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5 And the angel answered, I 9 And as they went to tell and said unto the women, Fear his disciples, behold, Jesus met not ye: for I know that ye them, saying, All hail! And seek Jesus, which was crucified. they came, and held him by the

6 He is not here : for he is feet, and worshipped him. riser, as he said. Come, see 10 Then said Jesus unto the place where the Lord lay: them, Be not afraid : go, tell

7 And go quickly, and tell my brethren that they go into his disciples that he is risen | Galilee, and there shall they see from the dead, and behold, heme. goeth before you into Galilee : 11 Now, when they were there shall ye see him : lo, I going, behold, some of the have told you.

watch came into the city, and 8 And they departed quick- showed unto the chief priests ly from the sepulchre, with fear | all the things that were done. and great joy; and did run to 12 And when they were asbring his disciples word. sembled with the elders, and had

5. And the angel answered. Mark form the disciples of what they had (16 : 5) says that the women, entering seen and heard. into the sepulchre, saw a young man 9. And as they went ; that is, the there, who spoke to them. The another women, Mary Magdalene not gel appeared in the form of a young | being with them; for Mark says (16: man. This was subsequent to his re- 9), Jesus appeared first to Mary Mag. moving the stone and sitting on it. dalene. It is probable, from the stateLuke states (24: 4), that there were ment of John, in his twentieth chaptwo men. Only one of them, how-ter, that Mary Magdalene, having left ever, probably spoke to the women, | the ground before the other women, and hence only one is mentioned by met with Peter and John, who, after Matthew and Mark. It may here be hearing from her, came off without remarked, that tombs, or sepulchres, delay to the tomb, and found it empamong the people of the East, were ty, and then returned from the tomb. far more spacious than tombs are Mary Magdalene arrived later than among us. Those which were owned they, and then Jesus appeared to her. by the rich and powerful, were large Shortly after this, Jesus appeared to subterranean excavations, consisting the other women, who were going, by frequently of two, three, and even direction of the angel, to inform the seven apartments, containing suitable disciples. || All hail; the usual form places for the depositing of dead bodies. of salutation on meeting with friends. The entrance into them was by a de || Worshipped him; bowed down, made scent over a number of steps.

obeisance to him. 6. As he said. See 17: 22, 23. 10. Be not afraid. Terror would Compare Luke 24 :7. Matt. 26 : 32. naturally mingle with their joy on so

7. Into Galilee. Compare 26 : 32. extraordinary an occasion. il Tell my

8. And they departed quickly. It brethren. How affectionate and conis probable, from the account given descending was his language! Comby John (20 : 1, 2), that Mary Magda- pare John 20:17. This message was lene had hastened away from the place a repetition of what the angel had comas soon as it was discovered that the municated, and of the direction which body of Jesus was not there, and be- Jesus himself had before given. See fore the other women went away. | 26 : 32. The other women then departed, to in- ! 12. Large money; a large sum of

taken counsel, they gave large mountain where Jesus had ap-' money unto the soldiers, I pointed them.

13 Saying, Say ye, His disci-| 17 And when they saw him, ples came by night, and stole they worshipped him : but some him away, while we slept.. doubted.

14 And if this come to the 18 And Jesus came, and governor's ears, we will persuade spake unto them, saying, All him, and secure you.

i power is given unto me in heaven 15 So they took the money, and in earth. and did as they were taught: and 19 Go ye, therefore, and this saying is commonly reported teach all nations, baptizing them among the Jews until this day. in the name of the Father, and

16 Then the eleven disciples of the Son, and of the Holy went away into Galilee, into a Ghost;

money. || While we slept. A more away into Galilee. Previously, howunsuitable story could scarcely have ever, to this, Jesus had appeared to his been devised. For how could the disciples. Mark (16: 12) and Luke soldiers know what had happened (24: 13—35) relate his appearing to while they were asleep? How im- iwo of them; Mark (16:14), Luke (24: probable that four (27: 65) Roman 33—49), John (20 : 19-23), relate his soldiers should fall asleep while on appearing to the disciples in the abguard, in face of the severe punish- sence of Thomas; and John (20 : 24ment which the Roman military law 29) relates the instance of his appearthreatened! Such carelessness, they ing to them when Thomas was pres. knew, must have occasioned their ent. || Into a mountain, where Jesus death. How improbable that the dis- | hud appointed them; had directed them. ciples, who had manifested such fear John (21:1–24) mentions a preceding when their Master was apprehended, meeting of Jesus with the apostles in and who had for the most part deserted Galilee, at the sea of Tiberias. || They him, should venture on such an at- worshipped him ; bowed down in revtempt! But the chief priests must erence. || Some doubted. There might make up some story; and they calcu- have been some present, besides the lated largely on the credulity of the apostles, who might not before have people.

seen Jesus since his resurrection; or 14. We will persuade him. As they | while the principal part of the apostles had carried their point with Pilate in distinctly perceived that it was Jesus, respect to the crucifixion of Jesus, and accordingly made obeisance, the they had no doubt they could easily others might not have been wholly satisfy him in regard to the soldiers. convinced that it was Jesus, till he They knew the power of a bribe. actually came up to them. Besides, Pilate would, in a few days, 18. All power is given unto me, &c. as soon as the passover celebration Compare John 17: 2. Acts 2: 36. was concluded. remove to Cesarea. | Eph. 1: 20-22. and would care but little about the 19. Teach all nations ; not confining stories that might be circulating among your labors to your countrymen, the the Jews in Jerusalem.

Jews. The word here rendered teach 15. Until this day; the time at is different from the word rendered which Matthew wrote this account, teaching in the following verse, and which was at least eight or ten years properly signifies make disciples. The after the event.

apostles were directed to go forth into 16. Then the eleden disciples went all the world (see Mark 16: 15),

20 Teaching them to obserye with you always, even unto the all things whatsoever I have end of the world. Amen. commanded you : and lo, I am

wherever they could, and make known mission in a slightly different form, the facts and doctrines respecting | but retaining the same meaning. Jesus and the new dispensation, and Probably at various times, and in varibring men to be disciples of Christ. ous ways, Jesus enjoined on the apos|| Baptizing them. By being baptized, tles the duty of making known every those who should embrace the doc- where the glad tidings; for he spent trines of the disciples were to be sep- forty days on earth after his resurrecarated from other men, in respect to tion, and was during that time in. religious matters, and to form a dis- structing his apostles. See Acts 1: 3. tinct religious community. || In the name of the Father, &c.; that is, unto The account which Matthew has the Father, &c., as manifesting in this given of events after the resurrection appropriate way their faith and obe- of Jesus, is very brief; the other evandience in respect to the Father, the | gelists have furnished additional inSon, and the Holy Spirit. For ex- formation; and it is from their complaining the phrase in the name of, bined accounts that a full view of the compare 1 Cor. 1: 13 with 10: 2. events must be drawn. But it is, perThe idea is, not that baptism was to haps, not possible to arrive at complete be administered by the authority of the certainty in regard to the order of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, different events related by the four but that by baptism there was to be evangelists; nor is it necessary. professed a subjection to the Father, Paul's statement, also, in 1 Cor. 15 : to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. 5–7, should be connected with the Those who should receive the doc- accounts given by the evangelists. trines of the apostles were to be bap- | By examining these several accounts, tized, and by baptism to testify their it will appear that there was most recognition of the Father, the Son, and abundant and satisfactory proof that the Holy Spirit, as the fountain of Jesus had actually risen from the authority and the source of blessings. dead.

20. Whatsoever I have commanded you ; that is, during his previous in 1 In Mark 16: 19, 20; Luke 24: 50 structions both before and after his -53; and Acts 1: 9-12, may be crucifixion. || Unto the end of the found an account of his ascension to world; while the world shall stand. glory. Compare 13: 39, 40. The language shows, that Jesus meant this injunc "All hail the power of Jesus' name! tion for all who should succeed the

Let angels prostrate fall;

Bring forth the royal diadem, apostles in making known the gospel.

And crown him Lord of all. So long as the gospel is unknown in any part of the world, it is the duty of “O that, with yonder sacred throng, the ministers and followers of Jesus to

We at his feet may fall!

We'll join the everlasting song, labor for its extension. Mark (16 : 15,

And crown him Lord of all. 16) gives the language of this com

PREFACE

TO THE

GOSPEL OF MARK.

THE evangelist Mark is generally believed to be the same person as John who was surnamed Mark, of whom frequent mention is made in the New Testament. His mother resided in Jerusalem, and in her house the early followers of Christ were in the habit of assembling. It was to her house that the apostle Peter repaired, when the angel had delivered him from prison. See Acts 12: 12, &c.

John, surnamed Mark, was the companion and assistant of Paul and Barnabas, in their evangelical labors. See Acts 12: 25. 13:5. In one of their tours (see Acts 13: 13), John (the same person) left Paul and Barnabas, and returned to Jerusalem. In consequence of this, when Paul and Barnabas were proposing another tour, and Barnabas was desirous to take Mark with them, Paul made objections. Paul and Barnabas then separated, and Barnabas took with him Mark, and went to Cyprus. See Acts 15: 36–39. Barnabas doubtless felt a special interest in Mark, as being Mark's uncle (see Col. 4:10), and willingly went to Cyprus, instead of accompanying Paul, inasmuch as Barnabas was a native of Cyprus (see Acts 4:36). We read no more of Mark in the book of the Acts, as the remainder of that book is occupied in relating the labors of Paul.

In the Epistle to the Colossians (4:10), in the Second Epistle to Timothy (4: 11), and in that to Philemon (v. 24), Paul makes very kind and respectful mention of Mark. Doubtless the apostle became satisfied with the truly upright and Christian character of Mark, and cheerfully admitted him to a corresponding place in his esteem and affections. •

240

PREFACE TO THE GOSPEL OF MARK.

In 1 Pet. 5:13, Mark is again mentioned ; and in a manner which shows the high regard and warm affection of the apostle Peter for him, as a person whom he had taken under his special charge. The affectionate language there used is in accordance with the statement which has been handed down from the earliest Christian writers, that Mark was associated with Peter, as an assistant in his labors. It is his intimate connection with Peter, that has been considered, from the earliest times, as stamping his Gospel with authority. Mark himself was not an apostle; but having been associated with an apostle, and having enjoyed his confidence, he may be said to have reflected the authority of an apostle. From the earliest Christian antiquity, his book has been received as a sacred document, and those portions of the Christian community, for whose special benefit it was prepared, knew that it proceeded from an authoritative source.

Mark wrote for persons who were not Jews, and who lived out of Palestine. For he carefully explains Jewish terms and Jewish practices, which explanations would not be needed by Jewish readers, or by persons living in Palestine. As an instance, see 7:2-4. It is according to ancient testimony, that he wrote at Rome. The very name of this writer agrees well with the circumstance of bis having become very conversant with people who were not Jews. John was his Jewish name; Mark was his Roman name, hy which he chose to be known among the Greeks and Romans, and it became at length his most usual name.

Mark's Gospel was published a short time, probably, after Matthew's.

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