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12 He said therefore, A cer-1 15 And it came to pass, that tain nobleman went into a far when he was returned, having country to receive for himself a received the kingdom, then he kingdom, and to return. commanded these servants to be

13 And he called his ten called unto him, to whom he servants, and delivered them ten had given the money, that he pounds, and said unto them, might know how much every Occupy till I come,

man had gained by trading. 14 But his citizens hated 16 Then came the first, sayhim, and sent a message after ing, Lord, thy pound hath gained him, saying, We will not have ten pounds. this man to reign over us.

17 And he said unto him, hereafter, not now,- in another state, authority, was in accordance with a not in this, – the dignity to be enjoyed custom among the Jews. After they by the Messiah's friends would be became subject to the Roman power, bestowed, and the judgments which the principal ruler among them held he would inflict would be endured. authority by permission of the RoBesides, even the people who might man emperor. Accordingly, after the have been expected to submit to his death of Herod the Great, Archelaus government on earth (namely, the his son, whom he had by will apJews), he intimated, were cherishing pointed his heir, went to Rome in or. a spirit of hostility to him, which der to be confirmed in the governwould require that even they should ment of his country. be visited with his just indignation. 13. Servants ; not domestic serFor communicating this instruction, vants, but persons in his employ and he spoke the parable which follows. devoted to his interests, whom he inThe parable appears to exhibit these tended to elevate to power. || Pounds; two thoughts : (1) That, at some in- a silver coin in the Saviour's time, definitely future time, the rewards equivalent, according to different acand the punishments appropriate to counts, to between fourteen and the Messiah's reign would be distrib- | twenty dollars. |Occupy; engage uted; and (2) that even the Jews, on in business. account of their hostility to the Mes- 14. His citizens ; the people of his siah, would fall under his displeasure. country, over whom he was seeking This displeasure was indeed to be, in the royal power. Sent a message part, manifested at the destruction of after him; sent ambassadors to the Jerusalem by the Roman army. See seat of supreme power, whither he Matt. 24: 15, 29, 30. And to this de- himself was going. These ambassastruction, as being a signal one in a dors were to request, that his wishes series of judgments, the Saviour might not be gratified. | We will not probably had some allusion, while his have, &c.; we wish not to have, &c. principal object was to speak of a The circumstance here represented final retribution, both to his friends was similar to what had actually taken and to his foes.

place among the Jews. When Arche12. A certain nobleman; a man of laus went to Rome, as above mena noble farnily, one who had a just tioned, the Jews sent to the Roman claim to the dignity which he was emperor fifty messengers to defeat seeking. || A kingdom; authority his design. They did not, howevover a kingdom, royal power. The er, succeed. See on Matthew 2: circumstance here stated, that this 22. man went away to another country 17. Authority over ten cities. A in order to be invested with royal J reward corresponding to his faithful

Well, thou good servant: be-I laid not down, and reaping that cause thou hast been faithful in I did not sow: a very little, have thou authority 23 Wherefore then gavest not over ten cities.

thou my money into the bank, 18 And the second came, that at my coming I might have saying, Lord, thy pound hath required mine own with usury? gained five pounds.

1 24 And he said unto them 19 And he said likewise to that stood by, Take from him him, Be thou also over five the pound, and give it to him cities.

that hath ten pounds. 20 And another came, saying, 25 (And they said unto him, Lord, behold here is thy pound, Lord, he hath ten pounds.) which I have kept laid up in a 26 For I say unto you, that napkin :

Junto every one which hath, shall 21 For I feared thee, because be given; and from him that thou art an austere man: thou hath not, even that he hath shall takest up that thou layedst not be taken away from him. down, and reapest that thou 27 But those mine enemies, didst not sow.

which would not that I should 22 And he saith unto him, reign over them, bring hither, Out of thine own mouth will I and slay them before me. judge thee, thou wicked servant. 28 And when he had thus Thou knewest that I was an spoken, he went before, ascendaustere man, taking up that I ing up to Jerusalem. ness in his master's service. Com- immediate (v. 11) display of the Mes. pare 16: 10.

siah's regal authority as they had 19. Over five cities. A correspond- been anticipating - an immediate, ing reward. The king, having be- speedy distribution of the rewards come established in the royal power, I and punishments appropriate to his is represented as rewarding his faith- station. On the contrary, the Messi. ful friends, by making them distin- ah was intending to go away (v. 12) guished officers in his kingdom, and from earth to heaven, and at some inconferring on them such a degree of definitely future period to return in power and dignity as corresponded the exercise of his proper power. with their proofs of capacity and dil. Meanwhile, his friends must labor in igence.

his service' (v. 13), and endeavor to © 20—26. Compare Matt. 25: 24 advance his interests, expecting to be 29. Thou takest up that thou layedst called to an account. His enemies, not down; thou takest what belongs too, would show their hostility (v. 14), to another—an accusation of injus- and attempt to subvert his power; but tice and oppression.

in vain. In due time he would re27. But those mine enemies, &c. turn (v. 15), elevate to distinguished Compare v. 14. In connection with honors his faithful servants, reduce to a proper retribution to his friends, he shame the unfaithful, and consign to doomed his avowed enemies to signal merited woe his avowed enemies. punishment.

This coming of the Messiah to adThus, in applying the parable to the minister rewards and punishments, is topic of conversation (v. 11), the dis- the same as is spoken of in Matt. 25 ciples ought not to expect such an (31–46.

29 And it came to pass, when 36 And as he went, they he was come nigh to Bethphage spread their clothes in the way. and Bethany, at the mount called 37 And when he was come the mount of Olives, he sent two nigh, even now at the descent of his disciples,

of the mount of Olives, the 30 Saying, Goye into the whole multitude of the disciples village over against you ; in the began to rejoice and praise God which at your entering ye shall with a loud voice, for all the find a colt tied, whereon yet ney- mighty works that they had er man sat: loose him, and bring seen; him hither.

38 Saying, Blessed be the 31 And if any man ask you, King that cometh in the name Why do ye loose him? thus of the Lord: Peace in heaven, shall ye say unto him, Because and glory in the highest. the Lord hath need of him. I 39 And some of the Phari

32 And they that were sent sees from among the multitude went their way, and found even said unto him, Master, rebuke as he had said unto them. thy disciples.

33 And as they were loosing 40 And he answered and said the colt, the owners thereof said unto them, I tell you, that if unto them, Why loose ye the these should hold their peace, colt?

the stones would immediately 34 And they said, The Lord cry out. hath need of him.

41 And when he was come 35 And they brought him to near, he beheld the city, and Jesus : and they cast their gar- wept over it, ments upon the colt, and they 42 Saying, If thou hadst set Jesus thereon.

known, even thou, at least in 29–40. Compare Matt. 21:1–16. 41. Wept over it ; in anticipation

37. At the descent of the mount; as of the doom which awaited the he was beginning to descend. The city city. of Jerusalem was then in full view. How affecting the picture! Je

38. Peace in heaven. Peace, in the sus is surrounded with an admiring Bible, often means prosperity, happi- | crowd, who rend the air with their ness.' The idea, in this exclamation, shouts of joy. Yet he stops in view was, May prosperity, or success, be of the capital city, and weeps ! A appointed in heaven for the Messiah, king, accompanied by admiring and that is, by Him who reigns in heaven. enthusiastic friends, yet in tears! || Glory in the highest ; praise to Him But he weeps not for himself; though who dwells on high; or, praise be to he well knows, that in a few days God among the heavenly hosts. these shouts of joy are to give place

40. The stones would immediately to the rancorous demands of enemies, cry out. A strong method of ap- that he be nailed to a cross like an proving the joy which the disciples | impostor and a rebel! were manifesting, and of showing 42. If thou hadst known; if thou how perfectly reasonable it was that hadst considered. || This thy day; this the Messiah should be attended with time, so propitious for thee, hadst demonstrations of welcome.

| thou rightly regarded it. Hi Peace, this thy day, the things which |ple were very attentive to hear belong unto thy peace! but him. now they are hid from thine


43 For the days shall come A ND it came to pass, that on upon thee, that thine enemies A one of those days, as he shall cast a trench about thee, taught the people in the temple, and compass thee round, •and and preached the gospel, the keep thee in on every side, chief priests and the scribes

44 And shall lay thee even came upon him, with the elwith the ground, and thy chil- ders, dren within thee: and they shall 2 And spake unto him, saynot leave in thee one stone upon ing, Tell us, By what authority another : because thou knewest doest thou these things ? or not the time of thy visitation. who is he that gave thee this

45 And he went into the authority ? temple, and began to cast out 3 And he answered and said them that sold therein, and them unto them, I will also ask you that bought,

| one thing; and answer me : 46 Saying unto them, It is 4 The baptism of John, was written, My house is the house it from heaven, or of men ? of prayer, but ye have made it a 5 And they reasoned with den of thieves.

themselves, saying, If we shall 47 And he taught daily insay, From heaven; he will say, the temple. But the chief priests, Why then believed ye him not? and the scribes, and the chief | 6 But and if we say, Of men; of the people sought to destroy all the people will stone us : for

| they be persuaded that John 48 And could not find what was a prophet. they might do : for all the peo- 7 And they answered, That happiness, welfare. The Saviour, cifully regarded, by having the Mes. overcome with emotion, here made an siah in the midst of thee. unfinished sentence; meaning, proba- 45, 46. See Matt. 21: 12, 13. bly, If thou hadst duly considered the 47, 48. Compare Mark 11: 18. distinguished privileges which have Could not find what they might do ; been within thy reach, what bliss could not contrive any method of acwouldst thou have secured! H Hid complishing their purpose. from thine eyes ; removed from thee. An end is come to thy privileges and

CHAPTER XX. to all thy hopes of bliss.

1. Preached the gospel ; announced 43, 44. Thine enemies shall cast a the tidings of the Messiah's reign, as trench about thee, &c. The destruc- well as imparted more general retion by the Roman army is here par- ligious instruction. || Elders ; mer ticularly foretold. Compare Matt. of distinction among the Jews, from 24 : 2, 15, 21. || Thy children; the whom, as well as from the priests and inhabitants of the city. || Knewest scribes, the members of the Sanhenot. See v. 42. || The time of thy | drim were chosen. visitation; the time of thy being mer! 248. Compare Matt. 21: 23~27.

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they could not tell whence it | 17 And he beheld them, and was.

said, What is this then that is 8 And Jesus said unto them, written, The stone which the Neither tell I you by what au | builders rejected, the same is thority I do these things.

become the head of the corner ? 9 Then began he to speak to 18 Whosoever shall fall upon the people this parable: A cer- that stone, shall be broken : but tain man planted a vineyard, and on whomsoever it shall fall, it let it forth to husbandmen, and will grind him to powder. went into a far country for a 19 And the chief priests and long time.

the scribes the same hour sought 10 And at the season he sent to lay hands on him; and they a servant to the husbandmen, feared the people : for they perthat they should give him of the ceived that he had spoken this fruit of the vineyard : but the parable against them. husbandmen beat him, and sent 20 And they watched him, him away empty.

and sent forth spies, which 11 And again he sent another should feign themselves just servant: and they beat him also, men, that they might take hold and entreated him shamefully, of his words, that so they might and sent him away empty. deliver him unto the power and

12 And again he sent a third : authority of the governor, and they wounded him also, and 21 And they asked him, saycast him out.

ing, Master, we know that thou 13 Then said the lord of the sayest and teachest rightly, neivineyard, What shall I do? I ther acceptest thou the person will send my beloved son: it of any, but teachest the way of may be they will reverence him God truly: when they see him.

22 Is it lawful for us to give 14 But when the husband-tribute unto Cesar, or no? men saw him, they reasoned 23 But he perceived their among themselves, saying, This craftiness, and said unto them, is the heir : come, let us kill him, Why tempt ye me? that the inheritance may be ours. 24 Show me a penny. Whose

15 So they cast him out of image and superscription hath the vineyard, and killed him. it? They answered and said, What therefore shall the lord of Cesar's. the vineyard do unto them? 25 And he said unto them,

16 He shall come and destroy Render therefore unto Cesar the these husbandmen, and shall things which be Cesar's, and give the vineyard to others. unto God the things which be And when they heard it, they God's. said, God forbid,

26 And they could not take 9—19. See Matt, 21: 33–46. 20–40. See Matt. 22: 15–34. 11. Entreated; that is treated 1

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