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Perhaps the greatest step taken by the last legislature was the amendment to the organic law of the School for Feeble-minded Youth, providing for the custodial care of feeble-minded women of child-bearing age. A few such women have been received without additional provision; but the contract for the custodial building, to accommodate 100, has been let and its erection begun.
The new cell-house at the Indiana Reformatory, containing 600 masonry cells, has been completed and occupied. In the size and equipment of the cells and the general arrangements for heating, lighting, and ventilating, the most approved ideas and methods have been employed. The other cell-houses have been remodelled, and a number of additional improvements also made.
There have been many changes on the boards of the different state charitable and correctional institutions. In three of the institutions there has also been a change of superintendents. Professor T. J. Charlton, after twenty-one years' valuable service as superintendent of the Reform School for Boys, resigned, and was succeeded by Mr. E. E. York, who for a number of years was clerk of that institution. Miss Sarah F. Keely, for fifteen years the faithful superintendent of the Industrial School for Girls and Woman's Prison, felt compelled to resign; and she was succeeded by Miss Emily Rhoades. Mr. George A. H. Shideler, who did good work as warden of the state prison, resigned November 1, and was succeeded by Mr. James D. Reid.
The number of persons present in the thirteen state institutions on Oct. 31, 1901, was 8,590, 6,120 in the benevolent and 2,470 in the correctional institutions. This is an increase of 163 in the hospitals for insane, 50 at the Soldiers' Home, 2 at the Institution for Deaf, 2 at the Institution for Blind, 83 at the School for Feebleminded Youth, and a decrease of u at the Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home. The population of the state prison increased 42, and the Reformatory 18. The Industrial School for Girls and Woman's Prison decreased 46, and the Reform School for Boys 29, in the number present as compared with the population the preceding year. The per capita cost of gross maintenance of each institution during the past year was as follows: Central Hospital for Insane, $168.46; Northern Hospital for Insane, $163.28; Eastern Hospital for Insane, $179.26; Southern Hospital for Insane, $170.02 ; Soldiers' Home, $165.51; Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home, $168.47 ; Institution for Deaf, $215.13; Institution for Blind, $247.86; School for Feeble-minded Youth, $135.78; state prison, $126.86; Indiana Reformatory, $136.59; Industrial School for Girls and Woman's Prison, $177.21; Reform School for Boys, $113.48.
Boards of county charities and correction have been appointed in fifty.one of the ninety-two counties in the state, and much good work has been done by them. The reports from the 1,016 township overseers of the poor show that during the past year 52,801 persons were given outdoor relief, amounting in value to $236,723.98. This is an increase of 6,432 in the number of persons aided, and of $26,767.76 in the amount of relief given, over the figures of the preceding year. The increase is doubtless due to the fact that the present trustees are new officials, who came to their work inexperienced in their duties and unacquainted with the requirements of the law. However, the good effects of the law of 1899, restricting outdoor poor relief, are still apparent. The amount of poor relief given this year is $138,482.94 less than was given in 1898, and $393,444.81 less than was given under the old law in 1895
The work among dependent children during the past year has in general been quite good. The agents of the Board of State Charities placed 223 children in family homes. Many of the orphans' homes have shown greater efficiency than heretofore in finding good homes for their wards. Boards of children's guardians have been appointed in three counties. There are now seven such boards in the state.
The juvenile court idea is beginning to be felt in Indiana. Although there is no law for its operation, the judge of the police court in Indianapolis has arranged for a particular time for the trial of all children's causes. The court is informal, and is held in a room apart from the court-room. No persons except those interested are permitted to be present. The co-operation of the different organizations for better social conditions is being had to some degree in this work.
Four of the colleges in this state have regularly organized departments in sociology, in which much attention is given to the subject of charities and correction. Several of the others give instruction or provide lectures. Two of the largest colleges have arranged courses of lectures by a representative of the Board of State Charities; and other institutions have extended invitations for occasional lectures, dealing specifically with the work in this state.
Criminals. Oct. 31, 1901, state prison, 864; Indiana
The Vicious.- Oct. 31, 1901, county jails, 623 men, 63 women. Total, 686. Marion County Workhouse, 126.
Insubordinates.- Oct. 31, 1901, Reform School for Boys, 521; Industrial School for Girls, 144.
The Poor in Poorhouses. — Aug. 31, 1901, 3,091; State
Dependent Children.— Oct. 31, 1901, Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Homes, 63 ; county orphans' home, 1,690; county poor asylums, 64.
The Sick and Injured. There are twenty-six hospitals in the state. We have no statistics regarding the number of patients. ·
C. DEFECTIVES. Class 1.
The Blind.- Institution for the Blind, Oct. 31, 1901, 136; in county poor asylums, Aug. 31, 1901, 168. Class 2.
Deaf-mutes.-- Institution for Deaf, Oct. 31, 1901, 318; county poor asylums, Aug. 31, 1901, 72. Class
Feeble-minded Children. School for Feeble-minded Youth, Oct. 31, 1901, 845.
Insane.- Total enrolled population of the four insane hospitals, Oct. 31, 1901, 3,961; in county poor asylums, Aug. 31, 1901, 464; number in homes, estimated, 100; jails, 31.
A. GRANT EVANS, MUSKOGEE, STATE CORRESPONDING SECRETARY.
The Indian Territory, as a whole, has no organized government. The five civilized tribes of Indians have had governments of their own, with jurisdiction confined to Indian citizens. These Indian governments have had their own system of schools, which in one or two instances have included the oversight of asylums for orphans,
the insane, and otherwise helpless. For the white population in the Indian Territory, which is about four times as numerous as the Indians, there has not been, and there still is not, any organized government whatever. Within the last four years it has been made possible for towns to incorporate and have a municipal government, supported by taxation on personal property. The rural districts have nothing of this kind, so that there is absolutely no legal way of securing even public schools. Since federal courts were established in the Indian Territory, of course we have had federal jails; and these are in a condition that certainly need examination and such a report as would bring attention to them and secure their enlargement and improvement. We have nothing whatever in the way of reform schools. I am quite sure that, if the calling of public attention to deficiencies in these matters is helpful, attention should be called to conditions in the Indian Territory.
HON. L. G. KINNE, DES MOINES, STATE CORRESPONDING SECRETARY,
The legislature is now in session, and bills are pending to prevent the employment of children at labor or service unless over fourteen years of age; establishing a reformatory for men, also a reformatory for women; a compulsory education act; amending law so as to admit females to the Institution for Feeble-minded Children between the ages of five and forty-five years; placing foundlings' homes under supervision of the Board of Control; protecting deserving wives and minor children against non-support of husbands; establishing another school for the deaf; making all inmates of Iowa Soldiers' Orphans' Home wards of the state; prohibiting the manufacture in the penitentiaries of any goods made or sold in this state.
The bills providing a reformatory for men failed.
There are 907 criminals in the two state penitentiaries, 65 less than one year ago.
In the Industrial Schools there are 658,- an increase of 89 over the preceding year.
There are 1,792 inmates in the poorhouses, including 46 children.
The blind, deaf, and feeble-minded are supported by the state. The number now cared for is : blind, 113; deaf, 26; and feebleminded, 906. Of the latter class there are, in addition, 343 in poorhouses. In the state hospitals for the insane there are 2,974; and in county asylums, 969.
The Board of Control publishes a Quarterly Bulletin containing statistics relating to the institutions and articles and discussions relating to institution work. Charity work is being pushed more than heretofore.
F. W. BLACK MAR, LAWRENCE, STATE CORRESPONDING SECRETARY.
There have been few changes of any particular interest in Kansas since my last report. The legislature not having met, there are no new laws enacted. The Parole Law enacted at the last meeting of the legislature is working very well. Out of the 98 persons paroled, only three have violated their parole, so far. The new law for dependent children seems to be fairly successful. As before reported, the Charity Bill was rather crude in some of its details and in need of several amendments.
The Society for the Friendless, with Rev. Edward A. Fredenhagen as superintendent, is a new association doing excellent work, especially among discharged and paroled prisoners. The Federation of Women's Clubs of Kansas appointed a Committee on Charities, which has done some successful visiting of charitable institutions.
There are about goo criminals in the state penitentiary, 200 of whom are from Oklahoma, and about 200 in the Reformatory.
The Industrial School for Boys at Topeka has about 178 inmates; the similar institution for girls at Beloit, about 122.
The School for the Blind has 105 pupils. There are of this class in the state of school age, but not in the school, about 200.
There are 2,100 insane in the State Hospitals, and 300 under the immediate care of the counties. About 200 are outside of institutions. Total, 2,600.
MISS EMMA A. GALLAGHER, LOUISVILLE, STATE CORRESPONDING
The legislature of 1902 enacted in the field of charities and correction the following bills : (1) providing for appropriation for im