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learned to flourish their umbrellas, (numberillas, as they results from false education. Would you guard then call them,) quite as stylishly as their masters and mis- against this greatest of all curses, both lo individuals tresses, except when they first put themselves into and nations, the education of our sons should not be training; during which time their extreme awkward- either by inculcation or mere sufferance, to spend more ness in handling these skull protectors, forms a most of the family property than their parents allow them. ludicrous burlesque of the higher powers. A corres- It should nol be to dictate to their fathers or mothers, pondent change in the summer-covering of our limbs either in opinions, manners, morals, or domestic duties. and bodies, has been deemed equally essential 10 suit It should not be to think that very expensive dress and their diminished power of enduring summer-heat; so costly living constitute either the man or the gentleman. that the old fashioned, cheap pair of coats are now It should not be to become the most frequent, roistering, thought far too beavy, hot, and what is much worse, too arrogant, and boisterous attendants at tavern bars, grog ungenteel, to be sustained by those who can hardly sur- shops, and eating houses:—not to consider profanity, vive the dog-days in any thing but the thinnest and gambling, hard drinking and lewdness, altogether the lightest of those costly gossamer fabrics, at present most genteel accomplishments they can acquire:—not to used for gentlemen's summer apparel. Our foot tax, deem the effort to become of somewhat greater use in the also, for both seasons, contributes its full share to widen world, than merely“ to consume the fruits of the earth," the difference between old fashioned and new fashioned either needless or derogatory to their stations :—not to expenditures: for most of us—especially our youth— run up bills with their tailors and with tavern keepers, must now have have at least two pair of thin boots for during their minority, which afterwards will require summer-(wo of more substance for winter, (although their whole income, for some years, to pay :-not to none of them are made to keep out water,) besides deem it penurious to keep accurate accounts of their reslippers, pumps, bootees, Jefferson shoes, &c., &c., the ceipts and expenditures—a habit (by the way) never to total number and cost of which, for one man, would be acquired, unless commenced in early life:-not to formerly have kept a whole family in boots and shoes become critics in the sublime art of cookery, nor first rate for double the period.
judges of every variety of intoxicating liquors :—not to When we compare the old with the new outfit for a believe their young stomacbs even so early as their winter campaign, the contrast is still more striking, tenth or twelfth year, incapable of performing all their still more illustrative of what I am trying to prove. healthful functions without the smoke or juice of that Now, after a modern gentleman has ensconced himself poisonous narcotic, tobacco ;-not to feed their young in all imaginable envelopes deemed essential to his com- brains with snuff, as if that were the only food they fort and preservation within doors, at greatly increased are capable of receiving. And lastly, it should not be cost, compared with former times, he has, alas! to to assume to be men, before they have qualified themguard himself with more than double diligence, against selves to act as such. what the amiable Sancho Panza used to call, "the Could modern parents only be prevailed on to exert inclemencies of the Heavens.” To do this most effectu- their whole authority, aided both by wise precepts and ally in the olden time, every man firmly believed, that virtuous example, to correct the numerous heart-sickena single, substantial great coat was amply sufficient, ing evils in modern education ;-to exert it too, but for and his practice accorded with his faith. Now, should a few years, without either cold or hot fits in applying the thermometer sink only a few degrees below thirty- it; and the whole generation of idlers, drones, dandies, two, not less than two over coats, (for great coats they and profligates, would be swept from the face of the can no longer be called, being much more like gun-cases earth, to be replaced by a band of hardy, active, inin tightness,) with a cloak to make assurance doubly dustrious, intelligent and moral young men-the pride sure, must be added, to guard at least against being of their parent's hearts, and an honor above all price, frost-bitten, if not frozen to death. This triple pro- both to themselves and to their country. Do not, I vision against the horrors of congelation is particularly beseech you, understand me to say, or even to think, remarkable in a large portion of those truly unfortu. that we have no such young men, among the present nate victims of parental neglect just arriving at that generation. No-God forbid; for it rejoiceth my old much envied, I wish I could say enviable age, when so heart—now almost worn out-to feel, with absolute cermany of them become their own masters, who are ut- tainty, that our good mother, Virginia, has many such terly unfit to be masters of any thing. But far be it to sustain her waning fortunes. But the misfortune is, from me to blame them so much for it. Their parents that their number is small, when compared with those are the great criminals in these cases: for they might of opposite character, and consequently it requires far have given their sons, by a proper physical education, more moral courage than young people--even the most constitutions too hardy to require such upmanly indul- intelligent, virtuous and best educated
musually possess, gences; and by a correct moral education, principles and to resist the ridicule and innumerable artful devices sentiments which would have led them to aspire to far always used to drive or to lure them from the paths of higher, much nobler distinction, than notoriety for dan- rectitude. The youths who, in these times, can sucdyism, and effeminacy.
cessfully resist such baneful, deadly enemies, deserve On this vital subject of education for our sons, I all the praise, all the honors, all the rewards that a have much more to say, than my present purpose will grateful and generous country can confer. allow me. But if you will pardon a short digression, I In pursuing my contrasts between past and present will here state as briefly as I can, what it should not be, times, relative to expense, I was about to say something leaving the all important inquiry, what it should be, for of ladies' dresses ; but on further reflection, I deem them a few concluding remarks: since I deem it demonstra- quite too mysterious matters for us old men to talk ble, that every thing censurable in the present times )about, with no better information than our modern exquisites and men-milliners can give us. I will there-jin attempts, often utterly abortive, lo teach them cer. fore be admonished on this delicate and recondite sub- tain things called "accomplishments," for which a very ject by the good old proverb, “ least said is soonest large portion of these truly pitiable victims of parenmended." There are, however, some differences be tal folly and vanity, have neither taste nor talents ; actween their former and present educations—both phy- complishments, too, of which they make not the least sical and moral, which require animadversion. To use, after once gaining the liberty to neglect them. Nay, them, therefore, I will request your attention for a few why should they not neglect them, since a mere saiatminutes.
tering is the sum total of all their most costly, laboriIn old times a degree of skill in housewifery was es- ous, and reluctant acquisitions?-acquisitions moreover, teemed an important, although by no means the most which, if made at all, require almost constant gadding essential acquirement for most ladies; since the great- about from home lo display them! er part of their lives would probably be devoted to The parents of former days were not entirely guiltless such domestic duties as wives and mothers should al- of this preposterous shameful waste and misapplicaways be well qualified to fulfil--at least such wives and tion of time and money, in educating their daughters. mothers as were taught to believe themselves under a Although housewifery, a term nearly obsolete in these sacred obligation to become real helpmates to their perfectibility-days, always then held a conspicuous rank husbands—devoted, faithful, affectionate, ever watchful among the things to be taught; yet spinnels and harpsiguardians of their children. In those by.gone days, it chords, (the fashionable instruments of those times) had never entered into the minds even of the most im- were often made household gods, where no true woraginative, the hop-step-and-jump racers after human shippers could be either found or made, even by the perfectibility—of which we had none before philoso most laborious and costly efforts. These instruments
, pher Godwin's day-that the entire emancipation of however, were rare, comparatively speaking; and mankind from all moral and religious restraints was when kept at all, were looked upon as a kind of heirto be attempted, much less achieved, by reformers in looms to last for some generations. There is now one petticoats—nor that females utterly regardless of all the of these remembrances of by-gone times in a branch general sentiments of mankind, relative to their appro- of my own family, but an alien bought for others' use, priate occupations and duties, should become itinerant which seems destined--after indoctrinating three or four public lecturers—or teachers of any thing. The univer- generations of “ ne plus ultra” strummers in the musical sal opinion, in the olden time, was, that woman's art—to sound its last expiring notes in my own county. most sacred duty, her greatest praise and highest honor, “Requiescat in pace,” is my most earnest wish for it ; consisted in the zealous, untiring, faithful and judicious but if it could speak, while remembering all it has sufdischarge of all those arduous, bui delightful duties, fered in being forced to attempt impossibilities, I have (where they succeed,) which naturally devolve upon not a shadow of doubt it would exclaim, " let me return the mistresses of families. May God, in the plenitude of to my original dust, for I have had no peace, no plen
. his mercy, forever bless them all, both in this world and sure on earth, during nine-tenths of my existence." the next; for painful indeed, most painful is often their Look at the present fashion in this matter of music-mania, lot; complicated, laborious, and frequently revolting, if you can do it with impartial eyes, and what will you their necessary occupations ; distressing in the highest see ? Not only must-all be forced to learn, “polens vodegree, the scenes wherein they are the chicf, the only lens,” and often to the entire exclusion of every really actors; whilst they, most generous, most noble souls! useful branch of knowledge, whatever interdict nature ask no other reward in this world, than the love and de- or circumstances may have interposed; but both na: voted affection of husbands and children—the sincere ture and art must be tortured to perform what the ene friendship and lasting attachment of other relatives has forbid, and the other is incapable of achieving. and friends; yet too seldom, alas! do they meet this Now, at least one piano, (pyannees, as some of the reward, highly as they deserve it, and easy as it is to illiterate aspirants call them,) must be kept in almost beslow. Pardon me, Mr. Editor, should you think I every house, whatever the condition and circumstances dwell more on this subject than is due to its intrinsic of the owners may be, as a standing and necessary merits; but my mind and my heart are full of it, and I article of furniture, for visitors, as well as the females plead, in justification, the old adage, that “out of the of the family to strum upon ; but another more costly, heart the mouth speaketh.” Our malrons, our mistresses must be given as an essential part of the wedding paraof families, not only give a tone to society, but contri- pharnalia, to every daughter who has gained a husband bule (unobtrusively as they work,) more than all other (God help him!) by her fingers. It once happened to causes put together, to form the national taste, opinions, me, that in passing along the main street of a town, principles and morals; how vitally essential then is it I counted in less than a quarter of a mile, some eight that all possible attention should be paid to their educa- or len of these instruments on which the diligent pertion. Our children derive from them their first lessons formers were murdering certain marches and waltzes
, in every thing. Should they be incapable of giving although nearly as easy to execute as the once popular them to good purpose, all their pupils will probably old tune of “Poor Betty Martin, tip toe fine," with as become instruments of evil rather than of good, and much uniformity, as if it had been a matter of previous curses instead of blessings to society. Yet, for every agreement. I cannot affirm that there was in either case dollar now spent towards qualifying our daughters to che “malice prepense” required by law to constitute discharge those all important duties for which nature's the erime of murder in the first degree; but if there God designed them-duties which
men are physically had been, the heinous act could noi bave been more as well as morally, incapable of performing—bundreds effectually perpetrated. and thousands of dollars are worse than thrown away Permit me to exhibit another still more striking coutrast, in regard to expense, between past and present the certain ruin of many innocent families. At the times. Formerly our wives and daughters usually rode head of these must be ranked the entire tribe of gamon horseback, and greatly to the improvement and blers, now, in these much vaunted times, formed into a preservation of their constitutions and general health. regular systematic profession, and by far the most Now, in these boastful days of human perfectibility, showy, dashing, and prodigal amongst us. Like so when we hear and read so much silly verbiage about many vultures or prowling wolves, they are ever on the " the march of mind," and witness so few proofs of its watch for their prey, and rarely indeed are they disbeing really progressive, the horseback mode of con appointed ! For, the keepers of all our watering places, reyance is no longer endurable for women or girls, and with few if any exceptions, rent to them rooms, at scarcely for men or boys,---especially to take a journey. enormous prices, for the special purpose of carrying on Of late years, all, at least among the real and quasi their nefarious business; and no President of the gentry, have grown so exceedingly delicate and refined; United States has ever had more crowded levees, than so lackadaisical and dyspectic; (a term formerly unin- the master spirits of these haunts (“hells,” as they are telligible except by the doctors,) so disqualified for very properly called,) of criminal cunning and fraud; labor either of body or mind; so fearful of melting or plundering, under a pretence of fair play, the unsusfreezing from heat or cold, that to transport our ladies pecting, the ignorant, the guilty victims of the gamonly a few miles, the costly barouche or tandem must be bling passion. substituted for the cheap ponies and side-saddles; At all our mineral springs, but particularly at those while the gentlemen, both old and young, with very most celebrated as places of "fashionable resort,” there few exceptions, cannot trust their locomotion to any may always be found hundreds of persons led thither thing less expensive than sulkies, gigs and buggies ; by the mere love of show; of its inseparable compa. the etymology of all which terms, by the way, is nion-gadding about; and of almost every imaginable quite as untraceable as that of any terms in the Goolah means of killing their great and inexorable enemy, negro dialect. But this is far from being the most effec-time! Here you may often see, in heart-sickening tive cause in augmenting the extravagance of the crowds, fathers and sons, either gaming, drinking, or present times, beyond any thing known or practised wasting their hours together in ulter idleness,—which during the period which is now so derisively called they call heathful recreation : young ladies—the future “old fashion.” Once a year regularly, nearly our mothers and first teachers of the next generationwhole white population are seized with a new disease, diligently preparing themselves for this most momenfor which the doctors hitherto have found neither name tous, most sacred duty, by husband-hunting among the nor cure in the whole materia medica. Its first symp- exquisites of our sex,-very many of whom would toms always appear early in June, but the malady never probably not sell for ten dollars a dozen, if brought assumes its most aggravated form, until about the full into a fair market: while the doting mothers of these moon in August. That it is caused by the increased pitiable victims of false education, find full employment effeminacy, luxury, and dissipation of our people, seems in looking on with fond anticipation of the great matri. perfectly certain; for our climate is not worse than it monial speculations which their fingers and toes are to was sixty or seventy years ago ; yet our physicians achieve for them; since far more care and expense is both diplomatized and self-created, have multiplied at now lavished upon their instruction, than on any indocleast twenty or thirty fold. With permission of these trination of the head and the heart that man or woman learned gentlemen, I will call this wide-sweeping, de- either can possibly bestow. vastating epedemic, the hydromania, or water-drinking Let me entreat you, Mr. Editor, not to suppose for lunacy; for it sets all who are afflicted with it to scam-one moment, that any of my remarks are designed for pering in every direction, after mineral springs, where, those who are really afflicted with such bodily diseases, without any knowledge, even approaching to certainty as good physicians have pronounced curable by the use of their specific qualities, they guzzle the water day of mineral waters; or, for the numerous and highly and night—as if for a wager-whose stomach could estimable persons, in good health, who may be found hold the most, and in full faith that each spring has occasionally, at all of them; and who visit them from perfect power to cure every disease under heaven. “To motives which none would condemn. They are aimed raise the wind” for these very expensive excursions, at those alone who labor under the maladiesincurable formerly so seldom taken in our state as scarcely to be either by medicine or medicinal waters of idleness, known, it is not now uncommon, especially for our indolence, licentiousness, prodigality, and, vanity, the farmers and planters, to obtain large loans from banks, greatest spendthrift of them all! And I am perfectly in anticipation of their crops, the proceeds of which, willing to submit it to impartial judges, if any such when thus neglected for one-fourth of the busiest time can be found, to decide whether the old or the new of the year, rarely fail to come far short of the money fashioned times have produced the greatest number of borrowed. And no wonder, since their farms are left these nuisances to society. One great cause of their during the whole of this water-guzzling campaign, to rapid increase of late years, did not formerly exist : it the tender mercy of men whose pecuniary interest it is is the wonderfully increased facilities of travel. These, to exhaust them for their own benefit, at the expense notwithstanding their vast and innumerable advantages of their absentee proprietors. Similar anticipations of to mankind, certainly hold out to the vicious, so many income, for similar purposes, are now common among more temptations to the indulgence of all their worst all other trades, professions, and callings, and with like passions, that it is no wonder they should multiply results. Multitudes of far less innocent persons than enormously. Variety, despatch, secrecy, and quick imaginanyainvalids, congregate at these mineral springs, escape from punishment, are constantly luring them to the great demorilization of society in general, and/ on; while no moral nor religious restraint holds them
back. Even on the virtuous portion of our race, characters have only to pronounce the omnipotent fiat, these facilities of travel, truly valuable as they are, “let A, B, and C, be a doctor,-an attorney at law, or have had a baneful influence, by impairing most mani- a politician and statesman,” according as he may petifestly, that fondness for domestic life, that love of tion to be ; and each aspirant, in the twinkling of an "home, sweet home,” without which, especially in eye, becomes, "au fait,” up to every thing in his females, neither family prosperity nor family happi- selected line, although he may be scarcely able to read ness can possibly exist, in any degree comparable to or write his own language, or have common sense that which characterised, in the olden time, a very enough to acquire skill, even in the least intellectual of large portion of what was then called the best so- all the various trades, professions and callings essential ciety. The temptations to leave our homes having to the well-being of society. Should any doubt this, multiplied a thousand fold, it follows, naturally, that at the first glance, let them ask themselves to what the numbers who yield to them will augment in a cor- proportion of young men with medical diplomas in responding ratio.
their pockets, they would be willing to trust their lives? In the foregoing contrasts between old fashioned and To how many out of ten young attorneys at law, they new fashioned people, I have confined my remarks would confide a cause involving as much money over chiefly to matters of expense. Let us now.see, more the fifteen shilling fee, as would pay for dinner and particularly, how they will compare in regard to moral horse-feed, at a county court? Or lastly, and above all, and physical education. In the olden time, almost (in every case, however, premising that the self-quesevery parent, whether religious or not, taught their tioners shall be in their sober senses,) let them ask children to say their prayers, at least once in every themselves to what proportion of legislators and rulers twenty-four hours ; a practice, which however ineffi. in our state and federal governments, created, “ speciali cient of itself, gave them, if nothing more, some idea gratia" by “the sovereign people,” they would feel of a future state of rewards and punishments ; some safe in trusting their lives, liberty and property ? Let notion of their accountability to a supreme being; them farther ask themselves, in regard to many of these which, if modern children in general acquire at all, it hap-hazard deputies of the said sovereigns, if there must be by their own seeking, rather than by parental could be any other rational answer given to the quesinculcation. Formerly, they were always taught im- tion, " for what purpose were they made ?" than, “merely plicit obedience in all matters which they were too to fill up the assortment of human beings." Was this the young to understand. Now, they must be reasoned case in old fashioned times, or was it nol? I answer in into it, even while yet in their nurse's arms; often too, the negative, although I am perfectly willing to submit by mothers whose own reason has never been trained the question to the arbitrament of better judges than for any such duty, as that of early education. For myself,--provided, that half the number be old and merly they were taught, both by precept and example, half new fashioned people, pledging their honor to try to love home; to aid their parents in such little domestic the cause according to the evidence. But, to proceed labors as they were capable of performing ; lo avoid pub- with my contrasts between moral and religious educalic houses as they would the devil; to abstain from drink- tion, in past and present times. Formerly, parents in ing ardent spirits, as a practice that would be followed general deemed it an essential part of their duty, at by condign punishment; to treat old age with the least to attempt, (however feebly and imperfectly,) the utmost deference and respect; and to consider the imbuing the minds of their offspring, with the great whole period of their minority not a proper time for leading principles of morality, and with some idea of playing the parts of men, but to make all suitable pre- religion. Noro, it seems, at least to the next fashioned parations for it. Now, they must be breeched nearly people, that all these perplexing, anti-sensual matters, as soon as they can walk; must be dressed like men by can be far better taught (if at all,) in our public acadethe time they get into their "teens ;” and, long before mies—as schools of every grade are now called-for, they get beards, mustachios and whiskers, must be in every one of these, the formal pledge is constantly suffered, for fear of cramping their geniuses, to strut given, that, every possible attention shall always be paid to the about taverns in all the fancied dignity of manhood, morals of the pupils ; and this seems to be considered by inuring and case-hardening their yet unvitiated sto- a very large portion of the patrons and patronesses of machs to alcohol, in all its innumerable combinations; these bettering hospitals, as a complete exoneration and, to cap the climax, of precocious health—destruc- from all farther domestic attention to their children, tive indulgencies, finishing off their manly education than merely to feed and clothe their bodies; their inby becoming, per saltum, perfect judges in regard to tellects from seven or eight years of age, being left the true gusto and fumèt of segars and chewing to- entirely to those who make a public profession of directbacco!-articles, by the way, in the use of which a ing and guiding what, in modern times, has been youth of the olden time would have been quite as much called, -(God save the mark,) "the march of mind." ashamed of being caught, as with a stolen sheep on his Not that I mean to disparage, in the slightest degree, back. Moreover, our children of the present day either the true march, or any of the well qualified conmust often be taken from school to be introduced into ductors of it—for they form a highly useful, most merigeneral society,-lest the girls should be too awkward torious, ill-requited class—but merely to maintain, that to substitute the mistress of the family, should accident far too much is left for them to do, which it is the take her out of the way, and the boys become quite sacred duty of parents themselves to perform. Sacred! too bashful for the practice of medicine, law, or politics, aye, most sacred ! but whether better performed now, which they are all destined to commence as soon as than formerly, may perhaps be inferred, with some possible, in spite, often, of nature's most manifest in-approximation to truth, by contrasting certain wicked terdict,-for, the legalised creators of such professional practices, springing from the same evil passions, as
they have manifested themselves, during the two pe- j in human shape, that certainly belong to our race, riods I have undertaken to compare.
who are fashionably styled "professors of the pugilistic In by-gone times the prevalent fashion for working art," and who are greatly encouraged in training some off the spirit of "combativeness,” (as certain modern of our own congenial native breeds for this noble purphilosophers call it,) was, to take a bout or two at “fis- pose. These adepts moreover, have so marvellously ticuffs ;” an exercise which cost nothing for the outfit, improved upon the old fashioned manipulations in perand rarely resulted in any greater damage to the belli-sonal conflicts with the naked fist, that the master-artist gerents, than the temporary obfuscation of an eye, can not only very soon render (according to their seldom used for beneficent purposes; the change of own slang,) each others “magards perfectly unintelligilocality in a tooth, or an unsightly derangement of the ble,” but can actually inflict death by the unarmed facial angles. But in these modern days of vaunted hand. Another improvement, as the moderns must amelioration and refinement, the most fashionable and deem it, is, that this practice of crippling and killing approved style of evaporating this combative spirit, is, “secundum artem,” is usually performed for money, by pistoling or stabbing, according to the fancy of the not from anger. On the contrary, the performance is operator, (both being equally genteel,) but both must always prefaced by as polite bows and apparently corbe performed with very nice and costly implements; dial shaking of hands, as if the parties were old friends and such are the skill and dexterity of the adepts in met for some convivial purpose. Whether the modern these modern accomplishments, that the death of one fashions in these matters are better than the old, let or both of the parties is almost sure to finish the sport. your readers decide. Our newspapers-(those most veracious transmitters Take another contrast. In by.gone times, when a of news,)-report, that one of the Bowie knife adepts married pair discovered that they had made a mistake lately gave the quietus to two men within the incon- in choosing each other " for better for worse,” and that ceivably short period of four or five minutes,-a sur- the latter part only of the alternative was verified, they gical operation, by the way, as far surpassing all praise, usually passed through all the vicissitudes of war and as it exceeds any idea that an old man like myself can occasional suspension of hostilities, during life, rather possibly form of the skill of these death-giving gen. than break the solemn compact to cleave together try, without ocular demonstration, which God, in bis “until death did them part.” Now, instead of waiting mercy forbid.
So fond indeed, have the moderns for this universal peace-maker, they have grown so grown of these fashionable amusements, utterly un. Fanny-Wrightish as often to part before the year is out, known in my younger days, that it is not now uncom- either voluntarily, or by the running away of one of mon, in some portions of our country, for men to ride a the parties, or by the more formal process of divorce. hundred or more miles, solely for the pleasure of shoot. This latter mode enables them to make another matriing or dirking others in their own houses, or abroad, as monial experiment, (for marriage has not yet gone enmay be most convenient; and if the victims happen to tirely out of fashion,) and exempts them from the penal. have wives and children reduced to beggary by this ty inflicted by the law, for bigamy. And such is the most fashionable mode of committing murder, so much wonderful liberality of our modern legislators, quoad the better; it greatly enhances the enjoyment of the divorces, compared with our old fashioned law-makers, operators. A most notable instance of the increasing that the number of these legalised separations have popularity of this fashion, which has all the advantage increased probably fifty fold. Which of these fashions of public over private assassination, lately occurred in a is best, let our popes of the press decide. legislative hall, during the hours of business, where, There is another contrast which I would fain offer, even the speaker of the body deliberately left his seat to but must do it, in much fear and trembling, for it relates murder one of the members, for the heinous offence, the to these said popes themselves. For a long period, in outrage inexpiable but by the death of the offender, for the younger days of our commonwealth, the entire van, words spoken ! things which, in former times, were met centre and rear of our whole editorial corps in Virginia, either by other words of similar character, or by fisticuff consisted of two individuals, called Dixon and Purdy argument. It is true he was arrested, and tried, but it or-Purdie, I forget which. Theirs was the only is equally true, and still more astonishing than true, that newspaper in the State ; and so very chary were these the verdict in the case was justifiable homicide. Which editors of their own remarks upon any subject whatfashion is best, the old or the new, let others decide. ever, that nothing was so rare in their paper, as an Very promising symploms of the prevalence of the editorial article. We have now no means of judging modern fashion, are beginning to appear elsewhere in whether this forbearance proceeded from ignorance, lathe highest class of society, (if public men can justly be ziness, or modesty; a term by the way, nearly obsoso ranked,) but I forbear to comment upon this most lete as applicable to men, and not in the best odor even foul, national disgrace; for all my principles, all my among our fashionables of the other sex. But such feelings, utterly revolt at it. Yet, I must take the was the state of the press and the conduct of its manaliberty to remark, that unless it can be put down by gers in the olden time; and no more remarkable conthe strong arm of the law, a domicil among the most trast can be found in the world, between past and savage and barbarous people upon earth could hardly present times, than that which is exhibited by the folbe worse than one in those parts of our country wherein lowers of these men: for whether old or young, the practice is most countenanced. But lest this mur- learned or unlearned, wise or foolish, virtuous or derous spirit should not become, by its own workings, vicious, they act. (with very few exceptions comparasufficiently mmon to keep pace with the grand intel- tively speaking,) as if they verily believed, that the lectual progress of the present generation, we are mere ownership and publication of a newspaper qualibeginning to import from our mother country, animals) fied them instanter and conferred the absolute right to