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nitude of the undertaking, and when finished, it will But what gives the greatest interest to this production constitute one of the noblest monuments of public is, that it contains the diplomatic creed of perhaps the utility that science can raise to the glory of a nation. greatest negotiator of ancient or modern times. It is

We are now brought to an epoch, when interests gratifying to observe, that he repels with something not less considerable, and our national honor, make it like indignation, the prevalent notion that deception a duty to take a direct and active part in the advance and duplicity are indispensable to the diplomatist. He ment of the geography and navigation of those remote proclaims good faith, not only to be a duty but a necesseas hitherto so little known.

sary one, in negotiating, as the sole foundation in fact of The increase of our commerce is such that not less confidence, but accompanied by discretion and reserve. than two to three hundred whaling vessels belonging Dr. Franklin could not have expressed a more true or to our countrymen, with from nine to twelve thousand republican sentiment. In hazarding the opinion that men, are in the habit of frequenting the Pacific ocean, theologians make the best diplomatists, Talleyrand pays engaged in pursuits, the profits of which are so much an indirect compliment to himself, as he is perhaps the ibe greater, as in most instances not dependent on most remarkable illustration of the proposition, which a mere exchange of commodities, they are drawn by could be adduced. The remarks of the veteran stateslabor from the bottom of the deep. But these ope- man upon the obligation of duty, the religion of duty, rations are difficult and hazardous, and the lives of as he expressively calls it, are philosophical, sagacious, the sailors are always in peril. We navigate the and well worthy of deep consideration. But I did not whole ocean—but we draw almost all our knowledge set out with the intention of analyzing this remarkable of it from the contributions of others. This state of discourse. It is distinguished by an elegant, yet severe things cannot fail to excite the solicitude of an enlight. simplicity of style, characteristic of the best age of ened people, who wish to fulfil their high destinies. French literature. Clear, yet forcible; pointed, yet

It has been determined, that a scientific expedition flowing; it has none of the faux brillant of the present
should be despatched to explore the South seas and school. It was listened to with admiration, by an audi-
Pacific ocean. Its primary object, is the promotion of ence composed of all the rank, wit and intelligence of the
the great interests of commerce, and the advancement French metropolis. I have preserved its phraseology,
of navigation and geography. Promotion of natural as much as is consistent with the English idiom.
sciences is considered an object of great, but secondary Before I close, I cannot resist the temptation of rela.

ting an anecdote which I have never seen in print. It The inquiries relative to these two objects naturally is strikingly illustrative of the perfect self-control of divide themselves into two distinct classes. The first Talleyrand; his impassibility, as the French term it. I class comprehends all researches referring to nautical think it was in 1827, while attending in his capacity of art, to hydrography, to geography, to terrestrial mag. Grand Chamberlain, the anniversary commemoration netism, and to meteorology. These researches are of the death of Louis XVI, in the cathedral of St. the exclusive province of the officers of the navy, who Denis, as he was leaving the door, he was struck to the sail in the expedition. The second class comprehends earth by a certain de Maubreuil, and remained some time all the researches relative to the different branches of insensible, stunned either by the force of the blow or of the natural history of the earth, to the history of the the fall. This de Maubreuil asserted, that he had been native tribes, to philology, &c. These researches are employed by Talleyrand, after the fall of Napoleon, to entrusted particularly to the scientific corps, which is attack or assassinate some of the members of the to make part of the expedition, chosen from individu. Bonaparte family, in order to recover the crown jewels. als not of the navy, each one of whom will have spe- He did not succeed in his mission, and when he applied cial charge of the department under which he is nomi- for his reward, as he asserted, Talleyrand refused to renated.

cognize him, and ever after persisted in disavowing him. August 7, 1839.

Spurred to frenzy by this alleged neglect, he could
find no other means of revenging himself, than by this
public outrage. The story of de Maubreuil who was
looked upon as deranged, obtained but little credence.

I happened during a residence of several years in Paris,

to be well acquainted with the Baroness de Bourgoing, To the Editor of the Southern Literary Messenger.

widow of a distinguished ambassador, who wrote a very

good work on Spain, and mother-in-law of Marshal Sir: At a time when the recent death of that extraor- Macdonald, a woman of superior intelligence and man. dinary man Talleyrand, attracts so much attention to his ners, who was then “Surintendante, of the royal estab. character, I have thought that a translation of the dis- lishment of the Legion of Honor at St. Denis.” Her course which he delivered at the French Academy, a few house was the resort of the best company, and I recol. months before his decease, might not be altogether un- leci, among others, to have spent a morning there with acceptable to your readers. It is in itself a remarkable Madame Recamier, so famous in the annals of beauty circumstance, that this veteran statesman and courtier, and fashion. No longer young, she was still unusually loaded with years, riches and honors, should at an age attractive in face and person, and of exceedingly mo80 advanced, present himself at the literary tribune. dest and interesting manners. She was really what the The purpose too was an amiable one, for it was to bear French call de beaux restes. This by way of episode. testimony, which he alone could render, to the merits To return to my story; a son of Madame de Bourgoing of a man of humble birth, of different religion, and of told me, that the Prince, after the outrage, was brought position and functions, often, comparatively obscure. I into his mother's apartment, and that as soon as he re

Vol. IV.-72

J. L. M.


covered, he ordered himself to be driven to Paris, which Count Reinhart, when I saw him for the first time, is five or six miles from St. Denis. Young de Bour-" was thirty, and I, thirty-seven years of age. He en: going and another gentleman accompanied him, but tered public life with a large fund of acquired know. although he spoke with usual animation upon the or- ledge. He knew five or six languages, and was famidinary topics, he never once alluded to the occurrence liar with their various literature. He might have which a few minutes before, had nearly deprived him of rendered himself celebrated, as a poet, as a historian, or life. This proceeded from his habitual caution. He as a geographer; and it was in this last capacity that would not trust himself to speak of the event, at such a he became a member of the Institute at its creation, moment. It was the reserve of the diplomatist. Speak. At this epoch, he was already a member of the Aca. ing, in his discourse, of the qualities appropriate to a demy of Sciences of Gottingen. Born and educated in Minister of Foreign Affairs, he ends by saying “in short, Germany, he had published in his youth, some poetical he should not cease, one moment in the twenty-four efforts, which had honored him with the notice of Gess. hours, to be Minister of Foreign Affairs.”

ner, of Wieland, and of Schiller. At a later period, Very respectfully your obedient servant,

obliged by the state of his health to have recourse to the

waters of Carlsbad, he had the good fortune, to meet freWashington, 27th July, 1938.

quently with the celebrated Goethe, who appreciated his taste and his acquisitions, so well as to desire to be

kept informed by him of every thing which produced COUNT REINHART.

any sensation in French literature. M. Reinhart proA Discourse pronounced by M. de Talleyrand at the Academy mised to oblige him: engagements of this kind be of Moral and Political Sciences of Paris, on the 3d March, tween men of a superior order, are always reciprocal,

and soon become bonds of friendship; those which Gentlemen : I was in America when you were good were formed between M. Reinhart and Goethe, gare enough to elect me a member of the Institute, and to at- rise to a correspondence, which is about to be printed tach me to the class of moral and political sciences, to in Germany. which, since its origin, I have the honor to belong. It will be learned from thence, that having arrived at

Upon my return to France, my first care was to at that time of life, when it becomes necessary to decide tend its sittings, and to express to the persons who then upon a profession, M. Reinhart reflected deeply upon composed it, many of whom have bequeathed us just himself, upon his lastes, his position and that of bis regrets, the pleasure which I felt at being one of their family, before coming to a determination ; and then, colleagues. At the first sitting at which I was present, what was remarkable at such a time, to a career which I had the honor of being appointed secretary. The might have made him independent, he preferred one in minutes, which for the space of six months, it was my which it was not possible to be so. He gave the preferduty to record, with all the care of which I was capable, ence to the diplomatic career, and he did well; adapted exhibited perhaps, in too great a degree, the indications to all the employments of this profession, he filled them of my diffidence; for I was called upon to describe a all successively, and all with distinction. work with which I was by no means familiar. This I will hazard the opinion here, that he had been work, which had doubtless cost one of our most learned happily prepared for it by his early studies. That colleagues, much time and labor, was entitled: "A of theology, particularly, in which he had distinguished Dissertation upon Ripary laws." About the same time, himself at the seminary of Denkendorf, and in that of I also read, at our public meetings, several papers, which, the Protestant Faculty at Tubingen, had given him a thanks to the indulgence accorded to me, were inserted force and at the same time a suppleness of logic, which in the memoirs of the Institute. Since that period forty is to be observed in all the productions of his pen. To years have elapsed, during which time, this Tribune has escape the apprehension of yielding to an idea which been in a manner interdicted to me, first, by frequent might seem paradoxical, I feel myself obliged to recall absence; then, by occupations to which duty compelled here, the names of several of our great negotiators, all me to devote myself entirely ; I should add also, by the theologians, and all distinguished in history for having discretion which difficult times exact of a public man; conducted the most important political affairs of their and at last, by the infirmities which age generally brings time; the cardinal chancellor Duprat, equally versed in with it, or, which it never fails, at least, to aggravate.

the civil and canon law, who settled with Leo X the basis But to-day, I feel it a desire and a duty, to pre- of the Concordat, of which several dispositions are still in sent myself here, for the last time, that the memory force: cardinal d'Ossat, who in spite of the efforts of of a man known to all Europe, of a man whom I loved, several great powers, succeeded in reconciling Henry IV and who, from the formation of the Institute was our to the court of Rome, the collection of whose letters is colleague, might receive a public testimony of our esteem still prescribed to young men destined to public busiand regret. His position and mine, enable me to pro- ness: cardinal de Polignac, theologian, poet and negoclaim, at least partially, his merits. His chief, I will tiator, who, after so many disastrous wars, was eta• not say his only title to renown, consists in a corres- bled, by the treaty of Utrecht, to preserve to France, the pondence, of forty years, necessarily unknown to the conquests of Louis XIV. It was also in the midst of public, and which, probably, it will never see. “Who, theological books, that his father, then bishop of Gap I said to myself, will speak of it, within this precinct, if commenced the education of M. de Lyonne, whose it be not I, who received the greater part of it, to whom name has acquired a new lustre by a recent and impotit was always so entertaining, and sometimes so useful tant publication. in the ministerial duties which I fulfilled under three The names which I have just cited, appear to me sufreigns......so different?”

ficient to sustain the influence which, in my opinion,

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was exerted upon M. Reinhart by the early studies / ministry, and that even while leading it to his opinion,
to which he had been directed by paternal care. his success mụsť remain in the shade ; for he knew,

The various and solid knowledge, which he had ac- that he ought to shine with a reflected light alone; but
quired, caused him to be called to Bordeaux, to fulfil the he knew likewise, that no small share of consideration
honorable and modest duties of preceptor in a Protes- is naturally attached to so pure and modest a life.
tant family of that city.

The spirit of observation of M. Reinhart did not stop
There, he naturally found himself in relation with there ; it had led him to discover how rare is the com-
several of the men, whose talents, errors and death, bination of qualities necessary to a minister of foreign
threw so much éclat upon our first legislative assembly. affairs. A minister of foreign affairs should be endowed
M. Reinhart, was easily persuaded by them to attach with a sort of instinct, which giving him pronipt notice,
himself to the service of France.

prevents him, before discussion, from ever compromit-
I will not constrain myself to follow him step by step, ting himself. He requires the faculty of appearing open
through the vicissitudes which marked his long career. while he is impenetrable ; of being reserved with an
In the numerous employments confided to him, of an or- air of carelessness ; of being politic even in the choice
der sometimes superior, sometimes inferior, there seenis of his recreations: his conversation must be simple,
to be an incongruity, an absence of catenation, which is various, unexpected, always natural and sometimes in-
difficult to conceive, at present. But at that period as genuous ; in a word, he should never cease, for one
little prejudice was attached to places, as to persons. In moment in the twenty-four hours, to be minister of
other times, favor, sometimes discernment, called men foreign affairs.
to eminent stations. At the period of which I speak, Nevertheless, all these qualities, rare as they are,
every position was conquered. Such a state of things might not suffice, if good faith did not furnish them with
soon leads to confusion.

a guarantee of which they almost always stand in need.
Thus we see M, Reinhart, first Secretary of Legation No, I must pronounce it here, in order to destroy a
at London-occupying the same place at Naples-Mi- prejudice which generally prevails, diplomacy is not
nister Plenipotentiary near the Hanseatic towns, Ham- a science of cunning and duplicity. If good faith is
burg, Bremen and Lubec-Head of the third division ever necessary, it is chiefly so in public transactions,
in the department of foreign affairs Minister Plenipo- for it is this which renders them solid and durable. Re-
tentiary at Florence-Minister of Foreign Relations, serve has been confounded with deception. Good faith
Minister Plenipotentiary in Helvetia-Consul General never authorises deception, but it permits reserve, and
at Milan-Minister Plenipotentiary near the circle of reserve has this peculiarity, that it augments confidence.
Lower Saxony-Resident in the Turkish provinces be- Governed by the honor and interest of his country,
yond the Danube, and commissary general of commer- by the honor and interest of his prince, by the love of
cial relations in Moldavia—Minister Plenipotentiary liberty founded upon order and upon the rights of all,
near the king of Wirtemberg-Director of the Chan- a minister of foreign affairs, if he understands his posi-
cellery of the department of foreign affairs Minister tion, is thus placed in the noblest situation to which an
Plenipotentiary near the Germanic Diet, and of the elevated mind can aspire.
free city of Frankfort,—and last of all, Minister Pleni. After having been a skilful minister, how many things
potentiary at Dresden.

must yet be known to be a good consul! for the duties
How many places, how many duties, how many in- of a consul are infinitely various; they are of a charac-
terests, confided to one man, and that at an epoch, when ter totally different from those of the other functionaries
talents seemed to be the less appreciated, as war ap- of foreign affairs. They demand much practical know-
peared to take charge of every thing!

ledge for which a particular education is necessary.
You will not expect it of me, gentlemen, to recount Consuls are in a situation to be called upon to exercise
in detail and in order of date, all the labors of M. Rein- cowards their countrymen, to the extent of their juris-
hart in the different employments, which you have just diction, the functions of judges, arbitrators and media-
heard enumerated. This would require a book. tors; they are often civil officers; they perform the

I am to speak to you only of the manner in which he task of notaries, often that of naval administrators ;
comprehended the functions which he had to fulfil, they determine questions of sanatary regulation; it is
whether as a head of division, minister or consul. they who, by their stated communications, can give a

Although M. Reinhart had not then the advantage, just and complete account of the state of commerce,
which he enjoyed some years later, of studying excellent | navigation and manufactures of the countries in which
models, he already knew, how many and how diverse they reside. Accordingly M. Reinhart, who neglected
qualities, should distinguish a head of division in the de- nothing in order to assure himself of the accuracy of the
partment of foreign affairs. A delicate tact had taught information, which he was able to communicate to his
him that his habits should be simple, regular, retired; government, and the justice of the decisions he was call-

, a stranger to the turmoil of the world, he should live ed upon to niake, as a political or consular agent, or as for business alone, and vow to it an impenetrable secrecy; naval administrator

, had made a profound study of that, ever ready to give information on men and things, national and maritime law. This study had led him to he should always have present in his memory, the whole the belief, that a time would come, when by contrivanseries of treaties; know historically their dates; dis- ces skilfully prepared, a general system of commerce cern with accuracy their strong and feeble points, their and navigation might be established, in which the inantecedents and their consequences ; recollect in fine terests of all nations should be respected, and with such the names of the principal negotiators, and even their a basis, that war could not alter the principle, even family relations ; yet that while employing this know- though it should suspend some of its consequences

. He ledge, he should take care not to alarm the pride of the was also skilled to resolve with certainty and prompti

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tude all questions of exchange, of arbitration, of the conversion of currency, weights and measures, and all this without a single remonstrance ever having been addressed, against the information which he gave, or the decisions which he pronounced. It is true, indeed, that the personal consideration which accompanied him throughout his career, gave weight to his intervention in the transactions referred to his examination or arbitration.

But extensive as the knowledge of a man may be, however large his capacity, a perfect diplomatist is rare; yet M. Reinhart would perhaps have been one, had he possessed one more faculty: he saw and comprehended clearly; pen in hand, he described admirably what he had seen or heard. His style was copious, easy, lively and pointed; hence of all the diplomatic correspondence, there was none to which the Emperor Napoleon, who was necessarily and by right difficult to please, did not prefer that of Count Reinhart. But this same man who wrote admirably, expressed himself with difficulty. To develope itself, his mind required more time than could be obtained in conversation. In order that his internal language might readily reproduce itself, it was necessary that he should be alone and unaccompanied.

In spite of this real inconvenience, M. Reinhart suc. ceeded always, in doing and doing well too, every thing with which he was charged. Where then did he find the means of success ? Whence came his inspirations ?

He derived them, gentlemen, from a true and profound sentiment which governed all his actions-from the sentiment of duty. The efficacy of this sentiment is not sufficiently understood. A life devoted entirely to duty, is very easily disengaged from ambition. The life of M. Reinhart, was one devoted entirely to the duties which he had to perform, without ever exhibiting a trace of personal calculation, or of pretension to precipitate advancement.

This religion of duty, to which M. Reinhart was faithful all his life, consisted in an exact submission to the instructions and orders of his principals; in an unceasing vigilance which, united to great perspicacity, never left them in ignorance of what it was requisite they should know; in a scrupulous veracity in all his communications, were they pleasant or disagreeable ; in an impenetrable discretion ; in a regularity of life which invoked confidence and esteem ; in a decorous bearing; in fine, in a constant attention to give to the acts of his government that color and those explanations which were called for by the intent of the affairs in which he participated.

Although age had indicated to M. Reinhart the time for repose, he would never have asked to retire, such was his fear of exhibiting a lukewarmness to serve in a career which had been that of his whole life. It was necessary, that the royal beneficence, always so allentive, should anticipate him, by giving to this great servant of France, the most honorable station, in calling him to the Chamber of Peers.

Count Reinhart did not enjoy this honor sufficiently long; he died, almost suddenly, on the twenty-fifth of December, 1837.

M. Reinhart was twice married. He left a son by his first marriage, who has entered upon political life. The best wish that can be made for the son of such a father, is, that he may resemble him.

Around a cottage-door

Bright honey-suckles twined,
And roses, of the richest bloom,
Were lavish of their sweet perfume,

To charm the evening wind.
Not yet the sun had left the sky,
Though the pale moon was rising high.
Soft fell the purple light

On flower and guardian tree;
It wandered o'er the moss-grown eaves,
And played among the dancing leaves,

Like a spiril-silently;
At last it found a resting place
Upon a pale and quiet face.
Alas, for earthly joy !

Death had been busy there ;-
And yet so lightly did he pass,
He had not bent one blade of grass,

Or stirred the summer air.
But ah, too surely aimed his dart
Against one true and loving heart!
Smooth o'er the marble brow

Reposed the glossy hair,
While here and there a tress of gray,
Amid ils jet, like silver ray,

Tokened of grief and care.
But on the lips there lingered yet
The seal which parting love had set!
No sound shall wake her more

Whether of joy or woe :
All vainly doth her loved one weep,
She heeds not in her dreamless sleep,

Whose tears of sorrow flow.
Ah happy, that she doth not see
Her daughter's hopeless agony.
Woe, for that weeping girl!

Hers is a mournful lot.
For though her eyes like violets bright,
Are beauteous in the starry light,

Like them, she seelh not.
Hark! while her tears of anguish flow,

She speaks in broken music low. " Oh, God! It cannot be

I could bear all but this!
I have not murmured that these eyes
Looked not upon the glorious skies,

Thy home of light and bliss.
I asked no more to make me blest

Than in my mother's arms to rest. “Her voice was always soft

I never knew it chide ;
And often when I'd hear them tell
The color of some floweret's bell,

I felt a tender pride,
In thinking it was like a word
Of music, from my mother heard.

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"Her friends came kindly in,

They tended her with care ; They answered to her asking eye With ever-ready sympathy

Whilst I sat idle there. Yes, I, who loved her more than all,

Sat useless by the cottage wall. "But when at last they told

My mother soon must die,
When I stood breathless by the bed,
And some one came to me, and said,

For the last time her eye,
Loving and as an angel mild,
Was gazing on her darling child;


To Mr. T. W. WHITE,

Editor of Southern Literary Messenger. My Dear Sir:-Being at present much occupied with domestic duties, and never in the habit of writing for more dignified peri. odicals than souvenirs, and having nothing better to scnd you than the following passages, I should have foreborne, but that I wished to express to you my desire to comply with your request, and my very grateful sense of your repeated attentions in send. ing your valuable Journal to me, and that during this hot season I imagine quantity may sometimes be desirable to you (as filling up) independent of quality. Believe me, my dear sir, Very respectfully and gratefully, yours,

C. M. SEDGWICK. Stockbridge, Mass. July 20, 1838.

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"Maddened and sick at heart,

I strained my sightless eyes ;
But all was dark-no blessed ray
To show me where my mother lay

Fell from the pitying skies.
I could not mark each change that came

In warning o'er her gentle frame. "I thought my heart would break,

Knowing she looked on me,
That o'er each feature of my face
She lingered with a dying gaze-

A gaze I might not see!
Silent I stood-as turned to stone

Waiting to hear her parting groan. "I felt her hand grow cold

It tightened in its grasp ;-
My tears were frozen in my heart,
Until at length they tried to part

Her fingers from their clasp.
Then with a storm of anguish vain,
They gushing fell like summer rain.
"Who now will lead my feet

Where whispering waters glide ?
Or sit with me beneath the trees,
Sweet converse holding with the breeze,

That roams the forest wide ? Or rest, amid the odorous bowers, To hear the murmurs of the flowers ?

If there is any time at which the love of nature is felt to be an universal passion-a love to which all other loves should be sacrificed—it is at the coming on of Spring, when Nature is to our senses a manifestation of the Creator-a realization of that belief of ancient philosophy, that in nature the Almighty Spirit lived and moved and had it's being. Even the poor pent-up denizen of the city, cabined, cribbed, confined as he is, at this season, when nature visibly begins her beautiful processes-makes some demonstrations that the love of her is not dead within him : the trees he has planted, (God's witnesses amidst brick walls) the birds (albeit stolen from their natural habitations in the green wood) in their cages, and the carefully tended plants at the open windows are signs of this love.

Those who have passed their childhood where Nature's choicest temples are fixed-who may be said, in some humble sort, to have served at her altars, are most impatient at the actual discomforts as well as privations of a summer city life. I do not know that I ever experienced a more delightful sensation than that produced a few days since by a change from New York to Rockaway-from frying in the city, to the life-giving breezes of this magnificent sea-shore. Perhaps neither beat nor cold should be positive evils to those in tolerable health ; but who is stoical enough to be independent of them? No topic, not morals, politics, nor even religion, is, from the beginning to the end of life, so

"Mother! we will not part

Death cannot long divide. But in a far-off world of light,

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