صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني

distraction, so that he was for some time It does not appear that he kept his
disordered in his understanding, as both living till the general ejection of the
Wood and Calamy relate, bụt with Nonconformists; and it is not unlikely
such difference as might be expected that the afperity of his carriage, and
from their opposite principles. Wood the known virulence of his tempe
appears to think that a tendency to might have raised him enemies, wh
madness was discoverable in a great were willing to make him feel the
part of his life; Calamy, that it was effects of persecution, which he had i
only transient and accidental, though, furiously incited againft others; but o
in his additions to his first narrative, he this incident of his life there is a
pleads it as an extenuation of that fury particular account.
with which his kindest friends confess After his deprivation he lived til
him to have acted on fome occasions. his death, which happened in 1665) 2:
Wood declares that he died little better a small village near Chichester, upona
than distracted; Calamy, that he was paternal estate, not augmented by the
perfectly recovered to a sound mind large preferments wanted upon him é
before the restoration, at which time the triumphs of his party; having been
he retired to Preston, a small village in remarkable throughout his life for
Sussex, being turned out of his living hospitality and contempt of money,
of Petworth,

S. J

[ocr errors]

TO THE EDITOR OF THE LONDON MAGAZINE.
SIR,
TH
"HE London Magazine appears, in its present form, calculated to presite

the cultivation of the various arts and sciences, and to disseminate the
reputation of the learned; so that I hope the following short memoir will not
prove unacceptable. The publication of your intention to devote a portion of
your Miscellany every month to Biography, and the perufal of the lives of
Bentley and Meurfius, have induced me to send you this short narrative of
the life of that eminent scholar THRYLLITIUS.
BIOGRAPHICAL ANECDOTES OF GEORGE FREDERIC THRYL-

LITIUS. Vir in ftudiis humanioribus et omni elegantiori literatura, imprimis Gracanie, poesi Greco-Latina, ad invidiam terjatissimus.

Grundmannus de Thryllitio, Misc. Lipf. V. 39 EORGE FREDERIC THRYL- quaintance with Grecian literature village of Saxony, in the year 1688. of instructing his pupils easy, far. He received the first rudiments of his ble, and judicious. education in the school of Grim, In this occupation he spent his fe which is supported by the liberality of life—for short, indeed, it was the Elector. He was removed a short neither ignobly nor idly wasted. * time after to the academy of Viterbo, died in the twenty-seventh year

oft the reputation of which had been raised age, in 1715. The inhabitants of to a very considerable height by the terbo were sensible of his worth, a labours of Berger and Schurzfleischius. sincerely lamented the loss of fo vic

He received at this seminary his ful a member of society. They bu master's degree, and then engaged in ried him with great pomp, and erecte the duties of instructing youth, among a monument to his meinory berwca whom the Greek language was then the tombs of Laurence Rhodammans the prevailing ftudy. For discharging and Frederic Taubmann. this' laborious profesion Thryllitius

The life of a scholar, whose days was eminently qualified, as his ac- and nights have been devoted to lite

1

[ocr errors]

.

rary pursuits cannot be supposed to not feldom adopted the emendations teem with fruitful anecdotes. But, of others, without acknowledging them we must consider, that the hours spent in his notes. in writing or reading are to him what To return to Thryllitius. He pubmarches and countermarches are to ge- lifted several academical treatises, of nerals, and that the compofitions of which the following are some of the the former must supply the place of titles: lifts of captured provinces, in a bio- • I. De Theophaniis Veterum. graphical narrative. The years

of II. De Dialectis Græcis, On the Greek Thryllitius were, indeed, few--but Dialects. they were not consumed in idleness. III. De Dialetto Grecorum communi,

We shall now speak of his classical On the common Dialect of the Greeks. labours. He was the author of seve- IV. De Pronunciatione Latina, ex ral critical papers in the earlier vo- A olica Dialetto repetenda, On the ProJumes of the Miscellanea Lipfienfia, a nunciation of the Latin Language, as fpecies of review, published at Leipsic, it is to be traced from the Eolic Diain the ninth volume of which Reiske lect. published the third book of the Antho- Vi De Deaftris ad fores fatui colive logy of Cephalas. The greater part folitis. On the Denftra, which were of these epigrams have, since that pe- placed or worshipped at doors. riod, been incorporated by Toup into He was likewise the author of a his admirable and erudite remarks on letter on a book entitled Clavicula SaSuidas and Theocritus. In these, our lamon: Valentini Weigelii, &c. publishlearned countryman has evinced his ed at vesel, in Germany, 1686, 4to. own astonishing perfpicuity and inti- It was written in the name of Agellus mate knowledge of the Greek language, Tranquillus, and is preserved in a cuand at the same time proved that rious collection, called Collect. libr. Reiske was not equal to the task which rar. Fascicul. IV. p. 759. The reahe had assumed.

ders, who wish to enter more minuteReilke's forte, indeed, was not poe- ly into the subject of this letter, may tical criticism, as must be readily ac- consult the learned Fabricius's Codex knowledged by those scholars who pe. Pjeudapograp. and Wolfius's Bibl. Heb. rufe bis notes on Euripides and Ari- III. 1033. ftophanes, and his edition of Conftan- The rank, however, of Thryllitius tinus Cephalas and Theocritus. Toup, in the literary world was not so much indeed, Ityles hiin Artifex in Theocrito derived from these performances, as jugulando. - But as a critic on Greek froin his design of publishing a comcompositions in profe, he is justly en- plete body of the ancient scholiaits, as titled to a high station. There far as their labours have reached our are few, perhaps, to whom he must age. He announced the title of it yield the laurel. Brunck, in the en- some time before his death, in the tertaining preface to his Anakeria, in- second volume of the Leipfic Miscelforms us that Reikke himself confeffed lany*. that the Anthology was a haity and · He proposed to have begun this incorrect publication. · Much merit, Biblictbeca Scholinftarum with Euftahowever, muti not be aftributed to this thius, and to have given at the end acknowledgement, as the learned world of the Greek commentators, Servius, had long before pronounced not the Donatus, and the other Latin critics. most favourable sentence. The whole The whole was to have formed nine Anthology of Cephalas is to be found or ten volumes, with full and copious in the sinale era of Brunck, which is a indices. moit elaborate, useful, and entertaining How much is it to be lamented, collection, though the editor has fre- that he did not execute his design? quently hazarded fome bold corrections, What infinite advantage would the li and admitted them into the text, and terary world have derived froin a com. Lund. Mag. Dec. 1784.

'3k

plete

* P. 550

plete collection of these valuable re- fo highly and joftly esteemed in the mains of antiquity? Yet there are literary world for his pure taste and few booksellers, we are afraid, who folid erudition. would venture to engage in the print- Thryllitius also wrote an elaborate ing of fo expensive a publication. commentary on the Cassandra of Ly.

Of this intention, the accurate Fa- cophro, in which kie difplavs uncom. bricius has given the following account, mon learning and acuteness. This in the preface to the eighth volume of work is still preserved in the Elector's his Bibliorheca Græca.

library, at Dresden. The author of “ It is much to be wiked that á the notes t on Burton's Hijtoria Gree longer life had been állotted to that Linguæ has given a high character of eminent Greek scholar, George Fre- this performance. deric Thryllitius, whofe proposals for 'l he best idea of the erudition of publishing a complete library of the this great fcholar may ise formed from ancient Greek scholiasts was inserted a Latin letter of his brother, which is by my fellow-citizens in the second published I, and from which we have volume of the Leipfic Mifcellany. Such iranflated the following passages: a work, however, I imagine, not even “ He coilated great part of Cle the most adventurous bookseller would medes, and transcribed in manu 7:) undertake to publish, even if it were Auguftana, a syntatic Gllary, which ready for the press."

merits publication, and was probabi Fabricius proceeds with expressing á intended to be added to his remzeta desire, that Valentine Herman, who on Weller's Greek Grammar, a went was a physician at Geithayn, would which deserves the attention of the leatfinish the work which his learned bro- ed, as well as the atsiduous ftcor el ther had begun.

scholars. This Glofjary was colle His plan is also mentioned by J. H. from the labours of the scholiasts. Afeelern, in his Luthero de Scholis op- He at one time intended to hr time merito; and by Krausius, in his collected his annotations on the Gredi notes to Boecler's Bibliograp. Critica. and Roman Claffics into one volume, The latter informs us, that Thryllicius Among these would have appeared Es had in his poffeffion fome inedited annotations on Catullas, 'Tibullus, 2nd Schelia on the Orestes, Phænilja, and Propertius, which are very acute, and Meden of Euripides; and that he in- render many difficult passages in those tended to have prefixed to this work authors clear and perfpicuous. a preliminary critical discourse on the “ He had transcribed and prepared ancient Greek commentators.

for publication several Greek manu. But all these designs were, by his scripts, particularly fome inedited pieces premature death, rendered ineffectual. of Eugenianus, Nicephorus, and MiHe also intended to have published the chael Apoftolius. inedited liproumpreu. Cumsre", and Mi- “ His treatises on fubjects of an

:47.172 of John Tzetzes, from a ma- tiquity and learning are very numenuscript in the Bibliotheca Augustana, rous. He has written on the fatyric

, It is this mentioned in the catalogue comic, and cragic Actors: On the Puof the library: Johannis Tzetzis Gran- nishments of the Ancients: On their maiiii rerum ante Homerum geftarum most precious Wines: On the different fragmentum cum fekaliis. Huetius Mercuries: On Trophies: Co the mention this poem, and praises the dwelling Houses: On the fuperftitious Scholi.z, which he styles non contemnenda. Usage of Serpents among the Gentiles : This learned man once intended to On the ancient Commentaries: On thr hare published this poem, which may Pythagorean Magic: On Oaths: Os probably ftill meet the public eye, as, Gloffaries, and the Compilers of them if we are not mistaken, it is now in On the Grecian Poets B1562396en: the polieflion of the celebrated Heyne, On the Notes of the ancient Critics: Is Quæs. et Respons. per Epist, p, 244. + In Fascic. IV. Nov. Libros, Rarior. Colleft. p. 637

#lo Mulco Noro, p. 736.

On the Dialect of the Gods mention- Thryllitius, which has been recorded ed by Homer: On the Grecian Poets by his brother. To this narrative we styled Cyclici: On the Corybantes; have little more to add. We have aland on a variety of other subjects.” ready mentioned his letter under a

These transcriptions from the above- fictitious name, against that wild and mentioned letter will convince the absurd book, De Claviculis Salomonis. seader how wide a field of classical Disguised under the fame titleof Agellius learning Thryllitius had entered; and Tranquillus, he also defended krauwhat acquisitions his labours would fius against the attacks of an anonyhave been to the claffical student. But mous theologician. these essays were only sketched out, or There are also some Greek poems at least never entirely finished. Those by Thryllitius to be found in the which are moft to be lamented are the fasciculus Poematum Græcorum, publishtreatises on the ancient scholiafts, and ed at Hall, in 1715, by Freyerus, who on their critical labours. It is, indeed, edited this collection for the benemuch to be deplored, that the collec- fit of young students, that they might tions which he had made relative to not devote their time to the labours of these useful commentaries were never the heathen world, but might perufe published.

the works of Christian authors. Such From several of these tracts, how- was his absurd superstition. ever, it must be confessed, that not With respect to the Scholia on the much could be expected. Those in Pbænisje of Euripides, the learned particular, which, from the nature of Valckenaer has paid them a just their subjects, must have been mere tribute of applause, in the prefacet to compilations from the works of the his edition of that tragedy. Valckeancients. These collections require, naer, when he first proposed to publish indeed, extensive reading; but neither the Phænisse of Euripides, intended to great genius or much judgement in have subjoined a Diatribe, as he has their authors.

done to the Hippolitus of the same aụThe commentary on Lycophro, how- thor. But he was induced to alter his ever, may be claffed among the pieces, plan by the interposition of Reiske, from which much might have been ex- who offered him a copy of the Scholia pected. For, notwithstanding the la- Hervagiana, with the collatio: of bours of Canter, Meurfius*, and our Thryllitius, A Thryllitio, to use the learned countryman Archbishop Pot- words of Reiske, viro Græce avetillimo ter, Cassandra ftill wears a veil, and cum Augufiano Codice MSto collatum, et in many places till speaks with an prasertim in Phæniffis tam fpiffe conoracular obfcurity.

Jeriptum excerptis in illo Codice, ut toti But, to return to the letter: "I margines oppleti fint. have in my poffeffion the various read- Soon after Reiske sent the book, ings of several manuscripts, in Bi- before Valckenaes had answered his bliotheca Augustana, et "Vitebergensi, former letter. “So that (says the learnwhich my brother had collated. Frag- ed editor) whatever advantages the ments also of ancient and inedited Scholia may have derived from this Scholia on the Hecuba, Orestes, and collation, they are all owing to the Phænille of Euripides, and on Pindar, kindness of Reike. Nicander, Hesiod, and Apollonius; - I his edition of the Scholia has been with complete indices of the authors markcd by the learned hand of Thryi. quoted by the scholiasts on Sophocles, litius. At the end of the Pharisiz he Eschylus, Pindar, and Apollonius, fule' has written,, " Ubi quid emendatum jer and more accurate than those al. poftca additumve invenies, fiias e MS. ready published.”

Reipublice Augufianæ effe. - Near the Such is the account of the labours of conclusion of the tragedy appears,

3, K, 2,

[ocr errors]

For the life of Meursius, and some account of his Commentary on Lycophro, see our Magazine for March, 1784, p. 205. EDIT08.

+ Præf. ad Phæniffas L. C. Valskenacs, Franeq. 1755, 460. p. 15. Conf. etiam. pa 18. EDIT. Hic definit MS. Auguftanum, cui Da- quaintance with the Greek language, la vides Hæfchelius, U. C. sua manu in very clearly evinced by this ar fine adscripsit :-1617el mia CEAIS, nepas tion of the manuscript Scholia on E:som de avin n deplinowo, d. 29. Dec. 1714. ripides, and more particularly by the εYυ ΓΕ. Θ-ΟΣ. τανωτερα καλλία. judgement with which he had adopted

Valckenaer then proceeds thus: “I and approved the best lections.” have been informed by the celebrated We must not; however, omit ir Reiske, that under the capital letters forming our readers that the name o: is concealed the name of George Fre- Thryllitius occurs very frequently i: deric Thryllitius, who was born near the Miscellaneæ Observationes, Leipfic, in the year 1688. After he were begun by Jortin, in England had published several specimens of his and continued for several years afr learning, and was preparing for the he had given up the scheme, bo e press the spoolensinde Ojempina, and learned Philip D'Orville, and Per Medoremfonse of Tzetzes, he died at Burman, the elder*, in Holland; : Wittenberg, in 1715. The wonderful that wherever it is mentioned, ke: depth of erudition which Thryllitius mentioned with the praise which : had acquired, and his intimate ac- merited.

0.3 * How far Burman was concerned in the management or expence of this work, we knos s but it is certain, that many of the notes in the earlier volumes, belides several of the age pieces, are his. EDITOR.

M A THEMATICS. ANSWERS, TO MATHEMATICAL QUESTIONS 62.. QUESTION (Ill. June) answered by Mr. G. SANDERSON.

CONSTRUCTI O N.
RAW

any
cut into extreme ard mean proportion
ai A, such that BA XBD-DA2, make AE
perpendicular to and equal AB; through

E E draw DEC, to meet BC drawn parallel 10 EA in C, and the triangle ACB shall be fimilar to the required one.

K

DEMONSTRATION.
By similar triangles DA : AE (AB) :: D

А DB : BC, and, by construction, DA: AB :: DB : DA, where ex equo, DB :: DA: BC. Therefore, BC=DA, but AB=AE by conitruction; therefore triangle AED=triangle ACB. 65. QUESTION (11. July) answered by Mr. G. SANDERSON,

CONSTRUCTION. Make AD equal to the given sum of the sides and perpendicular, on which take AB equal to 1 the given bare, and bisect it in 0; erect the indefinite perpendicular BK, and on O, as a center, at the dillance AD describe the circle DHI, cit

H H ting BK in H: then by Prob. 19, Sinipson's Geo.

G metry, make KH such that HK x HK +2HBAU2,= BO2, from K to the circle DAI apply

E
KG=AO, draw AG cutting BH in E; lastly
draw CO perpendicular to AB, and meeting AG
in C, join CB, and ACB is the triangie required.
DEMONSTRATION.

A
0

B
Describe the circle about the triangle ACB ;
also conceive the circle DHI to he completed, and
HB produced to meet it in b. Then, because KB
i, perpendicular to AD, therefore Bb =HB, Euc.
III. 3. and because HK XHK+2HB (HKXKb)

[ocr errors]
« السابقةمتابعة »