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25. Hè åksepts fhè Offis, ekspekts t8 lêrn fhŭ făkts, ănd attēmts bī hìz akts tô konsel hîz falts.

26. Prithee, blithe youth, do not mouth your words when you wreathe your face with smiles.

27. That fellow shot a sparrow on a willow, in the narrow meadow, near the yellow house.

28. Thů strif sėseth, pès åpprocheth, ånd thủ gůd mån rėjáisėth.

29. Thủ shrôd shrồz båd him så thåt fhů vil viksnz yüzd shrůgz, ånd shårp shril shréks.

30. Shồrli, tho wồnded, thủ prodent rēkrởt wůd not ēt fihăt kråd fråt.

31. Stern, růgged nêrs ! thì rijid lor with påshens mėni & yer shẻ bồr.

32. At that time, the lame man, who began nobly, having made a bad point, wept bitterly.

33. When loud surges lash the sounding shore, the hoarse, rough verse should like the torrent roar.

34. What whim led White Whitney to whittle, whistle, whisper, and whimper near the wharf, where a floundering whale might wheel and whirl ?

35. Amidst thů mists ånd koldest frosts, with bårest rists ånd stoutést bósts, hệ thrůsts hiz fists ågenst thů pósts, ånd stil insists hè sèz fhů gösts.

36. Thăngks tỏ Thắddeus Thikthông, thủ thatles thisslsiftẺr, hồ thrĩs thrust thrẽ thouzănd thisslz thỏ thì thik 8v hız thům.

37. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who taketh his name in vain.

38. Honor thy father and thy mother that thy days may be long in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.

39. A stirm ảrizoth ôn thủ sẻ. A modễl vẽssol fz strugh gling åmidst fhů wär óv éléments, kwivering ånd shivering, shringking ånd båttling lik å thingking being. Thů mersilės, råking whềrlwindz, lik fritfül fèndz, houl ånd mòn, ånd send shårp, shril shrèks thrở thů krėking kårdåj, snåpping fhů shets ånd måsts. Thů stěrdi sålårz stånd to fhår tasks, ånd wether fhů severest stårm ov fhů sėzn.

40. Chåst-id, cherisht Chès! Thủ chårmz ov thi chekerd chambärz chan me chinjleslĩ. Chảmbörlĩnz, chiplĩnz, ind chẳnsällärz hảo chẳntoa thi chorõbẵk chaễsnos. Cheftỉnz hãy chảnjd thủ chẳrỉỖt &nd thủ chas fải ủ chès-bồrd &nd thủ chẳrmng chẳrj Ởy thủ chès-nits. Nồ chilửng chẳrl, nồ chetỉng chủfễrẻy, nổ châttorỗng chảnjlẵng kẳn bề thì chồơn chympiôn. Thou ảrt thủ chắssner Ổy thủ cherlfsh, thủ chider Ỗy thủ chănjäbl, thủ chẳrishẳr Če thủ cherfül ind thủ chẳrîtåbl. Får fhè år thů chåplets Óv chånlės chåriti ånd fhů chålls óv childlik cherfülnés. Chånj kån not chảnj thé: from childhůd to thủ chårnel-hous, from our fèrst childish chễrpingz tỏ thủ chilz öv thủ chẳrch-yẳrd, thou wrt our cher, chảnjles chèftinės.

XI.

PHONETIC LAUGHTER.

,

AUGHTER, by the aid of Phonetics, is easily taught,

as an art. It is one of the most interesting and healthy of all class exercises. It may be either vocal or respiratory.

2. There are thirty-two well-defined varieties of laughter in the English language, eighteen of which are produced in connection with the tonics; nine, with the subtonics of 1, m, n, ng, r, th, v, and z; and five, with the atonics off, h, s, th, and sh.

3. Commencing with vocal laugkter, the instructor will first utter a tonic, and then, prefixing the oral element of h, and accompanied by the class, he will produce the syllable continuously, subject only to the interruptions that are incidental to inhalations and bursts of laughter; as, ā, hā, hā, hā, hā, bā, &c.,—ă, bă, hă, hă, hă, &c.

4. The attention of the students will be called to the most agreeable kinds of laughter, and they will be taught to pass naturally and easily from one variety to another.

II. SYLLABICATION.

I.
DEFINITIONS.

A

SYLLABLE is a word, or part of a word, uttered by

a single impulse of the voice. 2. A MONOSYLLABLE is a word of one syllable; as, hɔme. 3. A DISSYLLABLE is a word of two syllables; as, home-less.

4. A TRISYLLABLE is a word of three syllables; as, confine-ment.

5. A POLYSYLLABLE is a word of four or more syllables ; as, in-no-cen-cy, un-in-tel-li-gi-bil-i-ty.

6. THE ULTIMATE is the last syllable of a word; as ful, in peace-ful.

7. THE PENULT, or penultimate, is the last syllable but one of a word ; as māk, in peace-mak-er.

8. THE ANTEPENULT, or antepenultimate, is the last syllable but two of a word; as ta, in spon-ta-ne-ous.

9. THE PREANTEPENULT, or preantepenultimate, is the last syllable but three of a word; as cab, in vo-cab-u-la-ry.

II.
FORMATION OF SYLLABLES.

A

radical or opening and vanishing or gradually diminishing movement. Since a syllable is produced by a single impulse of the voice, it follows that only such an oral element, or order of oral elements, as gives but one radical and vanish movement, can enter into its formation. As the tonics can not be uttered separately without producing this movement, but one of them can enter into a single syllable ; and, as this movement is all that is essential, each of the tonics may, by itself, form a syllable. Consistently with this, we find, whenever two tonics adjoin, they always belong to separate syllables in pronunciation, as in a-e-ri-al, i-o-ta, o-a-sis.

2. Though oral elements can not be combined with a view to lengthen a syllable, by the addition of one tonic to another, as this would produce a new and separate impulse, yet a syllable may be lengthened by prefixing and affixing any number of tonics and atonics to a tonic, that do not destroy its singleness of impulse; as, a, an, and, land, gland, glands.

3. A tonic is usually regarded as indispensable in the formation of a syllable. A few syllables, however, are formed exclusively by subtonics. In the words bidde-n rive-n, rhyth-m, schis-m, fic-kle, i-dle, lit-tle, and words of like construction, the last syllable is either pure subtonic, or a combination of subtonic and atonic. These final syllables go through the radical and vanish movement, though they are far inferior in quality, euphony, and force, to the full display of these properties on the tonics.

III.
RULES IN SYLLABICATION.

INITIA
NITIAL CONSONANTS.—The elements of consonants

that commence words should be uttered distinctly, but should not be much prolonged.

2. FINAL CONSONANTS.-Elements that are represented by final consonants should be dwelt upon, and uttered with great distinctness; as,

He accepts the office, and attempts by his acts to conceal his faults.

3. WHEN ONE WORD OF A SENTENCE ENDS and the next begins with the same consonant; or another that is hard to produce after it, a difficulty in utterance arises that should be obviated by dwelling on the final consonant, and then taking up the one at the beginning of the next word, in a

Initial Elements Prolonged.- the following lines : On this point Dr. Rush mentions the “ Canst thou not m-iniste) to & error of a distinguished actor, who, m-ind diseased, in order to give great force and dis- Pl-uck from the m-eniory a r-not tinctness to his articulation, dwelt ed sorrow ?on the initial leiters, as marke in Suclı mouthing defeats its object:

second impulse of the voice, without pausing between them; as,

It will pain nobody, if the sad dangler regain neither rope.

4. FINAL COGNATES.—In uttering the elements of the final cognates, b, p, d, t, g, and k, the organs of speech should not remain closed at the several pauses of discourse, but should be smartly separated by a kind of echo; as,

I took down my hat-t, and put it upon my head-d. .

5. UNACCENTED SYLLABLES should be pronounced as distinctly as those which are accented : they should merely have less force of voice and less prolongation; as,

The thoughtless, helpless, homeless girl did not resent his rudeness and harshness.

Very many of the prevailing faults of articulation result from a neglect of these rules, especially the second, the third, and the last. He who gives a full and definite sound to final consonants and to unaccented vowels, if he does it without stiffness or formality, can hardly fail to articulate well.

EXERCISE IN SYLLABICATION.?

1. THIRTY years ago, Marseilles : lay burning in the sun, one day. A blazing sun, upon a fierce August day, was no greater rarity in Southern France then, than at any other time, before or since. Every thing in Marseilles, and about Marseilles, had stared at the fervid sky, and been stared at in return, until a staring habit had become universal there.

2. Strāngers were stared out of countenance by staring white houses, staring white walls, staring white streets, staring tracts of arid road, staring hills from which verdure was burnt ăway. The only things to be seen not firedly staring and glaring were the vines drooping under their load of grapes. These did occasionally wink a little, as the hot air moved their faint leaves.

3. There was no wind to make a ripple on the foul water

1 Direction.-Students will give formation of syllables each letter the number and names of the syl- that appears in Italics, in this exerlables, in words of more than one cise, is designed to illustrate. syllable, and tell what rule for the : Marseilles, (mår sålz).

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