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and the spirit of equality breathed forth in the doctrines cient establishment; and the bitterness of this cup has of the christian dispensation, having been infused into not yet passed away. And if the ancient church disthe people, the middle classes rapidly arose, and as- cipline forbade religious freedom, the new codes were sumed a prominent station in society. As the light of compelled to tolerate the propagation of the most science was diffused, and the benefits of education were destructive and licentious dogmas. Infidelity stalked extended to the multitude, they acquired a knowledge naked through the world. Availing themselves of the of their natural rights, and became inquisitive concern- great engine with which this revolution in religion had ing the authority of their rulers. It was not probable been effected, and protected by the genius of universal that in this improved condition of intellectual man, he toleration, the disciples of the philosophists and illumishould tamely submit even to the mild dominion of the nati poured forth from a teeming press their blasphepriesthood; and the sovereign pontiffs, long before mous doctrines, subversive alike of religion, morals, and the days of the tenth Leo, felt that their temporal all social institutions. power could not survive the growing intelligence of Although religion advanced with her hundred banthe people.
ners, the Holy Sepulchre could not be protected from At this propitious period the art of printing was dis- the infidel. The opinions of men became unsettled; covered, and there was no temporal power so firmly there was no longer any reverence for the institutions established, or so securely intrenched as to resist its of antiquity; and though age called to age from the powerful assaults. It was perhaps unfortunate for bottomless abysses of time, her hoarse voice was lost mankind, that the first eruption of the volcano, should amid the tumult of noisy innovation. have been beneath the altars of religion. It would have The Papal hierarchy, seated on the seven hills of the been far more salutary, if the revolution in government Cæsars, had been shaken to its foundations; and the had preceded instead of following the revolution in reli- fragments of its temporal power, like those of the monugion ; for the clergy, having been the first who were ments of the palmy days of imperial Rome, were crumbassailed by the spirit of innovation, were placed unwit- ling in the dust. The storm of revolution now began to tingly in an attitude of hostility to the projected refor- roll back from the altar to the throne, mation, and were opposed to the assertion of what were deemed popular rights. Unhappily there was a
Littore Etrusco violenter undis, divorce between the people and the established clergy,
Ire dejectum monumenta regis; and thus those, who, by their superior prudence and intelligence were best calculated to bear upon their and the restless spirit of revolution sought out the ruins consecrated shoulders the ark of the covenant, and of other establishments, upon which to erect a trophy to conduct it to the promised land, were proscribed and the rights of man. denounced. It became necessary, therefore, for the It soon became apparent that mun, in the pride and people, unaided by these lights, to institute new forms excess of his newly acquired powers, was rushing madly of worship better adapted than the old to the spirit of forward to another revolution, which threatened to enthe age. But after the attachment of men to the sacred gulph all existing establishments, social, moral, and poinstitutions of their forefathers had been shaken, and the litical. Freedom of religious opinion had been attained, hierarchy had been weakened, it was long before they but the price was yet to be paid. There was no estabcould be united in any settled form of worship, as a lishment so sacred as to escape the indiscriminate ruin. substitute for that which they had thrown down. And The veil of the temple was rent asunder, and breaking in their journey to the land of promise, there was no into the innermost recesses of the sanctuary, these francloud of smoke by day, no pillar of fire by night, to tic levellers of the second or political revolution placed conduct them in their weary pilgrimage. The ark their sacrilegious hands upon the horns of the altar, with its holy symbols was no longer with them, for the questioned the attributes, limited the powers, blaspeople had turned to the left hand, while the Levites phemed the name, and denied the existence of the pursued the right. Having lost the priesthood, they unavenging Deity! The French philosophists, fostered were no longer restrained by authority in religious by a profligate nobility, whose ruin they precipitated, matters. Hence the necessity of universal freedom of had corrupted the national morals by their licentious opinion, the true spirit of religious liberty ; but, alas! writings. The social virtues had been shaken by the like all boons bestowed upon erring man, it was the speculative productions of the learned Encyclopædists. fruitful source of abuse and misery in the fruition. We In the wild delirium of infidelity, denuded beauty usurped have intimated that it would have been better if the in the city of Paris the worship of the Deity! And the revolution in governments had preceded the revolution whole frame-work of society,"like the city of Persepolis, in religion; because, after the result had been attained, perished amid the vapors of wine, and by the seducement and the storm had wasted its fury, the disturbed ele- of courtezans.” Yet a moment, and the lilies of France ments of society might have once more blended peace were as scarlet. fully together beneath the auspices of a common religion. It was only by the abuse of the privileges conferred In consequence of this separation of the clergy froni the by the first or religious revolution, that designing men people in the religious revolution of the sixteenth cen. were enabled to produce the second or political revolutury, it was not effected without a strong infusion of tion. The freedom of religious opinion enabled the bitterness. Under the new doctrine of freedom of reli- philosophists and infidels to propagate their destructive gious opinion, which, on account of this separation, it doctrines, and poison and corrupt the morals of a whole became necessary to establish, a thousand new creeds people. At the head of this band of ruffians was the sprang into being; but, forgetful of their common origin, detestable Voltaire. “Let us contemplate the wretch,” they were not less hostile to each other than to the an- exclaims a beautiful writer, filled with holy indignation, as he looked upon his bust. “Behold that repulsive beginning to expand with unwonted energy, the refor. countenance, over which modesty has never spread her mers shook the temporal and spiritual power of the glow, and those eyes, like two extinguished volcanoes, Roman hierarchy, which had swayed its sceptre over yet glimmering with the lurid glare of lust and hatred. the civilized world from the age of Constantine. So That mouth, extending from ear to ear, and yawning with the second revolution, or the revolution in governlike a fearful chasm; those lips compressed with malice, ment, which unsettled and upheaved the foundations of ready to pour forth the bitterness of sarcasm, or the mad society. ravings of blasphemy. Alas! what mischief has he not In his farewell address to the people of this country, entailed upon us ? Like that poisonous insect, the scourge the first president, whose patriotic heart yearned for of the garden, which attacks none but the most precious the perpetuity of our institutions, but whose sound plants, Voltaire, with his rankling sting, never ceases understanding taught him to apprehend their speedy to wound those two germs of society, women and young dissolution, exhorts us to indulge cautiously the belief men. He infuses his poison into them, and thus trans that sound morals or integrity can be preserved without mits it from generation to generation. The great wick- the aid of religion. He made law, order, and governedness of Voltaire consists in the abuse of his talents, ment repose upon morals, and held religion to be indisand the prostitution of a genius given him for the praise pensable for the protection of morality. Whenever of God and virtue. He cannot, like so many others, opinions utterly subversive of religion, and publications allege in extenuation of his crimes, inconsiderateness, destructive of morals are freely tolerated, as in the the seducement of the passions, or the frailty of our period immediately preceding the French revolution, it nature. His corruption is of a character peculiar to follows as a necessary consequence that the bonds of himself; it is seated in the innermost recesses of his society become as bands of fax before the flames of heart, and is upheld by all the powers of his under-revolution. The world has not yet recovered from the standing. A sacrilegious wretch, he braves God to effects produced by the writings of the philosophists. destroy his creatures. With unexampled frenzy the The Deity seemed in regard to that fated people, to insolent blasphemer has dared to declare himself the have withdrawn for a season his superintendence of personal enemy of the Redeemer. In the depth of his human affairs, and left to men the inevitable consenothingness he applies a contempluous epithet to the quences of their own depravity. The morals of the Saviour, and pronounces that law which he brought French people had already been corrupted. There reupon earth infamous. Abandoned of God, he knows no mained for Voltaire and his school nothing but to deny restraint. Other blasphemous railers have astonished the existence of God. Alas! for them there was no God. virtue, Voltaire shocks vice. He surrenders up his He had already abandoned them! imagination to the enthusiasm of hell, which lends him Since the invention of printing the influence of men all its powers to lead him to the uttermost excesses of of genius over the public mind is incalculable. That wickedness. A wretch, who would have been banish- which the great reformers and their associates effected ed from Sodom, he is crowned at Paris. Insolent pro- in the religious world in the sixteenth century, Voltaire, faner of his native tongue and of the greatest names Rousseau, Diderot, D'Alembert and their abettors reof France, he is the most contemptible of mankind next peated in the political world in the eighteenth. How to those who admire him. When I contrast what he frightful then is the responsibility of men of talent? might have done with what he bas done, his unrivalled What tremendous agency do they not exercise over talents only inspire me with a holy indignation, which the destinies of the children of men? And how imporI have no language to express. Hesitating belween tant is it, that the public press should vigilantly guard admiration and horror, I feel sometimes as if I would the public morals, and restrain the publication of licenlike to erect a statue to his memory—by the hands of tious works, or, if that be impracticable, labor at least the common hangman."
to counteract their baleful influence? We have endeaOne of the necessary consequences and afflictive re- vored to show that the revolutions of the sixteench and sults of the reformation was the toleration of doctrines of the eighteenth centuries were the mere results of the utterly subversive of religion, morals, and society; and discovery of the art of printing, and consequent imthe invention of printing and cultivation of letters have provement of intellectual man; or, in other words, that placed at the disposal of the wicked, irresistible means the press, by whose agency they were effected, is, in the of poisoning the manners and morals of a whole people hands of men of genius, a resistless agent for weal or in the very gush of the fountain. The mind of man no woe. If it sometimes improve the heart by informing the sooner became unfettered, freedom of religious opinion understanding, it not unfrequently happens that it is no sooner became his priceless heritage, than straight- prostituted, first to sap public morals, and then to overway he proceeds to the most signal abuse of these ines- throw the establishments which repose upon them. The timable blessings. Who shall control the powers of the ardent Milton, glowing with his customary eloquence free and gifted intellect? Springing into life from amidst in defence of unlicensed printing, exelaims : “And the gloom of Barbaric ages, like the electric flame from though all the winds of doctrine were let loose to play the dark bosom of the tempest
, if it sometimes invigo- upon the earth, so truth be in the field, we do injuriousrate and purify, it is as often the herald, and the mes- ly to misdoubt her strength. Let her and falsehood senger, and the agent of desolation. Does the impri- grapple: who ever knew truth put to the worse in a free soned eagle demand a whirlwind to lift him in the land open encounter ?” This is unquestionably a sound clouds? Nomhe only asks that his ligaments may be argument in favor of unlicensed printing in a political loosed, and that his wings may be unfurled. Aided by sense. But in the present condition of mankind the the formidable power of the press, and impelled by the philosophic mind cannot adınit its truth as applicable to restless and feverish condition of the public mind, then social man. If the understandings of all men were as clear as that of Milton, and if all men of sound under-cause, but we have fallen upon better days. We are standing were so enamored of truth as to embrace her in the midst of the awful experiment. We have already under all circumstances, we could safely admit the argu- remarked that the sagacious Washington doubted the ment. But while the understanding of a vast majority stability of this government, and the characteristic of of mankind is clouded by prejudice or overshadowed this truly great man was unerring sagacity. And arby ignorance, wisdom and truth may cry aloud in the dent patriots have latterly been startled by the frequent streets, and few will hearken. The Bible contains in and violent assaults upon the bonds of the Union. In itself every lesson of morality and every rule of action: stronger governments the centripetal power prevails, it is filled with the wisdom of inspiration, and breathes and the tendency of power is to the centre ; but in our the spirit of eloquence; it is engrafted upon the civil free institutions the repulsive power predominates to an code of every civilized nation, ils copies are multiplied alarming extent, and our most formidable enemy, as and circulated to almost infinite extent, it is the text well as our national tendency, is licentiousness. Impabook of religion, its lessons are enforced from the altar tience of restraint, love of novelty, laxity of morals are and the desk, it is to be found near every hearth and in alike opposed to the interests of true religion and the the chambers of affliction and death; it has stamped perpetuity of free institutions. Infidelity and licentiousupon it the broad seal of the Everlasting, and was de- ness have increased in these latter days with frightful livered to man amid the thunders of Sinai ; it has its rapidity, and unless they be checked in their reeling and thousands and its tens of thousands anointed for the riotous career, they must ultimately stalk amid the dispropagation of its wholesome truths; and yet such is jointed fragments of desecrated altars and broken the perversity of man, such is the inability of the most charters. Hence, it is the FIRST DUTY OF EVERY CHRISimposing truths, revealed by the Deity himself, to wres- TIAN AND OF EVERY PATRIOT TO OPPOSE EVERY THING, tle with error, that myriads have been and still are se- WHICH TENDS TO CORRUPT PUBLIC MORALS OR TO PROduced from the paths of truth and morality, by the motE LICENTIOUSNESS OF OPINION. apostles of untruth and infidelity.
Time is not the great destroyer. Man is immortal, From the two great revolutions of which we have and his political and social establishments would, but spoken the world is supposed to have derived two in- for his licentiousness, endure until the voice of the valuable blessings, freedom of religious opinion, and free Archangel, like to a passing-bell, proclaimed the fupolitical institutions. Let not our gratitude however neral of time. The infidel Volney, while contemdeter us from speculating upon the ultimate operation plating the ruins of the wilderness, which once blosof these transcendent gifts ; let us endeavor to lift a somed as the gardens of Jericho; the unbelieving Gib. corner of the veil which darkens the future, in order to bon, overshadowed by the ruins of the capitol, and gather a few salutary lessons. We do not limit our meditating amid the fragments of mouldering columns, view to the present generation, but we speak of man, -beheld the fruits Of LICENTIOUSNESS. And the immortal in his essence, whose existence on earth will silent monitor within might have whispered to these only cease when time shall be no more. In this enlarged unbelievers, that such as themselves had desolated sense man is not secure of these blessings. They are empires. experiments in the midst of which we now are, and ti- Let it be the “first duty of every citizen to oppose morous men think the "beginning of the end now is.” everything which tends to corrupt public morals, or to To have been delivered from the dominion of the priest- promote licenciousness.” History with her grave and hood seems to us in the midst of fruition a blessing solemn countenance constantly admonishes us, that vouchsafed ; but inasmuch as by that deliverance it whatever may have been the immediate cause of nabecame necessary to recognize and establish freedom oftional calamities, licentiousness of morals and opinions religious opinion, christianity, religion, morals, and go- has always preceded and precipitated the catastrophe. vernment have a new and formidable enemy to encoun- It is with individuals as with nations; the measure of ter in the shadowy monster INFIDELITY. And unless chastisement is, for the most part, exactly proportioned untried means be discovered to arrest the progress of to their delinquency. Man, being immortal, and cathis formidable foe in his desolating march, future gene- pable of future suffering, and the extent of his malice rations will be startled with the question, what has and of the deliberate consent of his will being only religion profited by the reformation--in what has chris- known to the Searcher of hearts, appears sometimes to tianity been benefited by universal freedom of religious escape the penalties of this universal law, at least on opinion? It will be remarked, that throughout this this side of the grave. Moreover divine justice is not article we speak of religion generally-not of creeds, unfrequently appeased by submission and penitence. ancient or modern, reformed or otherwise. With the Not so with nations. They never escape the temporal lalter we have no concern.
punishment of crimes. National affliction and national We have been speaking of the unsettled experiment, degradation as assuredly follow national crime as effect which sprang from the first, or religious revolution : we follows cause. How beautiful is the moral of the will now proceed to the second experiment, which Eastern allegory in relation to punishment? “The originated with the political or French revolution. And Brahmins represent Punishment as the son of the this latter problem is the “capability of man for self Deity, and the security of the four orders of the state. government.” In this favored land it is a conceded He rules with a sceptre of iron, and from the beast of truth, (may it be so ever!) which it is a species of trea- the field to the children of men, the order of nature can son to question. But the philosophic inquirer is not to never be violated with impunity. He is the perfection be deterred from the investigation of wholesome truths of justice. All classes would become corrupt, all barby the partialities or prejudices of the age in which he riers would be overthrown, and confusion would prelives. The prince of philosophers was a martyr in this vail upon the face of the earth, if punishment either ceased to be inflicted, or were inflicted unjustly. But by them for a season. We are not of those, who would while the Genius of Punishment, with his dark counte- liken such convulsions in the body politic to the strife nance and fiery eye, presses forward to extirpate crime, of the elements, which purify the atmosphere and rethe people are secure, if justice be impartial.” From store a wholesome equilibrium. Their immediate rethis avenging principle there is no escape, no mitigation sults may be flattering to the patriot and philanthrofor a guilty people; unless by a special dispensation of pist, and man, for a time, may enjoy a greater share of Providence, some inspired messenger should awaken freedom. But in their ultimate effects, it is very questhem to a sense of impending ruin, and like the Nine- tionable whether society is really benefited. We vites of olden time, they should repent in sackcloth would rather compare these political shocks to a paraand ashes. But national worship, what is it for the lysis in the human system, from which the patient may most part, but sheer mockery? How often have we recover for a season with renovated health, but only to Seheld injustice victorious, and bending beneath the await successive shocks in accumulative frequency, weight of guilty laurels, leading subdued innocence a until he finally perish. captive at her chariot wheels, lift up in the temple of The political revolutions, which have most afflicted the God of Justice canticles of rejoicing and thanks-mankind, have been introduced by an era of national giving to Heaven for its signal protection? In one of profligacy and licentiousness. Charles was the natural those genuine inspirations of genius, so rare with Vol- precursor of Cromwell, and Cromwell the fit successor taire, (fas est et ab hoste doceri,) he exclaims with a of Charles. The libidinous Cavalier was aptly followed just, we had almost said, with a holy indignation: by the stern and formal Puritan. The morals, the lite.
rature, the religion of the English nation had become « Je n'ai cessé de voir tous ces voleurs de nuit,
utterly depraved, and the interposition of the “Genius Qui, dans un chemin creux, sans tambour et sans bruit, Discrètement armés de sabres et d'échelles
of Punishment, the avenger of crime, the security of Assassinent d'abord cinq ou six sentinelles;
the four orders of government,” became necessary to Puis montant les tement aux murs de la cité,
chastise and to correct. The sufferings of the nation Ou les pauvres bourgeois dormaient en sûreté,
were terrific, but its crimes had been enormous. But Portent dans leur logis le fer avec les flammes,
as if to teach mankind a lesson, which tradition could Poignardent les maris, dishonorent les femmes, Eerasent les enfans, et las de tant d'efforts,
never forget, the crimes of the French people were perBoivent le vin d'autrui sur des morceaux de morts. mitted to accumulate, until Paris rivalled Sodom in Le lendemain matin on les mène a l'église
iniquity. And perhaps the sudden and consuming Rendre grace au bon Dieu de leur noble entreprise ; wrath which fell upon the city of the plain, was mercy Lui chanter en Latin qu'il est leurs digne appui, Que dans la ville en feu l'on n'eut rien fait sans lui ;
compared with the protracted sufferings of this aban. Qu'on ne peut ni voler, ni massacrer son monde,
doned people. If the world shuddered at the enormity Ni bruler les cités si Dieu ne nous seconde.”
of their crimes, nations grew pale at the prolonged
intensity of their sufferings. The Avenger of Crime Greece was subdued by the Roman power, Rome again exacted the full measure of retribution. was overthrown by hordes of barbarians. Yet it is A fact, which strikes us with great force in these admitted that these people were invincible while they latter ages, is the rapidity with which revolutions have were virtuous, and only perished when they had be- been effected : a circumstance equally worthy of notice come licentious and corrupt. No matter what agency is the facility with which in modern times the morals may have been employed in their desolation, we always of a whole people have been corrupted. This proceeds, find punishment, the avenger of crime, leading on the as did the two great revolutions of which we have spoinvader, and bruising guilty nations with his rod of iron. ken, from the invention of printing, the agency of the The warning is repeated throughout Holy Writ. The press, that powerful engine, powerful alike for evil and most sublime, the most affecting passages of Scripture, for good. If revolutions thus destructive of the traneloquently depict the lamentable consequences of na- quillity and happiness of nations have been preceded by tional depravity. The most pathetic of the prophets, the prevalence of licentiousness, it becomes an imporas he sat by the gates of the city, lifted up his voice in tant inquiry to ascertain the causes of the corruption of grief over the fallen fortunes of Israel, and spake of public morals. Alas! it is a matter of history. Prothe sufferings and captivity of Judah. And invariably metheus stole the living fire from Heaven to inspire, to he attributes the afflictions of his people and their create a being like himself. But man, ever rebellious, national degradation to their crimes and licentiousness. has, in latter times, snatched the consecrated flame from When the fair and fertile “valley of Siddim, once well the altar to fire the social edifice, and sought immortality watered, even as the garden of the Lord, became an in the enormity of his crime, and in the memorable arid and dismal wilderness, condemned to eternal ste- beauty and sanctity of the building. With strange rility; when the graves of the once proud cities of the indocility and ingratitude, with unaccountable way. plain were dug by the thunders of heaven, and they wardness and perversity, he exerts the divine attributes were buried beneath the sluggish waters of that sea of mind bestowed upon him by a munificent Creator, to which holds no living fish in its bosom, bears no skiff mislead and destroy his creatures. on its surface, and sends not, like other lakes, a tribute There are no periods in the history of England and to the ocean;" it was, in the expressive language of France, in which corrupting and licentious writers were Scripture, BECAUSE THE INIQUITIES OF THOSE so freely tolerated, as those which immediately preCITIES.
ceded the frightful revolutions that shook those king, We are not of the number of those who consider doms to their foundation. A licentious press has never political revolutions always beneficial to mankind, al- failed to corrupt the people who tolerate the nuisance. though popular rights and privileges may be extended | The close contact into which the nations of the earth
have been brought by the cultivation of letters renders / regret and alarm, the sensation this author has created. the action of the press electric. The attention of His example is even worse than his precept. Seduced nations is no longer confined to the enemy within; from the path of duty by inordinate vanity, and bowing there must be a warden at every gate, a watchman down before those conventional orders in Britain, which upon every tower. The electric influence imparted to one in his closet he seems to despise, Mr. Bulwer fails to extremity of the chain is instantaneously felt through- fulfil his destiny. With creative powers beyond those out the lengthened links. As the powers of man have of any living writer, with a free command and a beau. expanded, his dangers have increased. If to improve tiful fluency of language, deeply versed in the knowthe understanding were in equal degree to purify the ledge of political and social institutions, “learned in all heart, if the tree of knowledge always bore the fruit of the wisdom of the Egyptians;" the world had reason to virtue, we would not be compelled to deplore the la- require of this gifted man, that he should assert his mentable facility with which whole divisions of the proper station, and stand forth the eloquent champion human family have been latterly corrupted. Unfortu- of rational freedom, and like a tower of strength, defend nately the will of man is perverse. Elence he enjoys against the fierce war of innovation, established instituthe freedom of religious opinion, and preaches infidelity; tions. Erect between contending parties, like the pillar he exults in his political liberty, and teaches licentious of mingled darkness and flame, he should gild with ness and insubordination. When will he learn the cheering light the pathway of the friends of peace and whole lesson of wisdom and happiness, “Sustine et order, and cast a withering shadow over the advancing Abstine ?" The press then is the great engine of good footsteps of destroying anarchists. It is not enough and evil-the press is the protector as well as the de- that he should amuse or delight, he should be required stroyer of morals-the press is the shield-it is also the to instruct mankind. The British parliament, and the leveller of nations. Tremendous engine! Frightful British people, should be made to feel and to respect the power ! Can it be that Providence, stretching forth his powers of his genius. Alas! with all his endowments kindly arm, has over-calculated the strength and skill, of mind, he is eminently deficient in that highest of and virtue of his people, and has intrusted them with human attributes, moral courage. Even the false gods the guidance of the chariot of light, only that they may he worships are of a secondary order. With less of consume instead of enlightening the world ?
ardor than the Persian, he turns from the great lumiBut we must hasten to conclude an article, which nary; and with more than Babylonian idolatry, he bows has already transcended the limits of our design, by a down before the lesser lights. He is at once flattered few remarks peculiarly applicable to our own country, and enslaved by the Aristocracy, and living but for their and addressed more particularly to the rising genera- patronage and amusement, he adapts his morals to the tion. There are deeply sowed in our soil seeds of lax standard of a profligate and unintellectual nobility. destruction unknown to other lands; and it is therefore He is manifestly subdued by the social influences of a the more requisite for the preservation of our excellent corrupt and corrupting metropolis. Instead of reposing institutions, that we, above all other people, should with dignity upon the powers of his intellect, or lifting “oppose everything which tends to corrupt public morals, or himself to useful eminence by their exertion, and fearto promote licentiousness.” Influenced by such conside- lessly pursuing the high destiny that awaits him; he rations we feel impelled to censure the writings of yields to the seductive influence of literary ease, and Edward Lytton Bulwer, though we are filled with inhales the poisonous influence of that artificial and admiration for his transcendent genius. And yet the exclusive society, into which he only finds admission masterly style in which the immoral tendency of his at the price of virtue. Yet he has not received even works has been exposed and denounced by one of the the full wages of iniquity, and his prostituted talents most gifted correspondents of the Messenger, in the are not fairly compensated. Stung by the disappointJanuary number, has anticipated our design, and ment, his wounded spirit brooding in solitude over its abridged our task. But the manner of Bulwer is so fancied wrongs, sometimes breaks forth with resistless captivating and seductive, he wields over the youthful violence, and scourges with merciless severity those mind such overpowering influence at a season of life idols whom he despises in his soul, but whom he wor. when their hearts and intellects are plastic and easily ships in all outward observance. Forming our estimate shaped, that we cannot refrain from superadding our of his abilities from his writings, when we compare testimony to that of the able reviewer to whom we what he might have done with what he has effected, have alluded. The lettered ease, the airy manners, the we feel impelled to inquire wherefore such talents loose morality, with which he invests his striking cha- should have been so unwisely bestowed. Far be it racters, are well calculated to lead the youthful to erect from us to detract from the full measure of his intellect. a false standard of taste, and to adopt a perilous laxity Radiant with celestial imagery, he breaks forth in his of morals. He labors to substitute for the manly digo “Song of the Stars” with a wild burst of eloquence, nity of the educated gentleman the finical foppery, the which thrills the heart and leads captive the understanshowy and superficial polish of a pert and puny intellec- ding. And in that other beautiful extravaganza, “The tualism. He has done much to engraft upon the Saxon Soul in Purgatory," how exquisitely, and yet how faithsolidity of our language and character that frivolous fully does he portray the constancy of woman's love? levity, which seems only to have found a home in We have long since passed through the “May of youth England and America, when it had been banished from and bloom of lustihood," and we begin to feel in our France. But he has not only offended against the lesser, bosom the freezing infuence of the snows that have he has assailed the greater morals. Considering the fallen on our head; yet when in that beautiful fiction toleration of immoral productions as evidences of the the “Angels string their harps in Heaven, and their decline of any people, we have witnessed with no little music ascends like a stream of odors to the Pavilions