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or inherent, in a manner we do not of it is effected by the contraction of clearly understand, in every part of the the nervous filaments through which medullary subítance of the brain and it moves) that at one time its spistinerves, and which in a lizing and tude, at another its tenuity, be ina healthy man is capable of being moved creased. But this is falling into ab. from every one part to every other of furdities concerning the nervous fluid, the nervous system.”

seemingly greater even than those into This doctrine of a nervous fluid or which Boerhaave was betrayed with animal spirits is so much out of fashion rega:d to the blood. This is adopting now a-days, that it will surprise many in one instance that humoral pathology that the Doctor should fill continue against which, in another intance, the to hold it.

Doctor has argued so warmly. We A little farther the author fays, “I cannot help remarking, therefore, that think it evident that the nervous power, in so far as the nervous fluid is, conin the whole as well as in the several cerned there is fomething exceptionparts of the nervous system, and par- able, fomething obscure in this part of ticularly in the brain, is at different the book. We are afraid too, that times in different degrees of mobility the terms excitement and collapse will and force. To these different fates I not be very well liked by many. It beg leave to apply the terms of excite- is to be observed that this opinion of ment and collaple." By the nervous a nervous fluid, and these terms of expower, the Doctor means, as he in- citement and collapse appeared in a formed us above, the nervous fluid. little book, intitled Inftitutions of Now, this being the case, in order Medicine, written by Dr. Cullen, and that the inobility of this fiuid may be published with his consent, in a coro varied, it will be necessary we prelume rected state, in 1777. (for it is not supposed that the motion

Art. LXXVI. L'Ami des Ensans. The Children's Friend. Translated from the French of M. Berquin. Vol. IV. and V. 12mo. Elmsly. 1S. each. THE author ftill continues with At this time, Nanny, a maid

servant but lately equal success to amuse and instruct his hired, came into the room. Why, what's the readers. From the latter of these two

matter, Miss Aurelia? said the, are you crying?

what is it for? won't you tell me who it is that volumes we shall select the following vexes you so? story:

Aur. No, go, Nanny; you can do nothing


NANNY. And how can you tell that? When Mrs. BE SU NONT and AURELIA. I lived with Miss Sophy, the was always sure to AUR. Mama, will you give me leave to go come to me, whenever any thing was the matter. and fee in; coutin Harry this evening?

Ah, my dear Nanny, she used to say, now you Mrs. BEAU. No, Aurelia, I cannot. know what has happened to me, tell me what I Aur. Why not, mama?

shall do. And then I always used to give her Mrs. Beau. I don't think it absolutely some good advice. neceffary to tell you my realons: a little girl, Aur. But I don't want your advice. I tell such as you, should obey her parents, without you again that you can do nothing at all for me. allowing herself the liberty of asking any questions. NANNY. Well, at leait, ihen, let me go and But nevertheless, to thew you that I have always see for your mama. She can give you some rational motives, both for what I order, and for comfort, if I can't: and I don't like to see such a what I forbid, I will, for this once, acquaint you pretty young lady fretting 10. what they are. Your coutin Harry can only set AUR. O yes, certainly, mama will give me you a bad example; and I fear, if you were to

great comfort! see him often,' he might teach you to be as NANNY. Why, fure it could not be she that thoughtless and indiscreet as himseli.

has vexed you fo? AUR. But, mama

AUR. Why, who else could it be? Mrs. Beau. No answer, Aurelia! you know NANNY. Well, I should never have thought very well that I must always be obeyed.

it! I am sure, so sensible as you are, there is Aurelia row went to the farther end of the nothing your mama need resuse you. I am sure, apartment, to hide the tears which were swim- if I had a child of my own, as well-behaved as Jing in her eyes; but, as foon as ever her mama you are, I should let her do every thing the had a was gone out, the seated heriili in a corner, and inind. But your mama loves dearly to give Evelind vent to her forrow.

orders; and, for the sake of her own maggots, she Lond. Mag. Aug. 178.4.


will refule you the most innocent things in the In this manner Aurelia deceived her to world. How can any body take a pleasure in suspecting mother several times. Alas! thoughtcontradicting such a sweet child! you can't think less little girl! was it not rather hertelf that the how it grieves me to see you in fuch trouble. deceived by such behaviour? Till now, he had

Aur. (beginning to cry again.) I dare say, always beea gay and happy; the delighted in the Nanny, Itali die with griet!

presence of her mama, and few joylully to meet NANNY. Solamafiaid, too. How red and her, if the had been separated from her even for swelled your eyes are! I am sure it is very wrong a moment.

Where, now, was this pleasure of you, and very cruel, not to let the people that fled? She was continually saying to herself: really love you try to give you fome comfort. li O! if mama was to know where I have been! my little Miss Sophy had only been half as un- the trembled even at the found of her vore. happy, she would have opered her whole heart Wherever the law her grave or unealv, 0! to me.

thought ihe, I am undone! inama has ditövered AUR. But I must never open mine to you, my dilobedience! neither was this ali her rohin Nanny!

piness. The artful Nanny perpetually told her of NANNY. It is tiot for my own fake, I am the gencrosity which had been thewn her by sure, that I want you to do it--perhaps it is Miss Sophy, how often the had given her money because your mama makes you stay here at home, and prcients, and with what confidence the when the is gone out herseli to take a walk. always had truited her with the key of the tez

AUR. No, no; the has promiled me upon chelt. Aurelia was all eagernels to deferre from her word, that the won't take a walk without ine. Nanny the same praise for generosity and com.

NANNY But what is it then? You seem fidence that she bestowed upon Miss Söply. She to grow worse and worse. Shail I go and bring took every opportunity of fiealing tea and fuel your little cousin to you? You shall play with for her, of her mama; and the even contrived to him, to put you in fpiries again.

get for her the keys of the cellar and store-rouin. AU R. (Jighing.) No, no; I must never have

Sometimes, however, the listened to he is. that pleasure any more!

proaches of her conscience. I am acting sery NANNY. Nay, it will be no hard matter to ill, iaid ile to herlelf; and all that I am doing get you that. A young lady thould not be left may sconer or later be discovered: and then i alone so. I fuppose your mama does not want to Thall lose all mama's love entirely! Frightened make a nun of you?

at this thought, she flew to Nanny, and warmly AUR. But I am forbid to see him.

proteited she would give her noihing more. O, NANNY. Forbid to see him? Very pretty, just as you please, Niss, answered Nuwny; but indeed! why, what has your mama got in her have a care! you inay perhaps repent this! Var heal? This is just exactly like Mifs Sophy's mama is coming--and I thalliei her know how mama: the took the very fame maggot; the well you have minded her orders. would not permither to see the left in the world Aurelia could then only cry, and do every thing of little Biliy: But we knew better than to

that Nanny was pleased to commandi. Formerly mind her. O, how cunningiy we used to cheat her! it was the place oi Nanny to obey Aurelia; but AUR. And how did you do it?

now it becime the place of Aurclia to obey NANNY. Why, ve always waiched for the Nanny. She was obliged to bear with all bei time of her making her visiis; and then Mi's intolence and rudenels, and had not a creatur Sophy used to go and tee little Billy, or elle little to whom she darid even complain. Billy used to come and see Miss Sophy.

One day, this artiul and wicked maid came AUR. An did not her mima find it out? to Aurelia, and said, I have a great longing to

NANNY. No; I always kept a look-out for tasie that tart which is locked up in the bravets them myfeit.

and I want a botrie of wine befides; foca Aur. But if I was to go and see my cousin, muit go and look in your mama's drawers for the fuppoic mama should come home, and say, where keys. is Aurelia:

Auk. But, my dear Nannya NANNY. I should only tell her you were NANNY. O, none of your dear Nanoys! playing in ihe gardien; or it it should happen to only go and do what I ask you. be a little late, I thouid say you were golle to Áir. But mama may see me; or, if ile bed, and fait alleep: and then I thould run out should not, God will, Nanny; and then he will Nily, and bring you home.

punih us weli! AUR. Ah! if I thought mania would know NANNY. And did not he see you too, every nothing of it!

time you went to your coufin? Yet I don't tid NANNY. Only trust to me, and the hall that he has punithed you for it. never discover it. Will you take my advice? Aurelia had received from her mother the mat Co and spend the evening with your cousin, and excellent letrons of religion; she was firmly pero leave the rett my management.

suaded that God had always his eyes upon his AUR. I Thou id like to uy it for once. But crcatures, that he recompoules our good actions, then you will promile that mama

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and only forbids our committing bad ones, ' NANNY. Go, go; don't be afraid.

cause they are really hurtful to ourselves. It Aurelis now give way, and, with a little fur- from mere childish folly that the made her vitit ther encouragement, went to see her coulin. Her to her cousin avainit the content of her m:na. mimareturned home foon after, and immediateiy But it a matconsantly comes i pafs, that utca enquired for her. Nanny anivered that she was we are ied into one crror, we fall icon after into tired of being alone, but had cat a very lwarty errors without end. She thought lieklf not fupper, and was gone to build

compelled to do every wing that the maid directed,


Jest the should be provoked, by a refusal, to betray Mrs. Beau. Ah! miserable child, you will her. It may easily, therefore, be imagined how indeed be punished enough! much the had to bear from her.

Mrs. Beaumont at these words walked away, She one day Thut herself up in her chamber, and left Aurelia in utter despair upon a green merely to have the liberty of crying at her ease. bank, on which she had thrown herself: the O good God! cried me, lobbing, what a fad went instantly to her husband; and they con. thing it is to disobey you! poor unhappy litule lidered together upon what means must be used girl that I am! I am becoine quite the Have of to lave their child from ruin. my maid! I can do no longer what is my duty, Soon after, they went to. Nanny; and, having because I must do every thing which that wicked reproached lier with the utmost severity and woman bids ms. I am obliged to be a story- indignation, Mr. Beaumont ordered her initantly teller, and a thief, and a cheat! () take pity upon to leave the house. It was in vain she cried, and me, good God! and save and deliver me! begged to be treated with less hardness; and in

She then hid her face, which was bathed in vain the made a thousand promises never to offend tears, with both her hands, and began earnettly in the fame manner for the future: Mr. Beauto reflect upon what course the could pollibly take. mont was resolute. You know well, cried he, At length, luddenly rising, she called out: yes, with what kindncís I have behaved to you, and I am now resolved upon it; and even if mama with what patience I have borne with your faults. were to baniih ne trom her for a whole month, I hoped to have engaged you, by my indulgence, or even---But no, no, she will not! The will to have seconded my cares in the education of be softened, I know, and she will call me her my child; instead of which, it is you yourself dear Aurelia again. I can trust to her goodness: who have led her to theft and disobedience. I but oh! what this cask will cost me! how fhall I look

upon you as a moniter. Quit my fight bcar her looks and her anger? No matter; I will inttanily, and think well of your own reforma. go to her this mornent, and confess every thing. tion, it you hope to save yourself from falling into

She then burried out of her chamber, and the hands o a far more terrible judge. secing her mama walking alone in the garden, Aurelia's turn was next. She came into the The flew up to her, threw herfeif into her arms, presence of her parents in a state that might well and, while the embraced her, wetted her cheeks excite compailion. Her eyes were infamed with and her boim with her tears: but fname and di- crying, and all her features were fwolen. Her fticis kept her from speaking.

checks were pale with terror, and her whole Mrs. Bzau. My dear Aurelia, what is the frame trembled, as if she had been in the thivering matter with you?

fit of an ague. Unable to utter a fingle word, the Aur. On, mama!

waited in mournful silence to hear the sentence Mrs. Brau. What is it you are crying for?

of her father. Aur. My dear, dear mama!

You have deceived, cried he, in a voice of Mrs. Beau. Tell me, my love, what is it severity, you have deceived and you have offended thus diturbs you?

your parents. What could induce you to listen Aur. On, irl thought you would forgive me to a worthless fervan', in preference to a mother

Mrs. Brat. I do forgive you, tince your who fo tenderly loves you, and who wishes nothing repentance seems so true, and so humble. upon earth 10 much as your happiness? Were

Aur. My dear mama, I have been very, I to punish you with all the indignation with very disobedient! I have several times, for all you whrh you have filled me, and to banith you forcommanded me not, been to fee my coutin Harry. ever from my fight, as I have done the accom

Mrs. BEAL. Is it possible, my Aurelia ? plice of your fault, is there any body, do you What! you, who used io treinble so much at ihink, who could accuse ine of injustice? di pleating me!

Aur. No, papa, you can never be unjust to AUR.

Ah! I thall no longer be your Aurelia, me: and if you punith me with all the severity mama, when you know every thing!

that you can, I thall bear it all; but only begin Mrs. Brit. You alarin me: go on with firit by taking me once more in your arms, and your accounts Surely you mutt must have been once more calling me your poor Aurelia! Reduced from your duty. You never yet gave me Mr. Beau. No, I can by no means so soon reason to be seriously angr.

The conteifion which you have AUR. Yes, marna, i have been feduced in made of your own accord prevails with me not deed! It was Nanny----- O Nanny

to banish you from my fight; but I cannot call Mrs. Beau, How! Nanny!

you again my chuid, and my Aurelia, till you AUR, Yes, mama. Aid to keep her from have merited my kindness by a long repentance. telling you of what I had done, I ured to steal Altend well to your own behaviour. Punishment au ay izom you the key of the cellar and the tes- always follows faults, and you will foon find your. chert. I hive :aken from vou I don't know how telt

your own punither in having coininitted them. much tea and lugar, and wine, for her!

Aurelia did not well understand her papa's Mrs. Beau. Then am I a most unhappy meaning in these last words. She expected yet mother, indeed! to have suffered crimes and in- Ercater feverity, and she approached him almost juries such as there from my own daughter! broken-hearted; ine kiled his hands, and again Leave me, wil worthy girl! I must go myleil to pronaised them it perfect duty add submitlion for your father, and contult with him upon what the future. muit be done with you.

Slue kept her word: but, alas! the punishinent Aur. No, mama, I cannot leave you! I with which her father threatened her, 1oon fol. know you muit punith me; but only promite me lowed. The worthleis Nanny 'pread everywhere that some tine or other you wili love me again!

the most injurious reports.

Slie reiated what had

forgive you.

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pasiel between them, with the addition of many commanded all children to honour their father frighiul calii honds. She declared that Aurelia, awthor nothi, and to submit in every thing by servile and pretiraz entreaties, and a this id to the corns. This command is for their preichts which ih itole from her father and mo- ou a happi.is. ' Poor little ihingi! they know ther, tried so continually to corupt her, chat nothing of the world themselves; they cannot the had been at leigth prevailed upon to con- torra i lice consequences of their own actions : trive 'secret meetings for her with her coulin Give therefore, has found the care of you into Harry ; that they faw one another, unknown the hands of your parents, who love you

, as they to their parents, regularly every night, and that love themselves, and who have experience and it was frequently exuemely late becre Areia retiecrion to enable them to save you from the returned home. And to this account the auded dangers which every way furiound you. This, so many horrid circumstances, that every body however, you did not choose to criere: and conceived the moit disadvantageous opinion of now you fiind, with bui too much cuen, the Aurelia,

wisdom of God in his roumands, fince your She was forced to bear, therefore, the most diiobedience to them has col: ou to dear. Ah! cruel mortifications. When she went into the my Auicia, inay your luttering at lealt be your company of other little girls, the law them all improvement! Every commandment of God is whisper one another, and look at her with an equally wise: he ordains nothing that is not for air of the utmoit dildain, or else with the most our advantage, he forhids nothing that would insulting smiles. If the stayed later than ulu il nut do us injury. It is ourselves, therefore, that any where, they would say, “ I suppose the we hurt, every ime we commit any cvil. You waits till the time comes for her meeting her may otien find yourielves in fituations where you coutin Harry!" If the had a fashionable ribe cannot, at firit, perceive either how vice may bon, or any new ornaments, they would ex- harm, or virtue terve you. Always, at these claim,“ 0, people who can get at cheir mama's times, call back to your mind your own fuffer. keys may very well contrive to buy new things!” ings from one fingle failure in duty, and regulate And if he had the moit trifiing di pute with any every action of your life by this intallible marim: of them, they would cry, 6. You had better " Whatever is contrary to virtue is contrary hold your peace, Mits Aurelia, for you think fo to happiness.” much of your coutin Harry, that you don't know Aurelia now followed with strictness all the what you talk of.

advice of her mother: and the more she had to Theie reproaches were so many pointed nee- sutier from the errors of her conduct, the more dles to tear the heart of Aurelia. And fre- attentive the bec:me to all the laid or did. And, quently, quite overpowered by her forrows, the in the end, from the manner in which the bore would thiow herself, in an agony, into her mo- this disgrace, the not only filenced all her ce.. ther's urms, and entreat pity and comfort from surers, but even acquired the glorious name of her,

the faulticís Aurelia. Her 'mother generally answered, You muit suffer, Aurelia, with patience, the punishment

We trust that the senfarions of our which your errors have drawn upon you; and readers will resemble what we felt on you must pray to Heaven to pardon your faults, and to shorten the time of your correction. These perusing this story. If they do, they trials may mend you for all the rest of your

muft thank us for presenting them lite, if you attend to them properly. God has with such a story.

ART. LXXVI. A l'nyage to the Pacific Ocean, undertaken by the Command of lis Majesty, for making Discoveries in the Northern Hemisphere, to determine the Poitisit and Event of the left side of North-si merica; : Difcame from Afia; and the Pranability of a Northern I'atjage to Ee. Performed inder the Direzion of Captuins Cuor, Clerke, and Gori, in his Majesty's Ships the Resolution and Dijcovery, in the years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779, and 1780, in three l'olumes. and II. writien by Captain James Cook, F. R. S. Vol. III. by Captain James King, LL. D. and F.R.S. illuftrated with Maps and Charts from the original Dra wings made by Liut. Henry Roberts, under the Direttion of Captain Cook; and with a great Variety of Portraits of Persons, l'iews of Places, and historical Reprijemations of remarkable incidents. Drawn by Mr. Webber, during the Borage, and engraved by the meff eminent artists. Publijhed by Order of the Lords Cosa millioners of the Admirally. 4to. 41. 145. 6d. Nicoll and Cadell.

(Continued from page 72.) IN our last we inserted extracts of the Adventure's boat's crew, which from such parts of this work as related happened during the former royage. to the ettablishment of Omai, and the But the particulars of this misfortune death of Captain Cook. We shall now were never known till Captain Cook transcribe an account of the massacre touched there on Wednesday, Febru

V!. I.

ary, 12, 1777.. As the description of out being armed, and under the direction of the natives of this place, with some luch officers as I could depend upon, and who

were well acgunited with the natives. During new remarks, in addition to what was

my former viits to this country, I had never given in the former voyage, is inter- taken some of these precautions; nor were they, woven with the narrative of the mur- I firmly believe, more neceifary vow than they der, we fhall lay the whole before our

had been formerly. But after the tragical fate

of the Adventure's boat's crew in this found, readers.

and of Captain Marion du Fresne, and of tome “ We anchored (fays the Captain) in our old i his people, in the Bay of liiands *, it was station, in Queen Charlotte's Sound. Unwilling impotlible totally to divert ourselves of all appreto lose any time, our operations commenced that henfion of experiencing a similar calamity. very afternoon, when we landed a number of “ If the natives entertained any luipicion of empty water calks, and began to clear a place our averging these acts of barbarity, they very where we might set up the two observatories, foon laid it atide. For, during the ccurse of and tenis ior the reception of a guard, and of this day, a great number of families came from luch of our peo; le whole butiness might make it different parts of the coast, and took up their neceilary for them to remain on shore.

residence close to us; so that there was not a “ We had not been long at anchor before le- fpot in the cove where a hut could be put up, veral canoes, filled with natives, came along-lide that was not occupied by them, except the place of the ships; but very few of them would ven. where we had fixed our little encampment. ture on board; which appeared the more ex- This they left us in quiet pofTeflion of; but they traordinary, as I was well known to them all. came and took away the ruins of some old huts There was one man in particular amon it them, that were there, as materials for their new erecwhom I 1:ad treated with remarkable kindness, tions. during the whole of my fray when I was latt " It is curious to observe with what facility bere. Vet now, neither profesions of friend- they build these occasional places of abode. Í fhip, nor prefents, cou i prevail upon him to have been above twenty of them erected on a come into the ship. This ihyneis was to be ac- spot of ground, that, not an hour before, was counted for only upon this fuppoti on, that they covered with thrubs and plants. They generally were apprehensive we had revifiled iheir country, bring fome part of the materials with them, the in order to revenge the dea h o. Captain Fur- rest they find upon the premises. I was present neaux’s people. Seeing ('.n.ii ca bu..rd my ship when a number of people landed, and built one now, whom they must have remembered to have of these villages. The moment the canoes seen on board the Adventure when the melan- reached the shore the men leaped out, and at choiy aitair happened, and whole firtt conver- once took potletlion of a piece of ground, by tearsation with them, as the; approached, generally ing up the plants and thrubs, or iticking up some turned on that sudjeci, they must be well af- part of the framing of a hut. They then refuria that I was no longer a Itranger to it. I turned to their canoes, and secured their wea. thouşhii niccellary, therefore, 10 use every en- poos, by lewung them up againit a tree, or deavour 10 allure them of the continuance of my placing them in such a position that they could friendthip, and that I hould not disturb them be iaid hoid or in an instant. I took particular on that account I do not know whether this notice that no one neglected this precaution. had any weight with thein; but certain it is, While the men were employed in railing the that they very ann leid aside all manner of re- huts, the women were not idle. Some were Itraint and diitruit.

itationed to tane care of the canoes; others to “ On the 13th we set up two tents, one secure the provisions, and the sew utensils in from each fhip; on the same ipot where we their puietion; and he reit went 10 gather dry had pitched them formerly. The observatories fiicks; that a le might be prepared for dreiing were at the farme time evečled; and Met. King their victuals. As to their children, I kept them, and Bayly began their operations immediately, as alio tome of the more aged, fufficiently emto find the rate of the ine-keeper, anu to make plo; ed in scrambling for beads, till I had other obfervations. The remainder of the emp- emptied my pockets, and then I left them. ty water-Caiks were allo sent on there, with the * Theie temperary habitations are abundantly cooper to trim, and a suficient nun.ber o: 121.ers sufficient tüdtiruthester from the wind and rain, to fill them. Two men wire ar, oined to biery which is the only purpot they are meant to spruce beer; and the carpenter and his crew aniwer. Lobserved that generally, if not always, were ordered to cut wood. A boat, with a party the fame tribe or family, though it were ever fo of men, under the direction of one of the matts, large, associated and built to ether; so that we was sent to cellcét grass for our cattle; and the frequentiy saw a village, as well as their larger people that remained on board were employed towns, divided into different distriels, by low in retitting the thip, and arranging the provifions. pailitades, or some similar mode ot teparation. In this manner we were all profitabiy buried “ The advantage which we received from the during our itay. For the protection of the party natives coming to live with us was not inconon shore, I appointed a guard of ten marines, tiderable. For, every day, when the weather and ordered arms for all the work men; and Mr. would permit, fome of them went out to catch King, and two or three petty officers, conitant. fiin; and we generally got by exchanges a good ly remained with them. A boat was never tent share of the produce of their labours. This iv any considerabic lance from the ships with supply, and what our own nets and lines afforded


* l. 1772.

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