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provements at the Schools of Reform at Lexington, that the state shall pay $100 per year for the maintenance of each inmate and an additional $10,000 for general expenses; (2) requiring that in order to be admitted to these reform schools a conviction must be had for felony or misdemeanor ; (3) creating a fireman's pension fund for the Louisville fire department for the benefit of disabled and crippled members and of their widows and dependent children; (4) allowing the state auditor to sue for the cost of maintenance of inmates of the insane asylums who at the time of or after their confinement become possessors of an estate; (5) enabling Louisville to include kindergartens in public school system; (6) to provide an inspector of labor, at a salary of $1,200 per year, and two assistants, at salaries of $1,000 each, to be under the supervision of the commissioners of agriculture, labor, and satistics ; fixing fines of from $25 to $250 for any one employing children under fourteen years of age in any factory, mine, or workshop; (7) to regulate the importation of dependent children into Kentucky

Bills attempted : (1) To create a State Board of Charities carrying with it supreme authority, etc., for the benefit of the three commissioners. This was killed by the weights of extravagance and politics attached to it. (2) Providing for a central controlling. board for the insane asylums in place of the local boards of commissioners. (3) To establish an epileptic colony at the Central Asylum. It was most unfortunate that this bill did not pass.

No new charity organizations were established in any cities of the state this past year. Of women's work the most noteworthy movements have been the equipment and opening of the Henrie Barrett Montfort Home, a memorial worthy of bearing the name of the noble woman in whose memory the home was dedicated. Its purpose is to shelter young women who need a home where they can obtain reasonable board and at the same time be surrounded by a refined atmosphere. The Women's Christian Association has also opened in a crowded thoroughfare of the business part of the city of Louisville a lunch and rest room for girls and women employed in adjacent offices and stores, where they will be served the best of fare at the lowest possible price. Another feature of the work is an industrial school open each Saturday afternoon in these rooms.

A generous-hearted woman of the city has presented a home for a

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Neighborhood House, which will enable the settlement workers to enlarge the scope and efficiency of their work.

The Kentucky Consumers' League, organized during the year, is striving to create a demand for goods made under right conditions, where cleanliness prevails and a just wage is paid.

It was very largely due to the hard work and influence of the women composing the board of managers of the Louisville Free Kindergarten Association that the bill was passed providing for the incorporation of kindergartens in the public school system of Kentucky.

In the two prisons of the state there were in confinement Nov. 30, 1901, 1,765 prisoners; in workhouses, etc., approximately about 3,000 for the year; in Schools of Reform and Industrial School, 760.

The Kentucky Institute for the Education of the Blind, located at Louisville, had under its charge for the year ending Oct. 1, 1901, in the white department, 114 children; in the colored department, 29: total, 143. It is an unfortunate fact that about 70 per cent. of the blind children of Kentucky are not availing themselves of the state's free offer to educate them. The American Printing House for the Blind, located in this city, has this year distributed 174 volumes and furnished various articles of apparatus for the instruction of the blind to blind persons throughout the state. The biennial report of the Kentucky Institute for the Education of Deaf-mutes shows remaining Nov. 1, 1901, 322 white pupils and 34 colored.

The three asylums for the insane of the state show a combined population remaining Oct. 1, 1901, of 2,450 white and 458 colored.




The following bills were presented before the legislature :

1. To establish a board of state charities and correction ; 2. An act grading offences (with the view of placing more minor offences within the jurisdiction of the city criminal courts, thereby expediting justice); 3. An act enforcing labor with every sentence to imprisonment. 4. An act creating juvenile courts. 5. An act to punish husbands deserting their wives (passed).

Organized charity, free kindergartens, night schools for working men and children, a small social settlement,- all point toward better conditions for the prevention of pauperism and crime.

Public sentiment is daily growing stronger in favor of more practical education for our poor children in the public schools, and we hope that in the near future manual training for boys and for girls will be part of the curriculum of our schools.

Our new jail for misdemeanants is progressing. Our Boys' Reformatory promises to become a more useful place for little vagrants and truants. The new system inaugurated last year in our penitentiary is a great step taken by the state to better the conditions of the prisoners, who are kept at work on two immense plantations, producing thousands of bales of cotton and thousands of barrels of sugar, as well as vegetables for the men and feed for the horses and cattle. We think, with the present administration, there is some hope of having soon a reformatory for men as well as for boys.

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Class 2.

Destitute children in sectarian orphan asylums .


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Maine has no session of the legislature this year. There has been no new charitable organization or institution established during the year; but several existing charities and institutions have been strengthened and enlarged, among them the Temporary Home for Women and Children, situated at Portland, Me. A new wing has been added to the institution. This has been built as a memorial to Mrs. Philip H. Brown, who passed away during the year. She was one of the founders and trustees of the home.

The Invalids' Home, Portland, Me., where patients are received for small remuneration from any part of the state, is soon to be enlarged. It is a very beneficent institution, and the plans for its enlargement are well under way.

Constant improvements are being made at the Reform School for Boys. The board of trustees have unanimously recommended that the cottage system entire shall be adopted. Heretofore they have had several cottages, but have retained the large central building, under whose roof are more boys than the perfect cottage plan would admit.

The criminals are cared for in state prison and county jails, the vicious and insubordinates in jails and houses of correction.

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The poor in poorhouses are better cared for than formerly. Many of the poor are placed in boarding-houses. Many are assisted, so that they can remain in their own homes. There is a fast-growing tendency to care for destitute children outside of the poorhouses, in the various homes for children in the state. There are wards in some of the hospitals where sick poor children are received free of charge. The sick and injured are cared for in general and in city hospitals, city dispensaries, etc.

The blind are cared for in and out of state institutions. There is in Portland an excellent state institution for deaf-mutes. There are in Maine two hospitals for the insane, one in central and the other in eastern Maine. It is claimed that the best work and advanced methods of caring for the insane prevail in these hospitals.




The Maryland legislature for 1902 passed' an unusual number of bills of importance from the standpoint of the sociologist. This legislation was largely due to unity of effort among such organizations as the State Board of Health, Medical Societies, the Federation of Labor, the Bureau of Industrial Statistics, a number of women's clubs (notably the Arundell Good Government Club), the Supervisors of City Charities, and leading private charitable associations of Baltimore City, particularly the Charity Organization Society.

The School Attendance Law (applying only to Baltimore City and Allegany County) becomes operative September 1, and provides that all children between eight and twelve, physically and mentally fitted, must attend the public schools unless receiving elsewhere adequate instruction. Children from twelve to sixteen, physically and mentally fitted, must also attend school unless legally employed at home or elsewhere. Such employment is forbidden, if they cannot read and write simple sentences in English, unless they attend an evening or some other school. Attendance officers (not over twelve in number) for Baltimore City, appointed by the School Board, shall try to secure attendance, arrest serious offenders, and visit mills and factories employing children. Penalties are provided for persons preventing children attending school and for persons who employ children illegally.

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