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26. For as often as ye eat this bread, a new lump as ge are unleavened.
Lord's fupperg; and yet are spiritually present to the faith of the receiver, no less truly and really than the elements themselves are to their ouiward senses h; so they that worthily communicate in the sacrament of the Lord's supper, do therein feed upon the body and blood of Christ, not after a corporal or carnal, but in a spiritual manner; yet truly and really i, while by faith they receive and apply unto themselves Christ crucified, and all the benefits of his death k.
Q. 171. How are they that receive the sacrament of the Lord's fupper to prepare themselves before they come unto it?
A. They that receive the sacrament of the Lord's fupper arc, before they come, to prepare themselves thereunto, by examining themselves of their being in Christ m, of their sins and wants n; of the truth and measure of their
knowthe new Testament in my blood, bread, and drink this cup of the which is Med for you.
Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of 170. g Acts iii. 21. Whom the the body and blood of the Lord. ». heaven must receive, until the times 28. But let a man examine himselt, of reftitution of all things, which and so let him eat of that bread, God hath spoken by the mouth of and drink of that cup. v. 29 For all his holy prophets, since the world be that eateth and drinketh unwor. began.
tbily, eateth and drinketh dampaci. * Mat. xxvi. 26 And as they were on to himself, not discerning the eating Jesus took bread, and blef. Lord's body. fed it, and brake it, and gave it to
ki Cor. x. 16. The cup of bles. the disciples, and said, Take, eat; fing which we bless, is it not the this is my body. 0. 28. For this is communion of the blood of Christ? my blood of the new Teltament the bread which we break, is it not which is shed for many for the re the communion of the body of Chrift? miffion of fins.
171.11 Cor. xi. 28. Butlet a man il Cor. xi. 24. And when he had examine himself, and so let him eat given thanks, he brake it, and said, of that bread, and drink of that eup. Také, eat; this is my body, which * 2 Cor. xiii. 5. Examine your. is broken for you: this do in re felves, whether you be in the faith; membrance of me.' v. 25. after the prove your own felves; know ye tame manner also he took the cup, not your own felves, how that Jewhen he had fupped, saying, This fus Christ is in you except ye be recup is the new Testament in my probates ? blood: this do ye, as often as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. v. fore the old leaven, that ye may be
n I Cor. v. 7. Purge out there.
and drink this cup, ye do shew the For even Christ our Lord's death till he come. v. 27. crificed for us. Wherefore, whofoever shall eat this Exod. xii. 15. Seven days Mallye
paflover is faCompared with
knowledge o, fajth p, repentance q, love to God and the bre, thren r, charity to all mens, forgiving those that have done them wrong t, of their desires after Christ v, and of their new obedience w; and by renewing the exercise of these graces x,
cat unleavened bread, even the first si Cor. v. 8. Therefore let us day ye shall put away leaven out of keep the feast, not with old leaven, your houses : for whosoever eateth neither with the leaven of malice leavened bread, from the first day and wickedness; but with the ununtil the seventh day, that soul fhall leavened bread of lincerity and truth. be cut off from Israel.:
I Cor. xi, 18. For first of all, when or Cor. xi. 29. For he that eat- ye come together in the church, I eth and drinketh unworthily, eareth hear that there be divisions among and drinketh damnation to himself, you; and I partly believe it. v. 20. Bot discerning the Lord's body. When ye come together therefore
pi Cor. xiii. 5. (See above in m.) fato one place, this is not to eat the Mat, xxvi. 28. For this is my bloud Lord's supper, of the new Testament, which is shed
# Mat, p.
23. Therefore, is thou for many for the remision of fins.
bring thy gift to the altar, and there q Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour rememberelt that thy brother hath upon the house of David, and upon ought against thee; v. 24. Leave the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the there thy gift before the altar, and spirit of grace and of fupplications, go thy way, first be reconciled to and they shall look upon me whom thy brother, and then come and ofthey have pierced, and they shall fer 'thy gift. mourn for him, as one mourneth vlfa. Iv. 1. Ho, every one that for his only son, and shall be in bit- thirsteth, come ye to the waters, terness for him, as one that is in bit and he that hath no money; come terness for his first born :'Cor. xi. ye, buy and eat, yea, come, buy 31. For if we would judge our wine and milk without money, and selves, we should not be judged. without price. John vii. 37. In the
i Cor.x. 16. The cup of blessing last day, the great day of the feast, which we bless, is it not the com. Jesus food and cried, saying, If amunion of the blood of Christ ? the ny man thirst, let him come unto bread which we break, is it not the me, and drink. communion of the body of Christ? w 1 Cor. v. 7. Purge out there. V. 17. For we being many, are one fore the old leaven, that ye may be bread, and one body: for we are all a new lump, as ye are unleavened. partakers of that one bread. Acts ii. For even Christ our paffover is facri46. And they continuing daily with ficed for us v. 8. Therefore let us one accord in the temple, and break. keep the feast, not with old leaven, ing bread from house to house, did neither with the leaven of malice eat their meat with gladness and and wickedness; but with the unleasingleness of heart, v. 47. Praising vened bread of lincerity and truth, God, and having favour with all * 1 Cor. xi. 25. After the fame the people: and the Lord added to manner also he took the cup, when the church daily such as should be he had fupped, saying, This cip is saved.
harb he in anger fut np his tender
by serious meditation y, and fervent prayet z.
Q. 172. May one who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation come to the Lord's supper?
A. One who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation to the facrament of the Lord's supper, may have true interest in Christ, tho' he be not yet assured thereof a; and in God's accourt hath it, if he be duly affected with the appre
hension the new Testament in my blood : this seek God, the Lord God of his fado ye, as oft as ye drink it, in re. thers, though he not cleansed membrance of me. P. 26. For as according to the purification of the often as ye eat this bread, and drink sanctuary. Mat xxvi. 26. and as this cup, ye do Mhew the Lord's death they were eating, Jesus took bread, till he come. Y. 28. But let a man and blessed it, and brake it, and examine himself, and to let him eat gave it to the disciples, and said, of that bread, and drink of that Take, eat; this is my body. cup. Heb. X. 21. and having an 172. a Isa. 1. 10. Who is among high prieit over the house of God; you that feareth the Lord, that ov. 22. Let uş draw near with a true beyeth the voice of his fervant, that heart, in full assurance of faith, have walketh in darkness, and hath no ing our hearts sprinkled from an e- light ? let him trust in the name of vis conscience, and our bodies wash- the Lord, and lay upon his God. ed with pure water. v. 24.' and John v. 13. These things have I let us consider one another to pro. written unto you that believe on the voke unto love, and to good works. name of the Son of God; that ye Pfal. xxvi. 6. I will walh mine hands may know that ye have eternal life, in innocence : so will I compass thine and that ye may believe on the name altar, O Lord.
of the Son of God. Pfal. Ixxxviü. yi Cor. xi. 24. And when he had throughout. Pfal. Ixxvii, to the 12. given thanks, he brake it, and said, v. 1. I cried unto God with my Take, eat; this is my body, which voice : even unto God with my voice, is broken for you: this do in remem and he gave ear unto me, v. 2. lo brance of me. v: 25. after the the day of my trouble I fought the fame manner also he took the cup, Lond; my fore ran in the night, and when he had fupped, saying, This ceased not : my foul refused to be cupis the new Teltanientin my blood: comforted. v. this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in and was troubled : I complained, remembrance of me.
and my spirit was overwhelmed. Se. z 2 Chron. xxx. 18. For a mul. Jah. v. 4. Thou holdest mine eyes titude of the people, even many of waking: 'I am so troubled. that! Ephraim, and Manasseh, Iffachar, cannot speak, &c. v.7. Will the and Zebulun, had not cleansed them. Lord cart off for ever? and will be felves, yet did they eat the pastover, be favourable no more? v.8. Is his otherwise than it was written: bué mercy clean gone for ever? doth his Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, promise fail for evermore? ". %; The good Lord pardon every one Hath God forgotten to be gracious ? v, 19. That prepareth bis hcart to
3. I remembred God,
hension of the want of it b, and unfeignedly desires to be found in Christ c, and to depart from iniquity d: in which case (becase promises are made, and this facrament is appointed, for
the mercies ? Jonah ü. 4. Then I said, cellency of the knowledge of Christ I am cast out of thy fight; yet I will Jesus my Lord: for whom I have look again toward thy holy temple. fuffered the loss of all things, and v. 7. When my soul fainted within do count them but dung that I may me, I remember the Lord, and my win Chrift. v.9. and be found in prayer came in unto thee, into thioe him, not having mine own righteholy temple.
ousness, which is of the law, but b Ifa. liv. 7. For a small moment that which is through the faith of have I forsaken thee, but with great . Christ, the righteousness which is mercies will I gather thee. v. 8. In of God by faith. Pfal. x. 17. Lord, a little wrath I hide my face from thou halt heard the defire of the thee for a moment, but with ever humble: thou wilt prepare their Jalting kindness will I have mercy heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to on thee, faith the Lord thy redeem- hear. * Psal. xlii. 1. As the hart er. v.9. For this is as the waters of panteth after the 'water-brooks, so Noah unto me: for as I have sworo panteth my soul after thee, O God, that the waters of Noah should no v. 2. My soul thirfteth for God, for more go over the earth; so have I the living God: when shall I come sworn that I would not be wroth and appear before God? v. 5. Why with thee, nor rebuke thee. v. 10. art thou cast down, O my soul? and For the mountains fall depart, and why art thou disquieted in me? hope the hills be removed, but my kind thou in God, for I shall yet praise ness shall not depart from thee, nei- him for the help of his countenance. ther shall the covenant of my peace v. 11. Why art thou cait down, O be removed, faith, the Lord, that my soul and why art thou difhath mercy on thee. Mat. v. 3. quieted within me? hope thou in Blessed are the poor in spirit : for God, for I shall yet praise him, who theirs is the kingdom of heaven. V. is the health of my countenance, 4. Blessed are they that mouro: for ånd my God.. they shall be comforted. Pfal. xxxi. d 2 Tim. ii. 29. Nevertheless, the 22. For I said in my hafte, I am cut foundation of God ftandeth fure, off from before thine eyes: never having this seal, The Lord knowtheless, thou heardst the voice of my eth them that are his. And, Let fupplications, when I cried unto every one that pameth the name of thee. Pfal. Ixxiii. 13. Verily I have Christ, depart from iniquity, Ifa. 1. cleansed my heart in vain, and wash 10. Who is among you that feareth ed my hands in innocency. V. 22. the Lord, that obeyeth the voice of So foolish was I, and ignorant: I his servant, that walketh in darkness, was as a beast before thee. v. 23. and hath no light? let him trust in Nevertheless, I am continually with the name of the Lord, and stay uthee; thou hast holden me by my pon his God. Pfal. Ixvi. 18. If I reright hand
gard iniquity in my heart: the Lord c Phil. ii. 8. Yea doubtless, and I will not hear me, v. 19. But rerily count all things but lofs, for the ex. God hath hcard me: he hath at
the relief even of weak and doubting Christians e) he is to be. wail his unbelief f, and labour to have his doubts resolved g; and, so doing, he may and ought to come to the Lord's fupper ; that he may be further strengthened h.
Q. 173. May any'who profess the faith, and desire to come to the Lord's Jupper, be kept from it?
A. Such as are found to be ignorant or scandalous, notwithstanding their profession of the faith, and desire to come to the Lord's supper, may and ought to be kept from that facrament, by the power which Christ hath left in his church i, until they
tended to the voice of my prayer. brethren, what shall we do? A &s V. 20. Blessed be God, who hath xvi. 39. and he brought them out, not turned away my prayer, nor bis ' and, faid, Sirs, what mult I do to be mercy from me.
faved ? e Ifa. xl, i's. He fall feed his h Rom. iv. 11. And he received flock like a shepherd: he shall ga. the sign of circumcision, a seal of ther the lambs with his arm, and the righteousness of the faith which carry them in his bosom, and shall he had yet being uncircumcised: gently lead those that are with that he might be the father of all young. v. 29. He giveth power to them that believe, though they be the faint; and to them that have no not circumcised: that righteousness might; he increaseth strength. v. might be imputed unto them also. 31. But they that wait upon the 1 Cor. xi. 28. But let a man examine Lord, shall renew their strength : himself, and so let him eat of the they shall mount up with wings as bread and drink of that cup. eagles; they shall run, and not be 173. i 1 Cor. xi. 27. to the eod. weary; and they shall walk, and Wherefore, whosoever shall eat this not faint. Mat. xi. 28. Come unto bread, and drink this cup of the me all ye that labuur, and
are heavy Lord'unworthily, shall be guilty of laden, and I will give you rest. Mar. the body and blood of the Lord.. xii. 20. A bruised reed shall he not 28. But let a mao examine himself
, break, and smoking flax shall he not and so let him eat of that bread, and quench, till he fend forth judgment drink of that cup. v. 29. For he unto victory. Mat. xxvi. 28. For that eateth and drinketh unworthithis is my blood of the new Tella- ly, eateth and drinketh dampation ment which is shed for many for the to himself, not discerning the Lord's remission of sins.
body. v. 30. For this cause many f Mark ix. 24. And Atraightway are weak and lickly among you, and the father of the child cried out, and many sleep. v. 31. For if we would said with tears, Lord, I believe, judge ourselves, we should not be help thou mine unbelief.
judged, &c. to the end of the chap & Ads ii. 37. Now when they ter. Compared with Mat
. vii. 6. heard this they were pricked in their give not that which is holy unto the heart
, and said unto Peter, and to dogs, neither cast ye your pearis be the rest of the apostles, Men and fore swine, left they trample them