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The Trustees of Hampden Sidney College, having organized a Medical Department, and located it in the City of Richmond, announce to the parents and guardians of young men engaged in the study of Medicine that

the Winter Term of Lectures in this department will commence on Monday, November bth, 1838. Tie IT Medical Faculty consists of the following gentlemen : TH. JOHNSON, M. D. (formerly Professor of Anatomy in the University of Virginia,) Professor of Ana.

Lomy and Physiology: JOHN CULLEN, M. D. Professor of Theory and Practice of Medicine; L. W. CHAMBERLAYNE, M. D. Professor of Maleria Medica and Therapeutics; R. L. BOHANNAN, M. D. Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and Children; AUG. L. WARNER, M. D. (late Professor of Anatomy and Surgery in the University of Virginia, Pro

fessor of Surgery SOCRATES MAUPIN, M. D. Professor of Chemistry and Pharmacy

The Winter Term, commencing on the first Monday of November, will continue until the last week March, making a period of five calendar months. The addition of another month to the ordinary sessjon el medical lectures, (which is admitted by every physician to be entirely too short,) will enable the professors in complete the course which would otherwise be imperfect: an arrangement which will be duly appreciated by the medical student

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CONTENTS.
ORIGINAL PAPERS.

ORIGINAL PAPERS-(CONTINUED.)
PAGE

PAGE 1. Sketch of Jeremiah T. Chase of Maryland, the emi.

15. The Vicissitudes of Life, as portrayed in a sketch of nent patriot and judge. By a Marylander ......... 345 two lovely females, Ida V.... and Nina Genovesi, 2. Daniel Sheffey, of Staunton, the artificer of his own

whose bright dawn is succeeded by the dark clouds of fortunes, having risen from the last. By the same.. 346 adversity; the shipwreck of affection, fortune and 3. Roger Brooke Taney, Chief Justice of the U. States :

friends in the one, and deep domestic affliction in the By the same...

348 other; the powerful sustaining influence of true reli4. Nicholas Biddle. (Selected.).

349 gion in adversity. Scene partly in Italy and partly 5. The Busy-Body. No. I. Idlers, &c.... 352 in America. By a Virginia Lady......

387 No. II. Labor-Saving Machines, &c. 354 16. Byron and Plagiarism. By S. F. G. of Washington & Frigate Constitution. Her arrival at Malta ; Sir T.

City....

404 Briggs; Anecdote of Sir T. Fellowes ; Celebration of 17. Georgia Scenes, Characters and locidents. New Series, d February; Admiral Sir R. Stopford; Brigade Re

No. I. Little Ben, a satire on garrulity. (Selected.) 404 view; Departure of the Constitution. Forwarded to 18. The West Fifty Years Since. By L. M. of Washington the Messenger from Malta

357 City. One of the Stations taken by the Indians, who 7. Scientia Miscellanea. By A. D. G.

massacre the Inhabitants. The Whites, with the No. I. Happy Accidents....... 358

commander and Henry G. pursue the savages to the No. II. Exceptions to General Laws 359 Tennessee river, where they overtake and defeat B. Washington College, Lexington, Va. History of this

406 Institution, from its commencement as a Grammar 19. Icelandic Literature, &c. from Blackwood School, with a Memoir of Wm. Graham, its early

ORIGINAL POETRY. and efficient Preceptor , subsequent distinction of its 20. The Mockingbird. By Nugator...

356 early students ; present condition and advantages of

21. The Sister's Gift of Flowers. By the author of Love this College. By an aged Citizen of Rockbridge.... 361

at the Shrines.". 3. Notice of a Lecture on Chemistry, by G. D. Armstrong,

22. The Early Dead...

360 A M. of Washington College...

867 10. The Bachelor's Death-Bed. A Tale of a Misogynist

23. Lines to a Beautiful Child, who became blind by acci. and Monomaniac. By a Citizen of South Carolina.. 370 24. The Flower and Star..

dent. By Henry Thompson, Esq. of Tallapoosa, Ala. 367

369 11. Biographical Sketches of Living American Poets and

25. Song. By a Citizen of Richmond......

870 Novelists. No. Jl. James Fenimore Cooper, and his

373 26. Night. By Professor C. C. Felton. (Selected). Writings

373
27. A Reverie. By a South-Carolinian..

379 12. Notes and Anecdotes, political and miscellaneous, from

28. To My Cigar. (Selected).

382 1798 60 1830. Drawn from the portfolio of an officer of 29. Fragment. By a Virginian.......

393 the Empire, and translated from the French for the 30. Lines. By L. of Columnbia, S. C.,

381 Messenger. The Conspiracy of August, 1820....... 379 31. Affection's Triumphs. Part III. By a Virginian..... 401 11. The Copy.Book. No. III. Population of the West; Village in the West. By C. C. of Petersburg, Va. .. 383

CONTENTS OF COVER-8 pages. 14. Journal of a Trip to the Mountains, Caves and Springa Title and Contents, p. 1. List of Payments, 2 and 3. New

of Virginia. By a New-Englander. Chap. VI. Salt Terms, 3. Agents, 5. Advertisements : Marshall House, 4. Sulphur Springe ; Orange Cave ; Red Sulphur Hampden Sidney College, 4. Jas. Hoban's Law Notice, 4. Old Springs ; Gray Sulphur Springe ; Season Growing Mail Line to Charlottesville, 5. Bell Tavern, 6. William F. Old; Gambling at the Springs ; Indifference to the Ritchie's Law Notice, 6. Rail Road Line to Charlottesville, 7. Sick ; Suoday at the Springs; Mr. Burnap; New J. W. Stevenson's Law Notice, 7. New Printing Office, 8 Comers; Farewell to the White Sulphur.... 384 | Henry M. Morfit's Law Notice, 8.

... 360

*This work is published in monthly numbers of 64 pages each, at $5 the vol. in advance:

the postage on each No. for 100 miles or less, is 6 cts.—over 100 miles, 10 cts.

RICHMOND, Va.
T. W. WHITE, PRINTER, OPPOSITE THE BELL TAVERN.

PAYMENTS TO

...JLB.

SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER,

From the 28th of April, to the 28th of May, 1838. All persons who have made payments early enough to be entered, and whose names do not appear in this

published receipt list, or in that of the next number, are requested to give notice of the omission immediately
after receiving that number, in order that the correction may be forthwith made.
PAYMENTS TO VOL. I.

Clarke, Samuel B..... A HP, pn....... Georgia
Clarke, William H..

.Buckingham
Armstrong, Josiah N..........
Nashville Cabell, William Z..

....Illinois Denby, Mrs. Sarah Jane... .Richmond Cabell, N. F..

Warminster, Va Cocke, Miss S. F.

Fluvanna PAYMENTS TO VOL. II.

Campbell, Hugh..

.Philadelphia Campbell, Alexander.

.. Philadelphia Denby, Mrs. Sarah Jane.

Richmond Chapman, John G. (Artist,). ...New York Elder, Dr. Samuel...

.... Illinois Cabell, Dr. Joseph L... University of Virginia Fauntleroy, Samuel G. .H & D. .King & Queen Cabell, F.M...

....Nelson Jones, James V.. ...Georgia Cary, A. F.

. Mississippi Miami University. ...Ohio Curtis, Dr. Henry..

... Hanover Smith & Fenno... .Maine Cunningham, Dr. John A.

Cartersville Wherry, Benjamin C..... .Petersburg Claiborne, Charles F...

Hicks' Ford
Caperton, Hugh.

..Monroe
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Richmond
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.Nelson Bronaugh, Edward W .Louisiana Dialectic Society:

.Chapel Hill Cary, A. F....

Mississippi Dabney, Mrs. Sally.. H & D........ Albemarle Chapman, John G. (Artist) .. New York Elliott, Gilbert...

.North Carolina Clarke, William H.. .. Buckingham Ewing, Thomas.

Ohio Denby, Mrs. Sarah Jane ...Richmond England, James R.

Richmond Elliott, Gilbert... .North Carolina French, James...

H & D........ Fauquier Elder, Dr. Samuel.. .... Illinois Ferrell, Blount C...

.....Georgia Fauntleroy, Samuel G.. H & D..... King & Queen Francisco, Charles L.

Warm Springs Francisco, Charles L.. .. Warm Springs Fry, George H.....

., Warm Springs Ferrell, Blount C..

.JL B.. ...Georgia Fishback, Frederick. ...H & D........ Culpeper Gregory, Miss Lucy F.

.Mecklenburg Ford, Samuel. .H & D........Buckingham Golightly, David..

TLJ, pn....

Georgia Grant & Daniel.. ...G&D, pn........ Boston Haralson, Mrs. Caroline M...TLJ, pn.... Georgia Golightly, David.

pn...... Georgia Jones, James V..

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р North Carolina Lewis, James L. TLJ, p n....Georgia Gregory, Miss Lucy F.

Mecklenburg Loving, William H.. Tennessee Glasscock, William R.

.Fauquier Miami University. .....Ohio Goggin, William L....

... Bedford Mosby, Dr. J... Richmond Graham, Miss H. I....

Powhatan New York Athenæum. New York Goodwin, Capt. Richard..

..Suffolk, Va. Paine, Dr. Charles J.... TLJ, p n....Georgia Garnett, John M....H&D.... University of Virginia Randolph, William M. Mississippi Halyburton, J. D....

..New Kent Rice, Lewis... .New York Harding, James N.,

. Mississippi Smith & Fenno.. ..Maine Hardy, James W..

Mecklenburg Terrill, William H.. ..Warm Springs Hubard, Edmund W.

..Cumberland Tabb, Dr. Henry W

Mathews Hatcher, Josiah.. H & D...... .Cartersville Wherry, Benjamin C.... ..Petersburg Hawes, Walker....

.H & D..........

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.Philadelphia
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Kentucky Appleton, William..... G & D, pn........Boston Love, Miss Mary J..

Brunswick Bond, William Key (M.C.)........Washington City Loving, William H.

Tennessee Bridges, Richard M....H & D, pn.......

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TLJ,

.NAS,

n...

VOL. IV.

RICHMOND, JUNE, 1838.

No. VI.

T. W. WHITE, Editor and Proprietor.

FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM.

conflict of liberty with tyranny: innocent blood has JEREMIAH T. CHASE.* been shed : our cities are conflagrated and our temples

profaned: helpless families are flying at midnight from Maryland boasts of no purer patriot than JEREMIAH their homes: misery and wretchedness now clothe our TOWNLEY CHASE, who was born at Baltimore, May land with sackcloth and ashes. Behold, the haughty 23, 1748.

foe now holds in his grasp the cities of New York and Schools were then rare, and conducted on a very Philadelphia, while disease, exposure and famine daily limited scale, and his education, like that of Washing. waste our little army at Valley Forge! See them, naked lon, was by no means liberal. His mind, however, being and exposed to snow-storms, while the heart of their naturally strong, overcame the difficulties and impedi- chief is dissolved in sorrow! That illustrious man now ments arising from the want of early culture. Cer- looks to us for aid ; let it not be in vain. Cast your eye lain it is, that no bosom ever glowed more intensely to the prison shop. Hear ye not the groans of our with the fire of patriotism; for in the dawn of our re- starving brethren, held in cruel captivity since Novemvolution, young Chase is found among the foremost of ber 176. The genius of America cries to us for their those gallant spirits who resisted the tyranny of Great relief. Now is the time to strike for our country. Tell Britain, and swore that they would be free.' He was a

me not of the portentous cloud hanging over us: look member of the first committee of observation for Balti- beyond it. The time will arrive when our fears shall more, whose duty it was to watch the movements of vanish; when war shall end, and peace spread her the enemies of liberty, and with vestal vigilance, guard balmy wing over this once fair, but now desolated land. the rights of their oppressed country.

Forget not that in August, '76, we proclaimed to the as. When the tidings of the battle of Lexington reached tonished world, that we would lay down our lives in Baltimore in the spring of '75, Mr. Chase enrolled him- defence of our dearest rights: that we would do or self as a private in the first company of militia raised in die.' Shall we now shrink from the contest and leave the state, and thus contributed to call into action that Washington to perish? The eyes of unnumbered milindomitable spirit of the Maryland line, which after- lions are upon us : let us do justice to our posterity: the wards won for itself imperishable laurels at Cowpens, gratitude of future ages shall constitute our rich reward. Guilford and Eutaw.

It is true that our resources are scanty: our soldiers In the summer of '76, the convention met at Annapolis, are undisciplined: munitions of war are hardly to be to establish a form of government, and continued its obtained : yet will aid come from unexpected sources. session until August 14th, when the bill of rights and He who rules human destiny, will awaken the sympapresent constitution were adopted; founded on the thy of European nations, who will supply our necessiprinciples of Magna Charta, the Petition of Right, and lies and assist us in this mighty conflict.” This appeal other bulwarks of English freedom, and beyond all, on was irresistible—under the energetic administration of the inalienable right of self-government. They de Thomas Johnson, first governor of the state, supplies clared that the people alone were the true fountain of of cattle and flour were sent to the army: troops were all power, and could alter or abolish their form of go- recruited and disciplined: the energies of war called vernment at their sovereign will. This was a new and into action : and the unsubdued spirit of Maryland felt untried experiment. History furnished no parallel: it in the cabinet and the field, until the banner of Amerished but feeble light on their path. Yet did this assem ca floated on the heights of York Town. Mr. Chase biy, amid the din of battle, proclaim to the universe, was universally esteemed one of the most conspicuous that they would maintain their rights, or die in the actors in the war of independence, which terminated struggle. They undertook the enterprize under a per- with the treaty of peace in '83. He was a member of fect conviction that they must expiate their offence on Congress at Annapolis, when on the 23d of December a gibbet, if victory did not settle on their banner. Il of this year, the father of his country surrendered into find, on examining the journal, that Mr. Chase was in the hands of that august assembly, his commission as constant attendance on all the deliberations of the con- commander-in-chief of the armies of the United States, vention.

which he had received in June, '75. He was now in his From this period until 1779, when he removed to fifty-first year, in the full possession of all his powers ; Annapolis, he represented Baltimore in the House of enjoying unbounded fame: the army, which he had Delegates. During these three gloomy and appalling just left at Newburgh, ready to clothe him with the years, when the stoutest hearts were almost ready to imperial purple. Disdaining the proudest trophies of despair, Mr. Chase cheered and animated the House ambition, he comes before Congress, and begs them with his powerful and eloquent speeches. “Our cause,” to receive the insignia of his authority. He is dressed he would say, “is just : Heaven is on our side: it is the in his military costume, surrounded by his aids de

camp Walker and Humphreys; and in the presence * We are indebted to a gentleman of Maryland for the Sketches of Howard, Smallwood, Williams, and the now veneraof Jeremiah T. Chase, Daniel Sheffey, and Roger B. Taney. ble Mayor of Baltimore, who had fought by his side, We are also promised for our July No., from the same pen, Memoirs of Judge White and of Samuel Cooper, of the revolu" and well knew the toils and perils he had encountered, tionary army, both of whom are now living in Georgetown, D.C.' he asks to become a private citizen of that country for

Vol. IV. -44

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whose independence he had oft perilled his life. Carroll, astrous end which so soon awaited him on the mounof Carrollton, Madison and Monroe beheld the scene, tains of Gilboah, he could not have exhibited an apthe admiring nations of the earth echoed his praise, as pearance more awfully enchanting, than did the judge he retired from public admiration to the enchanting in his address to the grand jury on this occasion. The lawns of Mount Vernon. Charles the 5th resigned his silence of death reigned through the house, as he comcrown to Philip, only when he was incapable of wear- menced his charge. The subject was duelling. His ing it: Cincinnatus surrendered his second dictatorship mind had been led to its contemplation from the recent of Rome, after holding his power only fourteen days: death of a son of Robert Bowie, Esq. then governor of but Washington for more than eight years reigned in the state, and a friend of Mr. Chase. The youth was the hearts of his countrymen with unexampled sway, an officer in the army of the United States, of noble during which period it might be supposed that lust of form, chivalric spirit and amiable bearing, who fell in power had obtained such an ascendancy as would have the morning of life on the banks of the Mississippi, tempted him to enlarge and perpetuate the influence at the shrine of this cruel and gothic custom. His which he now possessed. By this single act alone, he melancholy end filled Prince George county, where he at once descends from the pinnacle of glory to his own had been reared, with undissembled sorrow. As the peaceful fireside.

judge progressed, you saw before your eyes the bleedHaving served with much honor in Congress the ing corpse of the unfortunate man consigned to the lonely term for which he was elected, Mr. Chase engaged ex. grave in a distant land; the forms of his mourning tensively in the practice of law, and occupied a very parents were visible: instantly the jury and audience distinguished rank in his profession. The reports of were dissolved into tears. Presently he spoke of the Harris and Mr. Henry show that his cases were argued Divine law, and how the shedding of blood was dewith much ability, evincing great labor in the examina. nounced at the death of the first martyr: that the Sation of authorities: his profound learning, combined viour of the world had inculcated peace and good will with distinguished clearness of reasoning, adorned with among men, and the forgiveness of injuries; and that a manner plain and persuasive, always delighted and he had died on the cross praying for his enemies. The instructed the court and jury.

laws of our country, too, said he, solemnly forbid this The constitution of the United States had been adopt- savage practice, which desolates our firesides, and ed by the convention at Philadelphia in September, 1787. drives the happiness of society far from the haunts of Washington, who presided over that illustrious body of man. I invoke you, then, in the name of all these high statesmen, with all the weight and simplicity of his and holy considerations, to rally round those laws which character, recommended it to the ratification of Con- you have sworn to sustain, and assist the court in gress, with an affection and earnestness which equalled extirpating this wide-wasting iniquity. The charge the great law-giver of the Jews. Like him he had led his continued for an hour: its effect was thrilling and countrymen from bondage to liberty, and like him now pathetic. gave them the law of their future action. When this On the 23d May, 1828, this pious judge was no more. constitution was submitted to the people of Maryland, In his lofty and useful career, he had pronounced the in convention assembled, Mr. Chase was its ardent, law affecting his fellow creatures, with the abiding conuntiring, and able advocate. He coincided with Hamil. viction that he was himself soon to be passed upon by ton, Madison and Jay, in the fundamental doctrines the Great Judge of both quick and dead: “Thou, God, contained in their joint work, and was eminently use- seest me,” was written on all his decisions. In his last ful in removing the doubts and quieting the fears of his hour, Addison called to his bedside an infidel young man, fellow-citizens as to many portions of that extraordi- and requested him to witness how a christian could nary charter of their political rights. From 1794 to die. Judge Chase might not only have imitated the ex. 1805, Mr. Chase acted as chief judge of the general ample, but have appealed to the whole world to point to court of Maryland. During this period, no state in any act of his well-spent life which fell short of the our Union beheld a more brilliant constellation of pro- most perfect purity of intention, or which did not aim to fessional talent, than was now exhibited at the bar of promote the welfare of his fellow-men. this court; yet the decisions of judge Chase were not only admired by all, but very seldom reversed by the appellate tribunal. On the abolition of the General Court, he was appointed chief judge of the third ju

DANIEL SHEFFEY. dicial district, comprehending the counties of Anne Arundel, Calvert and Montgomery, and presiding judge DANIEL Sherfer was born in Frederick, Maryland, of the Court of Appeals, which station he filled with in 1770. His education was inconsiderable. At an early consummate ability until 1824, when he resigned his age, his father taught him the trade of a shoemaker. commission.

He continued to work with him until he attained man. It was in the fall of 1809 I first saw this venerable hood. The house yet stands, where he spent, in this man at Rockville, where he was holding court. His occupation, many long and wearisome years of his life. locks were white as snow, floating on his shoulders ; his While engaged on his bench, he was frequently obserre countenance that of an angel : his brilliant eye com- ed, during leisure moments, to be intensely occupied in bined the fire of genius with the meekness of the dove: the perusal of some author for his instruction or amusehis form bent under the weight of years: his voice feeble ment. By moonlight he was to be found in his father's and tremulous: he seemed the representative of both garden, making observations of the heavenly bodies, worlds. When the prophet arose on the night previous with telescopes, which he had borrowed : and then again to the battle, to admonish the ill-fated Saul of the dis-, he was buried in profound meditation, while detecting

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