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“It is natural to suppose that the first covering of the earth | beauty consists in the vicinity of the surrounding margin of would be composed of such plants as arrive at maturity in the woodland, which resembles the shore of a lake, indented with shortest time. Annual plants would ripen and scatter their deep vislas, like bays and inlets, and throwing out long points, seeds, many times, before trees and shrubs would acquire the like capes and headlands; while occasionally these points appower of reproducing their own species. In the meantime, the proach so close on either hand, that the traveller passes through propagation of the latter would be liable to be retarded by a a narrow avenue or strait, where the shadows of the woodland variety of accidents—the frost would nip their tender stems in fall upon his path, and then again emerges into another prai. the winter--fire would consume, or the blast shatter them--and rie. When the plain is large, the forest outline is seen in the the wild grazing animals would bite them off, or tread them far perspective, like the dim shore when be held at a distance under foot; while many of their seeds, particularly such as from the ocean. The eye sometimes roams over the green assume the form of nuts or fruit, would be devoured by ani. meadow, without discovering a tree, a shrub, or any object in mals. The grasses, which are propagated both by the root and the immense expanse, but the wilderness of grass and flowers; by seed, are exempt from the operation of almost all these while, at another time, the prospect is enlivened by groves, casualties. Providence has, with unerring wisdom, filled every which are seen interspersed like islands, or the solitary tree, production of nature to sustain itself againet the accidents to which stands alone in the blooming desert. If it be in the spring which it is most exposed, and has given to those plants which of the year, and the young grass has just covered the ground constitute the food of animals a remarkable tenacity of life ; 80 with a carpet of delicate green, and especially if the sun is that although bitten off and trodden, and even burned, they still rising from behind a distant swell of the plain, and glittering retain the vital principle. That trees have a similar power of seif npon the dew-drops, no scene can be more lovely to the eye. protection, if we may so express it, is evident from their present | The deer is seen grazing quietly upon the plain; the bee is on existence in a state of nature. We only assume, that in the the wing; the wolf, with his tail drooped, is sneaking away to earliest stage of being, the grasses would have the advantage his covert with the felon tread of one who is conscious that he over plants less hardy and or slower growth; and that when has disturbed the peace of nature; and the grouse, seeding in both are struggling logether for the possession of the soil, the flocks, or in pairs, like the domestic fowl, cover the whole surformer would at first gain the ascendency; although the latter, face-.the males strutting and erecting their plumage, like the in consequence of their superior size and strength, would finally, peacock, and uttering a long, loud, mournsul note, something if they should ever get possession of any portion of the soil, like the cooing of the dove, but resembling still more the sound entirely overshadow and destroy their humble rivals.”

produced by passing a rough finger boldly over the surface of a

tambourine. The grasses, as our author supposes, having origi.

“When the eye roves off from the green plain, to the groves nally the ascendency over the trees, would maintain it

, or points of timber, these also, are found to be at this season, by the fires which annually sweep over them destroy full bloom. The red-bud, the dogwood, the crab-apple, the wild

robed in the most attractive hues. The rich undergrowth is in ing all the young timber within their range. The fact plum, the cherry, the wild rose, are abundant in all the rich lands; that along the small streams which run through the and the grape vine, though its blossom is unseen, fills the air with prairies, trees are found, is explained on the supposi- fragrance. The variety of the wild fruit, and flowering shrubs, tion that the herbage in such places remains green until is so great, and such the profusion of the blossoms with which

they are bowed down, that the eye is regaled almost to satiety. late in the fall, and the soil being wet, the fire is pre- The gaiety of the prairie, its embellishments, and the absence of vented from taking effect. Thus the shrubs and young the gloom and savage wildness of the forest, all contribute to trees would escape from year to year, and finally the dispel the feeling of lonesomeness, which usually creeps over margins of the streams would become fringed with the mind of the solitary traveller in the wilderness. Though he thickets of trees that would eventually destroy the may not see a house, nor a human being, and is conscious that

he is far from the habitations of men, he can scarcely divest grass, and thus grow up into forests.

himself of the idea that he is travelling through scenes embelThose of our readers who have never seen a prairie, lished by the hand of art. The flowers so fragile, so delicate, will be pleased with the following description, while and so ornamental, seem to have been tastefully disposed to such as have revelled amid their thick grass and bril-adorn the scene. The groves and clumps of trees appear lo

have been scattered over the lawn to beautify the landscape; liant flowers, will be struck with the faithfulness of the and it is not easy to avoid the illusion of the fancy, which per: picture here given.

suades the beholder that such scenery has been created to gratify

the refined taste of civilized man. Europeans are often re. “The scenery of the prairie country excites a different feel minded of the resemblance of this scenery to that of the exten. ing. The novelty is striking, and never fails to cause an ex. sive parks of noblemen, which they have been accuston.ed to clamation of surprise. The extent of the prospect is exhilarat. admire, in the old world; the lawn, the avenue, the grove, the ing. The outline of the landscape is sloping and graceful. copse, which are there produced by art, are here prepared by The verdure and the flowers are beautiful: and the absence of nature; a splendid specimen of massy architecture, and the shade, and consequent appearance of a profusion of light, pro distant view of villages, are alone wanting to render the simili. duces a gaiety which animales the beholder. It is necessary to cude complete. explain that these plains, although preserving a general level in “ In the summer, the prairie is covered with long, coarse respect to the whole country, are yet in themselves not flat, but grass, which soon assumes a golden lue, and waves in the exhibit a gracefully waving surface, swelling and sinking with wind like a ripe harvest. Those who have not a personal an easy slope, and a full, rounded outline, equally avoiding the knowledge of the subject, would be deceived by the accounts unmeaning horizontal surface, and the interruption of abrupt which are published of the height of the grass. It is seldom so or angular elevations. It is that surface, which in the expres. (all as travellers have represented, nor does it attain its highest sive language of the country, is called rolling, and which has growth in the richest soil. In the low wet prairies, where the been said to resemble the long heavy swell of the ocean, when substratum of clay lies near the surface, the centre or main its waves are subsiding to rest after the agitation of a storm. I stem of this grass, which bears the seed, acquires great thick. is to be remarked also, that the prairie is almost always ele. ness, and shoots up to the height of eight or nine feet, throw. vated in the centre, so that in advancing into it from either side, ing out a few long, coarse leaves or blades; and the traveller you see before you only the plain, with its curved outline marked often finds it higher than his head as he rides through it on upon the sky, and forming the horizon; but on reaching the horseback. The plants, although numerous and standing highest point, you look around upon the whole of the vast close together, appear to grow singly and unconnected, the scene. The attraction of the prairie consists in its extent, its whole force of the vegetative power expanding itself upwards. carpet of verdure and flowers, its undulating surface, its groves, But in the rich undulating prairies, the grass is finer, with less and the fringe of timber by which it is surrounded. Of all these, of stalk, and a greater profusion of leaves. The roots spread the latter is the most expressive feature-it is that which gives and interweave so as to form a compact, even sod, and the blades character to the landscape, which imparts the shape, and marks expand into a close thick sward, which is seldom more than the boundary of the plain. If the prairie be small, ils greatest eighteen inches high, and often less, until late in the season,

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when the seed-bearing stem shoots up. The first coat of grass, boundaries, nor to divide the proceeds of the sales of is mingled with small flowers; the violet, the bloom of the straw these lands among the state governments. berry, and others of the most minute and delicate texture.

The twelfth chapter, which treats of western steamthe grass increases in size, these disappear, and others, taller and more gaudy, display their brilliant colors upon the green boats, presents, perhaps, as forcible an illustration of surface ; and still later, a larger and coarser succession rises the wonderful growth of the west, as any other in the with the rising tide of verdure. A fanciful writer asserts that the book. In 1794, four keel boats, carrying twenty tons prevalent color of the prairie flowers, is in the spring, a bluish each, were sufficient for the trade between Pittsburg purple ; io midsummer red; and in the autumn yellow. This is one of the notions that people get, who study nature by the fire and Cincinnati. These had an armed force on board to side. The truth is, that the whole of the surface of these beau- defend them, and were pushed up the stream by poles. tifu! plains, is clad throughout the season of verdure, with every Down to the year 1817, nearly all the business on the imaginable variety of color, from “grave to gay? It is impos. western waters, was carried on in keel boats and barges. sible to conceive a more infinite diversity, or a richer profusion At that period" about twenty of the latter, averaging of hues, or to detect any predominating tint, except the green, which forms the beautiful ground, and relieves the exquisite one hundred tons each, comprised the whole commerbrilliancy of all the others. The only changes of color, obsercial facilities for transporting merchandize from New ved at the different seasons, arise from the circumstance, that Orleans to the upper country;' each of these perin the spring the flowers are small, and the colors delicate ; as formed one trip down and up again to Louisville and the heat becomes more ardent, a hardier race appears, the flow. Cincinnati within the year. The number of keel boats ers attain a greater size, and the hue deepens; and still later a succession of coarser plants rise above the tall grass, throwing employed on the upper Ohio cannot be ascertained, but out larger and gaudier towers. As the season advances from it is presumed, that a hundred and fifty, is a sufficiently spring to midsummer, the individual flower becomes less beauti- large calculation to embrace the whole number. These ful when closely inspected, but the landscape is far more varie.

averaged thirty tons each, and employed one month to gated, rich and glowing.

." In winter, the prairies present a gloomy and desolate scene. make the voyage from Louisville to Pittsburg, while The fire has passed over them, and consumed every vegetable the more dignified barge of the Mississippi made her substance, leaving the soil bare, and the surface perfectly black. trip in the space of one hundred days, if no extraordiThat gracefully waving outline, which was so attractive to the nary accident happened to check her progress.” eye when clad in green, is now disrobed of all its ornaments. Its

There are now, 1838, not less than FOUR HUNDRED fragrance, ils notes of joy, and the graces of its landscape have all vanished, and the bosom of the cold earth, scorched and dis steamboats navigating the western waters! Comment colored, is alone visible. The wind sighs mournfully over the is unnecessary. The mind is lost in astonishment at black plain ; but there is no object to be moved by its influence-- the wonderful revolution that has taken place in twenty not a tree to wave its long arma in the blast, nor a reed to bend years, throughout the valley of the Mississippi. The its fragile stem---not a leaf, nor even a blade of grass to tremble thirteenth and last chapter of the work, relates to the in the breeze. There is nothing to be seen but the cold dead earth and the bare mound, which move not--and the traveller, trade and commerce of the west, embracing the exports with a singular sensation, almost of awe, feels the blast rushing and imports for a series of years-a list of the banks in over him, while not an object visible to the eye, is seen to stir. Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana and Illinois-some statistics Accustomed as the mind is to associate with the action of the of the Miami canal, and a list of the steamboats navi. wind ils operation upon surrounding objects, and to see nature bowing and trembling, and the fragments of matter mounting gating the Louisville and Portland canal during the upon the wind, as the storm passes, there is a novel effect pro-year 1837, amounting to four hundred and twelve, and duced on the mind of one who feels the current of air rolling passing in the aggregate, during that year, fifteen hunheavily over him, while nothing moves around.”

dred times through the same; another fact illustrative The author examines in detail, the soil, water and of the vast resources and business of the west. timber of the prairies, and the question how far the The length of our extracts from this interesting and want of the latter is likely to interfere with the agri- valuable book, leave us no room for further notices of it. cultural occupancy of these treeless plains. The chap. Although not in point of literary merit equal to some ters upon the wild and domestic animals, the birds, rep- other of the author's works, it is written with sufficient tiles, agricultural products, fruits and vegetables, possess accuracy and care for a series of popular sketches of the much valuable information, and present many facts region which it describes. It bears its own evidence of well calculated to invite immigration to that region. coming from the same pen which conducted the Illinois One of the longest and most elaborated chapters in the Magazine, and wrote the “Legends of the West," book, is that which treats of the public domain, by “Harper's Head,” and “The Border Tales;" all of which is meant the lands belonging to the general which have been widely circulated in the United government. This subject is embraced under these States, and have placed the author among the most two heads—the title of the United States to the public spirited and popular writers of the day. It would lands, and the policy pursued in disposing of them. seem, by the bye, that Judge Hall is most indefatiga. The intelligent reader must be already familiar with all ble with his pen. He has been for some time, and still that relates to the history of the former. The proper is, engaged, in conjunction with Col. McKenny, in disposition of these lands is a matter of much impor- writing the biographical sketches, which accompany tance, and for several years past has occupied the that splendid gallery of Indian portraits, now in proattention of Congress, where it has caused much angry gress of publication in Philadelphia ; and yet, in the debate, and elicited many conflicting opinions. Judge midst of all his literary labors, he is performing the Hall favors the plan of Colonel Benton, to graduate the duties of cashier of one of the principal banking instilu. price of the public lands, by offering them periodically tions of Cincinnati. It would appear, indeed, as if the at reduced prices--the highest being one dollar and men of letters in the United States, were resolved upon twenty-five cents per acre--and the lowest twenty-five convincing the world that literature and the every-day cents; but he does not favor the proposition to cede to business of life are not antagonist professions. Pauld. the states, respectively, the lands lying within their ing is at the head of the Navy-Bryant is engaged in


that most unpoetical of all human pursuits, the editing | is nearly powerless ; its harp tuneless ; its spirit of a violent politico-partizan newspaper-Halleck is tame; its wing unfitted to sustain either a long or still in the “sugar and the cotton line,” footing up bold flight into the regions of the imagination : accounts for John Jacob Astor—Kennedy is making without these, poetry, like too much of our native out briefs, and looking after the President's sub-treasury poetry, becomes, of necessity, a mere assemblage bill in Congress-Fay is playing Secretary of Legation of agreeable words and pleasant sounds; a wilderat the Court of St. James—and Hall is signing bank notes and drawing bills of exchange in Cincinnati. ness of beautiful verbiage; piles of fern and flowVerily, the time cometh, and now is, when the foolish ers destitute of fragrance-the mere abstract only popular prejudice, which has obtained some currency

of all that is beautiful in nature, wherewith the in this country, that the cultivation of a literary taste, imagination is pleased, without being improved, unfits a man for the forum, the desk, or the counting: while the heart remains untouched. room, must be added to the “receptacle of things lost

It is from a consciousness of this deficiency of upon earth.”

historical and traditionary interest, that some of our best poets hare imitated or assumed the English and Italian school, not only in the direction

and application of their powers, but also, (which BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

herein need not have been) in their natural images. How often and familiarly are the nightingale, the

field daisy, the sky lark, the harvest moon, the No. V.

turtle dove, with castle, knight, and troubadour, GEORGE P. MORRIS, ESQ.

drawn into the service of what is meant to be le

gitimate American verse, when they are excluIt is the lot of the American poet to be cradled sively foreign figures and subjects; and how frein the lap of the sublimest scenery on the globe. quently is the “olden ballad” the prideful theme From infancy to manhood, his path is beside illi- of our native poets ! mitable lakes and majestic rivers, whose shores If America is ever to rank high as a land of are granite mountains, and he hunts his game poesy, (which from an inspection of its elements along hillsides whose summits are resting places we do not believe it ever will do,) and should for the thunder-cloud. If all that is grand and cultivate the native muse, pruned from foreign magnificent, or soft and beautiful in nature, has shoots and grafts, it is in moral and didactic, rustic power to expand the human heart, enlarge the in- and lyric poetry, she will found her claims to distellect, strengthen the imagination, refine and tinction. The lofty epic, and the legitimate balspiritualize the fancy, and fire the whole man with lad, have no place in her native muse : the former the loftiest and purest poetical images—if the con- is now found only in the pages of the historical templation of the poetry of the universe, will make novelist; the latter being, genuinely, a metrical poetry to spring up in the heart, then should relation of some ancient tradition, can have no place America be the Eden of poetry, and her poets in a land yet too young for gray tradition and princes in the empire of song.

hoary legend. In the progress of these sketches, But from the study of natural scenery alone, the we shall enter more fully into this subject; at poet cannot derive inspiration; it were the con- present, lyrical poetry, the last of the four just templation of the statue of Prometheus before named, alone comes under our consideration in animated with celestial fire—the arch of the rain this paper. bow without its colors. There must be perched To lyric poets, and lyric poetry, America is on the ragged pinnacle, hovering on the mountain's mainly indebted for much of her existing fame. brow, suspended from every crag, and dwelling in We have neither space nor leisure, here to support glen and fountain, the magical charm of past-time by the facts that are by us, this bold assertion; but associations, around which the memory can lin- any one who will impartially review the bistory of ger-there must be a genius loci every where our imaginative literature for the last half cenpresent, for natural scenery, however grand and tury, will find the proofs numerous and satisfactory. picturesque in itself, to produce its natural and le- Since Moore's elegant and graceful muse has elegitimate poetical effect on the mind.

vated modern lyrics to a dignity in literature, they This genius of the place is wanting to American bad not enjoyed from the days of the troubadours, scenery: the blood-stirring border song; the wild poets, tuning their lyre to song, have sprung up traditionary legend of love and chivalry; the won- on both sides of the Atlantic. One among the drous tale of superstition and fairy, and the thou- few in the United States, whose verses are housesand romantic associations, that hover like ghosts hold words, and whose numbers have become a from the spiritual land of minstrelsy, about the part of the language, is the gentleman whose name vallies and mountains of the old world, inspiring we have placed at the head of this sketch. his tuneful sons, are wanting as auxiliaries to the Col. Morris bas long been connected with American muse: without these, the wand of poesy American literature, as editor of the New York

Mirror, and a frequent contributor not only to its me, the author records more than one hundred columns, but also to the pages of cotemporary names, against which he has written American magazines. So early as his seventeenth year, he poet! Posterity may draw on this capital only a wrote several fragmentary pieces, which he pub- very small dividend perhaps, but still they all lished anonymously, and which attracted, at the belong to the present day, and their names are fatine, much attention. One of the earliest of these miliar to every one at all conversant with light juvenile productions, and the only one that he has literature. How far the establishment of the preserved, in a volume of poems recently pub- New York Mirror, has gone toward producing lished, is called, “The Miniature.” This we this result, it is difficult to say, but that it has shall copy, when we come to notice the book in contributed very materially to this increase in the question. In 1822, his name first became known ranks of literature, will not be denied even by to the public through the Mirror, which, this year the most cavilling. It is not our purpose to go he commenced, under circumstances, every way into a history of the establishment of the Mirror : discouraging to the success of this species of literary we have alluded to it as a work that has done property. At this period, beside one or two reviews, much for the poetical literature of the country, there was not a periodical in the United States and which for ten years was under the sole editodevoted to light literature. The “ Port Folios,” rial direction of Col. Morris. Recently he has the" Athenæums,” the “Olios” of the day, whose resigned its editorship, successively to John Inpages were loaded with heavy political and philo- man, Charles F. Hoffman and Epes Sargent, sophical essays, and devoted to the discussion of Esq's, contenting himself with remaining an occapuzzling queries in science, and the dismember- sional contributor to its columns. The last of the ment of metaphysical subtleties, whose poetical above named gentlemen, now fills the editorial department shone with elegies, ditties, sonnets, chair, and the later numbers of this valuable peand acrostics, and whose “ amusing head,” de- riodical, show, that although so long identified with lighted readers with riddles, conundrums, apho- the name of Col. Morris, (whose good sense and risms, and stale anecdotes of the court of Charles modesty, will not be offended with what follows,) Il-periodicals to which we cannot now turn it possesses the seeds of perpetuity wilhout it. without a smile-had had their day, and were In 1827, Col. Morris, wrote a drama, in five forgotten. They were followed by other ephemera, acts, founded on events of the revolutionary war, which likewise lived their day—and died. When called “ Brier Cliff.” This piece was a great fathe New York Mirror was established, periodical vorite with the public, and at the Chatham Thealiterature in the United States was such only in tre, then a playhouse, of no mean celebrity, it name. To Col. Morris is due the honor of being was produced under the direction of Mr. Wallack, the pioneer in almost every thing relating to this and had a run of about forty nights. At one time species of literature. He was the first to foster during its triumphant career, it was performed and encourage American genius, and to him we on one and the same night, at four theatres in New believe, we are indebted for several of our younger York, namely, the Park, the Bowery, the Lafayliterary men, who in all probability would never ette, and the Chatham theatres ; a thing unprecehave written, or, at least, would have laid down dented in the theatrical annals of this country. their pens, but for this vehicle for their fugitive The piece was attributed to Noah, Halleck, compositions, and for the kind encouragement of- Woodworth, and the other popular dramatic wrifered them by its editor. One of these instances ters and poets, of that time; and more than one is Theodore Fay, Esq., who, in his dedication of aspiring gentleman “who would win fame, without the “Dreams and Reveries of a Quiet Man,” which work or wit,” confident in the preservation of the is addressed to the subject of this biography, says, author's incognito, came forward, and boldly claim“ I can never forget, that but for your encourage- ed the authorship. It is with pleasure, therefore, ment and liberality, these light sketches never that we are able to state that Col. Morris, is the would have been written. Many indeed, wor- sole, and unassisted author, of “Brier Cliff:”— thier than I, have experienced the benefit of your for on one occasion we remember his saying to unwavering exertions to employ talent already some friends at table, who rallied him on the subestablished, and to infuse confidence into the timid ject, “Gentlemen, that play is entirely my own; and inexperienced.”

I am not indebted to any one for a single line or At the time the New York Mirror was estab-comma, if I except Mrs.Caroline Matilda Thayer," lished, there were not ten men in the United States on whose story it is founded. If it belongs to any who lived by their pens. At the time we write, one else, however, I wish he would come forward, their name is “ legion.” At that period Samuel prove property, pay charges, and take it away.” Woodworth, Esq. then more popularly known as Besides “ Brier Cliff,” which has never been the author of the “ Champions of Freedom,” was the American poet. In a recently printed book,

* One of the earliest contributors to the New York Mirror, and

now, and for some years past, principal of a female seminary entitled “ Specimens of American Poetry,” before in Clinton, Mississippi.


published, Col. Morris has written much and such on the housetop, and in the halls, I deemed it prucessfully for the stage, in the shape of odes, ad-dent to follow the advice just given to me, so at dresses, epilogues, &c. During the visit of Lafay-once commenced disrobing, and was soon stowed ette to this country, he composed a popular ode, away in a snug corner, and it was not long before which was sung eighteen nights successively at I found myself gradually and imperceptibly sinkthe theatres in New York, by all the company in ing under the power of the gentle god. I began appropriate costume. There is an on dit, that to congratulate myself—-to commiserate the ungeneral Lafayette was so delighted with the lines, happy condition of my less fortunate companions, that he himself was in the habit of humming them and to bid good night to all my cares, when that whenerer occasion offered. In the composition of short, thin, merry little Frenchman, came dancing songs adapted to popular airs, Col. Morris has into the room, and after cutting a pigeon wing or shown himself exceedingly happy. He wrote two, bumming a passage from a popular opera, songs and addresses, from time to time, for Mrs. and skipping once or twice around the vacant beds, Eniwistle, Kean, and other well known perform- sat himself upon the most commodious, with the ers, all of which possessed an enviable popularity exclamation, “Ah, ba! I find him—this is him and are embodied with the musical literature of number ten,-magnifique! Now I shall get some the day. Of these we shall speak when we come little sleeps at last.” Again humming part of a to notice the volume of poems he has recently tune, he proceeded to prepare himself for bed. published.

After divesting himself of his apparel, and careAs a prose writer, he has repeatedly distin- fully depositing his trinkets and watch under his guished himself, holding a flowing, graceful and pillow, he fastened a red bandanna handkerchief humorous pen. His" Sketches from the Springs,” around his head, and slid beneath the counterpane, in “The Atlantic Club Book," of which also he as gay and lively as a cricket. “It is superb," was editor, are in a vein of admirable humor. he once more exclaimed aloud. « I have not bad We give an extract to illustrate the style to which some rest for six dozen days, certainment-and we allude,

now I shall have some little sleeps. But, waiter!”

bawled he, suddenly recollecting himself. John THE LITTLE FRENCHMAN.

came at the call. “What is it o'clock, eh?” Ab, ha! my little Frenchman ! That fellow is

Nearly ten, a character. I will tell you a story about him. I " What time de boat arrive?stopped at West Point, not long since, and found “ About two." the hotel crowded with visitors. It was late in “When he do come, you shall wake me some the evening when I arrived, and being almost worn little minute before?” out with the fatigue of the journey–for I had been “Yes, sir." the inmate of stages, rail road cars and canal boats, "And you shall get some de champaign and without closing my eyes for the last two days—I oysters all ready for my suppare?” repaired with all convenient haste, to the solitary “Very well, sir; you may depend upon me, sir," couch that had been assigned me in the basement said John, as he shut the door, and made his exit. story, in the hope of passing a few comfortable “Ah! très bien, now for de little sleeps.” hours in "the arms of Morpheus.” But one Uttering which, he threw himself upon the pillow, glance at the “ blue chamber," convinced me of and in a few seconds was in a delightful doze. the utter folly of any such expectations. I found The foregoing manæuvres and conversation bad it nearly crammed with my fellow logers, who, attracted the attention of all, and aroused me if I might judge from the melancholy display of completely. hats, boots, socks, and other articles of wearing “Dắn that Frenchman,” growled a bluff old apparel, scattered over the floor in most“ admired fellow next him, as he turned on the other side, disorder," had evidently retired with unbecoming and went to sleep. Most of the other gentlemen, eagerness to secure their places to themselves, and however, raised their heads for a moment, to see thereby guard them against the possibility of in- what was going on, and then deposited them as trusion from others, doubtless believing, that in before, in silent resignation. But one individual, this, as well as similar cases, possession is nine- with more nerves than fortitude, bounced out of tenths of the law. As the apartment was very bed, swore there was no such thing as sleeping confined, and all the inhabitants wide awake, I there, dressed bimself in a passion, and went out thought I might as well spend an hour or two in the of the room in a huff. This exploit had an elecopen air, before going to bed, and was about to retire tric effect on the melancholy spectators; and a for that purpose, when a voice called, “ If you do general laugh, which awoke all the basement, was not wish to lose your berth, you had better turn the result. For some minutes afterward, the in.” Observing that nearly all the cots, sofas, merriment was truly appalling. Jokes, mingled settees, chairs, &c., were occupied, and hearing with execrations, were heard in erery direction, that several of my fellow passengers were sleeping and the uproar soon became universal. Silence,

Vol. IV.-84

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