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to the great mass of men, intellectual amusements, to see the curtain rise, and some celebrated actress make suited to the capacity of those to be entertained, and her debut amid shouts of applause. Perchance the polnot requiring forced intellectual exertion, are more luted imaginations of some might have directed their attractive than any other. Our pleasures are height eyes to the "third heaven," where the “nymphs of the ened, tenfold, by the feeling that they are merely inno- pavé” usually shine, expecting there to behold the usual cent; but, how much more by the consciousness, that attraction. our minds are expanded and our hearts improved, But such thoughts were soon dissipated by a solemn while the buoyant spirits, and the glowing blood give sound, rising over the general buzz of conversation us new physical life. The history of theatres themselves and merriment—the voice of prayer. A blessing was sustains our position. If, then, proper and permanent invoked upon the assembly, and the object for which it sources of literary recreation were opened, they would was convened—perhaps, too, upon the house in which diffuse a moralizing and refining influence. And such they were met. This part of the scene reminds us of an influence has been exerted by Mr. Buckingham's the prediction of one devoted to the pleasures of the lectures, though to a very small extent, because opera- turf:--that, before many years a prayer would be ting for so short a time. No doubt, multitudes in New offered from the judges' stand, at every horse-race, on York, listened to his discourses with chained attention, behalf-either of the men or the horses, we know not who, but for them, would have passed the time in utter which. But we would not speak lightly of things that listlessness, or in dragging the foul waters of dissipation, we hold so sacred. Let us pass on to the further deve. for unsatisfying and debasing pleasures.

lopment of this curious spectacle. Mr. Buckingham has been well received in the United Mr. Buckingham addressed the crowd in a speech States; and, no doubt, his fortune is rapidly improving, more than two hours long. His audience, with riveted despite the pressure of the times. But, while we rejoice attention, drank in his words, and those who had to hear of his success, we cannot approve of all the formed a high idea of his eloquence were not disapmeans employed to testify respect for his character. pointed. Several other speakers followed him, who, As a sincere patriot and philanthropist--for such we perhaps, might, with better taste, have reserved their esteem him-he claims our admiration and praise; but, remarks for another occasion. We have not been here he stands so prominently before the public, as a informed of the exact “order of exercises,” but suppose distinguished lecturer, that there is danger, lest testimo- that, at this juncture, the speeches being finished, nials, given to his worth and services in the cause of refreshments were served up. It would appear that humanity, should, in the popular acceptation, be laid to they were delicious and abundant; though, indeed, it is the account of his popular eloquence. And while we, said, that a large proportion of the eatables prepared therefore, object to some of the public demonstrations were devoured rather before their time, by some very of respect for him, which have been made, our objection officious persons-frequenters of the theatre, no doubi, to the manner of these demonstrations is still greater; their knowledge of its localities having apparently been especially to that of one, the credit of which rests with so correct—who broke in from the back of the house. the good people of Philadelphia.

However, the loss was either immaterial, or very soon Before Mr. Buckingham left New York, he received repaired. But the alarm occasioned thereby, making an invitation to a great temperance festival, to be given all feel how precarious was the tenure on which their to him in the city of Brotherly Love. On dit, that a rights depended, quickened the activity of the crowd, dinner was first contemplated; but, then, many wished in emptying the loaded chargers. The popular appeto extend the honor to Mrs. Buckingham; and, besides, tite, too, had been sharpened by the piquant intellectual a number of ladies, whose husbands were foremost in repast. We Americans are charged with swallowing che affair, desired to be presented to the accomplished our food in hungry haste. But those who eat with lecturer. Accordingly, to suit all concerned, a grand great rapidity, must be equally hurried in seizing on temperance tea-party was resolved upon. Now, the their victuals: the supply must equal the demand. difficulty arose—where could a room suitable for the Plates, on this memorable evening, it is said, were occasion be procured? After some consultation, it was, scarce; or else the impatience and anxiety of the mulluckily suggested, that the Arch-street theatre, then titude, wrought up, by the occurrence just mentioned, unemployed, might be hired; and this expedient was to a pitch of phrenzy, forbade even the decency of a adopted by the grave deliberators, some of whom, as moment's delay. A thousand hands delved, incontiwe understand, were clergymen and inferior church. nent, into the curiously ornamented pyramids of iceofficers. The twenty-second of February was honored cream, and gallantly offered their tempting spoils to the by the festival. For some time previously, it was admiring fair, who had already devoured them with advertised in the newspapers, and tickets offered at a their eyes. Perhaps, however, all did not eat, as fast dollar each. Of course, multitudes furnished them as they emptied their dishes: we are sure that some selves for the occasion: some, perhaps, in anticipation were seen, pocketing every manner of good things, even of convivial pleasure ; some who were anxious to see to the ices. and hear Mr. Buckingham; some, who, though princi At length the crowd dispersed, at a good hour, and pled against theatres, were glad of an opportunity to in decent order. The next morning's papers contained see the inside of one, without sin; and most, because glowing descriptions of the "GRAND TEMPERANCE FESthe price of admission was so moderate. The appointed TIVAL;" and the Arch-street dealers in grog boasted, evening came, and the way to the place of temperate that for many a day their receipts had not equalled feasting was thronged. In looking round, on this gaily those of the previous night! dressed assemblage, filling the boxes, and crowding the To speak seriously, we have stated nothing in the covered area of the pit, one might, almost, have expected | above account, which we do no: believe to be substan

cially correct. Nor do we think that the doings of an pheels, or resort to that other succedaneum for a scanty American mob cast any stigma upon the character of stature, the ladies' cushion. I have a sample before the American people. Even our mob would suffer my eyes of that antique head-dress, in a colored print nothing in the comparison with the mob of any other of the lovely Antoinette, which has been handed down nation; but that is no reason, why its triumphs should from the last generation in the family of a patriot to be hailed with applause. If Mr. Buckingham should whom Louis the sixteenth was always dear. Wigs too “ write a book,” descriptive of scenes in the United will come in with the first battered beau of the haul ton States, we are sure that he will feel much difficulty, in who seeks to cover his baldness or to hide his gray attempting to picture this temperance festival; what hairs; and old as I am, I expect to see the reestablishwith his gentlemanly feelings toward those who would ment of long queues with powder and pomatum, and have done him honor, and his vivid sense of the all the disgusting consequences which attended them. ridiculous.

But the return of old times is not confined to the fashion of our coats. Our habits and manners have changed not less than our dresses. And some chance may yet bring them back again in all their fresliness. Take

for instance, the vulgar habit of profane swearing. DESULTORY THOUGHTS ON HUMAN When I was a boy, every gentleman swore;--and

what is worse, in every company. Even the ear of the CREDULITY AND VERSATILITY.

fair sex became familiar with this gross violation of de

corum. But as Bob Acres says, “Damns have had their By a Southron.

day.” What gentleman would now blurt forth his It is curious to observe how the opinions and the vulgar oaths before a lady, or wound the sacred ear of a follies which have been exploded in one generation are divine by “taking the name of the Lord in vain?” and often revived in another, and embraced with as much yet a war, with all its other mischievous consequences, confidence and ardor as if they never had been rejected may bring back into polished life this disgusting pracor exposed. It is not quite fifty years, I think, since tice. “The soldier, bearded like the pard and full of the imposture of Mesmer received the stamp of repro- strange oaths,” is ever so great a favorite with the fair, bation from the philosophers of France, assisted by the that his vollies will be forgiven and his bluntness forsagacity of Franklin. In this day of light and intelli- gotten, in the richness of his epaulets and the gallant trim gence, it is again revived under new auspices and with of his regimentals. The same destructive besom may more exorbitant pretensions, and meets with the counsweep away our temperance societies, and the can and tenance of men of science, and the most unbounded the tankard of the camp may again introduce that credulity of thousands who flock to witness its wonders. censurable excess which prevailed at our banquets in There seems indeed to be a cycle in human affairs, like by-gone days. I remember “when I was young and the cycles which govern the movements of the heavenly debonair,” I was at an entertainment in this city, bodies in their sublime and wonderful revolutions. Our which was served in the second story of the house, habits and our manners, our follies and our propensities whence there was no escaping by a window. The all have their day, and are laid aside for others which landlord most hospitably locked the door and put the in their turn prevail for a season, after which the former key in his pocket, and the glass was circulated so return upon us and are received with renewed eagerness briskly that there were left but few to bury the dead. and favor. Thus they follow each other in a perpetual These excesses are now indeed no more; but I fear round, and verify, to a great extent at least, the wisdom they are but suspended for a season, in spite of all the of the adage, that there is "nothing new under the sun." efforts and all the influence of temperance societies.

The truth of these remarks will be questioned by These arrogate to themselves that change in manners none ; yet it is probable there are some who have which is chiefly the result of the perpetually varying not duly considered to what a variety of subjects they current of human affairs. In its eternal windings it may be extended. All observe it in the fashions. The trenches upon our customs in succession, wearing away dresses of our fair ladies, which a few years ago first one and then another, and giving rise to new ones were so narrow that they could scarcely step, and so which flourish in their turn for a season, until they too thin that they shivered with cold, have at length got are swept off by the same resistless tide. Conceding back to the ample dimensions of former days and the the beneficial influence of temperance societies, parcomfortable habiliments of their grandmothers. The ticularly among the laboring classes, we are unwilling large and inconvenient sleeve is giving way; and the to believe that they have been the sole occasion of the bosom, once too temptingly displayed, has been kindly happy changes we have witnessed. What society is hidden from our view, and the less attractive back and there against swearing ? what combination against fox shoulders are now exhibited in its stead. Short waists, hunting? what against balls at public houses ? what flowing robes and the graceful drapery of the Grecian against barbecues ? Yet all these are obviously in the costume have yielded to long waists, short skirts and wane, from the silent but effectual operation of public heavy plaits, while the old fashioned bishops are re- sentiment, and of the perpetual fluctuation of everyvived in the admired tournures of our lovely daughters. thing that is human. Our customs and opinions succeed It is true we have not yet returned to high-heel shoes each other as the congo and the minuet have been sucand cushions for the ladies, or to periwigs and powder ceeded in the ball-room by the waltz and the gallopade. for our sex. But the former may reasonably be expected, This is particularly manifest, as we shall see in the if the young Victoria, ambitious of queenlike majesty sequel, in matters of the deepest concern ; in the and impatient of her want of height, should add to her sciences, in religion and in politics. But before we

touch upon them, let us advert for a moment to the sub-herself would blush, if she were not too credulous to ject of human credulity, which, though in a state of perceive her delusions. perpetual change, seems indelibly ingrained in the cha Turn next to the protestant ;-are his skirts clear? racter of our race.

I am too much of a protestant to be an impartial judge Philosophers have never agreed upon the character in such a matter, but there are some of its churches istic by which man is to be distinguished from all other that I can venture to approach. Take the church of animals in the creation. Plato defined him to be a two- the Baron Emanuel Swedenbourg, an enthusiastic and legged animal without feathers. But Diogenes turned visionary man, whose heated fancy led him to believe this definition into deserved ridicule. Some say that that he had ascended to the fifth heaven, and there had man alone is a rational animal; but the dog and the seen all the glories of the godhead, and mingled with beaver, and the ant and the bee, stand forth as the angels and archangels around the sapphire throne of champions of the inferior races, and challenge for them the great Jehovah. Yet this religious madman had his also the attributes of reason. Once it was said that devoted followers, who believed his visions, dwelt upon man was a cooking animal; but the ouran-outang denies his rhapsodies, and doubted not his revelations. I once our exclusive title to that appellation. For my own part, had the pleasure of meeting with one of his sect, a I incline to look upon him as a credulous animal, though remarkably intelligent lady of the New Jerusalem I thereby hazard the exclusion of the skeptics from church, with whom I entered into an interesting conthe pale of humanity-a consequence at which many of versation about her great apostle. I asked her if his my readers would not be disposed to repine. The truth followers really believed he had ascended to the fifth is, however numerous the individual exceptions may heaven. “Assuredly, sir,” said she. “And upon what be,-there is no trait of the human character more uni- grounds do they believe it?” said I. “Upon the same," versal than this. In all time and in all countries, super said she, “on which you believe that St. Paul had done stition and credulity have lorded it over the mind. To so before him. Both of them were pure and virtuous, say nothing of ghosts and hobgoblins, of demonology and pious and inspired men, and neither would have and witchcraft, of the foul fiend that haunts the moor, asserted that which was untrue !!" Thus it is that creor the flying Dutchman that makes the seaman's blood dulity affords a ready answer to every difficulty; so that run cold, we may go back to classical days for our illus- we almost cease to wonder at the declaration of the trations. What a lasting monument of human folly is ancient father, who, in the fulness of his faith exclaim. to be seen in the heathen mythology, where superstition ed, “Credo quia impossibile est.” is busy in the apotheosis of the winds and of the floods, When we turn to the ordinary occurrences of life, and where every affection of the soul is invested with while superstition and credulity meet us at every step, an imaginary form, and placed by devoted polytheism they are yet perpetually changing, like a Proteus. In in the temple of the gods ? Look at their oracles, one age, we have a monarch touching a patient for the now uttering the maxims of the sage and delivering the king's evil, or a noble lady soothing the pain of her predictions of a penetrating sagacity, and now prac- champion's wound by anointing the spear with which it tising the cheats of a juggler, or answering questions was inflicted. In another, we have one impostor perabout the future, in riddles that serve but to perplex, or forming wonders with Perkins's points, and another to lead to destruction the misguided inquirer. And yet practising the ridiculous mummeries of animal magthey were crowded by the credulous; and the monarch netism. Charms* and conjuration are the every-day and the slave were found together at the shrine. Turn remedies of the vulgar, and quack medicines and infal. away from the land of literature and the arts, from the lible prescriptions fill the columns of our journals and land of Socrates and Solon, to the country of the demi- the stomachs of the sick. We cannot lay a fence or gods of Italy, the country of Brutus and of Tully. Over kill a hog without looking at the age of the moon, that wonderful land the same superstitions reigned, and whose influences, extending beyond the tides, are fan. the same ready credulity in the monstrous creations of cied to rule over the ravings of the lunatics and the heathen mythology. What then shall we expect when fluids of our frames. It is wonderful, too, to see this we pass into Asiatic climes, to the country of Zoroaster ready credulity exhibited by the most intelligent. Dr. and Confucius, to the land of Brama or Mahomet? Johnson believed in ghosts: Those who burnt witches Over all of them credulity sits brooding, and the dark- for the love of God, were among the first men of their ness of ignorance covers them as with a pall. Is it day and generation : and in these our times, we are better with christianity; with the christian who justly derides the mythology of the heathen and the false or an incident which occurred in the old court of chancery before

There is an amusing reminiscence handed down by tradition, prophets of the musselman and the hindoo? Ask the the venerable chancellor Wythe. One morning on taking his sects of each other. Ask of the protestant the history seat, he complained with some warmth of the masses of trash of credulity in popish countries. Straitway he recounts which the counsel introduced into the records ; and in proof of a long catalogue of her superstitions. He points at it, read the deposition of an aged lady in support of the credit of

another witness. She said, “She had known him from a boy, once to her priests,-here giving absolution ;—there and that when he was a youth he was one of the greatest liars praying a soul out of purgatory ;-here curing a disease she ever knew. That she felt sorry for him, and as a cure ad. by the influence of their prayers, and there adminis-vised him to swallow the heart of a rattlesnake ; that he did so, tering extreme unction to the departing zealot. He and ever since, he had been as truthful a man as any other in the points to the tombs of the fathers crowded with pros- prescription of a bolus or a charm for the cure of a moral infir

selllement.” I am not sure that this is the only instance of the trate pilgrims, and brings you the toe of St. Peter, mity. or a veritable fragment of the cross, or the liquifying blood of the holy St. Januarius. Who but blushes for obviously espouses it, though he denied that the influence of the

+ This opinion is, I imagine, as old as Hippocrates: Lord Bacon humanity at such an exhibition of its follies ? Credulity | moon satisfactorily accounted for the tides.

not without examples of a ready belief of whatever is tension with unsuspecting credulity, and scientific men miraculous. Here we have the two first men of their are to be found engaged in eager investigations into the day, disputing for the bundredth time whether cheat is mysteries of the art, with less zeal for the exposure of a distinct plant, or springs from an injured grain of impostors, than for the establishment of so valuable wheat. The old chief justice maintained the latter, and a discovery on the surest foundations. Human foreof that opinion most certainly was Lord Bacon.* There cannot anticipate, indeed, the mighty wonders it we have a venerable old man, whose gray locks strag- is yet to work, and the countless blessings it is to gle scantily over his scalp, sitting with his elbow rested shower upon our race. It will accomplish with so on a table, with a glass tumbler before him. He holds much facility what now costs both labor and time; for it between his finger and his thumb, a simple thread, to shames the telegraph in its operations, and leaves even which is appended a small key, so held as to be within steam itself at a countless distance in the rear. Cog. the mouth of the glass. What is he about? He is nate with the lightning, the magnetic influence can exhibiting his key clock !!| He verily believes that from put a girdle round the earth in forty minutes.” Of some secret cause, some influence emanating from his what use, then, are the wonders of the telegraph or the hand, or some wonderful correspondence between the yet greater wonders of our express mails, when a sleeping glass and the key, this simple apparatus will strike the girl, under the manipulations of a magnetizer, can see hour of the day with unerring accuracy. No argument what is going on in the extremities of the “empire,” can overthrow his convictions, and yet he is among the and give you the news of the very moment in the most most venerable and respectable of men, and fills his distant corners of the earth? For we have no reason elevated station with dignity and ability. I have heard to doubt, that if this new Pythian priestess can, in the he derived the hint from Lord Bacon's works. After a infancy of the art, discern in her visions what is going diligent search through the Instauratio Magna, the on in Philadelphia, while she is sleeping quietly in Sylva Sylvarum, and the Novum Organum, which New-York, her visual ray will soon be so improved as form together that wonderful omnium gatherum of wis to enable her to discern what is passing in the remotest dom and of notions, I at length met with the passage kingdoms of the world. Such wonderful results lead which gave rise to this curious conceit. (see vol. 2, p. 64.] to the suspicion that this most valuable discovery must No man, indeed, was ever more full of such conceits have been well known to the ancients, and was the true than was the great stickler for the theory of the antag- secret of the oracle at Delphi and the vaticinations of onizing principles of radical heat and radical moisture. the cave of Trophonius. Be this as it may, the magBut let us not jeer this greatest of philosophers, whose netic lady bids fair to render altogether superfluous the noble genius gleamed through the darkness of the age espionage of courts, and the use of spies in the camp in which he lived. It shed its bright rays over every of an enemy. What movement of an army could be inscience, and laid the foundations of that analytical scrutable to a secretary who had been duly magnetised, philosophy, which in our times has led to such wonder- or to a general who had had the benefit of the passes of ful results. Let us rather reproach ourselves for still the operator; when a girl fast asleep, can see through a clinging to the nonsense and the impudence of charla- millstone at a glance, and discern without difficulty the tanism, in spite of the wise lessons we have imbibed interior of a dwelling a hundred miles removed? And from his philosophy. Let us lift up our eyes in amaze. then what an acquisition to science ! that an ignorant ment at the countenance given by the intelligent among female, who, when awake, hardly knows that there ourselves to the grossest of impostures. In this boasted is such a thing as what Mrs. Ramsbotlom calls the era we have had Redheffer's perpetual motion as a fair

"abominable* region,” and who cannot tell the liver set-off against the elixir of life and the philosopher's from the spleen, should all at once be initiated in her stone of former times. We have also the Quarterly sleep, into the mysteries of nosology and pathology Review, gravely publishing a narrative of the wonder- and physiology, and all the secrets of the materia ful performances of an Egyptian magician, through medica; and without seeing or touching a patient, whose incantations an uplutored boy can call up the should be able to judge of his disease, and prescribe spectres of the dead, as the witch of Endor brought the proper remedy for its cure! Verily this is a woninto the presence of the trembling Saul, the awe-inspi- derful science, and entitles ils professors to an eminent ring image of the depurted prophet. And we are exaltation. It is true that it is somewhat partial in its gravely told by the accomplished editor how far above influences, and uncertain in its operations. It requires suspicion is the source from which this wonderful story Faith and weak Nervest to ensure the success of an is derived ;-as though he yielded credence himself, to experiment; and it is said that in the recent exhibitions the miracles of this magician of the land of necro- in a certain city, even the intimation by a visiter, in an mancy. Again; at this moment, animal magnetism, audible voice, of a design to apply a red-hot poker to though exploded fifty years ago, as an impudent impos- the nose of the sleeping patient, had a very marvellous. ture, is revived both in Europe and America, with reno

effect upon the profoundness of his slumbers. Whether vated zeal, and received with obvious favor by many of this was occasioned by the disturbing influence that iron the illuminati. Exhibition rooms are crowded with

• "Abdominal." gaping spectators, who swallow every monstrous pre.

t“Men are to be admonished,” says Lord Bacon, "that they

do not give place and credit to those operations, because they * He says, vol. I, p. 469, speaking of the diseases of grain, succeed many times; for the cause of the success is oft to be “Another disease is the putting forth wild oats (obviously our truly ascribed unto the force of affection and imagination upon cheat) into which corn oftentimes doth degenerate."

the body agent; and therefore these things work best on weak

minds and spirits ; as those of women, sick persons, superstitious + This incident is taken from real life.

and fearful persons, children and young creatures.”

Vol. IV.-37

19th century.

must naturally have over the magnetic current, or by Jopinion “that the anointing of the weapon that maketh the natural repulsion of the tip of the nose for the white the wound will heal the wound itself."* heat of a poker, I must leave to others to determine. I Such a mass of absurdities cannot fail to excite our can only say that I learn no attempt was made at a laughter in these days of light and scrutiny. Yet are repetition of the scientific experiment in a town where we sure that the hobbies of modern practitioners will there was so little faith and such iron nerves, accom- not be equally derided when we shall be in our graves ? panied by an obvious disposition to make the actual The liver and the nerves, the mucous membrane, and cautery the test of truth. The experimenter and his the spinal marrow, the heart and the brain, all of which familiar, it is said, precipitately took leave, and departed have had the ascendant in their turns, may very possito pursue their investigations on some more propitious bly soon give way to some new theory, which the entheatre. Much regret was felt at this premature retreat, thusiasts in pathological anatomy may elaborate from as an opportunity would have been afforded by a few their minute investigations. Already have the visions day's delay, of greatly advancing the cause of benevo- of glory which filled the dreams of Lavater been dislence, as well as of science, by subjecting to the mag. pelled by the greater glories of phrenology and the sucnetic influence some unfortunate children who have cessful theories of Gall and Spurzeim. Those who can been blind from their birth, and on whom the blessing laugh at lord Bacon and his fanciful notions, will yet of sight could doubtless have been conferred, for the gravely descant upon the developments of the brain as time being at least, by this great catholicon of the indicated by the skull, and pronounce ex cathedra that

the subject of examination is according to the principles Let us pass from animal magnetism to medicine. of their art, a saint or a Scapin, a philosopher or a fool. Fifty years ago a dose of calomel was shunned as a Nay more: not only do we learn from the ingenious poison, and tartar emetic was looked upon with an German the position of every passion and every talent almost holy abhorrence. Since that time they have in the map of the human brain, but we are now promised been dignified as the Samson and Goliah of the ma- by the naturalist Geoffroy St. Hilaire, a series of meleria medica, and are exhibited without scruple, by the moirs on the functions and situation of the soul itself. He ignorant as well as the initiated. The former has been states that he has no hesitation in treating on this subindulged in to an excess against which all are now ject;—that he feels strong in his own powers, and means ready to exclaim. I was once much amused at a prac- first of all to examine the nature of the spiritus corporeus tical joke upon its extravagant use. In passing through of St. Augustin !! In truth there seems no measure or a village, 1 saw a four barrel standing at an apothe- limit to the whimsies of the human mind, nor any rea cary's door, with the word “Calomel” in very large cap- sonable hope that with all the advantage of the wisdom itals marked upon its side. In amaze, I drew up my of other times we shall ever be any wiser than those sulky, and asked an explanation. It turned out to who have gone before us. be a piece of humor of the young apothecary, in

It were well, indeed, if in more important concerns ridicule of the preposterous extent to which the doses the versatility of the human character was not as conof this medicine were carried among the customers of spicuous as in the lighter matters which we have been his master. A humorous gentleman of the same place passing in review. But unhappily it is otherwise, declared that in a severe illness he had taken so many Graveora manent. The oscillations in religion and the pills,—not all calomel, it is true,—that when he sneezed they flew all over the room. But this passion has passed

* I have in my possession a folio volume translated from the away, and we are getting back to what our forefathers French, and purporting to have been written by the pbysician of

the King of France, about 170 years ago. It is a treatise on thought to be a wholesome horror of mercury, and a pharmacy, materia medica and the practice of medicine, and wise confidence in nature, as the only true doctor. The exhibits of course the most approved state of the science at that science of medicine is, perhaps, above all others most day. Truly it is a curiosity. The recipes resemble Lord Bacon's. remarkable for its oscillations. The medicaments in The filings of a dead man's skull are the prescribed remedy for vogue at various times, are quite amusing. Lord Ba- epilepsy and madness, and distilled vipers, the specific for the

bite of every species of rabid or venomous animal; provided, con's works are full of those of his day, many of which always, the patient has not been bitten above the teeth, for in he very confidently recommends. Among others, he that case the poison is inevitably fatal. Hartshorn is also a advises “a trial of two kinds of bracelets, for comforting great panacea with this grave doctor. He tells us it is extracted the heart and spirits, one to be made of the trochisk from the horn of the elk, the swiftest of all animals, whom the

hunters can never take unless they find him sick; and even theo (or cake) of vipers, and the other of snakes; for, since they must be very adroit, for if the animal discovers them, he they do great good inwards, especially for pestilent agues, puis his hind foot to his left ear, which cures him in an instant, it is like they will be effectual outwards.” He tells us and he flies beyond the reach of his pursuers !! Such was the 100, that “the moss which groweth upon the skull of a profound ignorance and ridiculous credulity of this grave mede

cin, who was doubtless looked up to in his own times as a mira. dead man, unburied, will staunch blood potently;" a

cle of sagacity and wisdom. In what light his successors of the quality which it has in common with the "blood-stone,” present day will be regarded by their successors a hundred and “the stone taken out of the toad's head,” which is years hence, time must develope. But if we may conjecture, "very efficient, as the toad loveth shade and coolness;" from the diversities already prevailing among the Sangrados and and what is very wonderful, he gives in detail an ac- sonians and Homoæpathists, we should prophesy, that the theo

Brunonians, the Broussaists and the Old School, the Thompcount of the “English ambassador's lady at Paris, ries and practice of them all, will be remembered only as subhelping him away with” (i. e. curing) “ a hundred warts jects for ridicule in some Literary Messenger of the day, while within five weeks, by rubbing them once with a bit of some new system will, in its turn, be the bobby of the profesbacon skin, which she afterwards nailed up to a post in sion, and prevail until it has immolated its hecatomb, as others the sun.” Nevertheless, he seems somewhat skeptical about the “constantly received and avouched” + Eclectic Journal of Medicine, vol. I. 395.

have done before it.

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