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tember*, did not prerent his laying studies in which he was engaged. This hold of a few faćts, which reached him was the effect of a retentive memory through the channel of the public pa- that loses nothing with which it has pers, to calculate the motions of the ever been entrusted I. aeroftatical globes, and to accomplish Nothing equals the ease and good it he even compassed a very difficult humour with which he could quit his integratimt.
abstruse meditations, and give himself But the decree was issued. On the up to the general amusements of sogth of September he talked with Mr. ciety. The art of not appearing wise Lexell, who was dining with him, on above one's fellows, of descending to the subject of the new planet, and dif- the level of those with whom one lives, coursed with him upon other subjects, is too rare in these days, not to make with his usual penetration. But while it meritorious in Euler. A temper he was playing with one of his grand- ever equal, a natural and caly chear. children at tea-time, he was feised with fulness, a species of satirical wit, teman apoplectic fit. I am dying, said pered with urbane humanity, the art he before he loft his fenfes, and of telling a story archly, and with simhe ended his useful and glorious life a plicity, made his conversation genefew hours after, aged seventy-six years, rally coveted. five months, and three days.
The great fund of vicacity which His latter days were tranquil and se. he had at all times possessed, and withrene.
A few infirmities excepted, out which, indeed, the activity which which are the inevitable lot of an ad- we have just been admiring could not vanced age, he enjoyed a share of have existed, carried him sometimes health, which allowed him to give to away, and he was apt to grow warm; ftudy what other old men are obliged but his anger left him as quickly as it to give to repose.
came on, and there never has existed a Euler poflefled to a great degree man against whom he bore malice. He what is commonly called erudition; he possessed a noble fund of rectitude and had read all the Latin classics; was probity. The sworn enemy of injustice, perfect master of ancient mathematical whenever or by whomsoever commitliterature, and had the history of all ted, he used to censure and attack it, ages, and all nations, even to the mi- without the least attention to the rank nutest facts, ever present to his mind. or riches of the offender. Besides this, he knew much more of As he was filled with respect for rephysic, botany, and chemistry, than ligion, his piety was fincere, and his could have been expected from a man devotion full of fervour. He went who had not made these sciences his through all his Christian duties with peculiar occupation. Strangers fre- the greatelt attention. Euler loved all quently left him with a kind of fur- mankind, and if he ever felt a motion prise mixed with admiration. They of indignation, it was against the enecould not conceive how a man, who, mies of religion, particularly againft for half a century, had seemed taken the declared apostles of infidelity. He up in making and publishing discove- defended revelation against the objecries in natural philosophy and mathe- tions of these men, in a work published matics, could have found means to ac- at Berlin, in 1747. He was a good quire fo much knowledge, that seemed husband, a good father, a good friend, useless to himself, and foreign to the a good citizen, a good member of pri
vate * Sie an account of Euler's death in our Magazine, Vol. I. p. 446. + This reminds us of the illustrious Boerhaaye, who kept feeling his pulle the morning of his death, to see whether it would beat till a book he was eager to see was published, read the book, and faid, Now the business of lite is over.- Such men fcem not to die, but to be translated to the place where they resume their occupations.
One proof of the strength of his memory and imagination deserves to be related. Being engaged in teaching his grandchildren geometry and algebra, and obliged, in consequence, to initiate then in the extraction of roots; he was obliged to give them numbers, which ihould be the powers of other rumbers; these he used to make in his head; and one night, not being able to deep, he cal. cultied the fix tirst powers of all the numbers above twenty, and repeated them several days after.
vate society!--Euler was twice mar- cies of filial care and kind folicitude. ried, and had thirteen children, four - The catalogue of his works would of whom only have survived him. The astonish the reader. They make fifty eldest son is well known as his father's pages at the end of his Eloge, by Fuss. affittant and successor; the second is Of these, fourteen contain the manuphysician to the Empress; and the third script works. The printed ones conis a lieutenant-colonel of artillery, and fist of works printed separately, which director of the armory at Sefterbeck - are to be found in the Peterburgh acts, the daughter married Major Bell. From in thirty-eight volumes (from fix to these children he had thirty-eight ten papers in each volume) —in the grand-children, twenty-fix of whom Paris acis-in twenty-six volumes of are still alive. Never could there be the Berlin afts (about five papers to each a more delightful fight than that exhi- 'volume). - in the Aeta Eriditorum, in bited by this venerable old man, sur- two volumes in the Misiellanea Taurounded, like a patriarch, by his nu- rinenfia-in vol. 9 of the Society of merous offspring, all attentive to make Ullingue-- in the Ephemerides de Berhis old age agreeable, and enliven the lin, and in the Memoires de la Societé remainder of his days, by every fpe- Oeconomique for 1766.
ANECDOTES OF DR. RICHARD BENTLEY.
of St. John's-College, be- cases, Sir Robert turned to the bishop, came master of Trinity the adjoining and said, “Would your lordship with college, he applied to himself a passage to have so great an extent of your in the Psalms, “ by the help of my
visatorial power confirmed?"_" I God I have scap'd over the wall.” confess, my lord, I fould be unwil
The Doctor was suspended for con- ling to trust myself with so unlined tempt, by the vice-chancellor, on the a power in my hands in the like case.” 3d of October, 1718; the vice-chan- It was not Mr. John Walker who cellor held three courts after the ful- was satirized in the Dunciad by Mr. pension, to give him an opportunity Pope, it was Dr. Richard Walker, of appearing. These were on the 7th, who was vice-master of Trinity Colgth, and 15th of the same month. lege, and who was called Dr. Bentley's On the 17th the grace of degradation zany. He was well known by the paffed. The mandamus for restoring name of Frog Walker, and was not Dr. Bentley was granted on the 7th of distinguished for his learning. By his February 1723-4, and not in 1728. laft will, he was the founder of the The following is a copy of the grace physic garden at Cambridge. The for the restitution of him to his degrees: reason why Dr. Bentley always took Placeat vobis, ut juxın Tenorem Mandati care to be on good terms with the modo lecti R. B. reftituatur ad omnes ☺ vice-master is said to have been, that singulos Gradus Academicos à quibus de- the latter would never execute the ječius fuit & exclufus, una cum omnibus process of the Bisnop of Ely, as visitor, franchisis, privilegiis, & commaditatibus, against Dr. Bentley: with regard to easdem Spectantibus concernentibus. Mr. John Walker, who used to be Leat. & concep. 26 Mart. 1724. called Clarissimus Walker, a name which
It is related, that Dr. Green, Bishop was said to have been given him by Dr. of Ely, being present in the court of Bentley, he became afterwards chaplain King's-Bench when the extent of his to the Archbishop of Canterbury, and visatorial power over the Master of dean of Bocking, in Effex. 'I hougla Trinity-College was argued before Sir Dr. Richard Walker was not remarkable Robert Raymond, and the counsel on for his literature, he was an amiable the
part of the visitor having contended man, and much esteemed in the College. LOND. Mag. June, 1784.
He was fifty, and Dr. Bentley seventy litary friends, two or three of whom, years of age, when they both began his perfon pleading his excuse, took up to smoke, which they did in their own the gauntlet, and inlifted upon Thomas defence, all the rest of the seniors Bentley's fighting one of them, or being smokers. In time Dr. Walker making a submission, the latter of which became fo fond of the practice, that like he preferred. Aldrich and Barrow, he was seldom Dr. Bentley's youngest daughter*, seen without a pipe in his mouth. A afterwards Mrs. Cumberland, was the foreign nobleman once visiting the Phebe, on which Dr. Byrom wrote hia university, Dr. Bentley received him celebrated pastoral ballad. in great ftate, and the vice-master
Mr. Pope favs, Dr. Warton had imfitting began his address to the fo- bibed froin Swift an unreasonable reigner in these words, Ego fum Ma- aversion and contempt for Bentley; gifter hujus Collegii, et hic of Vice- whose admirable Boyle's Lectures, Magifter meus. To this, among other Remarks on Collins, Emendations of things, the guest replied, that he did Menancier and Callimachus, , and not doubt but as that gentleman Tully's Tufculan disputations, whose was second to him in station, he was edition of Horace, and, above all, also second to him only in learning. Differtations on the Fpiftles of PhaThe Vice-master answered Spero quidem. laris, in which he gained the most
It is said that Thomas Bentley, the complere victory over a whole army of Doctor's nephew was fo offended at wits, all of them exhibit the most Mr. Pope's treatment of his uncle, that striking marks of accurate and extenhe sent the bard a challenge. This the five erudition, and a vigorous and acute poet communicated to some of his mi- understanding.
LI T E R A RY R E VIE W.
ARTICLE LXIV. BIOGRAPHILA Britannica; or, the lives of the m;fi eminent Persons auko harr
fovurished in Great-Britain ard Irılard, from the earlifi Ages to the prejene Times: Collected from the best Authorities, prinied and manuscript, and digejled in ile Manner of Nir. Lal's hiftorical and critical Dictionary. The second Edition, with Corretions, Enlargements, and the Addition of 26 w Lices. By Andrew Kipjis, D.D. F.R.S. ard S. A. with the Alliance of the Rev. Joseph Towers, LL. D. and other Gentleinen. Volume the Thira. Folio. ih us. 6d. Davis, Baldwin, &c.
THE third volume of this extensive any diminution of the attention with and laborious work has been long and which they have hitherto been conimpatiently expected, but when it is ducted." "This is intelligence which considered how many new lives it we are happy to communicate to the contains, and that considerable addi- public. tions have been made to almost all the The new lives are
as follows: old articles, we must confess that I. James Burgh, a moral and political Dr. Kippis should not be stiled an writer, signed K. which we conclude indiligent editor. He informs us, in to mean Dr, Kippis. II. John Burton, the preface to this volume, which is editor of Pentalogia, K. III. Ed. dedicated to the Duke of Richmond, Bentham, editor of the Greek Funeral " that there is good reason to believe, Eulogies, K. IV. Bishop Butler, K. from some particular circumstances, V. John Byrom, author of My time, that the publication of the future Oje Mufcs! &c. K. VI. Cabot, the volumes will be more fpeedy, without navigator, 'T. probably Dr. Towers.
VII. * If this be true, she must then have been a child, as it was publitlied in the Spectator, and Dr. Bontey was not married uil anier de besame master of Trinity-College. ERST.
VII. and VIII. John and Archibald, received assistance in the prosecution the second and third Dukes of Argyle, of his biographical toils, the followT. IX. Dr. John Campbell, the bio- ing are added from the preface: Edgrapher, K. X. John Canton, natural mund Calamy, Esq. Dr. Johnstone, of philosopher, K. XI. Richard Carew, Kidderminiter, Joshua Steevens, Esq. antiquary, K. XII. Sir George Carew, Mr. Cauton, the Rev. Dr. Thomas ambasador, K. XIII. Carleton, Vifc. Campbell, and John Baynes, of LinDorchester, statesman, K. XIV. Ca- coln's-Inn. The life of Cleiveland fteres, the political agent, K. XV. the poet, was entirely the production Tho. Carte, historian, K. XVI. Car- of Dr. Percy, the Bihop of Dromore, teret, Earl Granville, K. XVII. The who, as he is descended from the same Cartwright, a Puritan divine, T. family, was better able to draw up XVIII. Cason, the letter-founder, K. Such a memorial than any other writer. from materials furnished by Mr. These new lives are rendered much Nichols. XIX, Edm. Caftelí, a di- more agreeable to the reader, by the vine, K. XX. Ed. Cave, first edit. of finall part of them which is given in the Gertleman's Magazine, Dr. John- the annotation. In a work of this son. XXI. Margaret, Duchess of nature, on some accounts, the plan Newcastle, K. XXII. Mrs. Centlivre, followed by Bayle was properly T. XXIIL Ephrain Chainbers, the adopted. To the notes we would author of the dictionary, K. XXIV. commit extracts from books, sometimes Dr. Sam. Chandler, T. XXV. G. memorials and public speeches, and Chapman, translator of Homer, &c. T. fome other particulars, but not anecXXVI. William Cheselden, ihe furgeon dotes, or critical remarks on the wriand anatomist, K. from particulars tings of authors. In the life of a licommunicated by Dr. W. Hunter. terary man, the accounts of his works XXVII. Dr. Cheyne, T. XXVIIL deserve a place, as much as the narEdm. Chihull, the antiquary, K. ratives of feges, and marches, and XXIX. Th. Chubh, the controversial countermarches do, in the memoirs of writer, K. XXX. Charles Churchill, a general. the poet, K. XXXI. Colley Cibber, We feel a wish, that Dr. Kippis had T. *XXXII. Will. Clarke, divine and incorporated his useful additions into antiquary. Dr. Kipis, with additions the several lives, and distinguished by Mr. Hayley. XXIII. Dr. Clay them by inverted commas. This mecon, Bihop of Clogier, K. XXXIV. thod could not but have met with vie, Lord Clive, by Henry Beaufoy, Esq. approbation of the public. But it is XXXV. Mrs. C. Cockliurn, T. with great deference that we propose
Besides these new lives, there are an alteration in fo jusly celebrated a inserted eighty-two articles from the work, and so able a biographer, as former edition of the Biographia, the Dr. Kippis. greater part of which have received From a work of this nature it is considerable additious, principally from almost impoli.ble to give any extracts, the labours of Dr. Kippis. At the fu we tali conclude this mort article beginning are inserted Corrigenda and with the following pall ge from the Addenda to the two former volumes. preface, as the sentiments it contains 'The life of Chatterton is reserved for perfectly coincide with our the conclufion of the letter C, in order this subject: to allow time for collecting every par
" In tłe mind of some persons the ticular relatire to that extraordinary extent of ireh matter, and the variety genius, as well as to diget the ma- of new articles, may app ar to be carterials which so many able writers ried too far; on this point there will have furnished for a candid examina- necessarily be a diverity of funtiments, tion of the authenticity of Rowley's according to the dife:ence which subpoems.
fifts in the tates and judgement of To the names of persons already iren. But conlidering the present soenumerated, froin wlion Di. Kipris licitude for biographical kowledge, it
3 Q 2
seems better to err on the side of excess pose to present our readers with an than of defect. There is one thing account of that poet, in a future numwhich may be suggested to such as will ber. It is drawn up with great judgebe disposed to think that certain ar- ment and accuracy. The life of Lord ticles might have been omitted. With Clive, by Mr. Beaufoy, is a lively and respect to statesmen, warriors, and spirited piece of biography. The facts characters of the like kind, none should are stated with precilion, although the
introduced that have not been very ingenious writer has avoided a tedious
tirgtked. Bùt as a history of minuteness. Whatever flows from Mr. British literature, the Biographia ought Hayley's fertile pen must please from to containoas much information, and its elegance. His characters of Mr. include as great a variety of objects, as Clark, the learned author of the conthe nature of the design can admit. nexion of the coins, and of Mrs. It is hence only that it can be fully Clark, are delicately drawn, and charmknown even
to many of our own ingly written. Dr. Towers must not countrymen, and especially to foreign- be deprived of his due share of comers, what a number of valuable writers, mendation. With regard to Dr. in every department of science and learn- Kippis, we have often had occafion to ing, the nation has produced. To ex- praise his biographical talents, and tend in this respect the honour of Great- the large share which has been allotted Britain as far as poflible, both at home to him in this volume will amply and abroad, is a deti reable undertaking." juftify our decision, while it cannot
From the life of Churchill, we pro- but increase his reputation. Art. LXV. The Sad Shepherd; or, a Tale of Robin Hood. A Fragment. Written by Ben Jonjin. With a Continuation, Notes, and an Appendix. dio. 35. 6d. Nichols and Dilly.
THIS book is dedicated to Mr., the ingenious Mr. Whalley, which King, the comedian, who had the ma- might lead us to believe that the nagement of Drury-lane theatre under poet left it unfinished by design. He his direction when this publication beheld with great indignation the unappeared.
generous treatment which Fletcher's The preface contains an apology for t'aithful Shepherdess met with from the this performance, and an account and people at its first appearance; and he defence of some circumftances in the was witness also to the small encourageoriginal.
ment that was shewn to its revival, The text of Jonson's part of this under the patronage of Charles I. work, and the noies, are taken from Posibly, these circumstances deterred Whalley's edition. 'I he author of the him from going through with the percontinuation has taken some few formance. As his composition was liberties with liis or ginal, which, we of a kindred nature to that of Fletcher, are informed, are faithtully enumerated he might presage the same unfortunate in the fupplemental notes.
event, tould he ever introduce it on This jaitoral has long been admired the stage. So that pofterity can only by the lovers of the poetry of Queen bewail the perverfity of taste in their Elizabeth's days. Jonfon léftir incom- injudicious ancestors, whose discourageplete. Tie wrote the two firft acts and the ment of the first contributed to deprive argument, and five scenes of the third. us of the second pastoral drama that Mr. Whalley informs us, in his notes would do honour to the nation. What on this fragment, that the reason of its we now have serveth only to increase mutilated condition has not reached our regret; like the remains of some our time. Whether the rempainder w
was ancient mafier, which beget in us the burned, whether it was never finished, most inexpreíble desire of a perfect on account of the age or caprice of the statue by the fame hand. When a author, cannot now be determined. work is not completed by its author, “ 7 here is, indeed, cne realon, says or maimed by the hand of time, one