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unto him, If thou be the Son and there went out a faine of of God, cast thyself down from him through all the region round hence :

about. 10 For it is written, He shall 15 And he taught in their give his angels charge over thee, synagogues, being glorified of to keep thee;

all. 11 And in their hands they 16 And he came to Nazashall bear thee up, lest at any reth, where he had been brought time thou dash thy foot against up: and, as his custom was, he a stone.

went into the synagogue on the 12 And Jesus, answering, Sabbath-day, and stood up for said unto him, It is said, Thou to read. shalt not tempt the Lord thy 17 And there was delivered God.

unto him the book of the prophet 13 And when the devil had Esaias. And when he had ended all the temptation, he de- opened the book, he found the parted from him for a season. place where it was written,

14 And Jesus returned in the 18 The Spirit of the Lord is power of the Spirit into Galilee : upon me, because he hath an

14. In the power of the Spirit ; priests, kings, and prophets, were strengthened for his public work by designated to their office. See Ex the Holy Spirit, and guided by a di. 28:41. 40: 15. 1 Kings 19: 16. 1 vine impulse.

Sam. 10:1. Hence the term anoint 15. Being glorified ; honored, might be used metaphorically to expraised.

press the circumstance of having been 16. Nazareth. See on Matt. 2: 23. dicinely appointed, either to an office || Synagogue. See on Matt. 4: 23. , in general, or to a particular duty || stood up for to read. In the syna- connected with that office. | To gogues there was a presiding officer, preach the gospel. The correspondby whose request, or permission, any | ing language in Isaiah is, “ preach person, thought to be qualified, might [proclaim] good tidings.” Our Lord read the Scriptures in public, and intended to convey the thought that speak on the portion which had been the time, so long expected, had now read. The reading of the Scriptures arrived, the time for announcing that was performed in a standing posture. I the Messiah had come. | The poor ;

17. Opened the book. Books, in the those who are in lowly and afflicted time of Christ, were of a different circumstances, and whose characters shape from ours. They were long bear a resemblance to their outward pieces of parchment or paper, some state, in their being meek and submis. what like our large maps, with a stick sive to the divine will. || Bruised; at each end, around which they could crushed, oppressed. The clause to be rolled up. Hence a word corre- set at liberty them that are bruiseil, apsponding to our word roll was some-pears to have been taken from Is. 58: times used to express a book. These 6- to let the oppressed go free. To the rolls were written on the inside. The principal quotation there was thus opening of them was the unrolling of added a clause of similar import frona them; and shutting, or closing them, another passage of the same writer. was the rolling of them up.

|| The acceptable year of the Lord ; the 18, 19. See Is. 61 : 1, 2. Anointed time when the Lord will be peculiarly me. By the ceremony of anointing, favorable. The year of jubilee ap

ointed me to preach the gospel synagogue were fastened or to the poor ; he hath sent me him. to heal the broken-hearted, to 21 And he began to say unto preach deliverance to the cap- them, This day is this scripture tives, and recovering of sight to fulfilled in your ears. the blind, to set at liberty them! 22 And all bare him witness, that are bruised,

and wondered at the gracious 19 To preach the acceptable words which proceeded out of year of the Lord.

his mouth. And they said, Is 20 And he closed the book, not this Joseph's son ? and he gave it again to the min. 23 And he said unto them, ister, and sat down. And the Ye will surely say unto me eyes of all them that were in the this proverb, Physician, heal

pears to have been selected as an im- 22. Bare him witness ; bore witness age of happy times. Every fiftieth to the'appropriateness and excellence year was appointed among the He- of his address ; spoke well of him. brews as a year in which liberty || Gracious words ; the agreeable, exshould be proclaimed throughout the cellent instructions which he had land: possessions which had been given. Is not this Joseph's son ? sold should be restored; and debts The reply which Jesus made to this should be cancelled. See Lev. 25 : | inquiry shows that the question pro8—17. In this language of the ceeded from an unbelieving, cavilling prophet, we have a prediction of most temper. Though the people were happy times that were to come; and, struck with the divine wisdom and to render deeply impressive the eloquence of Jesus, and though some thought of happy times, various might have been well disposed, yet classes of afflicted persons were se- in general they could not believe that lected, to whom those times would one whom they had known from his bring relief. They would be times childhood, and whose family had ocof joy to the afflicted, to the sorrow-cupied no distinguished place, could ful, to the captive, to the blind, to the be the Messiah. Compare Matt. 13: oppressed; to say all in one word, | 54–57. Mark 6:1-4. those times would be one continued 23. Physician, heal thyself. A year of jubilee. This annunciation common saying among the Jews; the of a blissful period to come, Jesus ap- purport of which was, Pursue the plied to the Messiah's times, which same course, in regard to your own had then commenced ; times in which claims, that you would recommend divine knowledge was to be spread to another person making similar abroad, God would show himself mer- claims; give us such evidence as ciful to men, and spiritual deliverance you would require another to give; would be enjoyed.

perform among us such miracles as 20. He closed the book; he rolled it we hear that you have wrought in up. See on v. 17. || The minister. Capernaum, if you wish us to beThis word does not" here mean a lieve that you are the Messiah. Their preacher, or a ruler of the synagogue, demand that he should display before but a person who was employed as a them his miraculous power, proceed. servant in the synagogue. || Sut down. | ed not from a candid desire to see the This was the usual posture of a proper evidence, in order that they teacher among the Jews when ad- might heartily yield to it, but rather dressing the persons around him. from a spirit of curiosity, and from a Compare 2: 46, and Matt. 5: 1. feeling that they had a special claim

thyself: whatsoever we have 25 But I tell you of a truth, heard done in Capernaum, do Many widows were in Israel in also here in thy country. the days of Elias, when the

24 And he said, Verily, I say heaven was shut up three years unto you, No prophet is accept- and six months, when great famed in his own country.

| ine was throughout all the land: on their own townsman for such a the case of the people of Nazareth. display. In reality, they were predis. However they might think that, from posed to slight him, and to reject his the peculiar connection of Jesus with claim of being the Messiah. l Ca- their town, they had a special claim, pernaum. See on Matt. 4: 13. || Thy Jesus judged differently, and chose country; more strictly, thine" own to go abroad, beyond their limits, in town.

the exercise of his miraculous powers. 24. Prophet ; religious teacher. Nor would they have any more right || Is accepted ; finds favor. The re- to complain of him, than the Jews, mark of Jesus was a common saying, in the instances which Jesus was founded on the fact that those with about to adduce, had to complain of whom we have been familiar from God. God acted according to his early life are not viewed by us, in own view of propriety, without contheir official capacity, with so much sulting the unreasonable desires and reverence as a stranger would be who prejudices of their nation. He reshould sustain the same office. This served to himself the right of bestowremark Jesus introduced, as furnish- ing his favors, especially extraordinary ing one reason for not complying favors, on whomsoever it should please with their demand. He knew that him to bestow them, without explainno good effect would result from ing the reasons of his conduct. So gratifying the spirit which they had Jesus would act according to his own manifested.

judgment of what was suitable and 25. But I tell you, &c. He pro- right, without consulting the unrea. ceeded still further to yindicate him. sonable prejudices of his townsmen, self for not complying with their or the spirit of curiosity which they demand, by observing that his declin- were cherishing. Nor did this result ing to show them special attention from unkindness, or from want of was in harmony with some instances accommodation, on the part of the of God's dealings, in ancient times, Saviour; it resulted from his intuiwith their nation. The Jews of old, tive knowledge of what the character regarding the Lord's prophets as pe. of the people and his own claims reculiarly theirs, and themselves as quired. It was proper that he should peculiarly his people, might have confer his favors on whomsoever it thought that, especially in seasons of pleased him to confer them, without distress, it would be they who would being guided by the selfish, personal be particularly favored, rather than views of any. The Saviour's lanpersons not belonging to the chosen guage conveyed also an implication, people: and that those who lived be that the inhabitants of Nazareth were yond the boundaries of the sacred badly disposed towards him, and that territory would not be preferred to the exertion of his miraculous power themselves in the distribution of di- among them would be of little avail. vine bounties. Yet, on two memora- | || Elius; Elijah. The incident here ble occasions, related in their sacred referred to is related in 1 Kings, 17th books, it was Gentiles, not Jews, who chapter. || Was shut up. A figurative were distinguished by the favor of way of expressing that rain was withGod; it was Gentiles, not Jews, to held. Compare Gen. 8:2. || Three whom miraculous power was mani- years and six months. See also James fested, and for whom the actions of a 5:17. In 1 Kings 18:1, no mention prophet were performed. Just so in l is made of six months. Jesus here 26 But unto none of them was gogue, when they heard these Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a things, were filled with wrath, city of Sidon, unto a woman that 29 And rose up, and thrust was a widow.

him out of the city, and led 27 And many lepers were in him unto the brow of the hill Israel in the time of Eliseus the whereon their city was built, prophet; and none of them was that they might cast him down cleansed, saving Naaman the headlong. Syrian.

1 30 But he, passing through 28 And all they in the syna- the midst of them, went his way, stated the length of time as it was to think that they had a special claim commonly spoken of among the peo- on Jesus, would be passed by, and ple. And the manner in which six people of other places would witness months came to be mentioned in ad- and enjoy the exercise of his miracu dition to the three years, is probably | lous powers. to be sought in the fact that in Pales- | 28. Were filled with rorath ; because tine there was generally a suspension they thought themselves slighted, and of rain for about six months, from were not disposed to acquiesce in the April to October. When the rain, decisions of infinite wisdom. called the early rain, was expected in October, on the occasion referred to REMARK. We must not make our by our Lord, it was withholden, and expectations, or curiosity, or wisdom, the drought continued three years the rule by which to judge of God's from that time. During the pre- dispensations. It becomes us in huceding six months, also, there had not mility to surrender ourselves to God, been rain. Thus the whole time and to acquiesce in all his methods during which rain had not fallen, was of administration. Our short-sighted. three years and six months.

ness cannot comprehend the bound26. Unto none of them; that is, to less plan of God. none of the widows in Israel. The word them is here emphatic, as dis- 29. That they might cast him down tinguishing the Israelitish widows headlong. About two miles from the from a widow who was not an Israel. present town of Nazareth is shown a ite. || Sade ; but. That is, But he rocky height, the descent from which, was sent. || Sarepta. The Greek in a perpendicular direction, is fifty method of spelling the Hebrew name feet, and down which it would be Zarephath. See I Kings 17: 9. Za- easy to cast a person who might unrephath may be seen on the map, in awares have been brought to the sumthe vicinity of Sidon. || Sidon. See mit. A person thus precipitated on Matt. 11: 21.

| would inevitably perish. It is prob27. Lepers. See on Matt. 8: 2. able that the ancient town of Naza|| Eliseus. The Greek method of reth extended further towards this spelling the Hebrew name Elisha. rocky eminence than the modern For the account here referred to see town; and an excited rabble might 2 Kings, 5th chapter. ll None of them. easily urge on a person to a consider. That is, none of those lepers in Israel. able distance in a short time, and, by || Suving; but. That is, But Naaman crowding against him, inight push a Syrian (not an Israelite) was cleans- him from the summit. The word ed. As, then, in the cases referred hill, in this verse, is probably not to to, Isrvelites were passed by in the be understood of a single elevation, bestowal of God's special favors, and but of a hilly region, or a hilly tunge. Gentiles received those favors, so the 30. Passing through the midst of inhabitants of Nazareth, who seemed I them, &c. Whether a miraculous in

31 Arid came down to Ca-l 35 And Jesus rebuked him, pernaum, a city of Galilee, and saying, Hold thy peace, and taught them on the Sabbath-days. come out of him. And when

32 And they were astonished the devil had thrown him in the at his doctrine: for his word | midst, he came out of him, and was with power.

| hurt him not. 33 And in the synagogue 36 And they were all amazed, there was a man which had a and spake among themselves, spirit of an unclean devil; and saying, What a word is this! he cried out with a loud voice, for with authority and power he

34 Saying, Let us alone ; commandeth the unclean spirwhat have we to do with thee, its, and they come out. thou Jesus of Nazareth! art 37 And the fame of him went thou come to destroy us? I out into every place of the counknow thee who thou art, the Ho-try round about. ly One of God.

38 And he arosé out of the fluence was exerted on the crowd, or succeeded by popular hatred and pernot, we are not informed. It is very secution! Compare v. 22 with vs. possible that some of the persons | 28, 29. around Jesus might have favored his 2. How readily does an unsubmisescape ; while the consciousness sive disposition towards God betray of guilt on the part of others, and itself! and to what excesses of lanthe mild dignity of the Saviour's guage and conduct may it lead! vs. countenance, as, in silence and self. | 28, 29. possessed majesty, he cast his eyes on 3. God designs, by his benefits, to the crowd, might have awed them, promote our true welfare, not to gratand diverted them from their mad ify mere curiosity and unreasonable purpose. Certain, however, it is, wishes. v. 23. that He who could shut the lions' 4. We ought to be pleased with mouths in behalf of Daniel, and every exhibition of true piety in any prevent the flames from kindling on person, and candidly and devoutly rehis servants in the furnace, could ef-ceive religious truth, by whomsoever fectually repress the rage of this tu- it is imparted. Let us love the truth, multuous assemblage, and lead the rather than the circumstances in Saviour unharmed through the midst which the truth is presented to us. of them.

v. 24. 31. To Capernaum. It would seem, 5. Let us admire the goodness of from Matt. 4: 13, that Jesus, after God, which is not restricted within this time, made Capernaum the prin- the narrow limits of human prejudice. cipal place of his residence. The Let us also, with true benevolence, spirit which his townsmen had mani rejoice in all the blesings which are fested was probably the cause of his bestowed on others. vs. 25—27. selecting another town as his more 33–37. Compare Mark 1: 23usual residence.

28. What a word is this! The term 32. Doctrine ; teaching. See Matt. translated word sometimes means 7: 28. | His word was with power ; thing, or matter. Thus, with referhis instructions were powerful and ence to the event which had just taimpressive. See Matt. 7: 29. ken place, the people said, What a

thing this is! Compare Mark 1: 27. Hints FOR REFLECTION. 1. Popu- 38–44. Compare Matt. 8: 14–17. lar applause - how soon may it be Mark 1: 29–39. Thou art Christ;


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