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C. W.E.

But to melt thy hated chain,

And fever of an uncongenial strife, had left
Is it that thou comest forth ?

Their traces on bis aspect!
Wend thee to the sunny south,

Peace to him!--
To the glassy summer sea-

He wrestled nobly with the weariness
And the breathings of her mouth

And trials of our being-smiling on,
Shall unchain and gladden thee!

While poison mingled with his springs of life,

Anguish was resting, like a hand of fire“Roamer in the hidden path,

Until at last the agony of thought
'Neath the green and clouded wave!

Grew insupportable, and madness came
Trampling, in thy reckless wrath,

Darkly upon him,--and the sufferer died !
On the lost, but cherished brave;

“ Nor died he unlamented! To his grave
Parting love's death-linked embrace,

The beautiful and gifted shall go up,
Crushing beauty's skeleton-
Tell us what the hidden race,

And muse upon the sleeper. And young lips
With our mourned lost have done!

Shall murmur, in the broken tones of grief,

His own sweet melodies. And if the ear
Floating steep! who in the sun,

Of the freed spirit heedeth aught beneath
Art an icy coronal-

The brightness of its new inheritance,
And beneath the viewless dun,

It may be joyful to the parted one,
Throw'st o'er barques a wavy pall !

To feel that earth remembers him in love!"
Shining death upon the sea !

The poet, in his plaintive dirge, has said all that can
Wend thee to the southern main :

be said, of praise and of sorrow. We can only res. Bend to God thy melting kneeMingle with the wave again !"

pond, in the prayer which the pious catholic breathes

over the grave of his sleeping friend-requiescat in pace. We shall conclude our “Sketch,” already protracted beyond its designed limits, with a feeling tribute to Rockwell's memory, from the pen of J. G. Whittier, Esq., at the time editor of the “ New England Weekly Review," from which we made an extract above.

NOTES AND ANECDOTES, “ TO THE MEMORY OF J. 0. ROCKWELL. Political and Miscellaneous--from 1798 to 1830.-Drawn from

the Portfolio of an Officer of the Empire-and translated from “ The turf is smooth above him! and this rain

the French for the Messenger, by a gentleman in Paris. Will moisten the rent roots, and summon back

AN ESCAPE.
The perishing life of its green-bladed grass :
And the crushed flower will lift its head again

I have stated that the Court of Peers condemned Smilingly unto heaven, as if it kept

five of the prisoners to imprisonment; it had afterwards No vigil with the dead !

to assemble for the trial of one of the accused, who had Well! it is meet

suffered himself to be arrested after having been conThat the green grass should tremble, and the flowers demned to death for contumacy. This person was the Blow wild about his resting-place. His mind

old lieutenant-colonel of the imperial guard, who was Was in itself a flower, but half disclosed

to have directed the movement at Cambray. Thanks A bud of blessed promise, which the storm

to the provoking agents, and the open intervention of Visited rudely, and the passer by

the police in the conspiracy, the penalty of death was Smote down in wantonness. But we may trust reduced to an imprisonment for five years. That it hath found a dwelling where the sun

The principal result of the trial of the lieutenantOf a more holy clime will visit it,

colonel, was to procure the escape of one of those preAnd the pure dews of mercy will descend

viously condemned. This evasion was accompanied by Through heaven's own atmosphere upon its head.

circumstances truly original. The individual who had

been condemned, was the captain of infantry, Lamothe, “ His form is now before me, with no trace

a talented, bold and handsome fellow. He was conOf death in his fine lineaments, and there

fined in the prison of Sainte-Pélazie, where he was Is a faint crimson on his youthful cheek,

to remain five years. He had been treated with great And his free lip is softening with the smile,

kindness. The trial of the lieutenant-colonel lasted Which in his eye is kindling; and the veins

four days, and on each day, the captain, who had been Upon his ample forehead wear the sign

summoned as a witness, was taken from his prison, by Of healthful energy. And I can feel

an officer of the Court of Peers, for the purpose of being The parting pressure of his hand, and hear

conducted to the Luxembourg, in a carriage, and under His last “God bless you!"-Strange--that he is there, the guard of a gendarme. Distinct before me, like a breathing thing,

The captain devoted the three first trips to securing Even when I know that he is dead,

the good will of the officer of the court and of the genAnd that the damp earth hides him. I would not darme. He appeared gay and communicative-related Think of him otherwise-his image lives

anecdotes of the garrison, praised the proceedings of Within my memory, as he seemed, before

the Court of Peers towards him, declared that he had The curse of blighted feeling, and the loil

never been happier than he was since his confinement

in Sainte-Pélagie, and showed himself so anxious each “Did you not hear it ?" day to return to his prison, that one would have “ Absolutely nothing." thought Sainte-Pélagie had a particular attraction for “ You may be very sure that we will not long rehim.

main in office.” The last day he appeared even more gay than usual. “Why not?" The judgment was pronounced towards evening. He “What! Did'nt you hear what the king said on had got into the carriage with the officer and the gen. taking leave of us ?darme, and it had already stopped before the door of “He said, 'Adieu, gentlemen.'” Sainte-Pélagie. Suddenly the captain put his head out “Not at all; he said, 'partez animaux,' (go animals.) of the coach-door-he had observed a girl who brought If that is his manner, it is not very polished.” him his meals from a little restaurant near the prison. The same Marshal one day reproached an officer for “ Make haste, and bring me my dinner immediately,” | having come to Paris without leave, and interrogated he exclaimed; "I am dying of hunger.” At this him sharply on the molives of his journey. moment the driver opened the coach.door and lowered The officer had no very good reason to allege in his the steps. The captain, for the purpose of speaking to defence. the servant of the restaurant, had placed himself so as "What would you have, Marshal,” said he:"amour, tu to get out first; and since he was so much attached to purdis Troie."* the prison, the officer and the gendarme watched him “Ah, well!” replied the marshal quickly, “be on with little attention. To leap from the coach—10 turn your guard lest you be the fourth." quickly round-to raise with a blow of the foot the carriage steps to close the door, and to save himself by running at full speed, was the work of less time than

A PETITION. that necessary to read these four lines. He had already, a start of fifty paces, when the officer of the court and There are still many persons in France who believe the gendarme, whose boots and large sword embarrassed the place of executeur des hautes æuvres, or to speak him not a little, were enabled to commence the pursuit. more clearly, of executioner, is hereditary; and that the The guard of the prison, the officer and the gendarme, eldest son of the regular incumbent is irrevocably made the neighborhood resound with their cries of called to succeed to the place of his father. It is not "Stop him!” “Stop him!” The captain had good so. The son of an executioner succeeds his father legs, and it was not until full five minutes had elapsed, because he may desire to do so, because he may find and owing to the intervention of some well intentioned the place a comfortable one, or because he has been individuals, that the gendarme succeeded in arresting accustomed from infancy to the species of reprobation the officer, who had regularly run on before him, and which attaches itself here, as in almost all countries, to whose black dress resembled that of the prisoner! that profession.

The police could never succeed in discovering the Should the executioner of Paris, or of any of the captain, who, however, remained several days in Paris. departments, happen to die without male descendants, He was in Spain in 1823, and towards the year 1828 it will not be necessary to have recourse to arbitrary be obtained leave to return into France. He is now a means to find a successor. There will be no occasion chief of battalion.

to take one condemned to death, and to pardon a malefactor for the purpose of securing an executioner.

In 1822 the executioner of Versailles, or Monsieur TWO LATIN WORDS.

de Versailles, as these functionaries style themselves,

was arrested on suspicion of his having been engaged Louis XVIII was fond of quoting Latin. The favor in a robbery; and it became necessary to find a substi. of this prince has been often secured by a happy quota. cute. The minister of justice, who presents for the tion from his favorite, Horace.

choice of the king the candidates for all places in the Louis XVIII had just recomposed his cabinet, and magistracy, and who names directly to that of execuwas receiving the first visit of his new ministers, tioner, received, in the space of ten days, more than among whom was Marshal Victor, Duke of Belluno. seventy applications for the place of executioner of The Marshal never pretended to any acquaintance Versailles. witb Latin, but he knew how to write, and to paint One of these petitions was received on the day of the with perfection; and whenever be had a letter to des king's fête. It commenced with these words: pateh, he spent several minutes in practising his flou “My Lord-on a day when the king is pleased to rishes, for the purpose of tracing rapidly and lightly the dispense his benefits, may I be permitted to hope,” &c. first stroke of the Min the word Monsieur.

Here followed a long list of the services of the petiAfter some recommendations to his ministers, Louis tioner, as an aid of the second class, aid of the first XVII discharged them, with these words: “Adieu, class, &c. He added, that his political opinions had gentlemen; we will proceed macte animo.” As soon as been always constitutional, monarchical and religious. be was out of the cabinet, the Marshal stopped with a

The emoluments attached to the place of executioner stupified air, and retaining his colleagues, said to them: are not so great as it might be supposed. The execu"Well, gentlemen, this is agreeable.”

tioner of Paris enjoys a salary of 12,000 francs, neither * What is ?"

more nor less than a councillor of state. He has, for “I have had violent scenes with the Emperor, but he executions and expositions, fees which amount to 40 pever spoke to me in such a way.”

francs for the former, and 30 for the latter. But these ** But what has been said to you ?”

* Mistaken by the Marshal for the French word crois, three.

Vol. IV.-57

sums are consumed in the necessary expenses attend- ties an effective co-operation in men or subsidies. The ing the erection of the scaffold, and the preservation of part then of the foreign and of the French plenipotenthe instruments.

tiaries, was to wait to see what would turn up. The A fee of 15 francs was the compensation for every foreign plenipotentiaries rigorously pursued this course. case of branding. The legislature, on suppressing the The French agents, committed by awkward zeal, and use of this species of punishment, owed a compensation deceived by cunning intriguers, fell completely into a to the executioners, which they have not yet dreamed of snare that was set for them. discharging.

Shortly after the revolution of 1820, a committee of refugee Spaniards was formed at Paris, (General Qué. sada belonged lo it.) The members associated with

themselves several French anti-revolutionists, among THE SPANISH WAR OF 1823.

others M. Bergasse, and Count A. de J-M. de

Bergasse had been added to their number, as being a The Spanish war of 1823, is another proof of the particular friend of the Emperor Alexander, and enabled truth, that the greatest effects are often produced by to aid the committee by means of his influence with the the most insignificant causes.

sovereigns of the north. The committee determined to Subsequently to the arrangement of the national send a representative to Vienna and Verona, and M. rights of Europe, at Vienna, in 1815, four revolutions A. de J was chosen for this purpose. had broken out on the continent. Spain, Portugal, the Alexander was, as I have stated in another place, but kingdom of Naples and Piedmont had successively the shadow of himself in 1823. There remained only thrown off the yoke of absolutism, and replaced an enough of his extinguished faculties to enable bim to oligarchy by a constitutional government. Two of

appear a governor; and this remnant of intelligence was these four revolutions had been promptly suppressed. daily disappearing under the bigotted practices and reliPiedmont and the kingdom of Naples were too near to gious mummeries of the sect into which he had been Prussia and Austria to resist very long. Exile and initiated by Madam Krudener. The weakness of the other heavy penalties soon punished these attempts at Emperor of Russia was perfectly known to M. Berliberty, with which even some princes had pretended gasse; and M. A. de J— departed, well informed to associate themselves.

of its character, and fortified by the most powerful Spain and Portugal remained. Ferdinand VII had

recommendations. sworn to the constitution, and like Louis XVI, he con

The first audience that M. A. de J obtained of spired against it. Like Louis XVI, he called foreigners Alexander, was entirely consumed by a conversation on to his aid; he exhibited his broken sceptre to the pow the doctrines of the sect to which M. A. de J— was ers engaged in the negotiations of Vienna.

said to belong; and from that moment he obtained his Good will was as abundant then as now; but, as at most intimate confidence. The Emperor saw and conthis moment, all trembled at the idea of a partial war, versed with no one but him. This was carried so far, which might bring about a general struggle. The that the ambassadors, reduced to play but secondary sovereigns had failed to comply with too many of their parts, uttered serious complaints, which, however, were promises, to rely with much certainty on their people; never listened to. and all calculated, with alarm, the dangers of a war M. de Chateaubriand had not been very well received which might any day change its theatre. The ground at Vienna. He was not more lucky at Verona. He did not appear sufficiently firm to allow them to absent was still reproached with his monarchy according to the themselves from home without danger.

charter. He addressed himself to M. A. de JIn 1923 all these sovereigns desired a war with “You are very intimate with the Emperor Alexan. Spain, but no one dared to undertake, not even to pro- der; ask him in what way I have displeased him, and pose it. Louis XVIII perfectly comprehended this try to reconcile me with him.” situation of things; he was the only person of his M. A. de J— expected this application; he recourt who had faith in the institutions of which he was plied: called the august author. In his opinion, the destinies of “You say nothing on the subject of the war in the monarchy were allied to those of the institutions of Spain: it is the favorite subject of the Emperor. So the country, and the war appeared, in his eyes, an equal long as you persevere in this course, you cannot hope danger for both.

for a better reception." Louis XVIII did not desire a war with Spain. His M. A. de J without any political title, had yet, principal minister was as little anxious for it. M. de as a privileged talker with the Emperor Alexander, Villèle had ideas of order and stability, which any war been invited to all the fêtes. He was at a grand soirée would have deranged. He was meditating certain given by M. de Metternich. There, the Emperor financial projects, the execution of which, any difficul. Alexander having perceived M. A. de J-, drew him ties would have necessarily deferred.

into the embrasure of a window, and detained him a long Under these circumstances, were opened the prelimi- time. The subject of the conversation was, as usual, naries of Vienna, followed shortly afterwards by the religion. congress of Verona.

As soon as M. A. de J- reappeared in the saloon, The ainbassador of France, M. Mathieu de Montmo- he was stopped by M. de Montmorency, who, addressrency, and M. de Chateaubriand, who had been asso-ing him as French Ambassador, to a subject of the king ciated with him, were instructed not to propose a war of France, begged him to inform him what political with Spain ; and in the event of its being necessary to matter had been the subject of these long conferences submit to one, to obtain from all the contracting par with the Emperor.

M. A. de J— perceived that the favorable moment arrived at head-quarters; the intendant en chef of the had arrived, and replied without hesitation:

army had visited the magazines, and found them filled. “The Emperor never ceases to declare his surprise, The order of departure was about to be given, when that M. de Montmorency, the first christian baron, has a rumor suddenly spread through the army that no prenot yet proposed a crusade against Spain."

cautions had been taken ; that the magazines were After these words-first christian baron and crusade- empty; and that, in the event of the war assuming a M. de Montmorency could no longer restrain himself; serious character, in consequence of resistance from the and after exchanging some words with M. de Chateau- population, the army would, in a few days, be exbriand, he retired home, followed by M. A. de J-posed to want of provisions. and passed the night in preparing a note, in which he Some well disposed generals received and propagated demanded permission from the congress, for France to these rumors, and, without further examination, a undertake a war against Spain. M. de Montmorency forced purchase, at an exorbitant price, was contracted spoke in his note of the assistance and subsidies that with le sieur Ouvrard, by the same intendant, who had France would hope to receive from her allies; but the a few days before testified to the existence in the magacongress, without taking any notice of this second part zines of all necessary provisions. of the note, hastened to acquiesce in the demand con M. Ouvrard found himself, by accident, at this time tained in the first.

in the environs of Bayonne; and also, by accidentThis was the whole secret of the war with Spain. thanks to his prodigious activity-he found himself preM. de Villèle found it necessary to make the best of the pared to execute, in a few days, what the minister of misfortune, and he declared to the chamber: That if we war and the director-general of military subsistence had not attacked Spain, it would have been necessary to had been unable to accomplish in several months. think of defending our northern frontiers.

The Duke of Belluno had caused himself to be named M. A. de J was recompensed for the mission major.general of the army; but the Duke d'Angoulême, which he had so well conducted, by the grant of a loan, on his side, had chosen lieutenant-general Guilleminot, which afterwards became the Guébhard loan, as if it for his major-general. The Duke of Belluno proceeded was not sufficient for France to have suffered one such to his post; he arrived at Bayonne, and without having bloody mystification, but necessary that she should pay received any of the reproaches which his negligence the expenses of a second.

merited, was invited to return by post to Paris. The campaign commenced, and everything marched as by

enchantment. THE OUVRARD AFFAIR.

According to this very simple exposition, it will be

seen, that three persons were designated for public venThe Marshal, Duke of Belluno, was minister of war geance; the marshal minister of war, lieutenant-general in 1823. The Duke could never have been regarded as Count Andreossy, and the intendant en chef of the an officer of the highest talents; but important com army. What was the consequence? The Duke of mands were entrusted to him during the long wars of Belluno remained minister of war, General Andreossy the empire. Upon several occasions, he commanded remained director-general of military subsistence, and detached corps of the army; and consequently he must was only afterwards dismissed because he began to have known the precautions necessary to secure the defend himself when not attacked. It appeared strange, subsistence and transportation of an army during a that a general enjoying the highest public esteem, should campaign.

set to work to prove that he was neither a fool, nor a In the same year, 1823, an officer of the highest rogue, nor a traitor. The intendant en chef alone was merit was director-general of military subsistence. forced to retire.

The Spanish war had been proclaimed several How great was afterwards the surprise of all men, in months in advance, and everything should have been the least acquainted with business, when the forced ready at the moment of the army's passing the Bidas- purchase was rendered public; when it was known that soa, otherwise the minister of war, and Lieutenant- by one of the articles of his agreement, Ouvrard had General Count Andreossy, director-general of military reserved to himself the right of taking whatever prosubsistences, must have been guilty of a negligence visions were to be found in the magazines of the state, that might, without much scruple, be denounced as at a regular valuation, and afterwards them treason.

the army at the price fixed by his contract for a forced The period within which the provisions were to be purchase ! collected at head-quarters, had been so regulated as to Fortunes were to be made or restored to our ancient allow the military intendence to avoid the necessity of or new generals; the persons about the court also demaking forced purchases, at high prices, in the event of sired to have their part. Nothing could be gained any delays on the part of any of the contractors. from a war supplied by the government; a commissary

These forced purchases were not to be the cause of was wanted-one was necessary at any price; a marany injury to the public treasury, it having been ar. shal of France was found willing to permit his reputaranged that the difference of price was to be covered tion to be sacrificed; and afterwards deputies were by the security required of the contractors.

found complaisant enough to suffer themselves to be Never was any affair more clear. There could be contented by the magnificent reason that “the mantle bat iwo hypotheses, either everything had been proof glory (the glory of the war of Spain) had covered vided, or those who ought to have done so should have all the little irregularities of that affair.” been tried for treason.

Thus passed, unpunished, the most barefaced piece of The army was assembled; the Duke d'Angoulême had l robbery ever committed. Under the directory (and

they robbed at that time) an affair like that of Ouvrard's The gentleman whose name we have placed at would have appeared so monstrous, that ten persons at the head of this article, and whose poetical compoleast would have been shot. Under the empire (and sitions suggested the foregoing remarks, is a native the Emperor overlooked some things in behalf of those of Ohio, and has for several years past been a resiwho washed their faults with a baptism of blood,) the dent of Cincinnati. As the able editor of the Duke of Belluno, General Andréossy, the intendant

“Cincinnati Mirror,” a literary periodical of general Sicard, and some others, would have figured before a council of war, or indeed all the contractors great merit; as a contributor to the western for the army, including the generals who had become magazines, and the editor of the “Western Litecontractors, would have been put to death. Under the rary Jourual," Mr. Gallagher bas been long restoration, things were arranged in the happiest way in before the public, and his name honorably assothe world; the mantle of glory was a phrase that wound ciated with the periodical literature of the West. up the whole affair. It is twelve years since these As a critic, he was at once fearless, just, and things happened, and they are now forgotten. The acute; and his reviews were characterized by a court of assizes daily condemns to hard labor, robbers, concise energy, and an unusual elegance of diction, who, compared with the contractors of the Ouvrard bare for compositions of this nature. gain, deserve to be canonized.

It is as a poet, however, we must riew Mr. A very handsome Duchess, whose husband, born a Gallagher. 'The west, although the land of lieutenant-general, served in the staff of the Duke d'Angoulême, said, with the stupidity that characterizes

romance and presy, has yet contributed but little her noble family, and that of her husband

to imaginative literature. Mr. Gallagher is at "I do not comprehend the complaints made by all present one of her brightest representatives at the the generals who served in the war of Spain. They court of the muses. “Erato,” the name of the pretend to be ruined; my husband has paid his debus, muse, who presided over lyric poetry, and tasteand brought away 800,000 francs."

fully selected by the poet to designate the nature Thus it appears, at least, that Ouvrard did not keep of his work, is the title of a thin volume of poems, everything himself.

dedicated to the Kev. Timothy Flint, and published in Cincinnati in 1835, through which he first appeared openly before the public as a poet.

Previous to this time, he had written and pubBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

lished, anonymously, several fugitive pieces, which OF LIVING AMERICAN POETS AND NOVELISTS.

obtained great popularity. One of these, entitled “ The Wreck of the Hornet," was universally

admired, and won for the writer an enviable repuWILLIAM D. GALLAGHER, ESQ.

tation. At the time, it was atiribuied to the pen

of a distinguished literary gentleman of New York It is the fashion to affect an admiration for poe- city. try; but comparatively few really read, and still It was probably the success of this fugitire fewer appreciate it. Who reads newspaper poe- piece that gave the youthful poet confidence; for, try, or the lyrics and polished lines of the annuals? we find beautiful lyrics afterwards going the or, who buys a volume of poems? All, neverthe- rounds of the press, and although anonymous, less, who wish to be thought people of taste, pre- bearing intrinsic evidence of the inspiration of the tend an admiration, and not unfrequently a passion author of the above mentioned stanzas. The leadfor it. This affectation may be traced to causes ing poem in the Erato, is entitled, “ The Peniassimilated to those which often lead individuals to tent, a Metrical Tale." It is a story founded on confess a fondness for music, when, at the same certain extraordinary events that attracted public time, they are ready to cry out

curiosity, and created universal horror a number of years since. It is a thrilling tale, but as a

poem, is imperfect, and bears few marks of the causes originating in a desire to elude the ana- accurate taste and genius pervading other pieces thema, that consigns the wight who has “no music by the same author. It is crude in conception, in bis soul,” to “ treasons, stratagems, and spoils.” and betrays evident signs of having been written

The very existence of this affectation, attests at an early period of life. However it might then the excellence of the wares which all would fain have been idolized by the young aspirant for Parimitate. We will not encroach on the province of nassian laurels, he will, no doubt, like Campbell, the essayist or reviewer, by giving an analysis of when his poem, “The Pleasures of Hope,” is the circumstances that militate against the popular alluded to, (a noble production, nevertheless,) reception of poetry, and which the “march of im- shake his head at it. The Penitent, with all its provement" has a tendency rather to increase looseness of versification; the inappropriateness of than to diminish, but confine our observations its subject, and its numerous blemishes, contains within the limits prescribed by the nature of these many fine passages : but they are not sufficiently sketches.

numerous to redeem its grosser deformities. This

NO. III.

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