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was teaching in the temple; | unto them in the absence of the and at night he went out, and multitude. abode in the mount that is called 7 Then came the day of unthe mount of Olives.
leavened bread, when the pass38 And all the people came over must be killed. early in the morning to him in 8 And he sent Peter and the temple, for to hear him. John, saying, Go and prepare
us the passover, that we may eat. CHAPTER XXII.
9 And they said unto him, N OW the feast of unleavened Where wilt thou that we prepare?
I bread drew nigh, which is 10 And he said unto them, called the Passover.
Behold, when ye are entered 2 And the chief priests and into the city, there shall a man scribes sought how they might meet you, bearing a pitcher of kill him: for they feared the water; follow him into the house people.
where he entereth in. 3 Then entered Satan into 11 And ye shall say unto the Judas surnamed Iscariot, being good man of the house, The of the number of the twelve. Master saith unto thee, Where
4 And he went his way, and is the guest-chamber, where I communed with the chief priests shall eat the passover with my and captains, how he might be- disciples ? tray him unto them.
12 And he shall show you a | 5 And they were glad, and large upper room furnished : covenanted to give him mon- there make ready. ey.
113 And they went and found 6 And he promised, and as he had said unto them : and sought opportunity to betray him they made ready the passover which Jesus spent several days and way of expressing the thought, that nights during the short time which Satan excited Judas, or suggested to remained before his crucifixion. || In his mind the evil plan which Ju. the mount, &c. He was in the habit, das now went to prosecute. Evil during this time, of retiring at night thoughts and purposes, and lemptato Bethany, which was at the foot of tions, are ascribed to the influence of the mount of Olives. See Matthew Satan. See Acts 5: 3. 21: 17.
4. Captains. There was a guard 38. Came early in the morning ; composed of Levites, who kept watch not merely on one occasion; but such by night at the temple. The officers was the practice of the people during of this guard were the men here called these few remaining days.
7–14. Compare Matt. 26: 17CHAPTER XXII. . 1, 2. Compare Matt. 26: 1-5. 11. The good man of the house ; the Feast of unleavened bread. Another master of the family. See on Matt. name for the passover. See Matt. 20:11. This person's servant, prob26: 2.
ably, it was whom the disciples should 3-6. Compare Matt. 26: 6–16. meet. || Guest-chamber. See on Mark Then entered Satan into Judas. A | 14: 15."
14 And when the hour was (vine, until the kingdom of God come, he sat down, and the shall come. twelve apostles with him.
19 And he took bread, and 15 And he said unto them, I gave thanks, and brake it, and With desire I have desired to gave unto them, saying, This is eat this passover with you before my body which is given for I suffer.
| you: this do in remembrance 16 For I say unto you, I will of me. not any more eat thereof, until 20 Likewise also the cup afit be fulfilled in the kingdom of ter supper, saying, This cup is God.
the new testament in my blood, 17 And he took the cup, and which is shed for you. gave thanks, and said, Take 21 But behold, the hand of this, and divide it among your-bim that betrayeth me is with selves.
me on the table. 18 For I say unto you, I will 22 And truly the Son of man not drink of the fruit of the goeth as it was determined: but
15. With desire I hare desired. An 19, 20. Compare Matt. 26: 26— intensive form of expression, signify- 28. ing I huve very earnestly desired. Ås 21–23. See Matt. 26 : 21-25. A this was to be the last celebration of comparison of the passage referred the passover which Jesus should at- to will show, that what Luke relates tend, and as it was to be so imme- in these verses was actually said diately connected with his sufferings, somewhat earlier than Luke places his thonghts naturally dwelt much it; namely, before the instituting of on it; he wished that the time might the partaking of bread and wine in arrive, and his sufferings be past. commemoration of our Lord's death. See on 12:49, 50.
It is customary with Luke not to ob16. Until it be fulfilled in the king serve the exact order of events, but dom of God; until there be a more rather to unite together in his narracomplete passover in heaven. That tion events which were somewhat is, till I come to the complete, the similar in kind, though they did not ocperfect, joys of heaven. The passover- cur in immediate connection. Thus, supper was a joyful celebration. Re- having been speaking of eating the garding it in this light, the Saviour paschal supper, he passes immediateremarked, that he should no more on ly to speak of the partaking of bread earth enjoy a passover; but in heaven and wine in commemoration of the he should enjoy far more perfect Saviour; and then goes back and rebliss.
lates a preceding conversation. The 17. The cup. Reference is here 23d verse of Luke mentions what, had to the closing part of the pass- manifestly, according to the other over-supper, at which wine was evangelists, occurred before the time drunk.
in which Lake seems to place it. By 18. I will not drink, &c. I shall keeping in mind this manner of no more drink wine, till the bliss of Luke, his statement is at once reconheaven comes. That is, This is the ciled with that of John in 13 : 30, who last time I shall drink wine at a pass says that Judas retired from the Saover with you, before I enter on the viour's company immediately after glories of heaven. Compare Matt. having received his piece of food at 26 : 29.
| the passover-supper, and therefore be.
woe unto that man by whom he but he that is greatest among is betrayed !
| you, let him be as the younger; 23 And they began to in- and he that is chief, as he that quire among themselves, which doth serve. of them it was that should do 27 For whether is greater, this thing.
he that sitteth at meat, or he 24 And there was also a strife that serveth? is not he that sitamong them, which of them teth at meat ? but I am among should be accounted the great- you as he that serveth. est.
I 28 Ye are they which have 25 And he said unto them, continued with me in my tempThe kings of the Gentiles exer- tations ; cise lordship over them; and 29 And I appoint unto you a they that exercise authority up- kingdomn, as my Father hath apon them are called benefactors. pointed unto me;
26 But ye shall not be so: 30 That ye may eat and drink fore our Lord instituted the partaking sumed by kings and others who posof bread and wine in commemora- sessed 'high authority, or who had tion of his own death.
conferred signal benefits on the state. 24. A strife - accounted the great. It was of the same stamp as the title est. The views of the disciples re- father of his country, denoting that specting the temporal glory of the the person who bore it had performed Messiah led to this unseasonable con- very signal services for his country. versation respecting honors and of- The Saviour forbade his apostles to fices. See on Matt. 18:1. It is aspire after external honors, and inquestioned by some writers, whether culcated on them sincere humility. the occurrence here related by Luke | 26. The younger. The word thus is a different one from that mentioned rendered is sometimes employed with in Matt. 20:20–28. There is, in respect to station, rather than to age, deed, much similarity in the Saviour's and signifies one in an inferior condiremarks presented by Matthew in tion, as distinguished from one who the chapter referred to, and those pre may be called great. || He that is sented by Luke in this place. Still chief; he that has authority. || He a repetition of those remarks would that doth serde; he that is a servant. not be unsuitable. It would seem, 28-30. Compare Matt. 19 : 27 by comparing John 13:1–17, that 29. Temptations ; sorrows, calami. there actually did arise occasion for ties. the Saviour to check an aspiring tem- 29. I appoint unto you a kingdom, per on the part of the disciples; and &c. A more exact translation would both what John relates and the re- be - And, as my Father hath appointmarks presented by Luke might have ed unto me a kingdom [royal state), I referred to one and the same man- appoint unto you, that ye shall eat and ifestation of worldly ambition. After drink, &c. the Saviour's resurrection, too, the 30. Eat and drink at my table in disciples were not free from the er- my kingdom, &c.; ye shall be admitroneous notion of a temporal royalty ted to most intimate intercourse with to be exercised by the Messiah. See me, as my royal officers, exercising Acts 1 : 6.
kingly authority under me, the King 25, 26. Compare Matt. 20 : 25–27. Messiah. The language is expresBenefactors. The word is here used sive of exalted honor and bliss, to as a title of honor, which was as- which the apostles should hereafter
at my table in my kingdom, and 34 And he said, I tell thee, sit on thrones, judging the twelve Peter, the cock shall not crow tribes of Israel.
Ithis day, before that thou shalt 31 And the Lord said, Si- thrice deny that thou knowest me. mon, Simon, behold, Satan hath 35 And he said unto them, desired to have you, that he may When I sent you without purse, sift you as wheat:
and scrip, and shoes, lacked ye 32 But I have prayed for any thing? And they said, Noththee, that thy faith fail not : ing. and when thou art converted, 36 Then said he unto them, strengthen thy brethren. But now, he that hath a purse,
33 And he said unto him, let him take it, and likewise his Lord, I am ready to go with scrip: and he that hath no thee, both into prison, and to sword, let him sell his garment, death.
and buy one. be elevated. The Saviour is present. wished deeply to impress it on the ed as established in royal power, and apostles, that severe calamities and surrounded by his apostles, among trials awaited them in his service, and whom he distributes the administra- that it became them to be making tion of his government. Compare calculations to meet much hardship Matt. 19: 28.
and ill-treatment. They ought to 31. Satan hath desired to have you. prepare themselves to meet with dis Satan, as being the author of tempta- | tresses, just as a man going a journey tions (see on v. 3), was represented among those who would show him no as desiring to try the constancy of the special favors, ought to provide himapostles, just as he is represented as self with a purse, and with proviswishing to try the integrity of Job. ions, and just as a man, expecting to See Job, chapters 1 and 2.'|| That he go among deadly foes, would procure may sift you as wheat. After thresh- himself a weapon of defence. To ing, the grain and the chaff were ex- sum up all in a few words, and words posed to a gentle wind, so that the somewhat similar to those which our kernels and pieces of earth, with Lord employed, they ought to be armed grain cleaving to them, would fall on at all points, for dangers were now the ground. The grain was after about to thicken around them. || When wards separated from the dust by the I sent you, &c. See Matt. 109, 10. use of a sieve. This operation was a On the mission which they performed happy emblem of the calamities and at the time referred to, they found trials by which men are agitated and friends wherever they went, so that proved. The idea, then, of the lan- | they had no special occasion then to guage is, Severe trials await you. I prepare for calamities. The disciples could scarcely have 36. But now, &c. Now a different met with a greater shock to their state of things exists. You are going faith in Jesus, as the Messiah, than to encounter enemies ; difficulties his arrest and crucifixion. In the re- will attend every step of your progmarks of the Saviour here presented, ress, and you must be prepared ache included all his apostles.
cordingly. Make all necessary prep32. Converted; returned to integri- aration, and resemble, in this respect, ty. Peter's constancy would for a a man well furnished with money, time sadly waver.
and provisions, and weapons of de33, 34. Compare Matt. 26 : 34, 35. fence. || Scrip. See on Matt. 10: 10. 37 For I say unto you, that from them about a stone's cast, this that is written must yet be and kneeled down, and prayed, accomplished in me, And he was 42 Saying, Father, if thou reckoned among the transgress- be willing, remove this cup from ors: for the things concerning me: nevertheless, not my will, me have an end.
35. And he said unto them. Jesus | || Let him sell his garment and buy still dwelt on the thought, and one; by all means, become thorough
| but thine, be done. 38 And they said, Lord, be- 43 And there appeared an hold, here are two swords. angel unto him from heaven, And he said unto them, It is strengthening him. enough.
| 44 And being in an agony, 39 And he came out, and he prayed more earnestly: and went, as he was wont, to the his sweat was as it were great mount of Olives; and his disci-drops of blood falling down to ples also followed him.
the ground. 40 And when he was at the 45 And when he rose up from place, he said unto them, Pray prayer, and was come to his disthat ye enter not into tempta | ciples, he found them sleeping tion.
for sorrow, 41 And he was withdrawn 46 And said unto them, Why
ly prepared, prepared to encounter 38. Here are two swords. The disenemies : not, literally, buy a sword; ciples did not understand Jesús. As but, as a man armed with a sword is he had just been speaking of dangers, prepared to encounter enemies, so be they thought he was now speaking of you prepared to encounter enemies, real swords. Possibly they were in You will find much unfriendliness to so agitated a state of mind as scarcely my cause ; you will meet with many | to consider what he meant, and they foes ; let your minds be prepared for hastily replied that they had among this new state of things.
them two swords. But, after all the The Saviour here looked forward, | instructions they had received from probably, to the whole future course him, and their knowing how uniformof his apostles, and contrasted it with ly mild and peaceable was his characthe first mission on which he sent ter, and how abundant was his use of them, and on which they met with figurative language, they ought, it no serious hinderances. The troubles would seemn, to have instantly perwhich would mark their future course ceived that he did not advise them to were now about to begin, and to be. purchase a sword, literally speaking. gin terribly: they ought to be arming || It is enough. This was an expresthemselves for the conflict. The sion used arnong the Hebrews, when language in which he expressed him- a person wished to show disapprobaself is figurative, containing allusions tion. It is as if Jesus had said, No to the circumstances of their first mis- more on this subject ; cease. The same sion, and to the manner in which men phrase, in reality, occurs in Deutewere accustomed to prepare for going ronomy 3:26, where its meaning is among strangers and foes, expecting obvious. to encounter
39–46. Compare Matt. 26 : 30, 37. This that is written, &c. See 36–46. Is. 53: 12. || Have an end ; have 43. There appeared an angel, &c. their fulfilment. The things fore. See on Matt. 26: 44. told concerning me are now taking | 44. As it were, great drops of blood, place.
&c. See on Matt. 26: 45.