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the more I came near them, the more hateful they grew, while I stayed in that country. This the master horse observed by my behavour, and there fore sent the yahoo back to his kennel. He then put his forehoof to his mouth, at which I was much surprised, although he did it with ease, and with a motion that appeared perfectly natural; and made other signs to know what I would eat; but I could not return him such an answer as he was able to apprehend; and if he had understood me, I did not see how it was possible to contrive any way for finding myself nourishment.

While we were thus engaged, I observed a cow passing by, whereupon I pointed to her, and expressed a desire to go and milk her. This had its effect; for he led me back into the house, and ordered a mare-servant to open a room, where a good store of milk lay in earthen and wooden vessels, after a very orderly and cleanly manner. She gave me a large bowl full, of which I drank very heartily, and found myself well . refreshed.

About noon, I saw coming towards the house, a kind of vehicle drawn like a sledge by four yahoos. There was in it an old steed, who seemed to be of quality; he alighted with his hindfeet forward, having by accident got a hurt in his left forefoot. He came to dine with our horse, who received him with great civility. They dined in the best room, and had oats boiled in milk for the second course, which the old horse eat warm, but the rest cold. Their mangers were placed circular in the middle of the room, and divided into several partitions, round which they sat on their haunches, upon bosses of In the middle was a large rack, with angles

answering diet, wherewith other travellers fill their books, as if the readers were personally concerned, whether we fare well or ill. However it was necessary to mention this matter, lest the world should think it impossible, that I could find sustenance for three years, in such a country, and among such inhabitants.

When it grew towards evening, the master horse ordered a place for me to lodge in ; it was but six yards from the house, and separated from the stable of the yahoos. Here I got some straw, and covering myself with my own clothes, slept very sound. But I was in a short time better accommodated, as the reader shall know hereafter, when I come to treat more particularly about my way of living.

CHAP. III.

The author studies to learn the language ; the Houyhn

hnm, his master, assists in teaching him. The language described. Several Houyhnhnms of quality came out of curiosity to see the author. He gives his master a short account of his voyage.

guage, which

My principal endeavour was principal endeavour was to learn the lan

my master (for so I shall henceforth call him) and his children, and every servant of his house were desirous to teach me. For they looked upon it as a prodigy, that a brute animal should discover such marks of a rational creature.

I pointed

me,

I pointed to every thing, and inquired the name of it, which I wrote down in my journal-book when I was alone, and corrected my bad accent, by desiring those of the family to pronounce it often. In this employment, a sorrel nag, one of the under servants, was very ready to assist -- In speaking, they pronounce through the nose and throat, and their language approaches nearest to the High-Dutch, or German, of any I know, in Europe ;, but is much more, graceful and significant. The emperor Charles V. made almost the same observation, when he said, That if he were to speak to his horse it should be in High-Dutch.

复 The curiosity and impatience of my master were so great, that he spent many hours of his leisure to instruct me. He was convinced (as he afterwards told me) that I must be a yahoo; but my

teachableness, civility, and cleanliness, astonished him ; which were qualities altogether opposite to those animals*. He was most perplexed about my clothes, reasoning sometimes with himself, - whether they were a part of my body; for I never, pulled them off till the family were asleep, and got them on before they waked in the morning. My master was eager to learn whence I came; how I acquired those appearances of reason, which I discovered in all actions"; and to know my story from my own mouth, which he hoped he should soon do, by the great proficiency I made in learning and pronouncing their words and sentences. To help my memory,

>

my

Qualities opposite to animals,' is a strange mode of expression; it should be, which were qualities altogether opposite to such as belonged to those animals.' Vol. VI.

T

I formed

I formed all I learned into the English alphabet, and writ the words down, with the translations. This last, after some time, I ventured to do in my master's presence. 'It cost me much trouble to explain to him what I was doing ; for the inhabitants have not the least idea of books or literature.

In about ten weeks time, I was able to understand most of his questions ; and in three months, could give him some tolerable answers.

He was extremely curious to know from what part of the country I came, and how I was taught to imitate a rational creature ; because the yahoos (whom he saw I exactly resembled in my head, hands, and face, that were * only visible) with some appearance of cunning, and the strongest disposition to mischief, were observed to be the most unteachable of all brutes. I answered, that I came over the sea from a far place, with many others of my own kind, in a great hollow vessel made of the bodies of trees; that my companions forced me to land on this coast, and then Teft me to shift for myself. It was with some difficulty, and by the help of many signs, that I brought him to understand me. He replied, that I must 'needs. be mistaken, or that I said the thing which was not; for they have no word in their language to express lying or falsehood. He knew it was impossible, that there could be a country beyond the sea, or that a parcel of brutes could move a wooden vessel whither they pleased upon water. He was sure no Houyhnhnm alive could make such a vessel, nor would trust yahoos. to manage it.

*"That were only visible'-an ambiguous phrase; it should be, which only were visible,' &c.

The

The word Houyhnhnm, in their tongue, signifies a horse, and in its etymology, the perfection of nature. I told my master that I was at a loss for expression, but would improve as fast as I could ; and hoped in a short time I should be able to tell him wonders : he was pleased to direct his own mare, his colt and foal, and the servants of the family, to take all opportunities of instructing me ; and every day, for two or three hours, he was at the same pains himself; several horses and mares of quality in the neighbourhood, came often to our house, upon the report spread of a wonderful yahoo, that could speak like a Houyhnhnm, and seemed, in his words and actions, to discover some glimmerings of reason. These delighted to converse with me; they put many questions, and received such answers as I was able to return. By all these advantages I made so great a progress, that in five months from my arrival I understood whatever was spoken, and could express myself tolerably well.

The Houyhnhnms, who came to visit my master out of a design of seeing and talking with me, could hardly believe me to be a right yahoo, because my body had a different covering from others of my kind. They were astonished to observe me without the usual hair or skin, except on my head, face, and hands ; but I discovered that secret to my master upon an accident which happened about a fortnight before.

I have already told the reader, that every night, when the family were gone to bed, it was my custom to strip, and cover myself with my clothes : it happened one. morning early, that my master sent for me by the sorrel nag, who was his valet; when

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