALTAR TO THE GODDESS GAR

MANGABIS, FOUND AT LANCHESTER (CO. DURHAM),

ON THE 15TH JULY, 1893. (A) BY THE REV. R. E. HOOPPELL, LL.D., D.C.L., RECTOR OF

BYERS GREEN. [Read on the 30th day of August, 1893.] On Saturday, July 15th, 1893, Mr. Frederick Blackmur, one of the officials of the Lanchester union workhouse, made a most interesting discovery in a field about half a mile from the village of Lanchester, and somewhat less than that distance from the Roman Station, whose walls are still standing several feet in height on the high ground to the south-west of the present village. As the circumstances under which the discovery was made are calculated, in all probability, to throw light upon the nature and character of the find, I will briefly describe them.

The union workhouse at Lanchester is supplied with water from several springs, which rise on the hillside to the west of the village. From these the fluid is conveyed in pipes to tanks, situated at no great distance from the springs, and from the tanks the water flows in one stream to the workhouse. In the early part of July of this year the supply from some cause, possibly simply from the long continued drought, ran short, and the officials of the workhouse determined to investigate the state of the springs. I have drawn a rough sketch, shewn on the next page, of the position of the one with which we are most concerned. It is situated on the side of a sloping field near the top of the field. Above it runs a kind of level terrace, with a hedge beyond, and a field of greater elevation beyond the hedge. The pipes run up the hill in a slanting direction from the nearest tank, and end abruptly at a point about twenty-four yards from the hedge. Exactly in the line of the pipes was the discovery made. It consists of an exceedingly fine altar, dedicated to a Keltic goddess, whose name is new to us, and to the deities of the reigning emperor. It evidently originally stood upon a

base, for a socketed base was found behind it. The altar was found upon its face, slopiny downhill, as though some unusual force had overturned it, where it was standing with its inscribed face fronting the valley. The distance of the spot on which the altar was found from the end of the present line of pipes is about seventeen yards. Its distance from the hedge behind it is about seven yards. Between the spot where the altar was found and the hedge behind it runs the terrace mentioned already, which appears certainly to have been made by man.

Field Hedge.

Base.

Altar.

Field Hedge.

Line of Pipes.

Present
Tank.

The circumstances detailed above remind us irresistibly of the well or fountain of Coventina, discovered by our late valued vice-president, Mr. John Clayton, at Procolitia, in 1876.1 One wonders, too, whether a walled fountain like that at Carrawburgh does not exist at Lanchester, of which the wooden tank across the hedge a few yards down is the

Arch. Ael. vol. viii. pp. 4-49 and 88-107.

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