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invasion thereof." The cessation of hostilities is an.

SHE WAS NOT THERE. nounced to the army by the Commander-in-Chief: “The glorious task for which we flew to arms being I sat, where often I had known, accomplished—the liberties of our country being fully

In other days, her kindly care;

Her smiles no longer on me shone: acknowledged, and firmly secured, by the smiles of

She was not there! heaven on the purity of our cause, and the honest exertions of a feeble people determined to be free,

Her heart is still, her cheek is cold;

That heart so warm, that cheek so fair! against a powerful nation disposed to oppress them;

Unseen that form of fairest mould: and the character of those, who, having persevered

She was not there! through every extremity of hardship, suffering and danger, being immortalized by the illustrious appella

No more her silver voice I heard tion of the patriot army, nothing now remains but for

Breathe sounds of sweetness to the air,

In every soft and gentle word: the actors of this mighty scene to preserve a perfect,

She was not there! unvarying consistency of character, through the very last act, to close the drama with applause, and to retire

I missed those eyes that once could shed from the military theatre with the same approbation of

The light of joy on hearts that wear

Her image yet. That light hath filed : angels and men which has crowned all their former

She was not there! victories." And was indeed the acknowledgment and security

I heard the songs she loved. To me of our country's liberties the true purpose for which

This seemed too much for grief to bear :

They made me feel, those sounds of glee, resort was had to arms; or was this but a shain, to

She was not there! plant upon their ruins the sceptre of imperial power ? Did the actors in that mighty scene indeed deserve the

No more her step, the free, the light, countenance and support of heaven for honest exertions

Nor hers the laugh, that met my ear;

On that whole scene had fallen a blight: in a cause of purity, or was the lust of power and do

She was not there! minion their actual motive of action ? Are they to be immortalized for their fidelity and patriotism; or should How dark are scenes, when those are not they be execrated and condemned as ready violators

Who hallowed them the good the fair! of their word and honor-as men prepared, in face of

How shadowed seem'd that well-known spot:

She was not there! all engagements to the contrary, to make an unwarranted attempt at the exercise of arbitrary power ?

But few remember long the dead; Observe the terms in which the resignation itself is

No sorrow can the worldly share ;

Yet some can ne'er forget, tho' fled, couched-weigh the expressions which Washington

She once was there! there makes of his sense of the assistance he received

August, 1638.

E. A S. from his countrymen throughout the contest, and the spirit which he considered to animate the army. “The great events upon which my resignation depended,

SONNET. having at length taken place,” &c.—“Happy in the confirmation of our independence and sovereignty,” &c. TO THE HONEYSUCKLE. “The assistance I have received from my countrymen, increases with every review of the momentous contest.” Sweet household flower! whose clambering vines festoon Does he insinuate, here or elsewhere, that that army

The little porch before my cottage door; regarded him in any other light than as their comman How dear to me when daylight's toils are o'er, der, or for any other purpose than the establishment of By the broad shining of the summer moon, liberty and the defence of right? No, no—and could To feel thy fragrance on the breath of June he now respond to us from his hallowed tomb, he would Afloat-or when the rosy twilight falls, indignantly repel such a suggestion, as an imputation Ere the first night-bird to his fellow calls, upon the fair fame of his fellow patriots. And the Ere the first star is out, and the low tune feeling which filled the breast of his great ally, the im Of nature pauses, and the humming-birds mortal La Fayette, when a similar assertion to that Come wooing thee with swift and silent kisses, which I here condemn was made in his presence, in an Ere hovering through the garden's wildernesses, address delivered in honor of his visit to the place Emblem of that calm love that needs no words ; where the last great act of the revolution was perform- Let me, like thee, sweet, silent clinging vine, ed, and upon the very spot where it was consummated, Clasp my own home awhile, ere stranger homes be affords full and conclusive proof in what view he him

mine. self would regard it. In reply to that address, he took Washington City, June, 1938.

C. P. C occasion to assert his belief that such an idea was never indulged for a single moment; while he denied the possibility, if it had been, of its successful execution.

CPA review of “BURTON, or the Sieges; A RoHe regarded the assertion as an undeserved disparage- West," Lafitte,' &c.” received 100 late for this No. of

mance-by J. H. Ingraham, Esq., author of South ment of his companions in arms, incapable of reflecting the Messenger, will appear in the next. the intended bonor upon Washington, while it in fact

OP CORRECTION.-On page 435, July No. of the sullied the fame of the whole army of the revolution. Messenger, in the article “Memory, Fancy and Love, **

twenty-fourth line from the bottom, for "So prudent Annapolis, July, 1938.

their nusery,” &c, read “so prudent their NURSING."

THE OLD MARYLAND LINE.

Stribling, George W.
Point Pleasant Valentine, Daniel H...

...Richmond Stevenson, Andrew.

.London, Eng. Vaughan, Sir Charles Richard. .London, Eng. Staples, Thomas... · Albemarle Watson, William..

New York Sampson, Miss Janelta. RHB....Goochland Watt, Rev. John S..

.Lunenburg Selden, Col. James M....

. Baltimore Wilson, William H. .RN. .Portsmouth Shortridge, Hon. Eli...

T LJ...

Alabama Warrington, Commodore Lewis....RN.... Norfolk Stetson, Charles A. New York Washington College.

.Lexington Shortridge, George D.

TLJ.
..... Alabama Williams, Thomas P

.Richmond
Tull, John Graham..
.North Carolina Wilson, Joseph W... .TLJ.

Alabama Trokes, Maxwell.

Richmond Tradewell, James D. .....RH B..... South Carolina

PAYMENTS TO VOL. V. Towles, Dr. William B.

.Fluvanna Turner & Hughes

TLJ.

.Raleigh Abercrombie, Miss Elizabeth......(1)...... Georgia Thomason, Col. John J.. TLJ. Alabama Hayward, Augustus....

(i). ... Georgia Taylor, Dr. E.T...

Georgia Tradewell, James D......RHB... South Carolina Upshur, Judge Abel P. . Northampton 'Pierce, William H.....

Williamsburg

& New Terms for the present Volume only.

In consequence of repeated applications for the Messenger for a less period than an entire year, the Publisher has concluded to alter the conditions, for the present year only, so far as to receive new subscribers for the remainder of this volume to commence with either the May or July number: the eight numbers will cost $3 34; the six numbers, (or half year,) $2 50.

The heavy expense, which the publication of the Messenger in its present style renders unavoidable, and the wish of the Proprietor still farther to improve it, makes it absolutely necessary that he should hereafter receive all subscriptions invariably in advance.

Appeal after appeal has been made to delinquents, and still many withhold their just dues. Why this is so, cannot be conceived, since it is acknowledged, on all hands, that the MESSENGER is richly worth the amount charged for it; no better evidence of which need be mentioned than the fact that the subscription price is known to have been frequently paid for old volumes.

As heavy drafts have recently been made on the Proprietor, for expenses incurred in establishing and conducting the Messenger, it is hoped those subscribers who are still in arrears, will immediately hand in or remit the amounts they respectively owe; which, though small when considered separately, yet, taken in the aggregate, present an amount of considerable importance. In fact, if one half the amount due him could be obtained, the Proprietor would be enabled to discharge every claim against his publication at once: that done, he would bring out the next volume of the Messenger in a new dress, and improve it in many

other respects. The risk of transmitting subscriptions by mail, will be sustained by the Proprietor. But every subscriber thus transmitting payment, is requested (besides taking proper evidence of the fact, and date of mailing,) to retain a memorandum of the number and particular marks of the note sent. DEditors to whom the Messenger is forwarded, will confer a favor on the Publisher, by giving

the above card one insertion ia their respective Journals.

RICHMOND, July, 1838.

O L D M A I L LINE, BETWEEN RICHMOND AND CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA,

The subscribers inform the public, that the old Daily Mail Line, between Richmond and Charlottesville, Va. (long known as É. Porter & Co.'s Line,) is still in successful operation.

Whatever advantages other Lines may possess, it must be taken into consideration that this is decidedly the nearest

, cheapest, safest, and we believe the best route, altogether, between Richmond and Charlottesville,-at which place it connects with the balance of the Mail Line through Staunton, by the Virginia Springs, &c. 10 Guyandotte, on the Ohio river.

The Stages from Richmond on this Line, pass through several villages; through some of the most fertile portions of the State ; in sight of the noble James river; alongside of the great Richmond and Kanawha Canal, now in progress; thence along the banks of the Rivanna river, toeandering through the mountains; in sight of the home of the late Thomas Jefferson ;-and, indeed, generally in view, with a pleasing variety, of some of the most romantic and beautiful Scenery in Virginia.

The whole trip, of nearly eighty miles, WILL BE ACCOMPLISHED IN ONE DAY. Extras will travel pretty much to suit the wishes of their occupants.

Seats may be procured in the regular Daily Mail Line, or Extras may be obtained, by applying at the old Stage-Office in the Eagle Hotel

, Richmond, Va. Fare from Richmond to Charlottesville, Four DOLLARS. N. B.-Such changes have been made recently, that this Line now presents equal advantago to passengers coming from Charlottesville to Richmond; the trip being performed each way in one day only! RICHMOND, VA. 1838.

BOYD & EDMOND.

1.15 THOMAS SEMMES, COUNSEL AND ATTORNEY, practices in the local Courts of the District of limhia, and in the Supreme Court of the United States at Washington City, Office at Alexandria, D. C.

[graphic]

LITERARY MESSENGER.

T.W.WHITE, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.

VOL. IV.

SEPTEMBER, 1838.

NO. IX.

... 576

CONTENTS.
ORIGINAL PAPERS.

ORIGINAL PAPERS-(CONTINUED.)
PAGE

PAGE 1. Polítical Religionism--By a Southron. 1. A Letter to

try; Prince Polignac ; Count Real; M. de Monbel; the Hon. Henry Clay, on the Annexation of Texas,

Victor D'Arlington; The Refusal to Pay Taxes-by Wm. E. Channing, DD. Boston, 1887. 2. “ Tex•

Precedent......

587 as;" Quarterly Review, June, 1838....

545

12. Rakings of the Study, No. 1. Martin Luther, his cha2. Burton ; or the Sieges—a romance. A review of this

racter and Times...

596 new work, with extracts. By J. H, Ingraham, Esq. 13. Francis Armine; a Romance. By a gentleman of author of “ South-West,” “Lafitte,” &c. ... 561

Louisville, Kentucky. Chapters V. and Vi. (To 8. Another Tree Article, with poetical extracts from an

be continued.)....

603 cient and modern writers on the subject. By J.F.Otis. 563 14. Summer Murmurs, How unlike “ Spring Joys." By 4. The Exploring Expedition. Thoughts suggested by

Henry J. Brent, author of “Spring Joys,” “Love at its approaching departure......

566
the Shrines," &c......

606 6. Prince Talleyrand. An anecdote strikingly illustrative 15. The Magnolia ; an appeal to the lovers of Flora, and of the perfect self control of this remarkable man

particularly to the Ladies, who delight to see daine never before published. Also, a Discourse, pro

Nature attired in her inimitable drapery. By a Back. nounced at the Academy of Mora) and Political Sci

woodsman Botanist....

607 ences, by M. de Talleyrand, on the 3d of March, 1838.

SELECTED PAPERS.
Translated from the French for the " Messenger.”
By J. L.M., of Washington City......

569

16. Flattery-its only benefits...... 6. Miss Sedgwick. Passages from a Journal at Rocka 17. Fox and the Younger Pitt. A sketch, translated from way. Benefits experienced by a transition from New

a manuscript letter of the Baron Von Lauerwinkel. York to Rockaway; Reflections on the “Sea ;"Let

(From Blackwood's Magazine for 1818.).......

......... 684 ters from Correspondents ; Arrivals and Departures ;

18. Biographical Sketch of Laurence Everheart of MaryAn American matron; Moralities of a watering place;

land, a surviving patriot of the revolution. By a citi. Courtesies of life, &c...........

573

zen of Frederick County, Maryland. Originally 7. Letter to the Editor. Commencement Anniversary ;

published in the United States Military and Naval Georgetown College; The Dinner, Toasts, & cp.... 575

Magazine. Revised and corrected by the author for 8. Scientiæ Miscellanea. No. III; Definitions of Natural

the Messenger.....

590 History. No. IV; Development of Physical Scien

ORIGINAL POETRY. ence. By A. D. G..

577
19. Miss Mary and Mr. Maury......

560 9. Memoirs of Dr. William Carey-his eminent services to the human race as a missionary, publisher of the

20. Epitaph on a Hen.pecked Husband, who opposed his Wife's devotion to Literature..

563 scriptures in forty dialects, &c.

579

21. The Blind Daughter. By Elora. Philadelphia..... 572 10. Bar Associations. True, substantial character of these

22. Life is but a Dream. By J. L. M. Washington City.. 608 confederations, showing them wrong in principle and injurious in their practical results, both to the legal

CONTENTS OF COVER. profession and the community at large. By a Mem. Title and Contents, page 1. “To Correspondents," "To ber of the Alabama Bar....

581 Delinquent Subscribers,” “New Terms for remainder of the 11. Notes and Anecdotes, political and miscellaneous, present Volume only,” page 2. List of Payments ; Correc.

from 1798 to 1930. Drawn from the portfolio of an tions; Notice to Editors; page 3. List of Agents; Female officer of the Empire, and translated from the French School at Mansfield, near Petersburg; Wakers’ Exchange for the Messenger. M. de Martignac and his Minis Hotel, Norfolk, Va.; page 4.

BThis work is published in monthly numbers of 64 pages each, at $5 the vol. in advance:

the postage on each No. for 100 miles or less, is 6 cts.—over 100 miles, 10 cts.

RICHMOND, Va.
T. W. WHITE, PRINTER, OPPOSITE THE BELL TAVERN.

DP TO CORRESPONDENTS.

To Margaret-by W. of C ." These lines would have served well as an offering in Miss Margaret's album. The use of her name in the last line of each verse, requires us to pronounce it Mar.gá-rét, and savors rather of the ludicrous.

A sketch-by a young lady of Richmond." The old story--the "course of true love" dammed across; young gentleman a paragon, but poor ; young lady exquisitely beautiful, only " wanting a balo round her head to make her the living personification of a saint;" rich and avaricious old father opposed to the match and wishing young lady to marry a wealthy bui ancient beau. Young gentleman goes to “ seek his fortune ; old father intercepts their letters, and puts a slighe obicuary notice of young gentleman in a newspaper, for his daughter's edification; whereupon young lady consents to marry her wealthy old suitor. When at the altar a haggard figure rushes in, which proves to be the young gentleman, a maniac. The bride that was to be falls dead, "in the aisle ;"> young gentleman is carried off to a mad house, where he dies also. They are buried “side by side ;" * some kind hand” erecis a monument over them with the inscription "severed in life, united in death ;" and thus ends “a'sketch.” Our synopsis being more interesting and less extended than the original, is the aplogy we offer for not publishing our fair correspon. dent's story.

" A youthful subscriber” favors us with a story without a name. The story is, however, not wanting in striking incident, for it resembles " a sketch" in several most singular and funny points. The young gentleman in this case is poor and low born, and it is family pride mingled with avarice in the old father which forbids the match. The young gentleman goes to the south to make a sortune and is absent several years, when, as the father and daugbter are “one afternoon sitting alone in the summer house," the post arrives, and the young lady taking up a newspaper, reads her lover's death "at Memphis, Tennessee, on his way to Virginia, of cholera” (!) whereupon she falls dead at her father's feet. The father is conscience-stricken for the ruin he has effected, and procures the unfortunate young gentleman's remains to be brought to Virginia, where he buries them beside his daughter's, -and then places" a neat marble slab" over them, with the identical inscription which “ some kind hand” uses in “a sketch," viz: “severed in life, united in death."

* Side by side” with “a sketch," must lie our " youthful subscriber's” story.

“The Evening Ride-by Vivian," is written by a very green young gentleman, who does not know how to spell pony, and makes MS Roman capitals as a guide to the printer. We must decline using his lessons.

“ The Paynim's curse,” contains a little too much hard swearing for our pages.

We have received letters from Mississippi, Alabama, Missouri, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and from our own State, asking of us to republish in the Messenger" Judge Harper's “Mernoir on Slavery,” which origioally appeared in numbers in the " Southern Literary Journal” of the present year. Not having received copies of the “Journal” containing the Memoir, we applied to the author to know if they could be furnished by him. We take this method of informing our correspondents thai Judge Harper has very politely transmitted to us a copy of the able paper asked for," carefully revised and corrected" by himsell. On porusal, we found it too valuable a document to be served up in a broken doses ;" we therefore thought it best to defer its insertion until we could give it entire in one number of our magazine. Our readers may calculate on seeing it in the " Mes. senger" for October.

Our talented Malta correspondent must not think himself slighted. His articles are highly interesting, and shall appear as soon as we can possibly make room for them. So we say to our Paris correspondent also.

Our Petersburg friend must not scold nor scowl: his "Copy Book” is before us, and shall be served up in die season. “ The Grave in the Forest,” by the author of "Atalantia,?? is reluctantly laid over till we can find room for it

. But what apology shall we offer the author of the review of Bulwer's "Falkland ?" His excellent article has been on hand now for more than twelve months. We promise that it shall not lie over another year.. "Oliver Oldschool” must keep in a good bumor with us, so must our friend who has sent us the paper entitled “New View of the Tides.” The “Desultory Speculator,” also, must bear with us awhile longer.

“Scientie Miscellanea, by A. D. G.” “Gleanings by the Way, by J. P.Q." and various other articles, on our table, will meet with the earliest attention we can give them.

The continuation of that beautiful story, “Lucile,” must have gone to every other Richmond in the Union, before fioding its proper destination. If it be possible, it shall appear in our next. A similar fate, or a worse one, must have befel “Francis Are mine.” “Frank," being one of the most industrious gentlemen in the country, doubtless mailed a continuation of his story to us weeks ago. Will he say aye or nay? What shall we say to our “poetical” correspondents, who, by the bye are as numerous as the stars in the heavens

06 TO DELINQUENT SUBSCRIBERS.

It affords us much pleasure to say that several of our subscribers who were in arrears for three years (and some who owed for the four volumes,) have forwarded their subscriptions. We hope all others who are in arrears, whether $20, $15, $10, or $5, will follow the example thus set them. Give us only the $5 per annum, which is all we ask or claim for the Messenger, and, in return, we will spare neither labor nor expense, to make the work still more valuable and worthy the patronage of a generous and enlightened public.

In several of the letters recently received with remittances from our patrons, the remark is made, that "a single number of the Messenger is richly worth the subscription price of the volume”-yet, notwithstanding this flattering approval of our labors, several hundreds of our subscribers still withhold from us our just dues. Once more, therefore, we call on one and all, who have not paid our collectors, to remit the amount due, by mail, to “T. W. WHITE, Editor and Publisher of the Southern Literary Messenger, Richmond, Va."

NEW TERMS FOR REMAINDER OF THE PRESENT VOLUME ONLY. 1. In consequence of repeated applications for the Messenger for a period less than the entire year, the Publisher has consented to alter the conditions for the present year only, so far as to receive new subscribers beginning with the July No. Thus the six numbers, can be procured for $2 50. After the close of this (the fourth) volume, no subscription will be received for less than one year, and must be paid in advance. Single copies of the MESSENGER will not be sold for less than $2 50 each.

2. The risk of transmitting subscriptions by mail will be assumed by the proprietor. But every subscriber thus transmitting payment is requested (besides taking proper evidence of the fact and date of mailing) to retain a memorandum of the number and particular narks of the note sent.

3. If a subscription is not directed to be discontinued before the first number of a volume has been published, it will be taken as a continuance for another year.

4. The mutual obligations of the publisher and subscriber, for the year, are fully incurred as soon as the first number of the volume is issued : and after that time, no discontinuance of a subscription will be permitted. Nor will a subscription be discontinued for any earlier notice, while anything thereon remains due, unless at the option of the editor.

Richmond, Sept. 1, 1838.

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