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contrast with the ruddy glow of manly health, the free, our common country. The hour for dancing is limited elastic step of youthful vigor, the gay smile of unpained to ten o'clock, and a band of music is provided by the hearts, and the loud laugh of mirth that knows not even season, for this purpose. They sometimes give concerts, the check of another's sufferings. At about an hour which agreeably vary the amusements of the litle combefore dinner, the fashionable lounge at the fountain munity assembled here. And so passes a day at commences. Then also commences the playing of the White Sulphur. musicians in the ball-room, a fine band of performers, No analysis of this water has ever been given to the who amuse the visitants to the Springs an hour at noon, world. Dr. Rogers of this state has prepared an imper. and divide with the waters, the attention of the prome- fect one, but it is still in the possession of but few indinaders.

viduals ; of course, I am unable to be so particular as I The centre or public building of the establishment, could wish as to its chemical qualities, and must write containing the dining room, stage office, post office, bar, of its effects, by way of explaining its character. The and other public offices, is of wood, and has a long most skilful physicians advise its use in hepatic, or liver piazza running its entire length, forming the common complaints-dyspepsia, or disordered digestion—and all lounge or sitting place during the day and evening. those diseases arising from a disordered state of the This building commands a view of almost the whole stomach, or a derangement of the system by injudicious place, and makes a large part of an extensive square, modes of living, while they reject its use in all pulascending amphitheatrically, and bordered by rows of monary disorders, or in any affection of the lungs. The brick and white painted wooden cabins, with piazzas rheumatic patient is advised to drink of these waters, in front, facing inwards towards the centre of the preparatory to, or accompanying the use of the hot and square, at the lower part of which is the fountain, and warm spring baths, -and the gouty subject, if he be the walks and alleys and green plats of which are sha- not too far in for it, is recommended to abstain from ded by a profusion of fine old trees, around which are high living awhile, and try the White Sulphur Water. commodious seats for the ease and comfort of visiters. One thousand acres of land are said to be the property

July 25. of Mr. Calwell, of which the Springs are the centre, I have been taking a topographical view of this spot, and constant improvements are annually making to the and append a few statistical remarks, as the result of establishment, some of which are now in progress. my observations. Among these, the erection of a large and elegant brick Upon arrival, the traveller stops at the hotel, or pubhouse, forming the centre body of a block, the wings lic receiving house, where he is disencumbered of his of which are to consist of several commodious cabins, baggage, and obtains permission from the all-powerful is the most prominent. This house is to be for the manager of the establishment to enter his name on the especial occupation of Mr. Henderson, (the munificent register as one of its inmates. Then he goes around patron of the concern, already alluded to,) whenever and views the quarters from which his own are to be he is at the Springs. The domicil of the Calwell selected for the choice is not left to the guest, but is family is a plain, substantial cottage of wood, embossed the grand prerogative of the stern autocrat aforesaid. by foliage, and surrounded by verdure, situated in the Proceeding due south from the landing place, you come rear of the public offices.

to a line of beautiful cabins, finely shaded by the veneThere is the greatest difficulty experienced by visiters rable trees of the primeval forest, and facing northwest in getting in here. Much favoritism is shown by Mr. in the direction of the Water Fountain, between which Anderson, “the man of all work," who is somewhat and itself is a verdant lawn, also covered with trees, arbitrary in the disposal of places. A family in a and laid out in walks and alleys. Happy the favored private establishment, with two or four horses and tenant of one of these tasteful abodes: the only danservants, of course has precedence-and an old ac- ger in his case is likely to be that of exciting a deal of quaintance has the advantage of a new one. This envy in this little municipality. As you pass to this is irksome to the inexperienced traveller, who comes a row of buildings, called North Carolina Row, you go by thousand miles, perhaps, at great sacrifice of time, and a neat little cabin at the foot of an old oak standing by money, and convenience, for health. Yet it is con- itself most picturesquely: it is the property of a South stantly the case that he must submit his own claims Carolinian, and is always tenanted by him, when at the (though the first on the ground,) to the wealthy fash- Springs. At other times, it is at the disposal of the ionable, who comes after him with a greater retinue. proprietor of the estate. This is a common mode of Quarantine in some of the neighboring taverns within arranging matters here,--several cabins being, in this a few miles of the Springs, must first be performed, way, private property. Having gone up North Caroliwhile at intervals the inexorable Mr. Anderson, the na Row, we come to Paradise, which runs rectangularly janitor of the Eden that all are striving to enter, must from the upper corner, directly northwest. This is be besieged with entreaties, and propitiated by fair irregularly, but handsomely built, of brick, containing words. A great man is Mr. Anderson.

many beautiful cabins, some with and others without The breakfast hour is eight—that for dining, two-piazzas, but all much more finely shaded than the other and that for the evening meal, seven. The intermission quarters. On the northern end of this row are, in the between the two first hours is passed in lounging, calling, course of building, an legant brick house, with several promenading, and drinking the waters. The afternoon smaller ones running out like wings from each side. is spent in reading, sleeping, riding, or--lounging. After This house has already been alluded to as in the process tea every evening the ball-room is lighted, and thither of building for the use of Mr. Flenderson of New Orwhoever chooses may resort to join in the mirthful leans, whose elegant gift of a statue for the pavilion, meeting of the young and the gay, from every part of | has also been mentioned. Still furthur north extends

Alabama Row, a quiet, secluded, retired spot, embo- | do the agreeable to the guests,-others, conduct the deer somed in foliage, and out of the view of the spectator hunts, and fox chases,--and all live like the heirs apin any part of the great square. After some short in- parent to the perennial White Sulphur Spring. There terval, still extending to the north, are buildings appro- is a caterer for the table, whose sleekness of face, ropriated to the worshippers of Chance, both as residences tundity of person, and general air of comfortable welland temples for the performance of their secret rites. being, do great honor to the cheer he provides. The Then come the Sulphur Baths, the Stables, which are servants are numerous,some of them civil, some sauon a very extensive scale, and the Kennel for the cy, and all accessible to “the soft impeachment” of hounds, about sixty of which, of all ages and breeds ready change, by way of spiriting them to an interested tenant this last of the quarters at White Sulphur. Re- discharge of their duties. For all this accommodation, turning southwesterly, we come to the The Wolf Row, such as it is, you are charged eight dollars per week, or where gay young men and convivial parties “most do if you stay less than a week, one dollar and fifty cents congregate ;” it is pleasantly situated aloof from the per diem. And apropos of this: the other day, on premain square, on the opposite side of the road leading senting his money to pay his bill, a gentleman was surto the stables, and makes a picturesque appearance prised to learn that he was chargeable nine dollars for from the northeast. Keeping down on the same side of six days, although he could have remained the seventh, the way, we next come to the negro quarters, and after with the deduction of one dollar for the whole time! a long interval, to the private residence of Mr. Calwell, Who shall talk of Connecticut and her Yankee tricks the proprietor of the Springs. Further yet towards after this ? Yet it“ is so nominated in the bond," and the south, is a new row of buildings, called Baltimore “there is no law" at White Sulphur “to alter the Row, a fashionable and handsome, though sunny range decree.” of cabins, and facing the green lawn of the great square I had been told much to disparage the living, (I mean on the other side of the way. Still further south is a the cuisine,) at this place, and came prepared to find large carriage house for the use of the visiters to the most miserable fare, most wretchedly served up, to the Springs. I have not yet mentioned the Ball-room, stand-luckless visitant at this monopolizing watering-place. I ing midway between the Hotel and North Carolina Row, thought this would not be strange, were it to turn out -a two story wooden building, with sleeping rooms so ;--for a man, who owns a property like this, in the above, and a long hall beneath, where the band plays heart of an unsettled country, away from all markets, daily and nightly at certain hours --where religious and fearless of all competition, in catering for the thou. services are sometimes performed on the Sabbath, - sands of people who flock yearly to such quarters and where the ladies and gentlemen are fond of lounging in such fare as he can spread before them, cannot, mechilly or in intensely hot days, and where there is a thought, be expected to perform miracles, for the gratigood piano, a constant source of attraction and pleasure fication of every sense, and the indulgence of every to the musically inclined. Behind the hotel, runs a row whim of his guests. But I find that rumor has belied of buildings, devoted to culinary purposes, connected our good host, most grossly, in this matter. Considerwith a dining hall;—and, extending northwesterly is ing the prodigious number for whom he provides, his Fly Roro, so called, because of the superabundance of table may be said to be even uncommonly fine : far too that annoying insect, and the constant desire that is good, it strikes me, for invalids, who fock hither to ever being expressed by its tenants to fly from its annoy- drink mineral waters for health. Venison is a common ances. In this delectable region (otherwise very com- dish, and the best of mutton, (and very worst of beef,) fortable) am I lodged. Beneath the dining hall are the is daily upon the board, while the pastry cook of the post office, the barber's shop, and a tailor's establish-establishment would do honor to the Tremont or ment,--and there is the topography of the White Sul- Astor. phur,“ veluti in speculum.”

The lodgings for “single gentlemen without families,” To manage and carry on this extensive concern, there are—just such as the casual visitant of a fashionable is first, the proprietor, James Calwell, a short, stout, watering place is willing, (because he can't help himgentlemanly man, of cheerful manners, and a dash of self,) to put up with. Two small beds, in an uncarpetthe old school in the cut of his dress, his gait, and his ed room, eighi feet by ten, present rather a forbidding white queue. He lives at his ease, and reaps the fruit aspect as the neophite enters his appointed domicil, after of his good fortune in being the possessor of this lucra- two days waiting for it, -nor is an over-nice examinative spot, to the tune of several thousands of dollars tion of the texture of the bed-clothing, or the cleanliness per week, during the six spring and summer months of the bedding, likely to add to his perfect contented. Next comes his prime minister, Mr. Anderson, to whose ness. But he gets used to it soon,--or grows desperateautocratical endowments I have alluded already. You ly resigned to it, and comforts himself with the assurmight as well be out of favor with the king as with the ance that he will enjoy the delights of what he is at keeper of the king's conscience, and the exerciser of all present deprived of, the better on his return home, from the king's prerogatives. He is the setter and keeper in being without them awhile : by suffering them patientmotion of all the complicated springs and cranks that ly, he is in the fashion, is in the way of being healthy, regulate the clock-work of this extensive concern, and and is seeing the world ! be most ably performs his allotted part, displaying a This property, the White Sulphur Springs, is said to great development of the organs of order, constructive- be worth the round sum of six hundred thousand dolness, locality, verbal and individual memory, and in no lars. An act of incorporation, with a charter, has been small degreee those of combativeness and secretiveness. obtained from the Legislature of Virginia, by a company, Then come the nine sons of the proprietor,-each in his who had it in contemplation to purchase it at about that way. Some keep the accounts of the concern,-others | sum, and improve it on a liberal and extended scale.

tween;

there.

But nothing was done about it beyond this preliminary step, and it is now held at a higher sum, or else abso

THE SUMACH TREE. lutely retained, without the intention of selling, by its present proprietor. It will be a mine of wealth, properly With what a glow it meets the sun !- with what a scent the dem!

I love the rose when I am glad, it seems so gladsome too,managed, for his children, of whom he has several, and it blushes on the brow of youth as mingling in its mirth, all whom appear full well to appreciate the value of And decks the bride as though it bloom'd for her alone, on earth. the property, by living upon it as if it were indeed to be a never failing spring of wealth to all generations. But It makes me dream I'm young againa free, a blessed child;

I love the columbine that grows upon the hill-top, wild,fashion is a fickle quean, though the queen of the present But youthful days, and bridal ones, just like the roses flee, high ascendant,—and were fashion to remove her shrine and chasten’d fancy turns from these toward the sumach tree. from this favored spot, I much fear that the worshippers The sumach ?-Why?-Its leaves are fair and beautifully green, of Hygeia would be hardly numerous or important and fringe the brilliant stem that runs—a carmine thread—be. enough to sustain its popularity. But of this there is no immediate prospect. The Springs in this neighbor- Its clustering fruit--a velvet cone, of royal crimson huehood, though all valuable, are all without the peculiar Peers upward midst the foliage fair, in glorious splendor too. properties that render the White Sulphur a necessary And yet--and yet—the fancy turns in pensive hour to thee, resort for the invalid, -and, as the best excuse that can And twind with sober, sacred thoughts art thou, proud sumach be given by the world for residing half the year at a tree, watering place, is that it is salubrious, there is not much A deep-wrought spell of early days:--in melancholy state chance that my good friend Calwell's property will Rank grew a lonely sumach tree beside that grave-yard gate; depreciate very rapidly.

Kindred and friends reposed beneath, and oft has childish prayer I could wish, however, that the plan of raising a cor.

Risen from my heart that I, in death, might slumber with them porate company to carry on this establishment, as it That prayer, how vain! yet still I love in fancy oft to be should be, could have been effectual. Nature has done Ling'ring within that place of graves, beneath the sumach tree. every thing for the locality, and it is a source of regret

Maine.

ELIZA. that Art had not followed the hints of the elder born sister a little more nearly. There is not that uniformi. ty, that regularity, and neatness of detail, in laying out the place with reference at once to the utility, symme- THE UTILITY OF LIBERAL STUDIES. try, comfort, elegance and coup d'ail, which could have been desired. A fine hill on one side the fountain, is We have before us a masterly discourse on this submarred by being abandoned to the most common and ject, delivered on a literary anni:ersary in Rhode Island, disagreeable uses, -another on the east is covered with last autumn, by Professor Goddard.* We propose, by houses, whereas it should have been laid out in walks ; the extracts we are going to make, to save ourselves the and the most beautiful part of the grounds are shut out trouble of inditing aught of our own, in praise of Libefrom the view and from the use of the visitants, by be- ral Studies. Nor need we ;-as every reader, who may ing thrown entirely in the rear of the main body of the go through the extracts, will be satisfied that they can buildings, consisting of tailors' shops, stores, barbers' hardly be surpassed, in their way. The author's manestablishments, and groceries. There are many un

ner of unfolding his views, is striking and forcible. He sightly white-washed cabins on the premises, also takes the following impressive mode of showing the coach-stands on the green lawns, and gaming houses inordinate craving for wealth, that possesses the people near the most frequented parts of the square. All these of America. Many may stare at the assumption, that things, the gradual growth of the place, coming as they Germany is so far before our country in civilization, as have, one after the other, imperceptibly, as the pro- is here supposed : and others will be equally startled at perty has increased in value, could be easily remedied seeing New England ranked higher, for cultivated innow by an enterprising company–while, if left to the tellect, than Virginia and South Carolina. But both proprietors, they can hardly be anticipated to take suppositions are true. place.

'Imagine an exile from intellectual Germany, nur. The woods in this vicinity abound in game--and tured amid a nation of scholars, and imbued with all one of the sons of Mr. Calwell has gained the name the sympathies of a man of letters, to visit these shores, of Nimrod, and a reputation almost equal to that of enjoying freedom of political opinion.

either for the purpose of bettering his fortunes, or of

With what Little-John of Sherwood forest, as a huntsman, by the emotions may we suppose him to survey the actual skilful use he makes of a fine pack of hounds, and an condition of American society; and what would be his unerring rifle, by the aid of which he and his associates cool, philosophical estimate of our predominant national are wont to supply the table with good venison. Would characteristics ? Should he chance, first of all, to be that these adjuncts of Nimrod were content with this thrown amid the vortices of fashion, and politics, and

trade, which, in our vast commercial metropolis, seem, legitimate use of their several powers ! But alas ! the to the eye of a stranger, to engulph all better things; hounds are baying the livelong night throughout, and how would his sensitive spirit be driven back upon murdering the innocent slumbers of those who are itself! How would it yearn for the inartificial, and “cabined, cribbed, confined" near their quarters,—and pure, and serene delights of Germany; for her ardent the rifle in its turn is the common instrument of slaught- and almost universal veneration for Genius, and Taste,

and Learning !' er, with which our mutton is prepared for the board. But all pleasures have their drawbacks,--and the mut

*'An Address to the Phi Beta Kappa Society of Rhode Island, ton is as palatable as the venison.

delivered Sept. 7, 1836, by Wm. G. Goddard, Professor of Belles Lettres in Brown University' pp. 30.

*Penetrating into the far West, would our philosopher social character, and introduce higher and nobler interfind his exile cheered by the voice of a more responsive ests into the whole of our social life? Would it not intelligence? By the majestic physical developments of save us from an inordinate admiration of the least enthis region of our country, he would, indeed, often be viable distinctions of wealth? Would it not impart to surprised into admiration; and he would look, with some our manners more of variety, of grace, of dignity, and what of poetical enthusiasm, upon lakes, and rivers, repose ; and to our morals, a more delicate discrimination and foresis, and mountains, which, though all unsung, and a loftier tone ?' are unrivalled, for sublimity, in the land from which he bad wandered. But, think you, would not his enthu How just the following remarks, upon the too prevasiasm be limited to these mute evidences of Almighty lent misdirection of expenditure among our wealthy power? Among the adventurous and intrepid inhabi

people! iants of the West, would he knd either sympathy or companionship? Would the hardy pioneer, who is

'In the selection of those objects of embellishment pushing his way towards the very confines of civiliza- which it is in the power alone of abundant wealth to tion, care to know aught of the progress of exegesis, command, I am not singular in contending that the or of the achievements of antiquarians? Would the decisions of a simpler and better taste ought to be reland speculator, intent upon some stupendous scheme garded. Is it not a matter of just reproach, that of all of gain, lend a patient ear to our accomplished German, the apartments in our mansion houses, the library is as he discussed some difficult problem in moral philosophy, or applied to a favorite author the principles of generally the most obscure, and often the most ill furnished ;

and that the fashionable upholsterer is allowed to absorb philosophical criticism? * Directing his steps towards the South, he would find for the painter and the statuary? In all this, there is mani

so much of our surplus revenue, that hardly any is left not unfrequently, among the children of the Sun, a fested a melancholy disproportion--an imperfect appregrateful response to the sympathies by which he is hension of some of the best uses to which wealth can moved : a more deeply reflective spirit; a more culti be applied. In the spirit of an austere philosophy, it vated taste for the beautiful; powers of more delicate is not required that we should dispense with those analysis, and more comprehensive generalization. But, costly ornaments which can boast no higher merit than even here, our traveller would perhaps complain that, their beauty; but it would be hailed as a most benig. in some circles, the talk is of cotton, and that this region nant reform, if, in the arrangements of our domestic of social urbanity and intellectual splendor no more economy, there could be traced a more distinct recognithan adumbrates his unforgotten home. "He next sojourns in New England. Adopting the lectual and moral being—as a being endowed with

tion of the capacities and destinies of man as an intelpopular estimate of this favored portion of our

country, im ation and taste--with reason and with conhe anticipates that, here at least, he shall escape the science. How few among us cultivate the fine arts ! pangs of unparticipated sensibility. He perceives that How few understand the principles on which they are our territory is studded with schools, and academies, founded the sensitive part of our nature to which they and colleges; and he fondly imagines that, like kindred are addressed! To this remark, the imperfect knowinstitutions in Germany, they exert a transforming ledge of music, which, in obedience to the authority of even in New England, he is destined to feel the chill of fashion, is acquired at the boarding school, forms no disappointed hope. He beholds, everywhere, incontes: exception. It may still be aifirmed, that we have uble evidences of enterprise, and industry, and wealth; among us no class who delight in music as one of their of rare practical sagacity, and uncompromising morai selectest pleasures ; who gaze with untiring admiration rectitude. Nay, more: he witnesses many decided upon the miraculous triumphs of painting; who are

filled with tranquil enthusiasm by ihe passionless and proofs of reverence for science, for art, and for let- unearthly beauty of sculpture. Ảnd is not this to be ters; and by the whole aspect of society around him, lamented? Do we not thus estrange ourselves from the conviction is impressed upon his mind that, nowhere sources of deep and quiet happiness, to which we might eise in our country is to be found a more enlightened often resort for solace, and refreshment, and repose ? subjection to law, or so general a prevalence of high To these sources of happiness there is nothing in the social refinement. Why, then, it may be asked, does not our traveller feel himself at home in New England ? nature of our political institutions, or of our domestic It would not, perhaps, be easy so to answer this question pursuits, which sternly forbids an approach. We have, as to exempe him from the reproach of fastidiousness. as in the land of our forefathers, accumulate in large

it is true, no titled aristocracy; and property does not, Fle misses the pervading intellectual spirit of Germany; masses, and descend, undivided, through a long line of the enthusiasm, and exhilaration, and simple elegance expectant proprietors. But there is scarcely a city, a of her literary circles. It saddens him to recognise, as predominant in many a face, an expression of seated town, or a village in this land, where some could not care, or frigid caution, or calculating sagacity. He is tion, to acquire a genuine relish for the fine arts.

be found, blessed with every requisite but the disposirepelled by the topics which well nigh engross our or. dinary conversation. He is surprised to discover, that our schools, academies, and colleges exert no undivided 'Again : To few better purposes can wealth and sway over the public mind. Now, it would be most leisure be devoted, than to the acquisition of those lanunreasonable, to insist that the whole order of society guages of modern Europe which imbody some of the in this young and free country—where all is full of profoundest researches of science, and some of the enterprise, and change, and progress, should be reversed most exquisite forms of thought. And yet, except here for the accommodation of a fastidious German scholar and there a painstaking or an enthusiastic scholar, how It would be most unreasonable to ask, that the West few comparatively of our countrymen can unlock the should intermit her speculations in land, or her emigra- treasures of any literature save their own. To this tions into the far off wilderness; that the South should cause may, in part, be attributed some of our most unworthy be less intent upon the production of her great staples ; national prejudices, and that fondness for self-glorification or that the North should force herself away from her which is reproachfully signalized by foreigners as one of ships and her spindles. All this would be impracti- our national characteristics. Those, who are familiar cable, and, if practicable, it would be full of evil. It with men and manners at home and abroad, soon rid may be well, however, to inquire, whether, in the midst themselves of these unenviable peculiarities; but most of such strong provocations to excess, the spirit of accu- obstinately do they cling to those who have found no sudation is not liable to become extravagant; whether a substitute for foreign travel in a liberal acquaintance more generous culture of a taste for liberal studies with the literature of Continental Europe. When this would not gratefully temper the elements of our present | literature, so rich and characteristic, shall, in this coun

VOL. IV.-34

*

*

try, be more generally cultivated, it will be strange, with the contentions of the day, men are proscribed, indeed, if we do not form more intelligent estimates of because they may be content to doubt where others other nations, and more modest estimates of our own; choose to dogmatize; or, because they may dare to if, emancipating ourselves from the servitude of local differ when the multitude have determined that all shall and arbitrary opinions, we do not acquire a profounder agree. If this species of tyranny be not sternly resistsympathy with universal man, and a truer' reverence ed, it will banish from the walks of public and of prifór ihuse commanding truths which are the common vate life all independence of thought and action ; all property of our race.

calm discussion of controverted questions; all intrepid

defence of unpopular truths. The mischievous influence of such politics as are

If the influence of politics, direct and indirect, be commonly talked by our country gentlemen and bar- thus injurious, it surely demands counteraction. I am room babblers, is deeply to be deplored. Instead of not so visionary as to believe that the wider diffusion of

a laste for liberal studies would prove more than a parbeing a patient and sober inquiry after truth, with a tial corrective of evils, which, deeply rooted in the

very single-hearted wish to judge justly what is right and nature of our government, may, to a certain extent, be what wrong; what is for the country's good, and what deemed inevitable. I cannot doubt, however, that it tends to its hurt ;— talking politics’ is commonly noth- would render politics a less absorbing game; that it

would banish from political controversy much of its ing more than a senseless wrangle, between partisans acrimony, and lead 'io more intelligent views of the whose only thought is to confound each other, even true interests of the people. The spirit of literature is though it be by noise and sophistry: a mere trial of essentially conservative. It forms a graceful alliance lungs and flippancy, without a care for truth or patriot- with whatever is elevated in thought or in action; it

abhors violence; it is not rampant for change. It proism. And political aspirants !-how utter, often, is

tects the sacred inheritance of individual freedom; "the their profligacy! how reckless their abandonment of free thought of the free soul. It is congenial to the principle! how servile their obedience to party!—Does more retired graces of character; to elegance, to dignity, not Mr. Goddard offer a remedy—at least a mitigant, to repose. Surely, in times like these, when a mighty well worth trying, for this terrible endemic?

controversy is maintained with the varied forms of evil;

when factious violence every where prevails; when "The value of liberal studies, in counteracting the radicalism threatens to tear up the base of all social influence of politics upon the individual and social cha- order, we need to calm our troubled spirits, and to reracter of our countrymen, deserves next to be consider-cruit our overtasked energies, amid "the still air of ed. You surely do not require to be told that politics delightful studies." ; is with us becoming a distinct, though not very reputable trade; that the strife for power is hardly less eager

In the subjoined paragraph, Mr. Goddard well than the strife for gain; that a new code of political probes, and prescribes for, another disease rife in this ethics has been established, for the accommodation of Union : pliant consciences; and that, almost without an excepiion, the public men of both parties, and of all parties, 'In such studies may also be found an antagonist to tired of waiting for popularity to run after them, are now the spirit of ultraism. This spirit, at the present day, eager to run after popularity. Who now so intrepid as seems to pervade all lands, where thought and feeling to dare to take his stand, upon grave and well defined are free. Our own country has not escaped the epiprinciples? In these days of meek condescension to the demic phrenzy. We have ultras in fashion, who deem will of the people, and of affected reverence for their every one a barbarian who will not adopt their conven. good sense, how few care to lead public opinion aright! tional standard of propriety and their elaborate style of how many pusillanimously follow it, when they know it enjoyment; who will not sacrifice health, and happiness to be wrong! How few, alas! will forego the vulgar and virtue upon the shrine of their senseless idolatries. trappings of office for the sustaining consciousness, that we have ultras in politics, who either propagate wild by no sacrifice of principle or of dignity, did they ever notions, or infer, from sound principles, dangerous con. seek to win them! I would fain believe that the days clusions; who revel amid agitations, and who owe all of the republic are not numbered; but I am not without their consequence to their skill in working mischief. sad forebodings of her fate, when aspirants for popular We have ultras in philanthropy, who, in the impetuofavor are such utter strangers to the grace of an erect sity of their zeal, sacrifice to an abstraction the substanand manly spirit as to be solicitous rather to appropriate tial welfare of their fellow men; who make rash apa to themselves, at any cost, some transient distinction, plications of admitted truth, and who seem to forget than to await, with unfaltering rectitude and unfor- ihat, in carrying out one principle, however sacred, we feited self-respect, the judgments of coming times; when must never trample upon other priniples which are no the man of wealth, and talent, and social consideration, less obligatory upon the conscience.' And, last of all

, outstrips the radical, in zeal for pestilent doctrines and we have ultras in religion, who, forgetting the weightmischievous projects; in fine, when it is incorporated ier matters of the law, lose theinselves in the labyrinths into the creed of the politician, that the people are of systematic divinity; and who, impatient of a chasalways in the right; in other words, that public opinion lised, evangelical fervor, resort to equivocal expedients is not only the standard of taste, but the keeper of to generate an effervescent zeal. The spirit of ultraism conscience!

I cannot pause fully to characterize.' It dwarss the "To most active spirits, the contentions of party are intellect, and it exasperates the passions. It is ferocious in far from being repulsive; and elevated station seldom denunciation ; it is enamored of vexed questions ; it is fails to captivate the ambitious. Thus multitudes, for- recruited by gladiatorial strife. I do not claim for liberal saking the round of common occupation, are seen to studies the power to operate, directly, as a corrective of dash amid the tumults of the people. Thus, too, many this diseased state of the public mind. Some efficacy, of our most gifted men, relinquishing the pursuits of however, may be anticipated from their reflex opera. literature, or the sure rewards and the permanent fame tion. By stimulating the intellect to an exercise of its of professional eminence, peril their independence, per- various powers upon themes of commanding dignity chance their honor, in a doubtful controversy for some and attractive elegance, they would allay the violence fascinating political distinction.

of the passions, and rebuke that unphilosophical spirit "Nor is this all. The agitations of politics commu- which limits itself to a partial reception of speculapicate to the public mind impulses so despotic that it tive truths, and to a partial view of men and manners becomes

, on all questions, intolerant of dissent. Hence They would, moreover, establish among the intellectual it often happens, that, in matters entirely unconnected I faculties that harmony of adjustment and operation,

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