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and 'reflections, and memoirs, and second parts ; wherein I see myself accused of reflecting upon great state folks ; of degrading human nature (for so they have still the confidence to style it) and of abusing the female sex. I find likewise, that the writers of those bundles are not agreed among themselves ; for some of them will not allow me to be the author of my own travels ; and others make me author of books, to which I am wholly a stranger.

I find likewise that your printer has been so careless as to confoud the times, and mistake the dates of my several voyages and returns ; neither assigning the true year, nor the true month, nor day of the month : and I hear the original manuscript is all destroyed since the publication of my book; neither have I any copy left; however, I have sent you some corrections, which you may insert, if ever there should be a second edition : and yet I cannot stand to them; but shall leave that matter to my judicious and candid readers to adjust it as they please. I hear some of our sea Yahoos find fault with

my sea language, as not proper in many parts, nor now in use. I cannot help it. In

my first voyages, while I was young,

I was instructed by the oldest mariners, and learned to speak as they did. But I have since found that the sea Yahoos are apt, like the land ones, to become newfangled in their words, which the latter change every year; insomuch, as I remember upon each return to my own country, their old dialect was so altered, that I could hardly understand the new.

And I observe, when any Yahoos come from London out of curiosity to visit me at my house, we neither of us are able to deliver our conceptions in a manner intelligible to the other.


If the censure of the Yahoos could any way affect me, I should have great reason to complain, that some of them are so bold as to think my book of travels a mere fiction out of mine own brain ; and have gone so far as to drop hints, that the Houyhnhoms and Yahoos have no more existence than the inhabitants of Utopia.

Indeed I must confess, that as to the people of Lilliput, Brobdingrag (for so the word should have been spelt, and not erroneously Brobdingnag) and Laputa, I have never yet heard of any Yahoo so presumptuous as to dispute their being, or the facts I have related concerning them ; because the truth immediately strikes every reader with conviction. And is there less probability in my account of the Houyhnhnms or Yahoos, when it is manifest as to the latter, there are so many thousands, even in this country, who only differ from their brother brutes in Houyhnhnm land, because they use a sort of jabber, and do not go naked ? I wrote for their amendment, and not their approbation. The united praise of the whole race would be of less consequence to me, than the neighing of those two degenerate Houyhnhnms I keep in my stable ; because from these, degenerate as they are, I still improve in some virtues without any mixture of vice.

Do these miserable animals presume to think, that I am so degenerated as to defend my veracity? Yahoo as I am, it is well known through all Houyhnbnm land, that, by the instructions and example of my illustrious master, I was able in the compass of two years (although I confess with the utmost difficulty) to remove that infernal habit of lying, shuffling, deceiving, and equivocating, so deeply rooted in:


the very souls of all iny species ; especially the Europeans.

I have other complaints to make upon this vexatious occasion ; but I forbear troubling myself or you any farther. I must freely confess, that since my last some corruptions of my Yahoo nature have revived in me by conversing with a few of your species, and particularly those of my own family, by an unavoidable necessity; else I should never have at: tempted so absurd a project as that of reforming the Yahoo race in this kingdom : But I have now done with all such visionary schemes for ever. 11 APRIL 2, 1727.


That the original copy of these Travels was altered by the person, through whose hands it was conveyed to the press, is a fact; but the passages of which Mr. Gulliver complains in this letter, are to be found only in the first editions ; for the dean hav. ing restored the text wherever it had been altered, sent the

copy to the late Mr. Motte by the hands of Mr. Charles Ford. This copy has been exactly followed in every subsequent edition, except that printed in Ireland, by Mr. Faulkner; the editor of which, supposing the dean to be serious when he mentioned the corruptions of dates, and yet finding them unaltered, thought fit to alter them himself; there is however scarce one of these alterations, in which he has not committed a blunder: though while he was thus busy in defacing the parts that were perfect, he suffered the accidental blemishes of others to remain is no 79999 b de la sidadero The rouch a wond ihr erst en les

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The author gives some account of himself and family:

his first inducements to travel. He is shipwrecked, and swims for his life ; gets safe on shore in the country of Lilliput; is made a prisoner, and carried

up the country. My

Y father had a small estate in Nottinghamshire ; I was the third of five sons. He sent me to Emanuel college in Cambridge, at fourteen years old, where I resided three years, and applied myself close to my studies ; but the charge of maintaining me, although I had a very scanty allowance, being too great for a narrow fortune, I was bound apprentice to Mr. James Bates, an eminent surgeon in London, with whom I continued four years ; and my father now and then sending me small sums of money,

I laid them out in learning navigation, and other parts of the mathematicks, useful to those who intend to travel, as I always believed it would be, some time or other, my fortune to do. When I left Mr. Bates, I went down to my father ; where, by the assistance of him and my uncle John, and some other relations, Vol. VI.


I got I got forty pounds, and a promise of thirty pounds a year to maintain me at Leyden ; there I studied physick two years and seven inonths, knowing it would be useful in long voyages.

Soon after my return from Leyden, I was recommended by my good master, Mr. Bates, to be surgeon' to the Swallow, Captain Abraham Pannell, commander ; with whom I continued thrce years and a half, making a royage or two into the Levant, and some other parts. When I came back, I resolved to settle in London ; to which Mr. Bates, my master, encouraged me, and by him I was recommended to several patients. I took

took part of a small house in the Old Jewry; and being advised to alter my condition, I married Mrs. Mary Burton, second daughter to Mr. Edmund Burton, hosier, in Newgate-street, with whom I received four hundred pounds for a portion.

But, my good master Bates dying in two years after, and I having few friends, my business began to fail ; for my conscience would not suffer me to imitate the bad practice of 'too many among my brethren. Having therefore consulted with my wife, and some of my acquaintance, I deterinined to go again to sea. I was surgeon successively in two ships, and made several voyages, for six years, to the East and West Indies, by which I got some addition to my fortune. My hours of leisure I spent in reading the best authors, ancient and modern, being always provided with a good number of books; and when I was ashore, in observing the manners and dispositions of the people, as well as learning their language; wherein I had a great facility, by the strength of my mory.



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