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Affembly at Edinburgh, July 2d. 1648. Seff. 10.
Act approving the Larger CATECHISM. THE General Afjembly, having exactly examined and s.
riously confidered 't be Larger Carechism, agreed upon by the Assembly of Divines fitting at Wefiminster, with the olm tance of Commisioners from this Kirk, copies thereof being printed, and sent to presbyteries
, for the more exact trial thereof, and public intimation being frequently made in this af. sembly
, that every one that had any doubts or objections upon it might pat them in; do find, upon due examination thereof, that the said Catechism is agreeable to the word of God, and in nothing contrary to the received doctrine, worfi ip, discipline. and government of this kirk; a necessary part of the intended uniformity in religion, and a rich treasure for increafing knowledge among the people of God: and therefore the asembly, as they bless the Lord that so excellent a Catechism is prepared ; Jothey approve the same, as a part of uniformity; agreeing, for their part, that it be a common Catechism for the three kingdoms, and a Directory for Catechising such as have made kome proficiency in the knowledge of the grounds of Religion.
L AR GER CA
C À T E CHIS M.
Agreed upon by the AssEMBLY of DIVINES'at Westminster: Examined and approved, Anno 1648, by the GeneRAL ASSEMBLY of the Church of SCOTLAND, &c.
Question 1. HAT is the chief and highest end of man?
Answer. Man's chief and highest end is to glorify God a, and fully to enjoy him for ever b.
Q. 2. How doth it anpear that there is a God?
A. The very light of pature in man, and the works of God declare plainly that there is a God c; but his word and Spirit
only J. Rom. xi. 36. For of him, and may be one in ws ; that the world may through him, and to him are all believe that thou haft sent me.5. 22. things : to whom be glory for ever. And the glory which thou gavel Amen. 1 Cor. x. 31. Whether there. me, I have given them : that they fore ye eat or drink, or whatsoever may be one, even as we are one. ye do, do all to the glory of God. 23. Iin them, and thou in me, that b Pfal.lxxiii
. 24. Thou shalt guide they may be made perfect in one, me with thy counsel, and afterwards and that the world may know that receive me to glory. V. 25, Whom thou baft sent me, and hat loved have I in heaveu but thee? and there them, as thou halt loved me. is done on earth that I defire berides 2. c Rom i. 19. Because that thee. F. 26. My flesh and my heart which may be known of God, is mafaileth : but God is the firength ofmy nifelt in them; for god hath shewheart, and my portion for ever. v. 27. ed ir unto them, V. 20. For the inFor lu they that are far from thee, visible things of him from the creafhall perish': thou shalt destroy all tion of the world are clearly seen. ihem that go a whoring from thee. being understood by the things that 8. 28. But it is good for me to draw are made, even his eternal power near to God: I have put my trust in and Godhead; so that they are with: the Lord God, that I may declare out excuse. Psal. xix. 1. The heaall thy works. John xvii. 21. Thac vens declare the glory of God; and they all nay be one, as thou, Father, the firmament sheweth his handy. srt in me, and I in thee; that they also work. V. 2. Day unto day uttereth
only do sufficiently and effectually reveal him unto men for their falvation d.
Q: 3. What is the word of God?
A. The holy scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the word of God e, the only rule of faith and obedience f.
Q. 4. How doth it appear that the Scriptures are the word of God? A. The scriptures manifest themselves to be the word of God,
- speech, and night unto night shew. 19. We have also a more sure word eth knowledge. v. 3. There is no of prophecy ; whereunto ye do well speech nor language, where their that ye take heed, as unto a light voice is not heard. Acts xvii. 28. that shineth in a dark place, until For in him we live, and move, and the day dawn, and the day.lar ahave our being
rise in your hearts : v, 20. Know: di Cor, ii. 9. But as it is written, ing this first, that no prophecy of Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, the scripture is of any private interneither have entered into the heart pretation. v, 21. For the prophecy of man, the things which God hath came not in old time by the will of prepared for them that love him. v. man: but holy men of God spake as 10. But God hath revealed them they were moved by the Holy Chost. to us by his Spirit : for the Spirit f Eph. ii. 20. and are built upon searcheth all things, yea, the deep the foundation of the apostles and things of God. 1 Tim. iii. 15. And prophets, Jesus Christ himself being that from a child thou hast known the chief corner stone. Rev. xxii. 18. the holy scriptures, which are able For I testify unto every man, that to thee wise unto salvation, heareth the words of the prophecy througli faith which 'is in Chrift je. of this book, if any man thall add fus. v, 16. All scripture is given by unto these things, God shall add inspiration of God, and is profitable unto him the plagues that are writfor doctrine, for reproof," for cor- ten in this book: v. 19. And if any rection, for instruction is righteous- man shall take away from the words ness: v. 17. That the man of God of the book of this prophecy, God may be perfect, throughly furnihed fhall take away his part out of the unto all good works. Ifa. lix. 21. book of life, and out of the holy ciAs for me, this is my covenant with ty, and from the things which are them, saith the Lord, My Spirit that written in this book. Isa. viii. 20, is upoa thee, and my words which To the law and to the testimony: I have put in thy mouth, shall not If they speak not according to this depart out of ihy mouth, por out word, it is becaufe there is no light of the mouth of thy feed, nor our in them. Luke xvi. 29. They have of the mouth of thy seces seed, saith Moses and the prophets ; let him the Lord, from henceforth and for hear them : v. 31. If they hear pot ever.
Mofes and the prophets, neither will 3. & 2 Tim. lii. 16. All fcripture is they be perfuaded, though one rose given by ipspiration of God. 2 Pet. i, from the dead. Gal. i 8. But tha"
by their majesty g, and purity h; by the consent of all parts i, and the scope of the whole, which is to give glory to God k; by their light and power to convince and convert sinners, to comfort and build up believers unto salvation /: but the Spirit of God bearing witness by and with the scriptures in the heart of
we, or an angel from heaven, preach help of God, I continue unto this any other gospel unto you, than day, witnessing both to small and that which we have preached untu great, saying none other things than you, let him be accursed. v. 9. As those which the prophets and Moses we said before, fo say I now again, did say should come. if any presch any other gospel unto k Rom. iii19. Now we know that you, than that ye have received, what things foever the law faith, it let him be accursed. 2. Tim, iii. 15, faith to them who are under the law; 16. (See letter d.)
that every mouth may be stopped, 4.8 Hosea viii, 12. I have write and all the world may become guilten to him the great things of my ty before God. v. 27. Where is law, but they were couated as a boasting then? It is excluded. By strange thing. I Cor. ii. 6. Howbe- what law? of works ? Nay: but by it, we speak wisdom among them the law of faith. that ure perfect : yet not the wisdom I Acts xviii. 28. For he mightily of this world, nor of the princes of convinced the Jews, and that pubthis world, that come to nonght, v. licly, shewing by the scriptures, 7. Bue we speak the wisdom of God that Jesus was Christ. Heb.ix. 12. io a mystery, even the hidden wis. For the word of God is quick, and dom which god ordained before the powerful, and sharpertban any twoworld uato our glory. v. 13. Which edged sword, piercing even to the things also we speak, not in the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, words wbich man's wisdom teach- and of the joints and marrow, and eth, but which the holy Ghost teach. is a discerner of the thoughts and eth; comparing fpiritual things with intents of the heart. James i. 18. spiritual. Psal. cxix. 18. Open thou of his own will begat he us with the mine eyes, that I may behold won word of truth, that we should be a drous things out of thy law. v. 129. kind of first fruits of his creatures, Thy testimonies' are wonderful: Psal. xix. 7. The law of the Lord is therefore doth my soul keep them. perfect, converting the soul ; the
b Psal. xii. 6. The words of the testimony of the Lord is sure, mak: Lord are pure words: as silver tried ing wife the simple. v. 8. The stain a furnace of earth, purified seven tutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing times. Psal. cxix. 140. Thy word is the heart; the commandmeot of very pure : therefore thy fervant the Lord is pure, enlightening the loveth it.
eyes. v. 9. The fear of the Lord is i Acts X. 43. To him give all the clean, enduring for ever ; the judg. prophets witness, that throngh his moois of the Lord are true and righname whosoever believeth in bim, teous altogether. Rom xv. 4. For shall receive remision of sins. Afts whatsoever things were written á. %xvi. a 2. Having therefore obtained fore time, were written for our
man, is alone able fully to persuade it that they are the very word of God m.
Q 5. What do the feriptures principally teach?
A. The scriptures principally teach, what man is to believe concerning God, and what duty God requires of man n.
What man ought to believe concerning God.
Q. 6. What do the scriptures make known of God?
A. The scriptures make known what God is o, the persons in the Godhead p, his decrees q, and the execution of his decreesr, Q. 7. What is God?
learning; that we through patience hare life through his name. and comfort of the scriptures might
7.1 2 Tim. i. 13. Hold fart the have hope. A&s xx. 32. And now, form of found words, which thou brethres, I compiend you to God, bast heard of me, in faith and love and to the word of his grace, which which is in Christ Jesus. is able to build you up, and to give 6, Heb. xi. 6. But without faith you an inheritance among all them it is imposible to please him : for he who are fanctified.
that cometh to God, nust believe on John xvi. 13, Howbeit, when that he is, and that he is a rewardhe the Spirit of truth is come, he of them that diligently seek him. will guide you into all truth: for p i John v.7. For there are three he shall not speak of himself; but that bear record in heaven, the Fa. whatsoever he thall hear, that shall ther, ibe Word, and the holy he Speak; and lie will sew you Gholt: and these three are one. things to come. V, 14.
He shall glo
q Acts xv. 14, Simon hath de. rify me : for he shall receive of mine, clared how God at the first did vitit and shall shew it unto you. John the Gentiles, to take out of them a ii. 20. But ye have an unction from people for his name.
V, 15, And to the holy One, and ye know all ibis agree the words of the prophets, things. v. 27. But the anointing, as it is written. v. 18. Known unta. which ye have received of him, a God are all his works from the be. bideth in you : and ye need not that gioning of the world. any man teach you: But, as the r Ads iv, 27. For of a truth afame anointing teacheth you of all gainst thy holy child Jesus, whom things, and is truth, and is no lie: thou hart anointed, both llerod and and even as it hath taught you, ye Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, shall abide in him. John XX. 31. But and the people of Israel were gathese are written, that ye might be thered together. v. 28. For to do lieve that jelas is the Chrif the Son whatsosver thy hand and thy counof God, and that believing ge might sel determined before to be done.