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invention, no repetition or monotony, all are different, like those everdelightful details of the eastern parts at Durham, which always please and always reward renewed and continued study. Ryton church was built in the time of bishop Farnham, and is under the patronage of the see of Durham, there is therefore no difficulty in seeing how Richard of Farnham could have done the work there when a new church came to be built in the thirteenth century.

Carving of the character of that in the Nine Altars is so uncommon that when met with it is at once noted. In Kirkby Sigston church, near Northallerton, is a capital on the north side of the chancel. This is carved with the intertwined dragons and foliage forms so similar to those at Durham that we must, assign the design to the same man, even if the carving looks like the work of another hand. Kirkby Sigston was also under the patronage of Durham.

The lesson learned at Fountains was not forgotten when Sedgefield was planned, and the thrust of the arcades was taken by making long responds at the east and west ends. Subsequent alterations have destroyed these, but the plan, forming plate xxxiii., indicates what they were at the west end, where the foundations of the west end of the old aisle has been found on the north side. The arcades are of fine proportions and have arches of two orders moulded towards the nave but chamfered towards the aisles. The hood mouldings of the nave arches and of the chancel arch are ornamented with the dentelle moulding, of which we have so many examples in this county. The arches opening into the transepts have plainly moulded hoods. The columns are of the quatrefoil plan, with well-moulded bases standing on square plinths. They are banded at mid-height with bands of a very fine and bold section. The detached shafts at the responds are also banded in the same way. The capitals are, including those of the responds, eight in number. They are all fully carved. In the respond variety is introduced by treating the capital of the detached shafts, in the case of the two southern responds, as isolated capitals, and springing the outer order of the arch from corbels carved as grotesque heads on either side of the capital, In the north arcade the capital is treated as a whole, the portion beneath the outer order being represented as if growing out of the central capital. The four isolated capitals are of great beauty. The two western ones

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