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worthy of me: and he that lov-| receiveth me; and he that reeth son or daughter inore than ceiveth me, receiveth him that me, is not worthy of me.
sent me. 38 And he that taketh not 41 He that receiveth a prophhis cross, and followeth after et in the name of a prophet, me, is not worthy of me. shall receive a prophet's re
39 He that findeth his life, ward; and he that receiveth a shall lose it: and he that loseth righteous man in the name of a his life for my sake, shall find it. righteous man, shall receive a
40 He that receiveth you, righteous man's reward. love to their Master was required - a in eternity; that is, shall save his soul. love which would be superior to any | Tte preserving of life by renouncing earthly attachment. He was to be the Messiah, would be followed by loved more than one's father, or moth the loss of the soul; the losing of life er, or son, or daughter. Worthy of in consequence of adherence to him, me; fit to be a follower of me. Com- would be followed by the salvation of pare Luke 14.26, 27. Matt. 19: 29. the soul.
38. Taketh his cross. The cross 40. After hearing of the distresses was an instrument of most ignomini- for which they must hold themselves ous and painful death. A person prepared, it would be consoling to condemned to the cross was also com- know, that by some, they and their pelled to carry the cross on which he teaching would be kindly received ; was to be crucified, through the and that those who gave them a welstreets, to the place of execution. come reception would be acknowlThe idea of the Saviour, then, is this : edged as receiving the Messiah, and He that is not prepared to endure receiving God, who sent him. the greatest ignominy and suffering 41. A prophet; a divinely-authorwhich may be connected with follow- lized religious teacher. || In the name ing me; he that is not prepared even of a prophet; as a prophet. | A to die in a most ignominious and prophet's reward ; a corresponding painful manner, rather than renounce reward ; a distinguished reward, anme,- is not in a fit condition to be my swering to the assistance he had disciple. Such was the spirit which thus furnished to the Lord's amJesus himself manifested in regard to bassador in fulfilling his office. In his great work. His example was to the name of a righteous man; as a be followed. A person not disposed righteous, pious man. || Righteous to follow this example could not be man's reward ; a corresponding rehis disciple,
ward, an ample recompense, suitable 39. Findeth his life; preserveth, for deeds which were helpful to pious saveth his life, by renouncing me. men, and which were performed on || Shall lose it ; shall lose it in the high- account of their pious character and est sense, that is, for eternity; shall engagements. A difference is intilose his soul. The word here translated mated between the reward for receivlife has also the meaning of soul ; and ing a religious teacher [a prophet], it is here used with reference to its and the reward for receiving a righttwofold signification. If a man saves eous man of private life. The reason, his life on earth by yielding to the doubtless, is, because a teacher was a temptations which may urge him to more important person, and receiving renounce the Messiah, he yet will a teacher in a hospitable manner, lose it in eternity ; that is, he will lose while the spirit of persecution was his soul. || Loseth his life; that is, cherished abroad, might expose a per?n earth. Shall find it; shall save it son to greater difficulty than receiving
42 And whosoever shall give teach and to preach in their cities to drink unto one of these little 2 Now when John had heard ones a cup of cold water only in the prison the works of in the name of a disciple, verily Christ, he sent two of his disI say unto you, he shall in no ciples, wise lose his reward.
3 And said unto him, Art
thou he that should come, or do CHAPTER XI.
we look for another ? AND it came to pass, when 4 Jesus answered and said
Jesus had made an end of | unto them, Go and show John commanding his twelve disci- again those things which ye do ples, he departed thence, hear and see : a pious man who was in private life; I 4. God is to be regarded rather just as, during a war, and in danger than men. v. 28. Compare Acts 4. ous circumstances, to receive and 19. 5:29. assist an officer of the army would 5. There will be a rich recompense entitle a person to a greater reward for serving Christ. v. 32. than to receive and assist a mere pri- 6. Christ ought to be loved and vate soldier.
obeyed rather than the nearest earth42. These little ones ; disciples, asly relatives. vs. 37, 38. appears from the following expression, 7. How kind a notice will be taken in the name of a disciple. Teachers of attentions paid to the Saviour's among the Jews were called Rabbi, followers ! vs. 40—42. or Rab; the radical meaning of which word is great. As the teacher was
CHAPTER XI. thus called great, his scholars, or disciples, standing in a contrasted rela-1 . Their cities; cities of the people tion to him, were called small, or of that region. The apostles, also, in little ones. Thus this phrase, little obedience to the instructions, went ones, came to be synonymous with forth. See Mark 6:12. Luke 9: 6. the word disciples, whether the teach- These same evangelists also mention er claimed or did not claim the title the return of the twelve from their Rabbi. Jesus was not unfrequently mission. Mark 6:30, 31. Luke 9: addressed with this title, though he 10. never claimed it. The principle on 2. John; the Baptist. || In the which such acts of kindness towards prison. In the 14th chapter, Matthew the Saviour's apostles and followers relates the circumstance of John's would be followed with an ample having been thrown into prison. The recompense, is clearly exhibited in prison is said to have been in the Matt. 25:40.
town of Machaerus, in the south part
of Perea, the region east of the Jore TOPICS FOR REFLECTION, suggested by this chapter.
3. He that should come; that is, 1. How great the guilt and the dan- the Messiah, so called, as having ger of neglecting the gospel ! v. 15. been so long predicted and so ardent
2. Over how great opposition has ly desired. John 11:27. || Another ; Christianity triumphed! vs. 16–25, another person as the Messiah. 34_36.
4. Ye'do hear and see. From Luke 3. While we are in the path of (7:21) we learn that at this very duty, we may cheerfully resign our time, Jesus was performing miracuselves and the vindication of our char- | lous deeds. To what they thus saw, acter to God. v. 26.
Tand to what they heard others relate
5 The blind receive their ( up, and the poor have the gossight, and the lame walk, the pel preached to them. lepers are cleansed, and the 6 And blessed is he, whosodeaf hear, the dead are raised ever shall not be offended in me. concerning him, Jesus referred them had indulged in mistake concerning for an answer to their inquiry. his being the Messiah, and thus be
5. The poor; those who are in exposed to the temptation of renounlowly and afflicted circumstances. cing him in a sinful manner. Blessed There is also connected with this is he (said the Saviour) who endures meaning of the word the idea of steadfastly in his attachment to me meekness and humility, as these traits as the Messiah, however different of character seem to comport more my appearance and my movements with such outward circumstances may be from what he had anticipated. than with wealth and distinction. Look at my works, as the evidence Allusion is here had to Isa. 61:1, of my being the Messiah. where the word meek is used, substantially the same in the original as OBSERVE: The character and works the word poor. || Have the gospel of Jesus are substantial proofs of his preached to them. "The word gospel being the Messiah, the Saviour of the signifies good tidings ; and the idea world. here is, that the lowly and distressed But why should John send such a have been kindly regarded, and are message to Jesus? By examining favored with the announcement of John 3: 25, 26, and Matt. 9 : 14, it promised blessings. Compare Is. 61: would seem that some of John's dis1. Not only was this in accordance ciples were still attached to him in a with prophecy respecting the Messiah, / way which implied not a perfectly but it also constituted a striking differ- right view of the relation which Jesus ence between Jesus and all the teach- sustained to him; that they were ers of his day. They thought mostly even somewhat jealous for the honor of the privileges and dignities per of their Master. John also, doubtless, taining to their office, while the im- knew that his public official work mortal beings for whose welfare they was done (see John 3: 30), and was ought to have been anxious, were desirous that his disciples should be neglected. They sought popularity prepared to coincide entirely with the and the favor of the rich. On the disciples of Jesus, and become a comcontrary, Jesus, as it was predict-ponent part of their company. As ed of the Messiah, was not seeking preparatory to such a result, and as his own glory, but was conferring confirming their minds in the belief real and needed blessings on others, of the Messiahship of Jesus, he may and was especially mindful of thé have taken this step. In this transpoor and humble who felt their need action, too, God may have had the of spiritual mercies.
| additional purpose of fortifying the 6. Offended. The word offend in mind of John himself, and of preventthe Bible has a different signification ing any disheartening surmises from from that which it bears in ordinary arising in his mind. He had been conversation. See on Matt. 5:29. for some time shut up in prison, cut It here means led, or induced, to com- off from intercourse with society ; his mit sin. In me; in respect to me. I mind was in danger of being warped, So different was Jesus from the ordi- | and of looking at things on the dark nary expectations of the people re- side; and it was not impossible, specting the Messiah, and so different though he had had such signal mania was much of his conduct from the ex- festations of Jesus' being the Mespectations of his real friends, that they siah, and had so often and so publicly might be in danger of suspecting they declared him to be the Messiah, that 7 And, as they departed, to see ? a prophet? yea, I say Jesus began to say unto the unto you, and more than a multitudes concerning John, prophet. What went ye out into the wil- 10 For this is he of whom derness to see? a reed shaken it is written, Behold, I send with the wind ?
my messenger before thy face, 8 But what went ye out for which shall prepare thy way to see ? a man clothed in soft before thee. raiment? Behold, they that 11 Verily I say unto you, wear soft clothing are in kings' Among them that are born of houses.
women there hath not risen a 9 But what went ye out for greater than John the Baptist : in some gloomy moment the distressing the imagery of these words, see ing apprehension should arise that on 3: 3. the Messiah was yet to come.
11. A greater than John the Baptist.
By comparing the parallel passage in 7. Jesus took occasion to speak Luke 7: 28, we shall see that Jesus highly in commendation of John, as was speaking of John as a prophet, an inspired religious teacher, and the or a divinely-commissioned religious forerunner of the Messiah. It was as teacher. It was as a prophet, that he such that he was distinguished; and was greater than all others; no prophhe was a man by no means to be un-et was greater than be. No one susdervalued. Into the wilderness. Com- tained so intimate a relation to the pare 3: 5. A reed shaken with the Messiah. The coming of the Meswind ? a light, inconstant man, wor- siah was a grand object of expectathy of little regard as to his character tion and hope ; many prophets and and his opinions.
kings desired to see his day, but they 8. Clothed in soft raiment ? deli- saw it not. To John, however, was cate, costly garments; a man of given the signal honor of being his wealth and luxury. Compare 3 : 4. forerunner, of baptizing him, and
9. A prophet ? This word is appli- of pointing him out to the people as cable not only to one who foretold him that has to come. He was thus future events, but to one also who in immediate connection with the came forward as a religious teach- Messiah as to time and as to office, er; one who was especially com- preparing the way before him. || He missioned as the Lord's servant for that is leust; as the word greuter, in instructing men. || More than a proph- this verse, refers to the word prophet, et; one greater "than an ordinary which is implied (sce Luke 7: 28), so prophet.
here the saine idea is intended — he . 10. The reason why John was to that is a very inferior prophet, or rebe accounted greater than any proph-ligious teacher. || In the kingdom of et that had preceded him is here given. heaven; the Messiah's dispensation He was the forerunner of the Messiah.) on earth, called the reign of God, or None of the prophets had enjoyed of heaven. See on 3: 2. || Greater such a distinction. Of whom it is than he; a greater religious teacher ; written; Mal. 3: 1. The words are because he enjoys immensely greater here quoted according to their sense, advantages than John, being taught not with perfect exactness as to the by the Messiah himself, either perlanguage. In Malachi, they foretell sonally or by his authorized servants. the Messiah's times more generally ; || the Saviour makes a more particular. OBSERVE: How great is the priviapplication to himself. For explain- lege, and consequently the responsi.
notwithstanding he that is least | kingdom of heaven suffereth in the kingdom of heaven is violence, and the violent take greater than he.
it by force. 12 And from the days of 13 For all the prophets and John the Baptist until now, the the law prophesied until John.
bility, of enjoying the gospel ! so full people became immediately favorably is it of information and of salutary impressed towards Jesus as well as inflụences. Compare 10: 15. 11:21 towards John, though they had not -24. Heb. 4:1, 2.
right notions respecting the spiritual In the above passage, reference is nature of his mission. See Luke 7: not made to the moral worth of John, as compared with others either preceding him or subsequent to him. REMARK. This expression, the vioIt is in his official capacity, and in lent take it by force, has been somerespect to his knowledge of the new times abused, as encouraging violent dispensation, that he is compared bodily excitement in seeking for parwith those who preceded, and those don and salvation. To such a kind who were to follow him. For the of violence the Saviour made no al. corresponding passage, see Luke 7: (lusion; but to the deep interest which 18–28.
pervaded the minds of the communi
ty, when the announcement of the 12. Kingdom of heaven. See pre- Messiah's approach was made, and ceding verse. ll Suffereth violence; when John gave instruction so apnot an injurious, hostile violence, but propriate to the condition and necesa violent, that is, earnest, rushing to sities of the people. Violent bodily seek its privileges. Reference is excitement, though it may, in some made to the excitement which existed instances, be connected with genuine in the mass of the community, lead- religious feeling, is more often, there ing them out in multitudes to John and is reason to fear, connected with such to Jesus. See Matt. 3: 5. 4:23–25. religious feeling as wholly vanishes, 8:1. 9:36. || The violent; those and is therefore proved to be unsound who are eager to seize upon the bless-(see Matt. 13: 23), or such feeling as ings of the new dispensation. || Take does not lie very deep in the soul, it by force; seize upon it with"avidi- and as may issue in that fluctuating ty, rush forward eagerly to claim its sort of religious character which is privileges. Compare Luke 16:16. inconsistent with stability and useful. The people in general had indeed ness. Religion must dwell in the very incorrect notions respecting the soul. The suppressed sob and the character of the Messiah's reign; still, concealed tear are far more certain as he had been the object of their indications of suitable religious feel. hopes so long, they listened with ea- ling than any unnatural exercises of gerness to the announcement of his the body, or any loud expressions approach, and were ready to be im- either of grief or of joy. Without pelled in any direction that would | any such exercises, the soul may be give them the hope of enjoying the shaken to its very centre by a sense blessings of the Messiah's reign. The of its guilt and danger. Such a sense rulers and the Pharisees became al- of guilt and danger will indeed make most immediately hostile to Jesus, a person earnest in striving (Luke and at last persuaded the multitude 13: 24) for salvation; but it will be to act with them. But however jeal- an earnestness of soul. ous the great men of the nation were, and however ready to oppose, even 13. The prophets and the law. The from the beginning, yet the common Jews divided the books of the Old