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the text to the amendment-the bard to his reviewer. I might have found this emendation, or rather this estabThe lines are from the 2nd scene of the 1st act. lished reading, not only in his Steevens' edition a few
years ago ; but also in Webster's Dictionary many years " I to the world am like a drop of water,
ago. And in the Chiswick edition, published in 1825, That in the ocean seeks another drop;
he may have seen the following note: “ Plurisy is suWho, falling there to find his fellow forth, Unseen, inquisitive, confounds himself.”
perabundance ; our ancestors used the word in this sense,
as if it came from plus-pluris, and not from (nyeupa) If we adopt the word failing, we reduce the poet to pleura. The disease was formerly thought to proceed the absurdity of making the drop of water inquisitive from too much blood flowing to the part affected : for his fellow in the fourth line after having failed to find
“In a word, him in the third; for it will be observed that the poet The plurisy of goodness is thy ill.”-Massinger. makes him inquisitive to the last, until he “ confounds himself;” but the proposed amendment throws him
We confess that we are prone to judge impatiently into flat despair at the conclusion of the third line. these verbal criticisms upon this gifted child of nature,
From comedy let us return to tragedy. A corres- and consequently may have done less than justice to pondent in the October number of the Messenger the preceding suggestions of the correspondents of the proposes an amendment to the text of Shakspeare in Messenger. We prefer surrendering ourselves up to the 7th scene of the 4th act of Hamlet.
the inspirations of this divine poet, who, at one moment
involves us in the whirl and tempest of the passions, King. Laertes, was your father dear to you? and at another breathes to the lascivious pleasings of a Or are you like the painting of a sorrow,
lute. In sweetness and tenderness, vigor and sublimity A face without a heart?
of style he is unequalled. He transcends the form and Laertes. Why ask you this? King. Not that I think you did not love your father,
figure of speech permitted to less gifted men; but he But that I know love is begun by time,
sanctifies his errors. In the imagery of his thought And that I see in passages of proof,
there is a characteristic excellence. Though there was Time qualifies the spark and fire of it.
no English style in his day, he has created one, and it There lives within the very flame of love A kind of wick or snuff that will abate it ;
will perish with his writings. In conclusion we would And nothing is at a like goodness still,
recommend to your correspondents, who profess a warm For goodness, growing to a pleurisy,
admiration of Shakspeare, to withdraw their attention Dies in his own too much.
from mere verbal emendations, and occupy a field It is proposed to substitute for the word begun in this worthy of their talents. There is yet a book to be passage the word beguile ; and this forsooth, because in written, the spirit of which every admirer of Shakssundry lines of other plays of Shakspeare the word peare feels in advance, but whose execution is reserved
for some master-workman, upon the transcendant exbeguile is used in the sense of amuse, deceive, &c. The cellence of this sublime dramatist. Such a book would note on this verse in the Chiswick edition of these attract attention not only to the individuality and intenplays is decisive of this question ; and this is decidedly sity of his characters, but also to their truth, keeping, and the best edition of Shakspeare extant. The note is in these words: “But that I know love is begun by time,'') in which they live, move, and have their being. The
correspondence with all the relations and circumstances &c. “As love is begun by time, and has its gradual surpassing splendor of his supernatural machinery, (the increase, so time qualifies and abates it.” It is appa- wondrous progeny of his own creative imagination,) rent that the poet designed to speak of the origin, pro- whether the fairies flutter in a moonlight scene, or gress, and decline of love, and to say that as love begins repose in the bell of a cowslip,-or whether the blasted in time, so time abates it, and in the course of time it heath trodden by the wierd sisters is lit up with freperishes. The good sense of the reader will perceive at
quent lightning, disclosing the infernal caldron, around a glance, that to adopt the word beguile as proposed, which they mutter their hellish incantations—all this is would be to render that obscure upon the suggestion of
a theme worthy of the pen of the most gifted among us. the critic, which is now perfectly clear. Not even the
The inimitable fidelity with which he depicts the authority of Mr. Macready could so far beguile us, as to operations of madness, from the ravings of a mind in induce the adoption of this amended reading. J. F. O. in the December number of the Messenger, of the sweet Ophelia ; all the wonderful creations of
ruins in the person of Lear, to the melancholy wailing after approving of the preceding amendments, which this child of nature in the Merchant of Venice, Macbeth, we have marked with such decided reprobation, pro- Romeo and Juliet, Lear, Hamlet, Othello, and The ceeds to “criticise a little on his own hook.” He commences with the two concluding lines of the last quota- loftiness of the human intellect, and place this unrivalled
Tempest, furnish gratifying evidence to man of the tion from Hamlet :
author upon an eminence, around which the aspirations “For goodness, growing to a plcurisy
of the human mind may be poured forth in all fulure Dies in his own too much.”
ages. To contemplate, to study, to unfold the beauties
of this “bard of every age and clime,” is fit employ. For pleurisy he proposes lo substitute plurisy. And ment for the man of taste; “but these verbal criticisms,” here, at length, we agree with the critic, not because of says Sleevens, "only betray the ambition of each little any merit in the criticism, but because in the approved Hercules to set up pillars ascertaining how far he had editions, plurisy is the established reading. He says travelled through the dreary wilds of black letter.” In he thus marked the margin of his old Steevens a few fine, these verbal commentators, says a judicious writer, years ago : “Quere, plurisy-from plus-pluris ?" Hel“ attach themselves to the mighty body of Shakspeare,
BY GULLIVER THE YOUNGER.
like barnacles to the hull of a proud man-of-war, and are prepared to plough with him the vast ocean of time;
THE LYCEUM-NO. VI. and thus by the only means in their power endeavor to snatch themselves from that oblivion to which nature ADVICES TO SUNDRY KINDS OF PEOPLE. has devoted them.” We make no unkind application of these quotations to the clever correspondents of the Messenger. They have only to translate their com
CHAPTER III. ments from the phraseology to the beauties and to the spirit of the drama, to become public benefactors. For
RULES FOR CONVERSATION. our own parl, the testimony said to be necessary to Always begin with the weather. Settle, distinctly, convict a cardinal
, would scarcely induce us to disturb the in the first place, what sort of weather it is now: whetime-honored remains of the sweet Swan or Avon !
ther wet or dry, cool or warm, hot or cold, clear or Independent of all creeds, we like the fervent piety cloudy, bad, or pleasant. In the next place, determine which follows the beloved object beyond the grave, and how it has been for the last few days, or weeks: and holds communion with the departed spirit; and thus, in lastly, decide what it probably will be, for at least two breathing a ritual over the departed spirit of the Great days to come. Then, if you are a countryman, or take DRAMATIST, we unite with the pious catholic in the an interest in country matters, pass to the crops; and touching aspiration, "REQUIESCAT IN PACE!" | consider how they will fare from the weather, past, Frederick, Md. Dec. 30, 1837.
present, and future: whether they will be short, or plentiful; and what prices they will bring. If you are a town lady or gentleman, or take no interest in
Clodpole or his concerns, treat of the weather as A FAREWELL TO MARY.
affecting the roads and streets; as cutting off visits,
preventing parties of pleasure, and sinking the spirits : Here's a sad farewell to the lovely guest
and wind up with concluding, that if you had the reguWho has cheered our loneliest hours
lation of the skies, you could manage them a great Who with sweetest of smiles our board has blessed, deal better.
And has strewed our threshold with flowers. By this time, you will be fairly afloat on the stream Oh! that maiden around my heart has twined;
of talk. Subjects now rise up fast and thick before For she's gay, and she's gentle, and artless,
you. The dress of this lady or that gentleman-the And prefers the shade with a friend who is kind,
prices and beauty of furniture--the courtships going To the glare of a world that is heartless.
on among your acquaintance-the marriages that will,
or that will not take place-in short, those hundreds And though rapt, I could gaze on an angel's face, of nameless nothings that make up the charming dish With celestial intelligence gleaming;
called tittle-tattle—will enable you to kill hours on Yet something far sweeter I think I can trace hours of the great enemy, Time, every day, for years: In a woman's with tenderness beaming.
until at length, as some body has somewhere said, And wbat should I care for a sparkling e'e,
Time turns the tables, and kills you. But meanwhile, Who grow every day older and older ?
you will have the comfort of being revenged upon him And what are sweet dimples and kisses to me,
beforehand; and of selling him your life as dear as Whose bosom is colder and colder ?
But let your main theme of discourse be the characBut I love the heart that's attuned to play
ters, especially the faults, of your neighbors and friends. Every note or of joy or of sorrow;
Morose and squeamish people blame this practice; That can merrily laugh with the joyous to-day, nicknaming it scandal. But they do not consider its
And weep with the wretched to-morrow. uses. What is the surest way to root out vice and Then here's a farewell to the lovely guest,
folly from the world? Why, to hold them up to view, Who has cheered our loneliest hours
and thus warn both old and young against them; "as Who with sweetest of smiles our board has blest,
the Spartans used to shew drunkards to their boys, in
order to make them hate drunkenness. Let mothers, And has strewed our pathway with flowers.
aunts, and sisters then, aye and fathers too, be diligent Yet let us not still too selfishly grieve,
in exposing to the view of youth, all the slips, foibles, Nor let her young spirit be saddened,
and vices of the neighborhood. Let these be the standSince the home of her friends the fair maiden will leave, ing theme around every tea-table, and fireside. A
That a mother's fond heart may be gladdened. pupil so warned, will never be guilty of them. And But rather we'll mingle a smile with a tear;
you, who thus hold up evil-doers to justice, will be no What union can ever be sweeter,
less honored than the beadle or hangman is, who uses Than a tear of regret for a maiden so dear,
the lash or noose for the public good. You will be a And a smile for the joys that will greet her ?
moral scavenger to society; and will stand as high for
your services, as that functionary does, who cleans Then a last farewell to the lovely guest
away impurities from the streets. Besides--how largely Who has cheered our loneliest hours
will such conversations add to that important science,Who with sweetest of smiles our halls has blessed, the knowledge of human character !-You need not be
And has strewed our threshold with flowers. particular about the truth of the stories you tell, or of Richmond, Va.
the facts you comment upon : because, although false,
they serve your end, of exciting abhorrence in the consuming all the time that he and you can spend young mind, as well as if they were true. You know, together, or confounding him by the noisiness and the moral of a story in Esop is none the less wholesome number of the things you say, so that he cannot possifor the story's being a fable.
bly remember what he has to answer. But if he wish If, therefore, Miss Flirt has coquetted with Mr. to make speeches also, do not let him. Cry out Dash; or Mr. Tipple, (being a member of the tem- against it, as a monstrous unfairness. Interrupt him, perance society), mixes too much brandy with his wine; at every sentence.-Indeed, it is a capital maneuvre to or Mr. Skinflint has overreached an honest neighbor in interrupt him often, though he shew no wish to speecha bargain; or Mr. Thresher corrects his wife with a ify. If he pauses at a period, or even at a semicolon, larger rod than the law allows; or Mrs. Rawhide is too Lo take breath or to spit,-especially if he is modest, or severe towards her servants; or there be undovelike has a weaker voice than yours,-cut in upon him withand unconjugal jars between Mr. and Mrs. Turtledove; out scruple. You may thus hinder him from unfolding or Mr. Afterday wears false hair ; or Miss Tabitha half an idea ; much less half his argument. He will Evergreen paints; or Mrs. Henpeck bears it with too be reduced to a mere interjection now and then, if not high a hand over her dutiful and obedient spouse ;-to an inglorious silence; and your victory will be no or if you, or any body else, suspect any of these less complete than easy. By this means, you may things;--et your social circle ring with them. Turn vanquish one who otherwise would overmatch you them over, and examine them in every point of view. entirely. It is the simple sling and stone, with which Discuss their probabilities, their causes, their effects, a stripling may conquer a Goliah in debate: or rather, consequences, and incidents; their degrees of blame it resembles a dexterity at cards, (much practised by worthiness, and their likelihood of continuance. Con certain itinerant, sporting gentlemen), by which a weakclude with a doubt whether, after all, strong and clear handed player may win the game from one, whose hand as the proof seems, the scandalous story is not false : is full of trumps--Some old-maidish people maintain, but protesting at the same time how much you are that each speaker should be allowed a pause of half a shocked if it is true; and lamenting the apparent minute, to consider what more he has to say. But the force of the evidence.- I might sum up all my advice Shawanee Indians have that practice among them : on this head, by bidding you copy the conversation and I presume, nobody would have us copy savages. of some ladies and gentlemen who met together at a Of all subjects for disputation, you cannot fail to see pic-nic, in the time of Queen Anne, a hundred and that parly politics is the best. Opinions are most apt to twenty-five years ago; as mentioned by a certain differ about it; and, owing to the opposite sides from poet of thai day:
which our newspapers accustom us to view every ques. In various talk the instructive hours they pass'd:
tion, that difference is the most fixed and irreconcilable. Who gave the ball, or paid the visit last;
Hence, disputants on that subject may stand justified, One speaks the glory of the British queen,
to themselves, in the most unsparing bitterness towards And one describes a charming Indian screen; each other ; and in most unscrupulously taking every A third interprets motions, looks, and eyes;
advantage. Hence also these disputes have the peculiar At every word, a reputation dies. Snuff, and the fan, supply each pause of chat,
recommendation of never coming to an end: there With singing, laughing, ogling, and all that.' being no instance of either party's convincing his an
tagonist ; so that the theme is inexhaustible. In talking upon debatable subjects, always bring on There is one very pleasant sort of conversation, a dispute, or argument (as it is called), if you can. It practised sometimes by country gentlemen, though is a great whetter of the wits; strengthens the lungs oftener by elderly, unmarried ladies : it is, where three, by exercise ; and gives you the best opportunity for four, or even more, talk all at once ; producing an effect shewing off your learning, subtlety, and eloquence. like that agreeable musical entertainment, called "a
In disputing, or argument, there are several impor- Dutch concert," wherein all the company sing together, tant rules; all growing out of one leading principle, but each a different song. namely, that 'the object of argument is not truth, but If you have no wit, but would fain pass for having victory. Make this maxim your polar star; and you it, be what is sometimes termed a rinner of rigs : in will see the needfulness of the following rules.- Never other words, a professor of ridicule. Be constantly on concede any point to your adversary, if it will aid him the watch for odd ways in your acquaintance, or odd in the least. Though half of what he says be self- incidents in their lives, or peculiar circumstances in evident, yet either deny it, or (if that ceeds all their condition; no matter, if they be misfortunes: and power of face) pass it by urnoticed, or treat it as if turn these into subjects of laughter. Though none immaterial. Many people, by weakly yielding all such exist in the person you single out, still you may points which they see to be against them, are defeated feign to see or know them, and raise a laugh against in half their disputes: whereas, by keeping possession him as effectually, as if the oddity were there sure of those points, they might at once enlarge their own enough. A notable and successful branch of this art, foothold, and lessen that of their adversary--thus is the practice of teasing bashful young women or greatly increasing their chances of victory; as, in war, young men about their love affairs, or about anything it is half the battle to get a stand in the enemy's else, concerning which you perceive them to be sensi
tive. I have known girls thus made to blush and Make long speeches: as long, as if you were in wriggle, until the very sight of their tormentor would Congress. It answers four useful ends. It shews you throw them into agonies: and his triumph would be off; improves your style; strengthens your lungs; completed by their falling into awkwardnesses, which and ensures the defeat of your adversary, by cither would last them through life.- In all these cases, the
wit consists in the frequency and heartiness of your laugh. Repeat it, therefore, till be you laugh at is tired, and every calm looker on, also. But, as 'gentle duloess ever loved a joke,' people of your own calibre will join you; and perhaps others, through sympathy until at length every body, seeing you and your set always giggling at something, will believe you a marvellous wag: so that, whenever your lips open, all other mouths will be fixed to laugh. This is the cheapest way in the world, of becoming a wit. By such means, one with scarcely a thimbleful of brains may keep the mastery over a person having ten times as much sense.
There are other rules that ought to be given: such as rules for brow beating-for quizzing-for the display of learning-for raising blushes in a modest face-&c. &c. But my paper is so nearly out, that I have only room to mention them thus briefly; and to lay down one maxim, which gives the clew to them all, as it is the end for which they all should be practised upon : namely,– Converse, not to please, instruct, or learn; bat to divert yourself, and display your own consequence.
THE DEAN OF BADAJOS,*
* Dear Rogers, at your hint I have been fain
• In the poetical department we have heretofore confined our. selves to original matter.
We insert this selection at the suggestion of a gentleman whose classical attainments and good taste, are a sufficient guarantee, that it will not be an unacceptable treat to our readers. It is a spirited and easy poetical version of a popular Spanish tale, which through the medium of a translation furnished by Richard Cumberland, has long been known to readers of the British classics.
The Dean of Badajos, has an anxious desire to perfect himself in magie. With this object in view he visits Toledo in order to become a pupil of Torribio, a famed sorcerer. Torribio at first refuses his request, on account of having been so ungratefully requited by former pupils. The Dean after declaiming against their ingratitude, and affirining his own generosity, by his pressing entreaties, obtains his consent to become his pupil. By his art Torribio throws him into a deep sleep, in which in the course of one hour, the succeeding events of his life are pictured to his eye, and he rises by successive steps from a Dean to the Popedom, and by various pretences defers the reward he had promised Torribio, until at last he is about to banish him, when the spell is removed, bis ingratitude demonstrated, and he returns bome humbled and abashed. Independent of its humor, the moral is a good one.-(Ed. Mers.
“The Dean of Badajos was (report hath said) A scholar and a ripe one, and well read In all the arts and sciences which rank a Man highest in the schools of Salamanca, Coimbra or Alcala; nor was to seek In Law or Logic, Latin or in Greek: In schoolmen versed, in poets, epic, tragic, And comic-he knew everything but Magic. To lack such knowledge was a source of pain, For none (he deemed) could show that secret vein, Of all the learned men that lived in Spain. At last, and when least hoped, within his reach, He heard of one that could the science teach, Who at Toledo lived, of liule fame; And Don Torribio was his style and name,
Scarce of his name assured and his abode, The Dean was on his mule and on his road. He lighting at Toledo, to a lone Mean dwelling by his muleteer was shown; And, as if all was moulded on one plan, Such as his modest mansion found the man; To whom, due congees made, he thus began :-" I am the Dean of Badajos. Is none In Seville, the Castilles, or Aragon, Nay--not from Cadiz to the Pyrenees, (Whatever are his honors, or degrees) But calls me Master ; yet were I by thee Called scholar, it a higher praise would be :Instruct me but in Magic, I entreat, And bind me to thy service, hands and feet.”
Although he piqued himself, as he might well, On keeping the best company in hell, Torribio dealt not (as my story teaches) In candied courtesies and flowery speeches; But bluntly said, "he had met such ill return From all that had repaired to him to learn, It was his firm resolve, that never more Would he reveal his prostituted lore.” -"And has the great Torribio been repaid In such base coin?" the dean of Badajos said, And-as if such a thought had fired his bloodPoured forth so loud, so long and large a flood of saws and sentences against the crime or foul ingratitude, in prose and rhyme, All on a foam with honest hate and scorn, That by the furious torrent overborne, The sage confessed," he could no more repel The advances of a man who spoke so well : He would instruct him; he would be his host ;" And from his window cried..." Jacintha, roast A brace of partridges;” (this window looked Upon the kitchen where Jacintha cooked ; His cook and faithful housekeeper was she :) Adding, “the dean of Badajos sups with me.” Next touched his pupil's brow, and said, (let not The words by thee, good reader, be forgot,) “ Ortobolan, Pistrafier, Ornagriouf ;" Then of his zeal and art gave present proof; Opened his books; and with his pupil fell To work on sign and sigil, spirit and spell.
Master and scholar little time had read, Before a knock, strange voice, and heavy tread Were heard ; and lo! Jacintha, and with her A squat, square man, that seemed a messenger. Breathless he was, and fiery hot with haste, Splashed to the eyes, and booted to the waist. This courier was postilion to my lord Bishop of Badajos ; and he brought word, “ The bishop"...(who had for a long time been Ailing, and who was uncle to the Dean)... “ Had had an apoplectic stroke and lay Upon his death-bed when he came away." The dean, intent upon his long-sought art, Cursed messenger and uncle--but apart... And gravely bade the man return ; "he would Follow (he added) with what haste he could;" But hardly was he gone before the twain, Wizard and Dean, were at their work again.
Vainly, for lo! new messengers! but more Worth hearing were the tidings which they bore. This new arrival was a deputation, Sent by the Chapter, who, in convocation, Since the dean's uncle, their right reverend lord, The bishop, had been called to his reward, Had chosen him.--as fittest found---to keep And feed and fold his houseless, hungry sheep. Upon this hint Torribio spake; he paid The bishop a brief compliment, and said, “He upon this occasion might fulfil His promises; nor did he doubt his will. He had not yet informed him he had a son, Who, wanting not in mother wit, had none For the dark sciences : whom he had ceased To press upon this point, and made a priest : Nor belter count his beads, nor said his credo, In all the many churches of Toledo. Then, since his pupil could not be at once A bishop and a dean, and must renounce The lesser dignity, he would outrun His wishes if he gave it to his son.”
• Embarrassed was the dean; but cleared his eye And cloudy forehead, and thus made reply: “It grieves me---grieves me greatly to refuse The first small boon for which Torribio sues ; But a rich cousin, by my kin well seen, One that is only fit to be a dean, And who has promised I shall be his heir, Looks to my deanery; and, should I dare Withhold the prize for which he hopes, I should Anger each man and woman of my blood. But a poor deanery in Estremadura III fits his son, to whom I would assure a More fitting and more profitable boon :-And surely this could compass late or soon :... Sooner or later, some new prize must fall; And, since I must obey my clergy's call, Follow me, I beseech, and you shall be Friend, counsellor, and all in all to me : Leave not, dear master, ('tis my prayer) half done The work you have so happily begun; And reckon on his gratitude, who knows The measure of the mighty debt he owes.”
· After some pause, Torribio gave consent, And with him to his see of Badajos went; Where, as if he had filled the high vicar's stall, He was to the new bishop all in all : Nay...by his conduct earned, and tongue and pen, Golden opinions of all sorts of men.
Bound to this Lord” (though visible relation
So little there those two were to remain,
"Torribio was not with his reverend chief
However this might be, in friendly sort
The holy father solemnly proclaimed...
• Beneath the guidance of so good a master, The bishop, if more cautiously, moved faster In magic, (for more steady was his pace) Than when he first began to run that race; Learned studies with his duty to combine; And shaped himself withal so just a line That throughout Spain, in country, town, and court, Fame of his worth and wisdom made report. When lo ! into his lap-unlooked for-fell a New plum, the archbishopric of Compostella. I should want words to tell, how at their loss Men--priests and people-mourned in Badajos : Whose Canons (their last tokens of respect) Besought their parting prelate to select One from among his many friends, to be His successor in that afflicted see.
"The occasion was not by Torribio lost ; Who for his son again besought the post; And was again refused the vacant place : But that with all imaginable grace : “The archbishop felt such sorrow, felt sueh shame, At so postponing his preceptor's claim: But could he a yet older claim withstand ? That of Don Ferdinand de Lara, grand Constable of Castile: for service done, He gought the windfall for a natural son.