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Nathaniel Shaw Son of John Shaw of Denton in the
1707 husband of Newcastle vpon Tyne Goldsmith for Seven
yeares by Indentures Dated fifteenth Aprill 1707
peace of the towne & County of Newcastle vpon Tyne
Dated 2 ffebry 1707
1709 Batty of the said Town and County Goldsmith for
Seven years from the 24 June 1709
1710 ffrancis Batty of the said Town Goldsmith for seven
yeares from 25 March 1710 August 31 1717 John ffrench son of Josuah ffrench late of Leamington decd
apprentice to Jona" ffrench of New Castle upon Tine Gold
smith for seaven years from 8th May 1717 November 11 : 1717 William Dalton son of Roger Dalton Late of New Castle Baker
deceased apprentice to James Kirkupp Goldsmith for seaven
years from 17th of 7ber 1717 ffebry 34 1717 Wm Ramsay son of John Ramsay late a free Bror of
this Company, this day enroled by his ffather in Law John
Younghul band also a free Bror of this Company & pd 18
Marr apprentice to ffrancis Batty Goldsmith for Seaven yrs
from the first day of September 1714
Battey for seaven years from the 25th day of ffebry 1717
to John Younghusband for seven years from the 12th of Sep
1713 Att a meeting Dec 18 : 1718 the gd Wm Whitfeild came into full
Company & made choice of Jona" ffrench to serve the re
main" of his time with. May 30 1720 Thomas Makepeace Son of Thos Makepeace Gentl
dece apprentice to Robt Makepeace for 7 years from ffeb 9 1719
apprentice fee twenty pounds. November 11 : 1720 Isaac Cookson son of William Cookson of
penrith gentl'apprenticesto ffrancis Batty for seven years from
the first day of october 1720 apprentice fee thirty five pounds. May 34 1722 George Hymers son of Geo. Hymers late of Newcastle
Skinner apprentice to Jonathan ffrench for seven years from
the 30th of August 1721 : apprentice fee twenty five pounds. November 11 : 1723 : George Hetherington son of Nich® Hether.
ington late of Brampton in Gilsland in the County of Cumber. land yeom decd apprentice to ffran : Batty for seven years
from the 30th of October 1723 apprentice fee thirty pounds ffeb : 2: 1724 John Younghusband Son of John Younghusband
late of Newcastle Goldsmith deca Apprentice to James Kirkupp for seaven years from the 18th day of Novi 1724 apprentice ffee twenty five pounds.
May 30: 1728 chose C. Bulman to serve the remr of his time with
APPENDIX. -EXTRACTS FROM MINUTE BOOK.
Augt 1st 1727 Edward Son of William ffrench apprentice to
Jonathan ffrench fur seven years from 18th April 1727 appren
tice ffee twelve pounds twelve shillings May 6 1728 Robt Aynsley Son of Wm Aynsley Apprentice to
George Bulman for eight years from 1st March 1727 Apprentice
Twenty pounds. 2d ffebry 1730 NB He Imbezill Several parcels of his Masters
Goods & was discharg'd from his Service for the same & By an
order made this Day is not to admitted to his ffreedom. May 6 1728 Luke Killingworth Potts son of Luke Potts appren
tice to Robt Makepeace for seven years from the twenty fifth
Day of March 1728 Apprentice ffee fforty pounds. 20 ffebry 1730 NB He Imbezell’d Severall parcells of his Masters
Goods & was discharg'd from his Masters service & not to
be admitted as before. Novembr 11 1728 Hesilrigg Metcalfe son of Richd Metcalfe of
Newcastle apprentice to James Kirkupp for seven years from
the ffirst day of augt 1728 apprentice ffee thirty pounds. Eodm die Thomas Stoddart Son of John Stoddart of Newcastle
apprentice to Isaac Cookson for seven years from the first of
September 1728 apprentice ffee thirty five pounds. 3 May 1732 George Lawes Son of Matthew Lawes of Willington
in the parish of Ryton yeom'app' to George Bullman for Eight
years from the 2d day of March 1730 Eodm die Edward Gill Son of John Gill of New Castle upon
Tyne Smith app' to Geo Bullman Goldsmith for 7 years from
the 19th May 1731 Eodm die John Langlands Son of Reignold Langlands Langlands
(sic) of New Castle upon Tyne app' to Mr Isaac Cookson for
10 years by Ind'res bearing date 21 October 1731
York Goldsmith app' to M' Isaac Cookson for 7 years from 27th
Tho Flecher Son of Tho Fletcher Brick-layer of the town & county of Newcastle upon Tyne Apprentice to M' Robt Makepeace of ye said town ffor years May ye 1 1731 Apprentice
ffee fforty pounds 13th ffebr' 1732 Jeremiah Peat Son of Thos peat of Hawksdale in
the County of Cumberland apprentice to M' James Kirkup of New Castle upon Tyne Goldsmith for 7 years from 12th october
1732 4th May 1733 Thomas Blackett son of Thomas Blackett of Sedge
field in the County of Durham yeom apprentice to Mr Robert Makepeace of New Castle upon Tyne, Goldsmith for seven years from 25th day of June 1732
William Wilkinson son of William Wilkinson apprentice to Robt Makepeace for seven years from the first day of Jany 1732 apprentice fee twenty pounds
Robert Peat Son of Thomas Peat of Hawxdale in the County of Cumberland Miller Apprentice to Mr James Kirkupp of the Town and County of New Castle upon Tyne Goldsmith for seven years from 25th Day of December in the year of our Lord 1733
Charles Story Son of Robt Story Cord-Winder of New Castle upon Tyne Apprentice to Mr George Bulman of the Town and County New Castle upon Tyne Gold Smith for tenn years from the 3 of Dec 1735
John Laws Son of Mathew Laws of Swalwel aprentiss to George Bulman Goldsmith for seven year from yo Twenty Third of Aprill 1737 fee Thirty Pounds.
November 12: 1740
Kirkup Goldsmith for seven years from the Twenty fixth day
of Aprill 1740 Augť 3 1742 Martin Hixon Son of John Hixon of Sedgefeild aprentils to
Isaac Cookson Goldsmith for Seven years from the Twentyth
to George Bulman from y 29 May 1742
in the North Rideing of the County of York Gentleman
apprentice to M' Isaac Cookson from the 1st of April 1743 May 3d 1745 Timothy Williamson Son of Dorothy Williams Aprentis to James
Kirkup Goldsmith for seven years from 1st March 1744/5 May 3: 1745 Robt Makepeace Son of Robt Makepeace Goldsmith Thos Make
peace son of Robt Makepeace were this day Enterd in the
In the Company's Book.
Goldsmith for seven years from 1 Augt 1747 was Enterd In
the Company Books. Wm George Chalmers Son of the Revd Mr Chalmers of Kirk
haugh aprentice to Isaac Cookson for seven years 1 July
1751 was Enterd In the Co. Books. Wm Curry Son of William Curry Smith aprentice to M Robi
Makepeace for seven years 12 March 1752 was this day
Enterd In the Co Books.
to Isaac Cookson for seven years 1st day of November 1752
was Enter'd In the Companys Books. Robert Mitchel son of Robert Mitchel of New Castle Apprentice
to Jno Langlands for seven years 2 day of Octo. 1757 was
Enterd In the Company.
Cumberland Blacksmith apprentice to M" John Langlands for
in the County of Durham Clerk apprentice to M John Lang.
in this Company.
Cumberland Mill Wright apprentice to Jno Langlands for
no way Intitled to his freedom
of Durham Skinner & Glover apprentice to Jno Kirkup for
XXVI.—NOTE ON A FRAGMENT OF A ROMAN LORICA,
OR CUIRASS OF BRONZE SCALE-ARMOUR, FROM THE WALL TURRET ON WALLTOWN CRAG.
BY THE REv. G. ROME HALL, F.S.A.
[Read on the 31st January, 1894.] Last summer, in the middle of July, when staying at Gilsland, I had the opportunity of again revisiting the important but now nearly obliterated Roman station of MAGNA (Caervoran), and the line of the Roman Wall along the picturesque Nine Nicks of Thirlwall.'
In the Handbook of the Roman Wall (3rd edition, page 185), it will be reinembered that our late friend and venerated vice-president, Dr. Bruce, speaks of the interesting discovery, in the autumn of 1883, of a wall turret laid bare on the westernmost height of these great basaltic crags, not far from Caervoran. No trace of it, however, is now to be found, as it was soon after entirely demolished by the whinstone quarrymen. Dr. Bruce denounces in terms not too strong, we shall probably all admit, an act of vandalism which might easily have been avoided. “As the quarry is an extensive one it was understood,' he writes, that the turret would be spared, and that other portions of the cliff would be submitted to the operations of the miner. Not so, however ; this priceless memorial of our country's early history has been utterly destroyed. The discovery of this turret led to the enquiry as to whether there might not be some others to the east of it. Mr. Clayton sent his chief explorator Tailford to examine the cliff. He found two others. Seeing, however, the fate of this one, it will be well to let them enjoy the protection of the soil which now covers them, until England becomes an educated nation.'
At the monthly meeting of our Society in October, 1892, we had the pleasure of listening to our colleague Mr. J. P. Gibson's graphic and interesting lecture on his then recent excavation, under the auspices of our Society, of one of the turrets in question, and of the murus and vallum in its neighbourhood, excellently illustrated as it
was by a series of photographs. As it is presumed that the two wall turrets, one on the Walltown crag and the other on Mucklebank, the latter being the one excavated, were those which Tailford had found a few years earlier, we may hopefully conclude that the archaeological education of this northern portion at least of our country had considerably advanced in the interval. In passing along the rugged heights, crowned by well-preserved portions of the Roman Wall, as we were glad to see it on that lovely summer morning, we came to the turret a little distance westwards from the Walltown farmhouse. It was here, not on Mucklebank where the Roman centurial stone was discovered in the turret set like an eagle's eyrie on the almost inaccessible crag above • King Arthur's Well,' that the rarely-found fragment of Roman scale-armour, which I now exhibit, was discovered. In the débris thrown out of the Wall turret by the quarrymen, in some impromptu diggings, on to the southern slope, it was only natural for a passing antiquary to search a little, especially as the winter frosts and rains had disintegrated the mass since the partial excavation had been effected in the previous summer. Of course, it was certain that hardly anything large or important could have escaped the vigilance of the self-appointed excavators ;' but by the help of the only implement at hand, a walking-stick, a few small fragments of Roman pottery, ‘smother-kiln' and other kinds (but no trace of Samian), soon appeared to view. Among these indications of ancient habitation and the use of amphorae, mortaria, and different fictile vessels, of which perhaps more and larger traces since taken away would be found in the year preceding, I noticed a tinge of green rust denoting the oxide of bronze. After a little care
ful manipulation three scales or plates of ☆ a Roman lorica or cuirass came to light.
As you will perceive, they are fastened together securely by fine but strong bronze wire; and the holes for attachment to the leathern or linen tunic or lining, two on each scale, the first still
perfect, those on the second and third "I have not heard what they found here, if they indeed found anything which they would consider valuable. A careful excavation would probably be well rewarded.