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finished elegance of style, has no superior on either side, His Culprit Fax is indeed incomplete in its plan and of the Atlantic.
unfinished in its versification, but it shows a fertility In history, besides the large contributions of Dr. and originality, and manageable wildness of fancy, as Ramsas of South Carolina, we have MILLER'S RETRO- well as an ardent love of his subject, that must have SPECT, MARSHALL'S LIFE OF WASHINGTON, (for it be placed him on the summit of Parnassus. But too soon longs rather to history than biography,) Irving's Lire for us these ethereal spirits ascended to their congenial OF COLUMBUS, BANCROFT's HISTORY OF THE UNITED skies. States, and Lee's LIFE OF NAPOLEON. I will not ob In classical or mathematical learning, we have not trude on you my views of these several distinguished done much as yet. Bowditch's translation of La Place, works. As to a part, it would be altogether superflu- and Anthon's editions of some of the classics, prove ous. Marshall is familiar to all, and to bestow praise that these branches of knowledge are thoroughly cultion the Life of Columbus is “to gild refined gold, or to valed by some, while they also indicate that they are add a perfume to the violet.” But I will add, because it less so ihan could be wished. But the few lonely has bad less circulation, that I regard the Life of Napo- lamps that yet burn for the retired student may serve leon as inferior to no contribution our literature has ever to keep alive the flame that will by and by spread and received. In its nice discrimination of character, its break forth with the effulgence of a Newton or La Place, spirited and often graphic descriptions, its peculiar apl. a Heyne or a Porson. I ought not to omit Webster's ness of phrase, and rare felicities of diction, I know no Dictionary, as a great achievement of labor and rework of history or biography its superior ; and if it search in philology. sometimes indicates extraordinary care and effort, we In physical science, our progress has been commensumust admit that the brilliancy of the polish is altogether rate with our general intellectual improvement. Our worthy of the labor which effected it. This work, and learned societies and institutes in our largest cities all the life of Columbus, lo which I may add Mr. Ban- publish their transactions, and they all exhibit a more crofts', are sufficient to vindicate the claims of this coun- thorough and general acquaintance with the subject try to equality with any other, at this time, in the eleva- than formerly. Nutall, Godman, Say and others ted department of historical writing.
have made large and valuable contributions to the In the lighter departments of biography, voyages, natural history of the country. In the medical science, and travels, the American press has of late years been there have been numerous publications of great respecvery prolific. Many of them have considerable merit, tability. Nor ought we to omit the names of Fulton, and will compare with the same description of works in Hare and Perkins in the department of physics. other countries. Perhaps IrvinG's Astoria, Cooper's In essay writing and miscellaneous literature, our im. SWITZERLAND, Slidell's Travels in Spain and Eng- provement has been very conspicuous. In this departland and, Willis's PENCILLINGS, deserve to be distin. ment we may mention Irving, Paulding, Cooper, guished from the rest. Two works on Moral Philoso- Wirt, Walsh, EVERETT, INGERSOLL, JEFFERSON, phy, UPHAM's and Wayland's, both of great respecta- John Quincy Adams, Cass, Flint, Dwight. The bility, have appeared within a few years.
number is indeed too great for particular notice. I In Political Economy our writers have been numer must however except WASHINGTON Irving, whose tales ous. Besides numerous tracts on banking, currency, and sketches are as yet unmatched. One is sure to protecting duties, and other detached parts of the sub- find in whatever comes from his pen thoughts just withject, there have been five or six general treatises. There out being commonplace, wit the most delicate and rehave been no less than four works on this science pub- fined, without one spice of spleen or misanthropy, and lished during the present year.
a singular playfulness of humor, all clothed in the most Works of imagination have more multiplied per. captivating graces of language. Cooper's Sketches, haps than any other. Among so many, we may be though far inferior to Irving's, have also great merit, and permitted to distinguish the novels of Cooper, Bird, have not been sufficiently appreciated by that well Miss SEDGWICK, avd KENNEDY. Virginia has also meaning, but often whimsical personage, the public. produced two, that will not suffer on a comparison with Mr. Cooper though sometimes splenetic, loves his the preceding. I allude lo Edge Hill and GEORGE country and is proud of it. These sentiments breathe BALCOMB. Poetry too, tha: beautiful art which trans- through all his works, and next to Mr. Irving and Dr. ports us into a world of its own delightful creations; CHANNING, no living man has done so much to raise which makes us oblivious of the cares, the littleness, the literary character of his country abroad. and the grossness of life-which at once purifies, ani But it is in our periodical, or ephemeral literature, that males and ennobles us, has not been stationary while we are to see the image of our national talent and taste the other departments of letters were progressive. If most truly reflected. Let us first observe the astonishin that which requires the highest gifts of intellect
, we ing increase as to number. In 1775 we had 37 newspahad not made correspondent progress, we might have pers in the United States. In 1810, 35 years afterafforded some color to the taunts of European arro- wards, the number had swelled to 359, and in 1834, 24 gance. But in the course of this century, the United years afterwards, it amounted to 1265. The number is Slates, and but a small portion of them too, have pro. now without doubt upwards of 1600. Many of these duced a constellation of poets, and although none of journals contain five or six times as much as the largest them are stars of the first magnitude, such as are equally in former times, and they are published much more freobjects of the admiring gaze of common and of learned quently. Besides these, the periodical journals for reliobservers, they may be well placed in the second rank, gion, medicine, law, and miscellaneous literature, had and are perhaps equal to any living poets that Europe increased from 27, in 1810, lo 130, in 1934—that is nox can boast. The names of Halleck, Percival, sive-fold, while the population was nearly doubled. BRYANT, SIGOURNEY, Willis, Alston, and Mellen,* If we compare the contents of these publications at have ably vindicated the claim of their country to poeti- different periods, we shall be satisfied that they have eal talent, and to these I may add two, whose prema. improved in character almost as much as in quantity. ture genius found a premature grave-Miss DAVIDSON In our best conducted journals, the editorial portions of New York, whose gentle, delicate, plaintive muse which forty years ago were so dull, flat, and insignifi. has
met with doe honor on both sides of the Atlantic, and cant, are now among their best written articles, and J. RODMAN DRAKE of the same state. Though he died some of them have a spirit and force, and unstudied at a very early age, perhaps two or three and twenty, elegance, that few of their correspondents can reach. he had given proofs of high poetical genius. He already in the multiplication of our magazines, and reviews; showed that he could soar at least as high as his most our religious journals; our temperance journals; our gifted rivals, and soar too with a more untired wing. journals of medicine, and law, and agriculture; our
'I have no doubt omitted some who ought to be included in this railroad, and beat sugar, and silk culture journals—who list, but the sound of whose harps have not reached my ears. does not see that the American mind is wakened to the
beauties and the benefits of literature, and that what cing, and the excess, will, whether it be by way of atthe improved taste of the nation craves, the improved taining a high accomplishment, of finding relief from talent of the nation seeks to supply? The reviews and ennui, or of earning a livelihood, devote their leisure magazines of the present day, such as the KNICKER- exclusively to literature, and thus become the Johnsons BOCKER and Mirror of New York, or our own Lite- and the Goldsmiths, the Southeys and the Scotts, the RARY Messenger and Farmers Register, are as supe Campbells and the Byrons of America. rior to similar publications forty years ago as the richest It may be set down as a maxim that the more free gems of the mine are to the trumpery imitations of them and popular a government is, the stronger is the influthat please the indiscriminating eyes of the savage. ence of popular esteem and popular applause. The
We may also refer to the improved style of the de- greater power of the people gives a higher value and a bates in our Legislative assemblies with similar feelings greater dignity to its approbation. Where men acof congratulation, with this difference, however, that knowledge no sovereign but his fellow-men, in their there have always been a few public speakers who corporate capacity, they become the dispenser of public could compare with the best of the present day. But honors of all kinds, and their favor bestows the laurel the number of accomplished orators and debaters is not only on the warrior's, but also on the poet's brow. far greater now than formerly, after allowing for the Their huzzas cheer and reward the victories of a PERRY increase of our numbers. The Senate of the United or a Decatur-a Jackson or a Scott-but they also States has for some years, been able to boast of orators stimulate the intellectual efforts of an Irving or a COOPER which would compare with those of England in her -a Pinckney or a WEBSTER-a RANDOLPH or a Clar. best days. Virginia, in the rear of some of her sister Fame is valued according to the number and force of the states in the successful prosecution of physical science, voices that speak through her trump, and they are never and in the exhibition of poetical talent, may here claim so numerous or so loud as where all are disposed to precedence. And it must be gratifying to those who speak, and every one is free to u!ler what he thinks. hear me, to be reminded that a year or two since, no less Here then we find the powerful incentive of public than seven of the eight or ten of those public speakers praise, which gives to the object of it, assurance of the whom public opinion had placed foremost in that body, esteem of his fellow men; the potent influence of were native Virginians.
which once made a garland of oak preferred by the highAfter this comparative view of our literary advance-minded victor to a crown of gold; which is at once ment, so grateful to every liberal and patriotic mind, the cheapest and richest reward of public virtue; which let us turn our eyes to the prospect of its further im- is all, next to a sense of duty, that stimulated Washing. provement, and consider what can be done to promote ton, the pride of America, and the admiration of the and secure its onward progress.
world. We are well warranted in expecting that the same There is moreover an unseen influence which free causes which have hitherto operated so beneficially on institutions possess, of imparting force and vigor to every our literature, will continue to produce the same effects. pursuit in which its citizens engage whether it be in These causes may be regarded to be principally our amassing wealth, or acquiring glory, whether they encivil liberty, and the federative character of our govern- gage in the pursuits of commerce or of war-of specu
lation or of literature and science. They are likely to Civil liberty, gentlemen, if experience is a true in- be less unduly biassed by the dicta of their preceptors ; structor, is favorable to a development of all the facul- to be less trammelled by the lyranny of custom- to be Lies of man; for in a free government he is most sure of more bold, fearless, and adventurous—more pliant and receiving the rewards which are due to a successful accommodating to uncontrollable circumstances. We see exertion of those faculties, either in fame, power, popu- this manifested in various ways. What merchants or larity, or emolument. If he is successful as an orator navigators exhibit the same vigorous daring enterprise or writer, statesman or legislator, to what may he not as ours? What explorers of ihe wilderness? Where aspire ? We every day see men, both in this country has sagacious industry achieved so much in the way of and occasionally in England, occupying the most ele- canals, and railroads, and bridges ? All this indicates vated stations in the land, who have raised themselves extraordinary mental activity and energy of purpose, to distinction by the force of their virtues or talents. which will assuredly one day produce the same salutary They have all been the artificers of their own fortune, effects in letters that it has already achieved in arts and and 'if chance and circumstances have concurred to arms. their elevation, they have been such circumstances as But there is another cause of improvement to be are within the reach of every one.
found in the character of our government, the influence But in the government of one or a few, men can with of which is not yet fully felt. By reason of the sepadifficulty emerge from the obscurity in which they are ration of the States, the spirit of emulation, that exerts born, and if now and then we see examples of extra- so propitious an influence on the character of a people, ordinary elevation from the humble ranks of life, they may be expected to be particularly active here.' Need are exceptions which attract notice and excite wonder I remind you that those nations which have been most by their rarity. By far the greater number who al. conspicuous and illustrious have all felt the force of natain rank and power, and high station, owe it mainly tional emulation? France and England owe much of to the accident of birth. This difference must give a their success in letters, arts, and arms to the rivalship of powerful incentive to exertion, and it is exercise and more than two centuries. Even the division of Great exertion which are the chief sources of excellence. Britain between the English and Scotch, has had a sen
It is true that the character of our government sible effect; though ever since the union, it has been the has a tendency to give intellectual pursuits a parti- sentiment of generous emulation that has animated cular direction. They hold out especial encourage them, rather than a rivalship inflamed by anger and ment to the talents for public speaking, or for the duties hatred. It was this spirit among the little Grecian of the politician and statesman, and to the arts of states which kept their faculties ever on the stretch, winning the public favor. But the disadvantage of and goaded them on in the pursuit of excellence, not this condition of things must be regarded as temporary, only in arms, but also in literature, the fine arts, and and not likely long to impede the other influences that philosophy, until the most successful of them far transhave hitherto had so extensive and salutary an opera- cended the other portions of the world; and in some detion. So long as the educated classes of our citizens partments of skill have never yet found their equals are not more than sufficient to fill the learned profes- among the thousands of millions that have lived after sions, and to supply the public offices, their intellectual them. culture will be directed that way which is likely best to It is partly to the greater force which this desire of qualify them for those dignified duties. But the num- superiority exercises in a large city, that it has always ber of educated and cultivated minds is rapidly advan. I been found the most favorable theatre for genius and
talents of every kind. Here competitors in every pro-, has made them what they are, to their mothers, than fession and pursuit are placed side by side, and their to their fathers. respective merits being so accurately measured and A disposition to encourage domestic literature must compared, the rival candidates are urged to redouble also have a good effect. It must be recollected that the their exertion for superiority. We know the force of American writer, laboring under the disadvantages that this principle in juvenile instruction, and while men in a have been mentioned, is placed in competition with the populous city are like children in a public school, those writers of a nation that are second to those of no other who are dispersed over the country may be compared to on the globe ; and that the consciousness of this disadthe children who are instructed at home.
vantage is calculated to repress and dispirit the efforts This principle of emulation must always exert more of the native author. influence among the American people from their being Let us constainly bear in mind, gentlemen, that, next distributed into separate States, having their govern- to a character for virtue and integrity, we should be ments, laws and institutions independent of each other; most ambitious of obtaining one for letters. This is a and the more distinct are their interests, the more con- higher glory than distinction in wealth, power, or arms. trasted their general character, the stronger is this spirit For likely to be. Hence the dissimilarity between the Nor "The beings of the mind, are not of clay; thern and the Southern States, if it occasionally give Essentially immortal, they create rise to some illiberal and inconvenient prejudices, is also
And multiply in us a brighter ray,
And more beloved existence." productive of this good effect. And though it has hitherto show nitself principally in efforts to obtain the power Let us remember too, that a taste for literature and and patronage of the general government, or in jealousy science, besides what it has done for the well-being of and disappointment at not having obtained them, it society, affords to individuals the best security against may bereafter also manifest itself in literary rivalship. vicious and immoral habits; and that it is essential to Orthis we have already seen some symptoms, in the re- the preservation of civil liberty: that for a people to be views and magazines. We also occasionally see signs of capable of administering their own affairs wisely, they it between New York and Philadelphia, and between must be well instructed. They must understand the Boston and New York. The Wesi, the ardent, gene- elementary principles of government, of legislation, and rous West, also shows its ambition to excel, and that af- political economy; must be well acquainted with the fords a sure presage of excellence. We there behold a human character, and be able to distinguish between boldness, a freedom from the dominion of habits and pre- their real and their pretended friends, through all the judices that is most auspicious to originality; and there, disguises which crafty ambition or love of gain may irany where, we may expect in time to see new modes of throw around them. We are then urged to the inteladministering pleasure or interest to the intellectual lectual improvement of the people, whether we regard Lastes of mankind.
the happiness, the safety, or the dignity of the nation. These circumstances of our political and social condi. The votary of literature in our country has indeed tion may therefore be expected to continue their benig. much to stimulate his efforts. There are some who now nant influence on the advancement of letters and sci- hear me, who may live to see the population of these ence in the United States; and it only remains for us states amount to some 50 or 60 millions; and in 25 years now to notice the modes by which we may best encour afterwards, they will reach 100 millions without having age and assist that influence.
as dense a population as there is at this time in MassaWe should, in the first place, do all in our power to chusetts. With so numerous a people, all speaking the advance the cause of education, both in its elementary, same language, and agreeing in the great fundamental and more difficult branches of knowledge. The seed principles of religion, morals and government; but that is sown in the humblest country school, if it chance having endless diversities of manners, habits, usages to fall on a fruitful soil, may shoot up into luxuriance and institutions, what a field is presented for the sucand become the lordly oak, the pride of the forest. But cessful cultivator of English literature! The writer of in general, the distinguished man of civilized society is the next generation, who is so fortunate as to win the so much the creature of artificial culture, he is like the public favor, will, besides hearing his name re-echoed same oak in a city. It has been planted there, and its from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from Hudson's Bay to size and growth have been in proportion to the care the Mexican Gulf, have a greater number of readers with which it has been nurtured, until it could support than are now living on the habitable globe. His gains, itself by its own inherent vigor. We ought then to if gain should be his object, will be as much greater be unsparing in our efforts to provide adequate schools, than Byron's or Scott's, as theirs were greater than academies, and colleges: to endow them liberally; those of their predecessors. And though minds best and to improve their internal economy, regulations, qualified to delight the world by the productions of and discipline, to the utmost. The nation seems now their genius, may find their highest reward in the glory fully sensible of the importance of juvenile instruction. they acquire, yet even they will see, in the extensive The number of schools and colleges has been greatly sale and circulation of their works, the surest indications multiplied within a few years, but I fear that their of that glory. character has not advanced in the same proportion as In consequence of the great multiplication of books, their number.
all over Europe, within the last forty or fifty years, and Associations such as that it is now my pleasure to their continued further increase, it has been appreaddress, should be multiplied and be supported with hended by some that literature must eventually suffer untiring zeal. All such institutions concur to introduce a decline. They say that if books thus go on increasa literary spirit, to give it a wider diffusion and a more ing, it will be impossible for any one reader, however vigorous growth. This spirit is the more to be cher. diligent, to read them all; and that the conviction of ished, as affording the best counteraction to the love of this fact will proportionally discourage men from wrigain, if it is likely to prove stronger in a democracy, as ting, or from qualifying themselves to write ; and that has been supposed, than in those governments in which literature may thus, like the Roman vestal, be buried there are privileged orders of men.
under the wealth she had too eagerly coveted. We should also encourage public libraries and library But the very hypothesis, in assuming that further companies, which will at once favor a taste for reading productions of intellect will be checked by the redunand afford the means of gratifying it. Nor ought we to dancy of previous productions, supposes that conseneglect female education, since it devolves on the quence of the evil which will effectually bring its mother to give the first direction to the child's remedy, which is a diminution of the supply until it is thoughts and acts. I have come to the conclusion, level with the demand. Such a redundancy, when it is from no very slight or hasty course of observation, felt, may indeed have the effect of discouraging trivial, that more distinguished men owe the impelus which | or second rate productions. It may also call into exist
ence new and strange creations of a misapplied inge-, cords, will, when it has completed its circle round the nuity, by way of provocative to man's incessant craving earth, by traversing the American continent, be found for novelty, but it can do no more. The means of com to have still increased in splendor, in its course; and municating instruction, or interest, or delight, to the as it shone more brightly in Greece and Rome, than it minds of others, are as exhaustless as is the desire to had done in Asia ; and in England and France, than in receive them, and by far the larger part of these means Rome or Greece-so, if the auguries do not prove every generation has to provide for itself. It is true deceitful, its progressive brightness will continue with that so far as concerns human passions and feelings, or us, and when it shall be setting to Europe, it will here in the beauties of scenery, or poetical imagery, there are its meridian, * beam with an effulgence that the world natural limits, and the best part of the stock may be has never yet witnessed. preoccupied, or nearly so ; but even these may be served up again in a form, which when modified by the ruling * Some of our readers may not know, that when it is sunset taste of the day, may not only seem to have the recom
at London or Paris, it is poon on the Mississippi.-Editor. mendation of novelty, but give more lively pleasure than pictures of the same natural features, painted according to the taste of other times. It is with language as with dress, though the materials are the same as they were centuries ago, silk, cotton and wool, feathers and flowers, gold, diamonds and pearl, yet the diversi
THE FORESTER'S SERENADE. fied modes in which they can be combined, are infinite; and though the belles of the present day may now and Awake! gentle dreamer, and hide thee with me, then seem to tread in the steps of their grandmothers,
Where the free and the fearless dwell ; it will generally be found, on a closer inspection, that there is some important 'modification of the ancient A sylvan home is waiting for thee, prototype; and that, at allevents it has, to the eyes for Deep, deep in the shade of the dark waving tree, which it was intended, the charm of novelty, so as to That hangs o'er the Forester's dell. make each succeeding generation manifest the same lively sensibility to ornament, and the same exquisite There linger the hours of beautiful bloom, taste in gratifying it, as when Belinda was thus exhibited at her loilet more than 120 years since :
And when the gay Summer is past,
'Neath the angry clouds of Winter's gloom, “And now, unveiled, ihe toilet stands display'd, Each silver vase in mystic order laid,
Still smile we, my love, though our leafless home First rob'd in white, the nymph intent adores,
May shake with the terrible blast.
And softly, and sweetly, at Eve's silent hours,
When earth seems fading away,
A holy calm, from heaven's fair bowers,
Shall brightly shadow that sleep of our's,
With visions too pure for day.
Oh come !--'tis the moment when all things are still,
Save the leaves on the trembling trees, Puffs, powder, patches, bibles, billet-doux.
Or the plaintive wail of the lone whip-poor-will, Now awful beauty puts on all its arms,” &c.
Or the moan of stream, as it winds round the hill, As to science, that is, and must ever be, continually
Or the voice of the murmuring breeze. progressive, and every new discovery seems but the prolific parent of many more. It forms a new stem from Why linger, my love?—the glorious stars which spring numerous ramifications, each of which
Are glistening brightly for theebranches out again, and thus leads to new facts and new laws of matter. The fear then is utterly groundless, Tho' the moon rides high, and the night slowly wears, that there can be any necessary check to intellectual Yet tarry we not till morning appearsactivity, either in the class of writers or readers. And In shadow and silence we flee, as to the supposed influence of the multiplicity of books, or the character of subsequent works in encouraging Thro' yonder wild mazes together we'll stray, quaintness, affectation, or licentious novelty, we must trust to the natural growth of good taste for the pre
Where the wolf and fierce panther roam, vention or correction of this evil. To resume my former Ere the skies grow light with opening day, illustration, the same danger might seem to exist as O'er mountain and valley away-let's awayto dress; and yet it has been steadily advancing for the Far, far, to the Forester's home. last fifty years towards simplicity, and losing much of the very forced and artificial character it formerly assumed.
I had intended, Mr. President, to have said something in behalf of cultivating CLASSICAL LEARNING, as the best means of forming a good taste, and as affording the most improving exercise to the mental faculties; and
LEXICOGRAPHIC ACUMEN. also to have dwelt on the advantages of simplicity in writing and speaking; but the unexpected length to In Johnson's Dictionary is this article: “Curmudgeon, which this discourse has been already extended, forbids a vicious way of pronouncing caur mechant-An unme from further tasking your patience. On the whole then, the prospects before us, gentle son acknowledges his obligation to an anonymous writer
known correspondent.” By the last three words Johnmen, are no less brilliant and grand in our literature, than in national power and opulence, if we are only in the Gentleman's Magazine-but Ash copied the word true to ourselves ; and the sun of civilization, which has into his Dictionary thus: "Curmudgeon—from the been travelling to the west, as far back as history re- French cæur, unknown, and mechant, correspondent."
ment arising out of the detention of the other boat, JOURNAL
Providence was filled with hordes of applicants, who,
unfortunately, had taken up all the state-rooms, berths, OF A TRIP TO THE MOUNTAINS, CAVES AND SPRINGS
settees, cots and pegs, on which a poor wight could sleep,
lie or hang. This was a damper. Ma'am Judy was By a New Englander, *
weathered by your unlucky friend in a recumbent pos
ture, upon “the soft side of a pine board,” and his To Charles E. SHERMAN, Esq., of Mobile, Ala. rheumatic bones had to suffer racking in an out of the These fragments of a Diary, kept during a tour made in his way hole, away forward, which they call the saloon
society, are respectfully and affectionately inscribed, by his cabin. friend and fellow.traveller,
From Boston to Canton, we came along in a fine easy car, in which we could sit or stand as we pleased,
and the seats in which were made as is usual in coaches, -Virginia ? Yet I own
width-wise and very comfortable. At Canton we took I love thee still, although no son of thine!
to our feet, to go down and up a deep valley, over For I have climbed thy mountains, not alone,
which a most splendid viaduct of massy granite is in And made the wonders of thy vallies mine; Finding, from morning's dawn till day's decline,
the progress of erection, an ingenious and stupendous Some marvel yet unmarked, --some peak, whose throne
work indeed. We then got into a long jolting omnibusWas loftier,-girt with mist, and crowned with pine : looking car, in which we rode side-wise, and although
Some deep and rugged glen, with copse o'ergrown,The birth of some sweet valley, or the line
we went over the road rapidly, the noise of this crab. Traced by some silver stream that murmurs lone:
like mode of progression materially marred the pleasure Or the dark cave, where hidden crystals shine,
of the thing. However we finished our journey at last, Or the wild arch, across the blue sky thrown.
so far as rails (and I suppose you hope as far as railing
also,) are concerned, *—and here am I, at table, between Wilde.
the jingling of champagne glasses on one side, and the ratlling of dice on the other, as a whist party and a
pair of backgammon players are amusing themselves CHAPTER I.
at their respective games. What a love of excitement Locomotive from Boston to Providence-Railroads and rail
: boat! People in such a predicament seem to think they
is suddenly contracted upon coming on board a steamings-Sleepers in Steamboats-New York, New Jersey, and Philadelphia.-Judge Marshall --- Baltimore---Page's--Rip
shall die of ennui, if a source of amusement is not imRaps--Hampton Roads—James River--Steamboat Racing - mediately opened to them, so soon as they place their Arrival at Richmond.
feet on board. Steamboat President, July 8, 1835. I have been taking a stroll round the boat, to see Your correspondent is a quiet man and hates a fuss, how the land lies, what way we are making, what the or he would hardly have composure enough to sit down weather is, and who, if any body, had stolen my birth. so quietly and collectedly, as he is now doing, to write We are half way to New York, are going at the rate you an account of himself, considering the traveller's of thirteen miles an hour, the night is cloudy but mild, disappointment to which he has been doomed. He and the steward and I turned a big bully of a fellow thought, and experience had taught him that he was
out of my narrow accommodations in “ the saloon right in the conjecture, that to take a trip to New York cabin.” I am sure they were not worth stealing. My in the good " President, Bunker," was the very reali- Hector showed fight, and now stands glowering at me zation of all that is comfortable in the way of tra- like a chained mastiff. Cannot help it, my dear felvelling; so starting from the city of notions by the low,-take my rheumatics and you may have my berth “Whistler" locomotive, and shooting over the forty and welcome-and I'll sit up all night and scribble. intervening miles between that and its sister city, at He shogs off upon this fair proposal; it must have the rate of fire and twenty miles an hour, he marched been convincing of his reason, and assuaging of his up to the gentlemanly clerk of the said steamer, to
wrath, secure a good berth in which to stretch his invalid limbs How queerly folk appear while asleep! I should not while going round that most lovely of capes, Point like to occupy one of those settees or cots as they call Judith. But by some misunderstanding, a disappoint- them, all conglomerated as they are into a dense mass;
it is so disagreeable to have a half dozen waking stran*This Joamal is made up from a series of letters, written in gers making game of your dreaming disclosures, as you 1835, for some of the northern papers, which at the time attrac- lie there on your back, talking about your most private ted some attention, pot only at the north, but in other parts of the country. There had at that time been liule said, and less affairs, with as much sang froid as if you were but exwritten, in relation to the now more generally known watering changing the time of day with your hearers. And places, which these letters describe ; and to that cause, rather then how singularly people differ in their ideas of comthan to any merit discernible in their composition, was to be fort on these occasions! One twists a yellow bandanna auributed the interest at first so generally taken in them. It is round his head for a night cap, while another puts on at the suggestion of a friend who was induced to try the virtues of the Virginia waters, by the descriptions of their qualities the real thing, in the shape of a red silk bag, a white set forth in these ephemeral letters, and who experienced a per- knit skull-cover, or a black velvet toupee. One fellow feat cure of his complaints by doing so, that they are now em sleeps in his clothes like "my man John,” in the nurBrelied in this form. If they shall induce a single additional cure of any of thosc numerous " ills that flesh is heir to," the sery song, who “ went to bed with his trowsers on.” writer will not regret the toil of editing them anew.
* This road is now finished, and in all its appartments is one Washington, July 4th, 1937.
of the very best in the United States.