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Agreed upon by the Asembly of Divines at Westminfler : Examined and approved, Anno 1647, by the GENERAL AsSEMBLY of the Church of SCOTLAND; And ratified by Act of PARLIAMENT 1749.

CHAP. I. Of the Holy Scripture.


LTHOUGH the light of nature, and the works of cre

ation and providence, do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men inexcusable a; yet are they not sufficient to give that knowledge of God, and of his will, which is necessary unto falvation b: Therefore it


I. a Rom, ii. 14. For when the night unto night sheweth knowledge. Gentiles which have not the law, do v. 3. There is no speech nor lanby nature the things contained in the guage, where their voice is not heard. law, these having not the law, are a Rom. i, 32. Who knowing the judglaw unto themselves: v. 15. Which ment of God, (that they which comfhew the works of the law written in: mit such things are worthy of death) their hearts, their conscience also not only do the same, but have pleabearing witness, and their thoughts sure in them that do them, Witba the mean while accusing or else excus. Rom. ii. I. Therefore thou art inexing one another. Rom. i. 19. Because curable, o man, whosoever thou art that which may be known of God, is that judgest; for wherein thou judgmanifested in them; for God hath elt another thou condemneft thyself ; shewn it uoto them. v. 20. For the for thou that judgest dost the same invisible things of him from the cre- . things. ation of the world, are clearly feen, bi Cor. i, 21. For after that, in being noderstood by the things that thewisdom of God, the world by wifare made, even his eternal power and dom knew not God, it pleased God Godhead; fo that they are without by the foolishness of preaching to save excufe. Psal. xix, 1. The heavens them that believe. I Cor. ii. 13. declare the glory of God; and the fire Which things also wespeak, not in the mament hewerh bis bandy-work, v. - words which man's wisdom teacheth, 2. Day unto day uttereth speech, and but which the holy Ghost teacheth, B 3


pleased the Lord, at sundry times, and in divers manners, to reveal himself, and to declare that his will unto the church c; and afterward, for the better preserving and propagating of the truth, and for the more sure establishment and comfort of the church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan and of the world, to commit the fame wholly unto writing d: which maketh the holy scripture to be most necessary e; those former ways of God's revealing his will un: to his people, being now ceased f. IL Under the name of Holy Scripture, or the word of God


comparing spiritual things with fpiri. ceedeth out of the mouth of God. v, tual. v. 14. But the natural man re- 7. Jesus said unto him, It is written ceiveth not the things of the Spirit of again, thou shalt not tempt the Lord God; for they are foolishness unto thy God. ¥. 10. Then saith Jesus him: neither can he know them, be- to him, Get thee bence Satan: for it cause they are spiritually discerned. is written, Thou shalt worship the

c Heb. i. 1. God who at lundry Lord thy God, and him only shalt times, and in divers manners, spake in thou serve. Ila. viii, 19. And when time palt unto the fathers by the pro. they thall say unto you, Seek unta phets.

them that have familiar spirits, and d Prov. xxii. 19. That thy trust unto wizards that peep, and thaç may be in the Lord, I have made mutter; should not a people seek un known to thee this day, even to thee. to their God? for the living to the V. 20. Have not I written to thee ex- dead! v. 20. To the law and to the cellent things in counfels and know- testimony : if they (peak not accorledge; v.21. That I might make thee ding to this word, it is because there know the certainty of the words of is no light in them. truth; that thou mightest answer the eo Timiii. 15. And that from a words of truth to them that send unto child thou halt known the holy scrip. thee? Lukę i. 3. It seemed good to tures, which areable tomake theewise me also, having had perfect under- unto salvation, through faith which standing of all things from the very is in Christ Jefus, 2 Pet. i. 19. We first, to write unto thee in order,most have also a more fure word of pro, excellent Theophilus. v, 4. That phecy, whereupto ye do well that ye thou mightest know the certainty of take heed, asunto a light that shineth those things, wherein thou haft been in a dark place, until

the day dawn, instructed. Rom. xv. 4. For what. and the day-Itar arise in your hearts. soever things were yritten aforetime, Heb. i. 1. God, who at sundry were writjen for aạr learning; that times, and in divers manners, spake we thro' patience and comfort of the in time past unto the fathers by the scriptures might have hope. Marth. prophets, v. 2. Hath in these lalt įv. 4. But he answered and said, It is days spoken unto us by his fon whom Written, Man hall not live by bread he bath appointed heir of all things, alone, but by every word that pro: by whom alío he made the world.

Luko written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testament, which are these:

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All which are given by inspiration of God, to be the rule of faith and life g.

III. The g Luke xvi. 29. Abraham saith un- from the dead? Eph :i: 20. And are to him, they have Moses and the pro- built upon the foundation of the apophets, let them hear them. v. 31. Atles and prophets, Jesus Chrift himAnd he said unto him, if they hear self being thechief corner stone. Rev. not Mofes and the prophets, neither xxü:18: For 1 testify unto every man will they be perfuaded, thoone rose



III. The books commonly called Apocrypha, not being of divine inspiration, are no part of the canon of the scripture; and therefore are of no authority in the church of God, nor to be any otherwise approved, or made use of, than other human writings h.

IV. The authority of the holy fcripture, for which it ought to be believed and obeyed, dependeth not upon the testimony of any man, or church; but wholly upon God (who is truth itself) the Author thereof; and therefore it is to be received, because it is the word of God i.

· V. We may be moved and induced by the testimony of the church, to an high and reverend esteem of the holy scripture k, and the heavenliness of the matter, the efficacy of the doc



that heareth the words of the prophe. IV. i 2 Pet. i. 9. We have also a

of this book, if any man thall add more sure word of prophecy, whereunto these things, God shall add un- unto ye do well that ye take heed, as to him the plagues that are written in unto a light that shinech in a dark this book. v. 19. And if any man shall place, until the day dawn, and the take awayfrom the wordsof thebook day-ftar arife in your hearts. v. 21. ofthis prophecy, God Mall take away Fortheprophecy came not in oldtime his part out of the book of life, and by the will of man, but holy men of out of the holy city, and from the Godspake as they were moved by the things which are written in this book. HolyGhost

, 2 Tim.iii. 16. All scrip2 Tim, iii. 16. All fcripture is given by ture is given by inspiration of God, inspiration of God, and is profitable and is profitable for doctrine, for refor doctrine, for reproof, for correcti: proof, for correction, for instruction on, for instruction, in righteousness. in righteoulness, 1 Joho v. 9. If we

III. 1 Luke xxiv. 27. And begin. receive the witness of men, the witning at Mofes, and all the prophets, Dess of God,is greater: for this is the he expounded upto them in all the witness of God, which he hath testiscriptures the things concerning him. fied of his Son. ! Theff. ii. 13. Fur self. v. 44. And he said unto them, this cause also thank we God without These are the words which I fpake cealing, because when ye received the unto you, while I was yet with you, word of God, which ye heard of us, that all things must be fulfilled which ye received it not as the word of were written in the law of Mofes, men,but as it is in truth, the word of and in the prophets, and in the God, which effectually worketh also Psalms, concerning me. Rom. iii. 2. in you that believe, Much every way: chießy because un- V. & Tim. ïïi. 15. But if I tarry to them were committed the oraclės long, that thou mayest know how of God, 2 Pet, i. 23. For the pro- thou oughtestto behave thyself in the phecycamenot in old time by the will house of God, which is the church of of men, but holy men of God spakeas the living God, the pillar and ground they were moved by the holy Ghost of the truth.

trine, the majesty of the stile, the consent of all the parts, the scope of the whole, (which is to give all glory to God) the full discovery it makes of the only way of man's falvation, the many other incomparable excellencies, and the entire perfection thereof, are arguments whereby it doth abundantly evidence itself to be the word of God; yet notwithstanding our full persuasion and assurance of the infallible truth, and divine authority thereof, is from the inward work of the holy Spirit, bearing witness by and with the word in our hearts i.

VI. The whole counsel of God, concerning all things necessary for his own glory, man's salvation, faith and life, is either exprefly set down in scripture, or by good and neceffary con{equence may be deduced from scripture: unto which nothing at any time is to be added, whether by new revelations of the Spirit or traditions of men m. Nevertheless, we acknowledge


I 1 John ü. 20. But ye have an unc- God. Ifa, lix. 21. As for me, this is tion from the holy One, and ye know my covenant with them, saith the all things. v. 27. But the anointing Lord, My Spirit that is upon thee, which ye bave received of him abid- and my words which I have put in eth in you, and ye need not that any thy mouth, shall not depart out of man teach you : But as the fame a- thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of Dointing teacheth you of all things, thy feed, nor out of the mouth of and is truth, and is po lie; and even as thy feed's seed, faith the Lord, fronı it ha:h taught you, ye shall abide in henceforth and for ever. him.John xvi. 13. Howbeit, when the VI. m 2 Tiin. iii. 15. And that Spirit of trush is come, he will guide from a child thou hast known the you into all truth : for he shall not holy scriptures, which are able to speak of himself, but whatsoever he make thee wise unto salvation, thro' shall hear, that shall he speak: and he faith which is in Christ Jesus. v. 16. will thew you things to come. v. 14. All scripture is given by inspiration He shall glorify me: for he shall re- of God, and is profitable for doctrine, ceive of mine, and thall Thew it unto for reproof, for correction, for inyou. I Cor. ii. 10. But God hath re- Itruction in righteousness. v. 17. vealed thein unto us by his Spirit : for Thai the man of God may


pero the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, fect, throughly furnished unto all the deep things of God. v. 11. For good works. Gal. i. 8. But though what man knoweth thc things of wé, or an angel from heaven, preach tan, Save the spirit of man which is in any other gospel unto you, than that him? even so the things of God know which we have preached unto you, eth no man, but the spirit of God, v. let him be accursed. v.9. As we said 12. Now we have received, not the before, so say I now again; If any spirit of the world, but the spirit man preach any other gospel unto which is of God; that wemight know you, ihan that ye have received, let the things that are freely given us of him be accursed. 2 Thess. i. 2. 7 hac



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