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Thrice happy, happy is the wight,

Who such a doom escapes :
Yet even now, methinks, you cite

The fox and sour grapes.
We often slight what enters not

The circle of our gains,
And deem unworthy to be sought

The bliss beyond our pains.
Well-if, indeed, from Hymen's fane,

We pluck so rich a boon,
A nameless raplure, that will wane

Not with the honey-moon-
Then be it thine; but ever mind,

Thy state extremes are given ; 'Tis wo complete, or joy refined

A taste of Hell-or Heaven.


'Twas the beautiful thought of a sage of old,

That o'er each springing flower and plant A guardian angel reign'd and watch'd,

Forever vigilant. For now I may look on the simplest flower

That opens its eye in sun or in shade, And think that its angel hovers around,

Until that flower shall fade.

And she, whose love's unvaried flow

Is constant as a river ;
Thy moon in wealthy sun in wo-

Thine, only and forever-
Oh! cherish, love, and honor her!

Yet why this charge to thee ?
As Isaac and Rebecca were,

My prayer is-ye may be.

And sure I am, that with a heart,

Faithful, like thine, and true, God's blessing, until death do part,

Will rest upon you two:
And if the first of woes to fall

On thee, should be a son,
I charge thee, by my ditty call


I have been watching, as night came on,

The yellow cups of the evening rose, Which gently bloom when all other things

Have gone to their repose; As if with the stars, and the evening breeze,

It's angel had come to that sleeping flower, And warn’d it, by an unseen louch,

Of the dewy twilight hour.
And as if it had started from its sleep,

And felt its silent energies,
As, one by one, unfolding fast,

Each petal greets our eyes;
And, as if entranc'd in silent prayer,

It look'd up to the stars all night,
While fall their rays into a heart

That asks no fuller light. The evening dews upon it rest;

The night wind whispers in its ear; And it sends its delicate fragrance out,

For all who wander near.


She's gone! and I am left alone!

How sad the moments fly. I've heard the doleful turtle moan;

And, as she mourns-so I.

Unhappy bird! I sympathize

Most deeply in thy wo; And while I listen to thy cries,

My inward sorrows flow.

Sweet flower! to the holy star-light dear;

A lovely type to me thou art, Of many a grace and virtue hid

In the depths of the good man's heart. Faith-that trustingly comes forth,

And blooms amid the darkest hour, And yields most fragrance when unseen

Is like thee, fearless flower!
Hope that through the long sultry day,

For the eve of life waits patiently,
And brightens as the night comes down,

Sweet flower-is likest thee!

Thy mate perchance you'll see again;

E'en in thy worst distress :
But, ah! that hope to me is vain-

With angels now she rests.

I've seen the childless mother weep,

With bitterness untold,
To see her husband's image sleep

In death, so pale and cold.

Her pangs I easily could bear,

And ten-fold more if need If my Eliza still were here,

To see my bosom bleed.

And Love—what a type thou art of Love;

Giving to all thy odor and hue : And Resignation-looking up

From a tear-like drop of dew; And rapt Devotion-kindling as

The stars come out in the smiling heaven, And feeling an answer to its prayer,

In the falling dew of even;

C. P. C.

And Meekness-purily of soul

all, and to military men in particular, the weakContent-and sweet Humility

ness of republics, and the exertions the army base And virtues, many more than these,

been able to make by being under a proper head. May find themselves in thee.

Therefore I little doubt, that, when the benefits of Oh! if an angel attends thy form,

a mixed government are pointed out, and duly And writes such lessons of truth on thee, considered, such will be readily adopted. In this Will not some pitying spirit come

case it will, I believe, be uncontroverted, that the And minister to me?

same abilities, which have led us through difficul

ties, apparently insurmountable by human power, And make me speak, through all my life,

to victory and glory—those qualities, that have A true, consistent lesson too;

merited and obtained the universal esteem and That I may teach my fellow men Their Father's will to do?

veneration of an army-would be most likely to

conduct and direct us in the smoother paths of For life, though like a flower at best,

peace. Some people have so connected the ideas Can yet, like flowers, instruction give: of tyranny and monarchy, as to find it very diffiO! may some angel, sent from Heaven,

cult to separate them. It may therefore be reTeach me like them to live!

quisite to give the head of such a constitution as I propose, some title apparently more moderate; but, if all other things were once adjusted, I believe strong arguments might be produced for admit.

ting the title of King, which I conceive would be REMARKS,

attended with some material advantages.' On the Essay entitled “Washington and the Patriot Army," To this communication, as unexpected as it

published in the August No. of the S. L. Messenger. was extraordinary in its contents, Washington The author of the above article holds this lan- replied as follows: guage—"I deny that that army were ready to

Newburg, May 22, 1782. clothe any man with the imperial purple: I repu “Sır: With a mixture of great surprise and diate the idea that such was for a moment their astonishment, I have read with attention the senintention."

timents you have submitted to my perusal. Be To this bold assertion, the biographer of Chase assured, sir, that no occurrence in the course of replies thus, and relies on Sparks' Washington, the war has given me more painful sensations, vol. I, p. 381 to 383, where it is thus written : than your information, of there being such ideas

“The discontents of the officers and soldiers, existing in the army, as you have expressed, and I respecting the arrearages of their pay, had for must view with abhorrence and reprehend with some time increased; and, there being now a severity. For the present, the communication of prospect, that the army would ultimately be dis- them will rest in my own bosom, unless some furbanded, without an adequate provision by Congress ther agitation of the matter shall make a disclofor meeting the claims of the troops, these discon- sure necessary. I am much at a loss to conceive tents manifested themselves in audible murmurs what part of my conduct could have given encouand complaints, which foreboded serious conse- ragement to an address, which to me seems big quences. But a spirit still more to be dreaded, with the greatest mischiefs, that can befall my was secretly at work. In reflecting on the limited country. If I am not deceived in the knowledge powers of Congress, and on the backwardness of of myself, you could not have found a person to the states to comply with the most essential requi- whom your schemes are more disagreeable. At sitions, even in support of their own interests, the same time, in justice to my own feelings, I many of the officers were led to look for the cause must add, that no man possesses a more sincere in the form of government, and to distrust the sta- wish to see ample justice done to the army than I bility of republican institutions. So far were they do; and as far as my powers and influence, in a carried by their fears and speculations, that they constitutional way, extend, they shall be employed meditated the establishment of a new and more to the utmost of my abilities to effect it, should energetic system. A colonel in the army, of a there be any occasion. Let me conjure you, then, highly respectable character, and somewhat ad- if you have any regard for your country, concern vanced in life, was made the organ for communi- for yourself or posterity, or respect for me, to eating their sentiments to the commander-in-chief. banish these thoughts from your mind, and never In a letter elaborately and skilfully written, after communicate, as from yourself, or any one else, describing the gloomy state of affairs, the financial a sentiment of the like nature. difficulties, and the innumerable embarrassments

&c. in which the country had been involved during the

“ GEORGE WASHINGTON. war, on account of its defective political organiza “Such was the language of Washington, when, tion, the writer adds This must have shown tol at the head of bis army, and at the height of his

VOL. IV-83

“ I am, sir,

power and popularity, it was proposed to him to man, it was this very refusal. Why did he reject become a king. After this indignant reply and the proposition with unmitigated scorn? He stern rebuke, it is not probable that any further looked not back on his well spent life, which was advances were made to him on the subject.” “ without spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing;”

Does the writer now repudiate the idea that nor did he repose, for a moment, on the unbidden such for a moment was their intention? Will he admiration of a world, astonished by the splendor believe the father of his country, when he produ- of his deeds; on the eulogiums of orators and ces the very original document itself containing statesmen, or the high toned and chivalric feeling the proposition ? With this historical fact before of his troops, who, in the twinkling of an eye, his eyes, it is clear that the essayist does not would have drawn ten thousand swords to avenge belong to “The Old Maryland Line," but rather even a look that threatened him with insult. All to the militia; rashly plunging in the most heed- these were of no avail with him, when he wrote less manner, into a contest, from which no valor the letter of May 22, 1782. Love of country can extricate him. I leave him to settle this alone animated his heart on this as on all other part of the case as he may, after perusing the occasions : glory had no concern with it. He above extracts.

was never before placed in so awful a situation, Second. “Look (says be) at the great charter of yet did he poise himself on his own lofty integrity, our liberties— He has affected to render the and declared to the army, that he was " at a loss military independent of, and superior to the civil to conceive what part of his conduct could have power, therefore it is not correct, (as maintained prompted the address.” It seems then, from his by the author of the sketch of Judge Chase,) that own testimony, that his character had been missuch an offer was ever made to Washington.” A understood by his soldiers. It was, therefore, non sequitur, sir. That very Congress who pro- necessary to undeceive them in this particularclaimed the above sentiment, on the 4th July, '76, to develope the truth, that he could not be reached before an admiring and awe-stricken world, did, in by such an offer, and therefore his fame was the latter part of December, of the same year, invest increased by the rejection. The measure of his Washington with absolute and dictatorial powers. glory was not full prior to this event; or why did Sparks, 1st vol., p. 223 to 225, aster enumerating the chief preserve the correspondence at all, if it the unprecedented powers with which he was now were a matter of so little moment as the Annapolis clothed by a formal resolve of Congress, says, reviewer supposes? Cincinnatus had acquired “These powers constituted hiin in all respects a boundless fame, before the purple was offered to military dictator. They were to continue six him at his plough, yet who will say that such an months, and in his exercise of them, he fully justi- act does not constitute the highest gem in the fied the confidence of Congress, as expressed in crown of his glory? Why should not Wasbington the preamble to the resolve, in which it is said receive equal praise as the amiable Roman, for they were granted, in consequence of a perfect a similar deed? Had Napoleon been at Newreliance on his wisdom, vigor and uprightness.” burg, would he have replied to the army, as did Here then, the military was made independent of the American chief, conceding that he had acted and superior to the civil power, for a limited time, on the same theatre with Washington? No, no! by the solemn and deliberate act of that august Look at his brilliant career, from the bridge of body of patriots, who had, five months before, Lodi to the plains of Waterloo, and no one act of sworn on the altar of their country, to make war his life, can induce us to believe, that he would on the king of England, because among other have rebuked the soldiery in the terms of the letter violations of law he had elevated the military before quoted. Why? Because ambition alone above the civil power! Yet no one ever doubted ruled all his plans and actions. Did it not then the patriotism of that Congress; nor is the virtue elevate Washington to the loftiest pinnacle of of our army to be doubted, because of the offer to fame, when he thus demonstrated that ambition make their chief a King History tells us that formed no part of his character? True it is, that the fact exists; and that Washington did really during his presidency there were not wanting exercise the powers of dictatorship so granted, political foes, who endearored to detract from his notwithstanding the previous declaration of inde- character, by charging him with aristocratic and pendence, on which the essayist relies. His posi- monarchical views. How proudly could he have tion is thus shown to be untenable.

pointed to the letter of May 22, 1782, in vindicaThird. It is said that the halo of glory which tion of his honor! To me, it is evident, that this surrounded the head of Washington, is not in- very document would, per se, have put to flight creased in splendor or extent, by his refusal of the the foul accusation, and so was necessary to the offer of imperial power, at Newburg. Why not? preservation of his glory, while it evinced its exal“ Because the measure of his fame was already tation. full.” I answer, if any act was yet wanting, to Lastly. The authority of Lafayette is invoked finish the illustrious character of that unequalled to sustain the essayist. No man admires that disin.

terested and patriotic soldier more than the biogra- | And its thin eye-lids fell so gently o'er pher of Judge Chase. He loved him from the cra- Those deep blue orbs of vision, one would have said dle to this hour. It is said, that he denied the fact That the sweet babe was listening to the notes in an address, which he delivered on the spot, when of sweetest modulation, falling from paying his last visit to America ; and, therefore, The lyres of cherub bands, that waited there, the reviewer says it is certainly incorrect, and of To waft its pure, unspotted soul to Heaven.

Its tender arms were twined around its mother's, course becomes an undesigned imputation on the

As if there were one tie the spirit felt patriotism of his fellow-soldiers. Be that as it may, Too strong to sever in a moment's space : the testimony of Washington cannot be set aside; But as the light of life grew dimmer still, the very letter of the highly respectable colonel, Its little arms relaxed their hold, and fell acting on behalf of his constituents, is before our Upon its breast. eyes—it contains the distinct proposition, which is

The mother lowly bowed, rejected by the father of his country in most To catch the last breath of her dying child. decisive terms. The case is closed. These docu- It oped its glazed eye to gaze again ments-canonized by the lapse of more than fifty- Upon the visage whose sweet smiles had been six years—sent down to posterity, by him whom The sunshine of its life. There came again the nations of the earth universally call great, as

A heavy sigh, and the dear babe was dead ! abiding proof of his lofty and incorruptible integ: Her fondest hopes had just begun to bud;

The mother gazed upon her lifeless child : rity and patriotism-cannot be nullified by the But the cold breath of icy Death had swept unsupported assertion even of the excellent and In desolation o'er them. The lone tear noble Lafayette. He was mistaken : no more.

That trickled down her cheek, and the deep sigh

That seemed to rend her heart, most eloquently told Frederick, August, 1838.

Of grief we name, but never can describe.

October, 1838.




It was the holy hour of evening :
The sun had set behind the western hills,
Yet daylight, ling'ring, kissed their lofty tops,
And bathed their summits with its mellowed light.
The earth sent up to Heaven its vesper hymn,
Upon the pinions of the evening breeze:
The little streamlet gently rippled on,
As tho' it would not break the harmony,
Whose modulations hung around its course.
It cannot be that such sweet melody
Would make a discord in the other world,
Where angels tune their golden harps to praise.
The softness of its notes would mingle with
The hallowed sounds that float amid the groves
Of Paradise, but as a younger sister.

It was at such a holy hour as this,
That a fond mother bent her o'er the couch
Which held the body of her dying child.
If on this earth there be a love so holy,
That 'would not stain a sainted soul in Heaven,
It is the deep devotion of the heart
Of a fond mother for her first-born child.

There lay the infant in the arms of death.
It did not seem as though the mortal change
Thai tears the fair inhabitant of this
Poor, wasting clay, from its frail tenement,
And leaves it desolate, had come upon it.
It seemed as though a mild and gentle sleep
Had thrown its thin veil o'er its infant form,
And the light images of some sweet dream
Were sporting in their fairy revelry.
The veins that coursed their purple streams across
Its little temple, seemed the shadow of
A gossamer's web upon the lily's leaf;

NOTES ON THE WESTERN STATES; Containing Descriptive Sketches of their Soil, Climate, Resour. ces and Scenery. By James Hall, author of "Border Tales," &c. Philadelphia : 1938.

By far the greater part of the region of country, of which this work is descriptive, once belonged to Virginia. This single fact, would of itself impart an interest to this volume, among the inhabitants of the “Old Dominion.” But there are other considerations of deeper import, which give an importance to all that relates to the west. It is there, that in little more than half a century, an empire has sprung, not only into existence, but a vigorous manhood. The west can hardly be said to have had a youth. Within a period, less than is usually required to take the first steps in planting a colony, an extended region has been peopled with millions of inhabitants, free, enterprising and independent. An immense avalanche of human beings, gathered from the Atlantic states and from Europe, has been gravitated upon the valley of the lakes, the Ohio and the Mississippi, carrying with them the intelligence, the arts and the social comforts of communities, highly elevated in the scale of civilization. If the agriculture, commerce and manufactures—the systems of education, moral and intellectual-the roads, canals, and numerical strength of this region, be viewed in connection with the period that has elapsed since the smoke of the lone wigwam proclaimed that its soil was pressed by none but a savage foot, the mind is lost in amazement. In vain may the history of nations be searched for a parallel case : the record of the world contains nothing that may be compared to it. More than this need not be said, to invest every attempt to depict the great and growing west, with a deep and abiding interest.

The work before us, is embraced in one volume of|ments of winter, and assuming their vernal robes. The gum 300 pages. It makes no claim to present a scientific tree is clad in the richest green; the dogwood and red-bud are exposition of the geography, history, or physical condi- buckeye bends under the weight of its exuberant blossoms.

laden with flowers of the purest white and deepest scarlet; the tion of the country which it describes. Its chapters The oak, the elm, the walnut, the sycamore, the beech, the constitute a series of familiar sketches of the soil, cli. hickory, and the maple, which here tower to a great height, mate, resources, scenery and business of the west, have yielded to the sunbeams, and display their bursting buds drawn principally from personal observation-the au

and expanding flowers. The tulip tree waves its long branches thor having, we are informed, resided in different parts briar, and the vine, are shooting into verdure ; anıl, clinging to

and its yellow flowers high in the air. The wild rose, the sweetof the west, for near a quarter of a century. These their sturdy neighbors, modestly prefer their claims to admi. sketches, written with that spirit and gracefulness of ration, while they afford delightful promise of fruit and framanner, which are characteristic of the author's pen,

grance." abound with just that kind of information which is In depicting the surface of the country, we find the acceptable to the general reader, and especially impor- following general remarks : tant to those—the number, we are compelled to say, is far from being a small one--who, taking leave of other vancing from the east to the Ohio river, and thence proceeding

“The traveller who visits our valley for the first time, adlands, are pushing their barks into the great tide of westward, is struck with the magnificence of the vegetation, western emigration, and seeking, in the fair and fertile which clothes the whole surface. The vast and gloomy granplains of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Michigan, a new deur of the forest ; the gigantic size and venerable antiquity of and more inviting field of active enterprise. We shall the trees; the rankness of the weeds ; the luxuriance and variety endeavor to sustain our opinion of the value of the of the underbrush; the long vines that climb to the tops of the

tallest branches ; the parasites that hang in clusters from the work, by such short extracts as may properly be boughs; the brilliancy of the foliage, and the exuberance of the crowded into an article for a monthly magazine. In fruit, all show a land teeming with vegetable life. The forest speaking of the soil and mineral resources of this region, is seen in its majesty; the pomp and pride of the wilderness is the author says:

here. Here is nature unspoiled, and silence undisturbed. A

few years ago, this impression was more striking than at pre“ Neither is there any supernatural fertility in our soil, sent; for now farms, villages, and even a few large towns are which yields its rich returns only under the operation of careful scattered over this region, diversifying its landscapes, and and laborious tillage. It is the great breadth and continuity of breaking in upon the characteristic wildness of its scenery. our fertile surface, which gives to the west its superior advan. Still there are wide tracts remaining in a state of nature, and tages. It is the accumulation within one wiile and connected displaying all the savage luxuriance which first attracted the plain, of the most vast resources of agricultural and commercial pioneer ; and upon a general survey, its features present, at this wealth ; and the facilities afforded by our country, for concen. day, to one accustomed only to thickly populated countries, the trating and using an unlimited amount of wealth, and bringing same freshness of beauty, and the same immensity, though into combined action the energies of millions of industrious rudeness of outline, which we have always been accusinted to human beings, on which are based the broad foundations of our associate with the idea of a western landscape. I know of greatness. With the breadth of an empire, we have all the nothing more splendid than a forest of the west, standing in its facilities of intercourse and trade, which could be enjoyed with original integrity, adorned with the exuberant beauties of a more limited boundaries. Our natural wealth is not weakened powerful vegetation, and crowned with the honors of a renera. by extension, por our vigor impaired by division. The riches ble age. There is a grandeur in the immense size of the great of soil, timber and minerals, are so diffused as to be everywhere trees-a richness of coloring in the foliage, superior to any thing abundant; and the communication between distant points is so that is known in corresponding latitudes a wildness, and an easy, as to render the whole available. The products of the unbroken stillness that attest the absence of man--above all, industry of millions, may be here interchanged with unparalleled there is a vastness, a boundless extent, an uninterrupted cold. ease and rapidity; and when our broad lands shall be settled, nuity of shade, which prevents the attention from being disthere will be a community of interest, and an intimacy of inter tracted, and allows the mind to fill itself, and the imagination to course, between myriads of men, such as were never before realize the actual presence, and true character, of that which brought under the operation of a common system of social and had burst upon it, like a vivid dream.". civil ties."

The fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth chapters treat of the A passage, descriptive of the upper portions of the prairies of the west, which certainly present one of the Ohio river, will give the reader an idea of the graphic most striking features in the formation and aspect of manner in which our author portrays natural scenery. the country. The author goes somewhat at large into “ The river Ohio, for some distance below Pittsburg, is rapid,

the theory of the prairies, examining the suppositions of and the navigation interrupted in low water by chains of rocks,

various writers upon the subject, and advancing his extending across the bed of the river. The scenery is emi. own upon their formation. Without entering upon nently beautiful, though deficient in grandeur, and exhibiting this mooted question, we may quote the latter.

The hills, two or three hundred feet in height, approach the river and confine it closely on either side. Their “The prairies afford a subject of curious inquiry to every tops have usually a rounded and graceful form, and are covered traveller who visits these regions. Their appearance is povel with the verdure of an almost unbroken foresl. Sometimes the and imposing; and he who beholds it for the first time expeforest trees are so thinly scattered as to afford glimpses of the riences a sensation similar to that which fills the imagination at soil, with here and there a mass, or a perpendicular precipice of the first sight of the ocean. The wide and unlimited prospect, grey sardstone, or compact Jimestone, the prevailing rocks of calls up perceptions of the sublime and beautiful ; its peculiarity this region. The bills are usually covered on all sides with a awakens a train of inquisitive thought. Upon the mind of an soil, which, though not deep, is rich. Approaching towards American especially, accustomed to see new land clothed with Cincinnati, the scenery becomes more monotonous. The hills timber, and to associate the idea of a silent and tangled forest, recede froin the river, and are less elevated. The bottom with that of a wilderness, the appearance of sunny plains, and lands begin to spread out from the margin of the water. Heavy a diversified landscape, untenanted by man, and unimproved by forests cover the banks and limit the prospect : but the wood art, is singular and striking. Perhaps, if our imagination were land is arrayed in a splendor of beauty, which renders it the divested of the inpressions created by memory, the subject chief object of attraction. Nothing can be more beautiful than would present less difficulty; and if we could reason abstracılı, the first appearance of the vegetation in the spring, when the it might be as easy to account for the origin of a prairie as for woods are seen rapidly discarding the dark and dusky habili. I that of a forest.

great sameness.

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