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none but those that are
Thus then, if we are faithful to our conscien-
I shall mention. And with
part of this subject. VITEITSMIDES YOU benimsxs 1991 on 1160 bod tedi di Dj HIT 139 JeoM ilin 91 925, 160 sods jud yuus ai vmsosiqurtos
Ostegi songs on Showing the great excellency and advantage of this kind of science. 10
10 Oj ??, 298 3. Having in the former part of the subject laid open some of the main branches of self knowledge, or pointed out the principal things which a man ought to be acquainted with, red. lating to himself, I am now, reader, to lay before
you the excellency and usefulness of this kind of knowledge, as an inducement to labour after it, by a detail of the several great advanta! ges attending it, which shall be recounted in the following chapters, to winy po y no qbil tv: 31. Virgitty , with fricile ai
un brilais solis ils fontot mid tric Ron 4 tots into pietra 291
City CHAP. I. bitty 29.3. it buto & to Self knowledge the sfiring of self possession, that
Heiany luonnon I. ONE great advantage of self knowledge is, that it gives a man the truest and most con, is stant self possession. care een
A man that is endowed with this excellent knowledge is calm and easy.199 ef?2018 yeni ali
1. Under affronts and defamation. For he thinks thus :: I am sure I know myself better than any man can pretend to know me. This calumniator hath, indeed, at this time missed his mark, and shot his arrows at random; and it is my comfort, that my conscience acquits me of his angry imputation. However, there are worse crimes which he might more justly accuse me of; which, though hid from him, are known to myself. Let me set about reforming them ; lest, if they come to his notice, he should attack me in a more defenceless part, find something to fasten bis obloquy, and fix a lasting reproach upon my character. Jadi
There is a great deal of truth and good sense in that, common saying and doctrine of the Stoicks, though they might carry it too far, that
it is not things but thoughts that disturb and hurt us. Now as self acquaintance teaches a man the right government of the thoughts, (as is shown above, Part I. chap. XIV.) it will help him to expel all anxious, tormenting, and fruitless thoughts, and retain the most quieting and useful ones ; and so keep all easy within. Let a man but try the experiment, and he will find that a little resolution will make the greatest part of the difficulty vanish.
2. Self knowledge will be a good ballast to the mind under any accidental hurry or disor: der of the passions. It curbs their impetuosity; puts the reins into the hands of reason, quells the rising storm, ere it makes shipwreck of the
and fury. And
conscience and teaches a man to leave off contention before it be meddled itith,* it being much safer to keep the lion chained than to thus will a wise man, for his own peace, deal with the passions of others, as well as his own. "Self knowledge, as it acquaints a man with hïs weaknesses and worst qualities, will be his guard against them ; and a happy counterbalance to the faults and excesses of his natural temper.
3. It will keep the mind sedate and calm under the surprise of bad news, or afflicting providences. For am I not a creature of God? And
my life and comforts, are they not wholly at his disposal, from whom I have received them ; and by whose favour have I so long enjoyed them; and by whose mercy and goodness I have still so many left ?rly biogor 119
A heathen cán teach me, under such losses of friends, or estate, or any comfort, (to direct my eyes to the hand of God, by whom it was lent me, and is now recalled;y that I ought not to say, it is lost but restored. And though I be injuriously deprived of it: still the hand of God is to be acknowledged; for what is it to me, by what means, he that gave me that blessa ing", takes it from me again? t naiseny,
He that rightly knows hintself, will live every day dependent on the divine Author of his mer
* Prov. xviii 14. pa b:
cies, for the continuance and enjoyment of them. And will learn from a higher authority than that of a heathen moralist, that he hath nothing he can properly call his own, or ought to depend upon as such. That he is but a steward employed to dispense the good things he possesses, according to the direction of his Lord, at whose pleasure he holds them; and to whom he should be ready at any time cheerfully to resign them.-Luke xvi. 1.
4. Self knowledge will help a man to preserve an equanimity and self possession 'under all the various scenes of adversity and prosperity.
Both have their temptations : To sone the temptations of prosperity are the greatest ; to others, those of adversity. r Self knowledge shows a man which of these are the greatest to him : And, at the apprehension of them, teaches him to arm himself accordingly, that nothing may deprive him of his constancy and self possession, or lead him to act unbecoming the man or the christian. ) itu i on
We commonly say, no one knows what he can bear; till he is tried. And many persons verify the observation, by bearing evils much better than they feared. ' Nay, the apprehen. sion of an approaching evil often gives a man a greater pain than the evil itself. This is owing to inexperience and self ignorance.
A man that knows himself, his own strength and weakness, is not so subject as others to